Immunoassays Market Research Reports & Industry Analysis

An immunoassay is a diagnostic test utilizing a biochemical process that detects the presence or quantifies the concentration of a substance in solutions, such as blood, serum or urine, which frequently contain a complex mixture of substances.

An immunoassay is one of the most effectual analytical tests performed due to its specificity, sensitivity and versatility. To test the concentration of a substance within a solution, immunoassay tests use specific antibodies that will react with antigens in the solution. Monoclonal antibodies provide accurate test results and are the most common antibodies used in immunoassay testing due to their ability to bind to one site of any particular molecule. To get an accurate result, the specific antibody must have a high affinity to the antigen being tested for. The number of antigens and antibodies present in the tested solution is measured. This measurement tells how much of the analyte is located within the sample and how concentrated it is.

One of the most widely used immunoassay applications for the detection of infectious disease is the enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA). Because of its high sensitivity, the ELISA was the first screening test widely used for HIV.

Immunoassays are significant tests that perform an array of functions in conventional medicine. While it is used primarily to test for things such as HIV in the body, the test can also be used to discover new ways to test for other diseases and conditions that don’t have a direct scientific diagnostic method.

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Immunoassays Industry Research & Market Reports

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