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Wealth in India: Sizing the Market Opportunity

Wealth in India: Sizing the Market Opportunity

Summary

The outlook is positive for the Indian wealth market, with performance over the coming five years set to improve on the previous five. India’s economy is performing strongly, with reforms such as the goods and services tax starting to take effect and encourage growth. While there are challenges - including the weak rupee and high oil prices - the positive momentum is expected to continue into 2019. All asset classes continue to attract inflows, with mutual funds experiencing particularly strong growth in the wake of a high-profile awareness-building campaign. While there is the noted non-resident Indian market, beyond this the retail non-resident market is limited, with foreign investors only able to access Indian equity markets and mutual funds as of 2012.

This report analyzes India’s wealth and retail savings and investments markets, with a focus on the HNW segment. The report is based on our proprietary datasets.

Specifically the report -

  • Sizes the affluent market (both by number of individuals and the value of their assets) using GlobalData’s proprietary datasets.
  • Examines HNW clients’ attitudes towards non-liquid asset classes such as property, commodities, and offshore investments.
  • Analyzes which asset classes are favored by Indian investors and how their preferences impact the growth of the total savings and investments market.
  • Evaluates the size of the retail non-resident offshore market in India and foreign investors’ preferences.
Scope
  • The affluent population is rebounding, with growth over the next five years set to exceed that of the last five. A compound annual growth rate of 12.6% is forecast between 2018 and 2022, bringing the number of affluent individuals to just under 12 million.
  • The retail savings and investments market has a significant direct equity component, which accounted for 30.2% of total retail holdings in 2017. However, efforts to highlight mutual fund investing combined with the possible introduction of caps on direct equity investing by retail investors could see equities lose out to mutual funds in the long term.
  • The non-resident investment market is small. Non-resident deposits only account for 6.9% of the total retail market (4.0% for mutual funds). There are a number of restrictions on non-resident holdings, and for overseas investors looking to gain exposure to India there are credible alternatives.
Reasons to buy
  • Benchmark your share of India’s wealth market against the current market size.
  • Forecast your future growth prospects using our projections for the market to 2022.
  • Identify your most promising client segment by analyzing the penetration of affluent individuals in India.
  • Evaluate your HNW proposition by understanding how the ever-changing tax system affects your HNW clients.
  • Review your offshore strategy and offering for non-resident investors by learning the dynamics in these markets.


  • Executive Summary
    • The Indian wealth market will continue to expand strongly
    • Key findings
    • Critical success factors
  • India's Wealth Market is Set for Strong Growth
    • Economic reforms are starting to pay off and drive growth
      • The Indian economy is on the up, albeit not without challenges
      • Growth in affluent individuals will be stronger over the next five years than the previous five
        • Table Figure 1: India's affluent population represents just 0.8% of the total population
      • Affluent assets are forecast to record a CAGR of 13.0% to 2022
        • Table Figure 2: Growth in liquid assets will be strongest among the HNW segment
      • HNW individuals also hold notable assets in less liquid options, particularly property
        • Table Figure 3: Indian HNW individuals hold over a third of their wealth in illiquid assets
    • Offshore investments account for just over 16% of total HNW assets
      • Property and equities account for the majority of offshore investments
        • Table Figure 4: Offshore holdings by Indian HNW individuals account for 16.2% of their total portfolio
      • Tax efficiency is a key driver of offshore investment, but authorities are tightening the net
      • India plays an active role in global tax transparency efforts, having signed tax information exchange agreements and double taxation conventions with many offshore centers
        • Table Figure 5: India was part of the early adopter group for the OECD's CRS
  • India's Retail Savings and Investments Market will Continue its Strong Growth Trajectory
    • Retail savings and investments will record a CAGR of 13.0% to 2022
      • The strong investment component of the market will aid growth
        • Table Figure 6: Deposits and equities are the key components of India's retail savings and investments market
      • Mutual funds and equities are set to experience the strongest future growth
        • Table Figure 7: Mutual funds are set to record the strongest growth through to 2022
    • Retail deposit growth dropped sharply in 2017, but will pick up going forward
      • Inflows have plunged following the demonetization-driven surge in 2016
        • Table Figure 8: Deposit growth has dropped following the demonetization-driven surge
      • Financial inclusion levels are improving significantly, but the country still has a large unbanked population
    • Equities growth will be strong, but slower than the previous five years
      • A stellar 2017 buoyed equity holdings, but 2018 is proving much more turbulent
        • Table Figure 9: A stellar 2017 on the Indian stock market saw strong performance growth in retail equity holdings
        • Table Figure 10: A third of companies included in the BSE 500 index operate in the finance sector
      • The possibility of caps being introduced on retail investor equity exposure could have a notable impact on direct holdings
    • Mutual funds are experiencing strong growth
      • Significant investor education and reductions in charges will help boost inflows
        • Table Figure 11: Mutual funds have been boosted by an uptick in inflows from 2015 onward
      • The mixed allocation of funds buffers their performance from the extremes of the stock market
        • Table Figure 12: Fixed-income and equity funds dominate the Indian mutual fund market
    • Retail bond holdings will increase, but they will remain a peripheral investment
      • 2017 and 2018 have seen renewed interest in direct bond holdings
        • Table Figure 13: Direct bond investments attracted inflows for the first time in five years in 2018
  • India's Non-Resident Investment Market is Limited
    • Non-resident holdings are dominated by NRIs
      • NRIs hold a notable proportion of onshore assets
      • Non-resident holdings accounted for 6.9% of deposits and 4.0% of funds in 2017
        • Table Figure 14: Non-resident holdings in deposits and mutual funds are limited, but growing
      • ADRs and GDRs offer alternative options for exposure to the Indian market
  • Appendix
    • Abbreviations and acronyms
    • Supplementary data
      • Table Number of adults in India segmented by asset band (000s), 2006-11
      • Table Number of adults in India segmented by asset band (000s), 2012-17
      • Table Number of adults in India segmented by asset band (000s), 2018f-22f
      • Table Retail liquid assets in India segmented by asset band ($m), 2006-11
      • Table Retail liquid assets in Denmark segmented by asset band ($m), 2012-17
      • Table Retail liquid assets in Denmark segmented by asset band ($m), 2018f-22f
    • Definitions
      • ADR
      • Affluent
      • Domicile
      • Double taxation convention
      • Emerging affluent
      • Exchange of information
      • FATCA
      • GDR
      • HNW
      • Liquid assets
      • Mass affluent
      • Mass market
      • Onshore
      • Residency
      • Tax information exchange agreements
    • Methodology
      • 2018 Global Wealth Managers Survey
      • Retail Investments Analytics
        • Table Figure 15: Example of a four-input forecasting process
      • Technical aspects of the forecasting model
      • Global Wealth Model
      • Total HNW Wealth Analytics
      • Exchange rates
        • Table US dollar exchange rates with the Indian rupee
    • Bibliography
    • Further reading
    • About GlobalData
      • Table Figure 16: About GlobalData

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