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PESTLE Insights: Macroeconomic Outlook Report - Canada

PESTLE Insights: Macroeconomic Outlook Report - Canada


Mining, manufacturing and utilities contributed 20.5% to the gross value added (GVA) in 2017, followed by financial intermediation, real estate and business activities (20.0%) and wholesale, retail and hotels activities (12.3%). In nominal terms, the three sectors are expected to grow by 4.2%, 4.4% and 3.7% respectively, in 2018.

While Calgary emerges as an energy hub of Canada; Toronto and Montreal remain financial centers.


  • As per the Global Competitiveness Index 2017-2018, Canada’s infrastructure ranks 16th out of the total 137 nations.
  • In 2016, the Canada government allocated US$180 bn in infrastructure fund to be spent over the next twelve years. Till date, over 7,800 projects with investment of over US$32 bn have been approved across Canada.
  • Majority of inward FDI was from North America, Europe, and South and Central America in 2017.
Reasons to buy
  • Macroeconomic Outlook Report identifies the potentials of the country as an investment destination by analyzing the political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental (PESTLE) structure.
  • PESTLE Insights provides 360 degree view of the economy which can be used as a strategic tool to understand the market dynamics, business potentials and direction of operations
  • Along with providing the country’s snapshot, the report captures the risk factors pertaining to the macroeconomic risks, political environment, legal environment, demographic and social structure effectiveness, technology & infrastructure and natural and geographic aspects that might impact business.
  • This report also highlights key clusters/cities which contribute significantly to the country GDP and population along with major companies’ presence in these areas.

Did you Know? 04
Country Highlights 05
Country Snapshot 07
PESTLE Insights 20
Political Landscape 21
Economic Landscape 22
Social Landscape 29
Technological Landscape 32
Legal Landscape 35
Environmental Landscape 36
Outlook 37
List of Figures
Exhibit 1: Canada’s Performance in the Country Risk Analysis in Comparison to North America and the World 11
Exhibit 2: Performance Overview (Score: 1-100) 11
Exhibit 3: Broad Categories and Weights behind the Index 12
Exhibit 4: Canada Stock Market Index 14
Exhibit 5: Key Sectors Contribution to the Economy 15
Exhibit 6: FDI Inflows (2014-17) and Leading FDI Stocks (2013-17) and FDI Stocks by Region 2017 16
Exhibit 7: Key Infrastructure Indicators 19
Exhibit 8: Real GDP and Household Consumption Growth Rate 23
Exhibit 9: Real GDP Growth Rate Comparison (2017) 23
Exhibit 10: Export, Import and Trade Balance 24
Exhibit 11: Current Account Balance 24
Exhibit 12: Top Three Commodity Exports, % of Total Exports, 2013-2017 25
Exhibit 13: Mineral Fuels, Mineral Oils and Products Share in World’s Total, 2017 25
Exhibit 14: Interest Rates 27
Exhibit 15: Exchange Rate 27
Exhibit 16: Public Finance 28
Exhibit 17: General Government Debt 28
Exhibit 18: Employment/Unemployment 30
Exhibit 19: Average Annual Wages 30
Exhibit 20: Labour Cost Index 30
Exhibit 21: Rural/Urban Share of Total Population 31
Exhibit 22: Age-group Share of Total Population 31
Exhibit 23: Gender Split 31
Exhibit 24: Internet Users % of Total Population, Mobile and Broadband Penetration Rate, 2017 33
Exhibit 25: Number of Patents Granted Per M Inhabitants, 2015 34
Exhibit 26: Business Enterprise R&D Expenditure by Source of Funds, 2012-16 34
Exhibit 27: Doing Business in Canada 2018 35
Exhibit 28: Corruption Perception Index (Rankings) 2017 35
Exhibit 29: CO2 Emissions 36

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