North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2019

North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2019

Summary

The US, Canada, and Brazil have the most number of policies and incentive for the growth of renewable energy. They are also unsurprisingly, the top markets in terms of cumulative installed capacity. While the US and Canada has large capacities of various renewable energy technologies, Brazil’s power capacity is dominated by hydropower. The Ministerio de Minas e Energia (Ministry of Mines and Energy, MME) plans to diversify the power mix in order to reduce the risk of electricity shortages. The diversification and energy security strategies for the forecast period will increase the share of renewable sources in the power mix.

A noticeable observation in this region is the popularity of the net-metering arrangement. Seven of the nine countries covered, have a net-metering scheme for one or more renewable technologies. In North America, all the three major markets - US, Canada, and Mexico have net-metering in place, Mexico being the most recent country to adopt the scheme.Mexico has a federal level net-metering regulation while Canada and the US have it at a province/state level with several variations and for different technologies. Brazil has net-metering policy where small to medium self-generating entities can feed the excess electricity into the grid and as compensation receive billing credit which can be used within a fixed timeframe to pay for the electricity consumed by the entity from the grid.

All the nine countries covered in the Americas have renewable energy targets, implying that these governments are actively supporting the growth of renewable energy in their respective countries. In US and Canada, each state/province has separate target to achieve in terms of what percent of power purchased by utilities comes from renewable sources. All other countries covered have similar generation targets at a national level.

Auction-based competitive bidding has also become a popular mechanism in North and South American countries to develop renewable energy. Countries including the US, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Canada, Colombia, Chile, and Peru have auction mechanism for various renewable energy technologies. Feed-in Tariff (FiT) is another major scheme used by government of American countries to promote renewable energy. Canada and the US have FiTs in place for various renewable energy technologies. In these two countries, state/province governments have the power to set FiTs and procure electricity with a risk free agreement with the entity producing renewable electricity.

The report North and South America Renewable Energy Policy Handbook 2019, offers comprehensive information about the renewable energy policies of the American countries. The report provides a clear overview of the regulatory framework, plans, programs and incentives initiated by the individual countries to promote renewable energy sources. It provides information regarding the financial incentives, renewable energy auctions, net-metering, renewable targets and other plans implemented by the government or utilities of nine key American countries - The US, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela. The US is further bifurcated into fifty states.

Scope

The report provides the renewable framework of the American countries. Its scope including -

  • Study of regulatory framework for nine key American countries - The US, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela . The US is further bifurcated into fifty states- Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
  • Key policies and regulations supporting the development of renewable energy by country and state level.
  • Information on strategy, roadmaps and other programs to achieve the renewable targets and goals by country and state level.
  • Financial incentives including Feed-in-tariff, Feed-in-premium, rebates, loans, grants, tax credits and exemptions to support the implementation of the renewable energy by country and state level.
Reasons to buy

The report will allow you to -
  • Facilitate decision-making based on policies, plans, targets and strategies of American countries.
  • Develop business strategies by understanding the regulations shaping and driving the renewable energy market
  • Position yourself to gain the maximum advantage of the American country’s regulatory framework
  • Identify key programs and fiscal incentives of individual country.


  • Executive Summary
    • Table Renewable Energy Policy, North and South America
  • Introduction
    • Renewable Energy Policy
    • GlobalData Report Guidance
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Argentina
    • Overview
    • Law on Promotion of Renewable Sources of Energy for Electricity Production: 27,191
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Argentina, Renewable Energy Targets, 2018-2025
      • Incentives under Law no. 27,191
      • Fund for the Development of Renewable Energies (FODER)
    • RenovAr Program
      • Table Argentina: Allocated Projects, Auctions, Round 1
      • Table Argentina: Allocated Projects, Auctions, Round 1.5
      • Table Argentina: Allocated Projects, Auctions, Round 2
    • Rural Renewable Energy Project (PREMER) Phase 2
    • National Bioenergy Program
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Brazil
    • Overview
    • Auctions/Tenders
      • Renewable Energy Auctions
        • Table Renewable Energy Auctions, Brazil, 2007-2019
      • T &D lines Auctions
      • Brazil's First Renewable Energy De-contraction Auction
      • Hybrid Renewable Energy Projects to Participate in Energy Auctions
    • Local Content Policy
    • National Climate Change Plan
    • National Electricity Conservation Program - PROCEL
    • National Energy Plan (PNE), 2030
    • Brazilian Energy Plan, (PDE) 2023
    • Plan for Energy Expansion 2010-2019
    • Luz para Todos Electrification Program
    • Incentives for Small Hydropower Facilities, Law 9658
    • Wind Turbine Component Tax Exemption (Executive Decree 656)
    • Inova Energia Program
    • Net Metering for Distributed Generation
    • Distributed Generation Tax Incentives
    • Grid Access Policies
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Canada
    • Overview
      • Table Key Regulatory Authorities, Canada
    • Federal Programs
      • New Federal Tax Policy
      • Federal Incentive Programs
      • Program of Energy Research and Development
      • Clean Energy Innovation Program
    • Provincial Incentives
      • Table Renewable Energy Targets, Canada
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Prince Edward Island
      • Renewable Energy Act
      • Provincial Energy Strategy
      • Tax exemption
      • Clean Energy Price Incentive
      • Net metering
      • Energy Saving Bonds
      • Financing options
      • Energy Audit
      • 10-year Energy Strategy
      • Climate Change Action Plan 2018-2023
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Manitoba
      • Manitoba Hydro's Power Smart Bioenergy Optimization Program-
      • Climate and Green Plan
      • Incentives and rebates
      • Solar Energy Program
      • Clean Energy Strategy
      • Residential Earth Power Loan
      • Regulatory policies
      • Renewable Energy Tax Credit
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Saskatchewan
      • Renewable Energy Targets
      • Renew Saskatchewan
      • Incentives and Rebates
      • Power Generation Partner Program (PGPP)
      • Net Metering Program
      • ENERGY STAR loan
      • Solar or Wind-powered water pump grant for farms
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Northwest Territories (NWT)
      • 2030 Energy Strategy
        • Table Investments for 2030 Energy Strategy, NWT, 2018-2021
      • Arctic Energy Alliance (AEA)
      • The Alternatives Energy Technology Program (AETP)
      • The Energy Action Plan
      • Net Metering
      • Carbon tax
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Alberta
      • Climate Leadership Plan (CLP)
      • Climate Change Strategy
      • Provincial Energy Strategy
      • Renewable Electricity Program
        • Table Competitive processes, Alberta, 2017-2018
      • Business Energy Savings Program
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind
      • Nine-Point Bioenergy Plan
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New Foundland and Labrador
      • 2007 Energy Plan
      • Net Metering
      • Biogas Electricity Generation Pilot Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, British Columbia
      • Clean Energy Act
      • Hydro Net Metering
      • Energy Plan: A Vision for Clean Energy Leadership
      • Climate Change Accountability Act
      • CleanBC Plan
      • Carbon pricing
      • BC Bioenergy Strategy
      • Financial Incentives for Solar
      • Innovative Clean Energy Fund
      • Standing Offer Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nova Scotia
      • Renewable Electricity Plan, 2010
      • Energy Strategy 2009
      • Renewable Energy Standard Regulations, 2007
      • Business Plan 2018-19
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable to Retail Program
      • Marine Renewable Energy Act
      • Community Feed-in Tariffs
      • Solar Energy Programs and Projects
      • Community Economic Development Investment Fund (CEDIF)
      • Community Buildings Pilot Program
      • Wind Atlas
      • EnerGuide for New Houses
      • Commercial and Industrial Custom Program
      • Small Business Lighting Solutions Program
      • EcoEnergy Retrofit Incentive for Buildings
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Quebec
      • Energy Policy 2030
      • 2018-2023 Action Plan
      • Climate Change Action Plan, 2013-2020
      • New Hampshire Interconnection Project
      • Energy Strategy 2016-2025
      • Net Metering
      • Wind Farm Construction on Public Land
      • Wind Farm Construction on Private Land
      • Renoclimat and Novoclimat Program
      • RénoVert Tax Credit
      • Hydro Grants
      • Tax Credit for Ethanol Production
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ontario
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources
        • Table Feed-in Tariffs, Ontario, 2017
        • Table Additional Price Incentives on Feed-in Tariff, Ontario, 2017
        • Table Wind Power Auctions, Ontario
        • Table Solar Power Auctions, Ontario
      • Industrial Electricity Incentive Program
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Wind
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Geothermal
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Hydropower
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Bioenergy
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Chile
    • Overview
    • National Strategy for the Energy Sector
    • Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Law (NCRE Law): Law 20,257
    • Energy 2050 Roadmap
    • Tenders/Auctions
    • Energy Program
    • Energy route 2018-2022
    • Energy Access Fund
    • Clean Technology Fund
      • Table Chile, Renewable Energy Projects funded from CTF
    • Support for Non-Conventional Renewable Energy Development Program
    • Invest Chile Project
    • Carbon Tax Exemption for Biomass
    • Program for Rural and Social Energy (PERYS)
    • Access for small and non-conventional power producers: Short Law I and II
    • PMGD (Pequeños Medios de Generación Distribuidos) programme
    • PPA
    • Law 19,657 on geothermal energy concessions
    • Net Metering/Billing: Law 20,571
    • Sustainable Hydroelectricity Platform
    • Development of Transmission System
    • National Action Plan on Climate Change (PANCC-II), 2017-2022
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Colombia
    • Overview
    • Funds Supporting Investment in Energy Projects
      • Fund for the Electrification of Non-interconnected zones (FAZNI)
      • Fund for Non-Conventional Energies
    • Auctions
      • Renewable Auction
      • Reliability Charge auction
    • Program of Rational and Efficient use of Energy and Other Forms Of Non-Conventional Energy
    • Policy guideline for the Promotion of Sustainable Biofuels Production in Colombia (Conpes 3510)
    • Law 939 to promote the production and commercialization of biodiesel
    • Law 1665 (2013)
    • Law 1715 (2014)
    • Decree 0570
    • Decreto 348 del 1 de marzo de 2017
    • Net Metering - 2018 Resolution CREG 030
    • NDC Support Program
    • Renewable Energy Indicative Action Plan
    • Electric Coverage Expansion Plan, 2016-2020
    • National Energy Plan 2050
    • Generation and Transmission Expansion Plan
    • Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Mexico
    • Overview
    • Electricity Industry Law
    • Universal Power Service Fund
    • National Energy Strategy
    • Energy Transition Law (Ley de Transición Energética, LTE)
      • Table Mexico, Energy and Climate National Targets
    • General Law of Climate Change (Ley General de Cambio Climático)
    • Special Program for the Use of Renewable Energy
    • National Electricity Plan
    • Net-Metering/Net Billing
    • Auction Mechanism
      • Auction 1
        • Table Mexico, Auction 1 , Winners, March 2016
      • Auction 2
        • Table Mexico, Auction 2 , Winners, September 2016
      • Auction 3
        • Table Mexico, Auction 3 , Winners, November 2017
      • Auction 4
      • Mid-term Auction
    • National Commission for the Efficient Use of Energy
    • Large-Scale Renewable Energy Development Project
    • Teaching Environmental Responsibility Program
    • Accelerated Depreciation
    • Wheeling Service Agreement for Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources
    • Fund for Energy Transition And Sustainable Electricity Use
    • Methodology to Establish Service Charges for the Transmission of Renewable Electricity
    • Resolution on transmission charges for renewable energy generators
    • Grid Interconnection Contract for Renewable Energy
    • Renewable Energy Promotion-PromovER
    • Integrated Energy Services Project, 2007-2014
    • Light in the House Program (Luz en Casa Oaxaca)
    • Light for Mexico Program
    • Income Tax Law
    • Resolution on Interconnection of large hydro plants
    • Geothermal Energy Act
    • Law for the Promotion and Development of Bioenergy
    • Sustainable Rural Development Project for the Promotion of Alternative Energy Sources in Agribusiness
      • Table Mexico, Sustainable Rural Development Results
    • Value Added Agribusiness Risk Sharing Schemes
    • Removal of custom duty on Imported Solar Modules
    • 21st Century Power Partnership (21CPP)
    • Program for Financing of Electric Energy Saving
    • Guidelines establishing and issuing Clean Energy Certificates
    • Law for the Sustainable Use of Energy (Ley para el Aprovechamiento Sustentable de la Energía, LASE)
    • Law for Sustainable Use of Energy and the National Program for the Sustainable Use of Energy (PRONASE)
    • Green Mortgage Program
    • Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the Paris Agreement (COP21)
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Peru
    • Overview
    • Electric Concession Law
    • Legislative Decree
      • 1002
      • 1221
    • Law 28876
    • Tenders/Auctions
      • Table Peru Renewable Policy, Auctions, Volume Contracted, 2009-2016
    • Net Metering/Billing
    • Proposal to review the Renewable Energy Regulatory Framework
    • The Electric Social Compensation Fund (FOSE)
    • Accelerated depreciation benefits
    • Green Bond Guide
    • Biofuel Production and Commercialization Law
    • Energy Efficiency Development
    • National Energy Plan, 2010-2040
    • National Rural Electrification Plan
    • COP21
    • General Law for Rural Electrification
    • Organic Law on Geothermal Resources
    • Stability in income tax
  • Renewable Energy Policy, US
    • Overview
    • Federal Initiatives
      • Tax Cuts and New Jobs Act
        • Table Renewable Energy Project Tax Components and changes with new tax code, US
      • Production Tax Credits
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, US, Production Tax Credit ($/kWh)
      • Investment Tax Credits
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, US, Investment Tax Credit
      • Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System
      • Manufacturing Tax Credit
      • Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit
      • Renewable Energy Target
      • Energy Independence and Security Act
      • Rural Energy for America Program: Grants
      • Tribal Energy Program Grant
      • US Department of Energy - Loan Guarantee Program
      • Green Power Purchasing Goal
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, US, Green Power Purchasing Goal (%), 2018-2025
    • Federal Initiatives for Solar Power
      • Solar America Initiative
      • SunShot Initiative, 2030
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, US, Sun shot Progress and Goals
    • Federal Initiatives for Wind Power
    • Federal Initiatives for Biopower and Biofuels
      • Energy Policy Act - Alternative Fuels
      • Biorefinery Assistance Program
      • Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
    • Common State-Level Incentives
      • Overview
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, US, Renewable Portfolio Standards, State Targets
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Public Benefit Funds for Renewable Energy
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Net Metering
      • Property Assessed Clean Energy
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Alabama
      • TVA - Green Power Providers
      • AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program
      • Local Government Energy Loan Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Alaska
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Energy Grant Program
      • Alternative Energy Conservation Loan Fund
      • Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Power Project Loan Fund
      • Golden Valley Electric Association (GVEA) - Sustainable Natural Alternative Power (SNAP) program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Arizona
      • Energy Modernization Plan
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Arizona, Compliance Schedule
      • Net Metering/Billing
      • Energy Efficiency Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Arizona, Energy Efficiency Requirement Schedule (%)
      • Renewable Energy Incentive Program
      • Residential Solar and Wind Energy Systems Tax Credit
      • Renewable Energy Production Tax Credit
      • Sunwatts Rebate Program
      • Solar and Wind Equipment Sales Tax Exemption
      • Interconnection Guidelines
      • Solar Construction Permitting Standards
      • Solar & Wind Equipment Certification
      • Salt River Project: Commercial Solar Electric Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Arkansas
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Arkansas Energy Technology Loans for Green Technology
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, California
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, California
        • Table Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, Marin County - California
        • Table Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariffs, Los Angeles - California
        • Table Renewable Energy, Feed-in Tariff Multiplier, Los Angeles - California
        • Table Renewable Energy, Electric Energy Reduction Standard (GWh), California, 2012-2024
        • Table Renewable Energy, Annual Electric Demand Reduction Standard (MW), California, 2012-2024
        • Table Renewable Energy, ReMAT Tariffs ($/MWh), California
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, California, Renewable Portfolio Standard Targets (%)
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, California
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, California, Go Solar Campaign Program Components, 2007-2016
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, California, California Solar Initiative Program Budget ($m), 2007-2016
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, California, California Solar Initiative Rebate Levels by Incentive Step and Rebate Type
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, California, California Solar Initiative, Details by Incentive Type
        • Table Renewable Energy, Utility Incentive Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, California, PV requirements for new homes
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Colorado
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • City of Boulder - Solar Sales and Use Tax Rebate
      • Xcel Energy: Solar Reward Program
      • Black Hills Energy - Solar Power Program
      • Interconnection Standards
      • EZ Investment Tax Credit Refund for Renewable Energy Projects
      • Mandatory Green Power Option for Large Municipal Utilities
      • Green Colorado Credit Reserve
      • Property Tax Exemption for Residential Renewable Energy Equipment
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Equipment
      • Property Tax Exemption for Community Solar Gardens
      • Energy Smart Colorado Loan Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Colorado, Energy Smart Rebates
      • Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency for Schools Loan
      • Colorado Commercial Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)
      • Colorado-State Rebate Program
      • Property Tax Incentive
      • Energy Storage-a consumer right
      • Other Utilities Renewable Energy Rebate Program
        • Table Renewable Energy, Other Utility Incentive Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Connecticut
      • Net Metering
      • Residential Solar Investment Program
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
        • Table Renewable Energy, Eversource Energy, REC Results
        • Table Renewable Energy, United Illuminating, REC Results
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Connecticut, Renewable Portfolio Standard Targets (%)
      • Smart-E loans
      • Low Interest Energy Efficiency Loan Program
      • Clean Energy Fund
      • Commercial PACE Financing
      • Residential Sustainable Energy Program
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Property tax exemption for Renewable Energy Systems
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for solar and geothermal systems
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Delaware
      • Net Metering
      • Delaware Electric Cooperative- Green Energy Program Incentives
      • Delmarva Power - Green Energy Program Incentives
      • DEMEC Member Utilities - Green Energy Program Incentives
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Delaware, Renewable Portfolio Standard Targets (%)
      • Solar Renewable Energy Credits (SRECs) Spot Market Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Delaware, SREC Program, 2018
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Delaware, SREC Auction Price, 2018
      • Sustainable Energy Utility (SEU) - Revolving Loan Fund
      • Solar Rights Law
      • Wind Access and Permitting Law
      • Interconnection Standards
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Florida
      • Net Metering
      • City of Tallahassee Utilities - Solar Loans
      • Property Tax Abatement for Renewable Energy Property
      • Broward County - Green Power Purchasing Policy
      • Miami-Dade County - Green Power Policy
      • Florida PACE program
      • Solar and CHP Sales Tax Exemption
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Residential Solar Leases
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Georgia
      • Net Metering
      • Central Georgia EMC - Photovoltaic Rebate Program
      • TVA - Green Power Providers
      • Jackson EMC - Right Choice Sun Power Rebate Program
      • Interconnection Standard
      • PACE Financing
      • Biomass Sales and Use Tax Exemption
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Hawaii
      • Distributed Generation Tariff
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Hawaii, Customer Grid Supply Plus Credit Rates
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Hawaii, Customer Grid Supply Plus Program Capacity
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Hawaii, Small Export Rates
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Hawaii, Small Export Capacity
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Hawaii, Community Solar Rates Phase 1
      • Solar and Wind Energy Credit
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • Hawaii Electric Company-Feed-in-Tariffs
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Hawaii, Feed-in-Tariff Rates
      • Proposed solar-plus-storage projects/contracts
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Hawaii, Proposed Solar-Plus Storage Projects
      • Farm and Aquaculture Alternative Energy Loan
      • Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS)
      • Interconnection Standards
      • GreenSun Hawaii
      • Property Tax Exemption for Alternative Energy Improvements
      • City and County of Honolulu - Solar Loan Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Idaho
      • Net Metering
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Idaho, Net Metering Rates
      • Property Tax Exemption for Wind, Solar, and Geothermal Energy Producers
      • Residential Alternative Energy Tax Deduction
      • Low-Interest Energy Loan Programs
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Illinois
      • Future Energy Jobs Act
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Illinois, Requirements and Carve-outs for Various Technologies for Investor-owned Utilities (%), 2009-2026
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Illinois, Requirements and Carve-outs for Various Technologies for Alternate Renewable Electricity Suppliers (%), 2009-2026
      • Solar Renewable Energy Credits (SREC's)
      • Adjustable Block (AB) Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Illinois, Block Group REC Prices ($/REC)
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Low Income Distributed Generation Incentive 1-4 unit buildings ($/REC)
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Low Income Distributed Generation Incentive 5+ unit buildings ($/REC)
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Low Income Community Solar Project Incentive ($/REC)
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Incentives for Non-Profits and Public Facilities ($/REC)
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Illinois, Interconnection Standards
      • Illinois Clean Energy Community Foundation Grants
      • Sales Tax Exemption for Wind Energy
      • ComEd and Ameren Rebates
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Indiana
      • NIPSCO - Feed-In Tariff
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Indiana, Feed-in-Tariffs
      • Clean Energy Portfolio Standard
      • Clean Energy Credits
      • Net Metering
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Equipment
      • Renewable Energy Property Tax Exemption
      • Interconnection Standards
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Iowa
      • Alternative Energy Law
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Solar Easement
      • Solar Energy Systems Tax Credit
      • IADG Energy Bank Revolving Loan Program
      • Alternate Energy Revolving Loan Program
      • Renewable Energy Equipment Exemption
      • Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Systems
      • Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
      • Energy Replacement Generation Tax Exemption
      • Interconnection Rules
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Iowa, Interconnection Standards
      • Farmers Electric Cooperative: Rebates
      • Net Metering
      • Local Option: Special Assessment of Wind Energy Devices
      • Small Wind Innovation Zone Program and Model Ordinance
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Kansas
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Renewable Energy Goal
      • Interconnection Guidelines
      • Renewable Energy Property Tax Exemption
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Kentucky
      • Net Metering
      • TVA - Green Power Providers
      • Tax Exemption for Large-Scale Renewable Energy Projects
      • Tax Credits for Renewable Energy Facilities
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Kentucky, Interconnection Standards
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Louisiana
      • Solar Energy System Exemption
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Home Energy Loan Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Maine
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • Distributed Generation Buy-All, Sell-All Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Maine, Credit Rates
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Efficiency Maine Trust
      • Local Option - Property Assessed Clean Energy
      • Maine Green Power Program
      • Energy Efficiency Targets
      • Net Metering
      • Commercial Clean Energy Grant Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Maryland, Commercial Clean Energy Grant Incentives
      • Residential Clean Energy Grant Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Maryland, Residential Clean Energy Grant Incentives
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Maryland, Renewable Portfolio Standard (%)
      • Residential/Community Wind Grant Program
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Local Option - Clean Energy Loan Program
      • Maryland Smart Energy Communities Grant
      • Game Changer Competitive Grant Program
      • Parking Lot Solar PV with EV Charger Grant Program
      • Local Option - Property Tax Credit for Renewables and Energy Conservation Devices
      • Harford County - Property Tax Credit for Solar and Geothermal Devices
      • Prince George's County - Solar and Geothermal Residential Property Tax Credit
      • Anne Arundel County - Solar and Geothermal Equipment Property Tax Credits
      • Baltimore County - Property Tax Credit for Solar and Geothermal Devices
      • Solar Renewable Energy Certificates (SRECs)
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Equipment
      • Property Tax Exemption for Solar and Wind Energy Systems
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Residential Solar and Wind Electricity Sales
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Massachusetts
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Massachusetts, Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard
      • Solar Renewable Energy Credits
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Massachusetts, Solar Alternative Compliance Payment Rates
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Massachusetts, Solar Credit Clearinghouse Auction Rates
      • Solar Massachusetts Renewable Target (SMART) Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Massachusetts, Smart capacity by block and distribution service territory (MW)
      • Clean Energy Standard
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Massachusetts, Interconnection Standards
      • Offshore Wind Auction
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Massachusetts, Offshore Wind Auction Winners, 2018
      • Concord Municipal Light Plant - Solar Photovoltaic Rebate Program
      • Hudson Light & Power - Photovoltaic Incentive Program
      • Reading Municipal Light Department - Residential Renewable Energy Rebates
      • Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant - Residential PV Rebate Program
      • Chicopee Electric Light - Residential Solar Rebate Program
      • Residential Renewable Energy Income Tax Credit
      • Renewable Energy Trust Fund
      • Commonwealth Organics-to-Energy Program
      • Commonwealth Hydropower Program
      • Renewable Energy Property Tax Exemption
      • Local Option - Commercial PACE Financing
      • Local Option - Energy Revolving Loan Fund
      • Green Communities Grant Program
      • Renewable Energy Equipment Sales Tax Exemption
      • Commonwealth Wind Program
      • Mass Solar Loan Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Michigan
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Energy Standard
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Loans for Businesses
      • Lean and Green Michigan PACE
      • Renewable Energy Program Grants
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Michigan, Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Minnesota
      • Net Metering
      • Community Solar Garden Program
      • Value of Solar Tariff (VOS Tariff)
      • Renewable Energy Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Minnesota, Renewable Energy Standard
      • Jobs and Energy Bill 2018
      • Solar Energy Incentive Program
      • Green Cost Share Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Minnesota, Green Cost Share Program
      • Minnesota Power - Power Grant Program
      • Brainerd Public Utilities - Renewable Incentives Program
      • Minnesota Power - SolarSense Solar Rebate Program
      • Solar Energy Sales Tax Exemption
      • Rochester Public Utilities , Owatanna Public Utilities , Austin Utilities - Solar Rebate Program
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Community-Based Energy Development Tariff
      • Wind Energy Sales Tax Exemption
      • Saint Paul Port Authority PACE Program
      • Rural Minnesota Energy Board PACE Program
      • Wind and Solar-Electric PV Systems Exemption
      • Renewable Development Fund
      • Renewable Energy Production Incentive
      • Agricultural Improvement Loan Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Mississippi
      • TVA - Green Power Providers
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Energy Credits
      • Interconnection Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Mississippi, Interconnection Standards
      • Mississippi Clean Energy Initiative
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Missouri
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Energy Standard
      • Union Electric Company (Ameren Missouri)- Renewable Choice Program
      • City of Columbia - Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Missouri, Interconnection Standards
      • Empire District Electric - Solar PV Rebates
      • Columbia Water & Light - Solar Energy Loans
      • Columbia Water & Light - Solar Rebates
      • Wood Energy Production Credit
      • Energy Loan Program
      • Local Option - Clean Energy Development Boards
      • Solar Property Tax Exemption
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Montana
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Resource Standard
      • NorthWestern Energy - USB Renewable Energy Fund
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Montana, Interconnection Standards
      • Montana Renewables Development Action Plan
      • Residential Alternative Energy System Tax Credit
      • Alternative Energy Revolving Loan Program
      • Alternative Energy Investment Tax Credit
      • Residential Geothermal Systems Credit
      • Renewable Energy Systems Exemption
      • Generation Facility Corporate Tax Exemptions
      • Corporate Property Tax Reduction for New/Expanded Generating Facilities
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nebraska
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Lincoln Electric System - Customer-Owned Generation
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, Nebraska, Incentive Amount
      • Local Option - Property-Assessed Clean Energy Financing
      • Dollar and Energy Savings Loans
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Property
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Community Renewable Energy Projects
      • Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Generation Facilities
      • Renewable Energy Tax Credit
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Nevada
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • Nevada: Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • NV Energy: Renewable Generations Rebate Program
      • Large Scale Renewable Energy Producers Property Tax Abatement
      • Renewable Energy Systems Property Tax Exemption
      • Renewable Energy Sales and Use Tax Abatement
      • Revolving Loan Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New Hampshire
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New Hampshire, Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New Hampshire, Renewable Portfolio Standards (%)
      • Commercial & Industrial Solar Rebate Program
      • Residential Small Renewable Energy Rebate Program
      • Commercial & Industrial Renewable Energy Grants
      • Local Option - Energy Efficiency & Clean Energy Districts
      • Enterprise Energy Fund Loans
      • Local Option- Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy
      • Energy Efficiency Resource Standard
      • New Hampshire Electric Co-op - Solar Photovoltaic Incentive Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New Hampshire, Solar Incentives
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New Jersey
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Renewable Energy Sources, New Jersey
      • Financial Incentives and Policy Support for Solar, New Jersey
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New Jersey, Solar Alternative Compliance Payments ($), 2019-2033
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New Mexico
      • Net Metering
      • Farmington Electric Utility System (FEUS) - Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New Mexico, Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
      • Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
      • Property Tax Exemption for Residential Solar Systems
      • Gross Receipts Tax Exemption for Sales of Wind and Solar Systems to Government Entities
      • Advanced Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction
      • Solar Energy Gross Receipts Tax Deduction
      • Alternative Energy Product Manufacturers Tax Credit
      • Biomass Equipment & Materials Compensating Tax Deduction
      • Agricultural Biomass Income Tax Credit
      • Proposed Tax Credit for New Mexico Solar Panels
      • Public Service Company of New Mexico (PNM) - Performance-Based Solar Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New Mexico, PNM Performance-Based Solar Incentive
      • El Paso Electric Company - Small and Medium System Renewable Energy Certificate Purchase Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New Mexico, EPE Incentive
      • Local Option - Renewable Energy Financing District/Solar Energy Improvement Special Assessments
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, New York
      • Property Tax Abatement for Photovoltaic (PV) and Energy Storage equipment
      • Energy Efficiency Resource Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, New York, Energy Efficiency Budgets and Targets for the Investor Owned Electric and Gas Utilities ($), 2016-2018
      • Clean Energy Standard (CES)
      • Green New Deal -Proposal for New Renewable Energy Goals
      • Auctions for offshore wind generation right
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Residential Solar Tax Credit (Solar Energy System Equipment Credit)
      • Sun PV Incentive Program
      • Sun Commercial and Industrial Incentive Program
      • REVitalize- NYSERDA
      • PSEG Long Island- Commercial Solar PV Feed-in Tariff
      • PSEG Long Island- Fuel Cell Resource Feed-in Tariff
      • Clean Energy Fund
      • Solar Sales Tax Exemption
      • Sun Loan Program
      • Exemption of Solar, Wind, and Biomass Energy Systems
      • Energy Conservation Improvements Property Tax Exemption
      • NY Green Bank
      • Solar For All Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, North Carolina
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Interconnection Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, North Carolina, Interconnection Standards
      • Net Metering
      • Feed-in Tariffs in North Carolina
        • Table Renewable Energy Market, North Carolina, Feed-in Tariffs by Utilities ($/kWh)
      • TVA - Green Power Providers
      • Competitive bidding/Auctions for Renewable Energy
      • Local Option - Financing Program for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency
      • Model Wind Energy Systems Ordinance
      • Wind Energy Permitting Standards
      • City of Asheville - Building Permit Fee Rebates
      • Property Tax Abatement for Solar Electric Systems
      • Green Building Incentives
      • Solar Energy Development Ordinance
      • Competitive Energy Solutions for North Carolina Law
      • Duke Energy proposes solar rebates in North Carolina
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, North Dakota
      • Renewable and Recycled Energy Objective
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Energy Property Tax Exemption
      • Sales and Use Tax Exemption for Electrical Generating Facilities
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ohio
      • First Energy Ohio - Renewable Energy Credit Procurements
      • Solar Renewable Energy Certificates Program
      • Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ohio, Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Energy Loan Fund
      • Energy Conservation for Ohioans (ECO-Link) Program
      • American Municipal Power (Public Electric Utilities) - Efficiency Smart Business Program
      • American Municipal Power (Public Electric Utilities) - Efficiency Smart Residential Program
      • Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ohio, Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standards
      • City of Cleveland - Residential Property Tax Abatement for Green Buildings
      • City of Cincinnati - Property Tax Abatement for Green Buildings
      • Energy Conversion and Thermal Efficiency Sales Tax Exemption
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Oklahoma
      • Net Metering
      • Zero-Emission Facility Production Tax Credit
      • Community Energy Education Management Program
      • Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs
      • Energy Efficient Residential Construction Tax Credit
      • Interconnection Guidelines
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Oregon
      • Wind Incentive Program
      • Net Metering
      • Energy Efficiency Rebate and Loan Programs
      • Solar Electric Incentive Program
      • Renewable Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ohio, Renewable Portfolio Standards for large IOUs
      • State Energy Loan Program
      • Central Lincoln People's Utility District - Renewable Energy Incentive Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Ohio, Solar PV Capital Rebates
      • PGE Renewable Development Fund
      • Energy Conservation Tax Credits for Competitively-Selected Projects
      • Pacific Power - Blue Sky Community Project Funds
      • Renewable Energy Development Grant Program
      • Self-Direction of Public Purpose Charges
      • Custom Renewable Energy Projects
      • SB 1149 Schools Program
      • Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
      • Interconnection Standards
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Pennsylvania
      • Property Tax Assessment for Commercial Wind Farms
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnections Standards
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Renewable Energy Credits
      • Renewable Energy Loans
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Pennsylvania, Loan Programs
      • Renewable Energy Grant Programs
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Pennsylvania, Grant Programs
      • Sustainable Development Fund Financing Program
      • Wind and Geothermal Incentives Program
      • Alternative and Clean Energy Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Rhode Island
      • Renewable Energy Products Sales and Use Tax Exemption
      • Property Tax Exemption for Renewable Energy Equipment
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Rhode Island, Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Energy Revolving Loan Fund
      • Renewable Energy Fund
      • Property-Assessed Clean Energy Financing
      • Renewable Energy Growth Program
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Rhode Island, Renewable Energy Growth Program Incentives
      • Public Benefit Fund for Renewables and Efficiency
      • Green Power Purchase for State Facilities
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, South Carolina
      • Solar Energy, Small Hydropower Tax Credit
      • Biomass Energy Tax Credit
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Distributed Energy Resource Program
      • Renewable Energy Loan Programs
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, South Carolina, Loan Programs
      • Renewable Energy Rebate Programs
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, South Carolina, Grants
      • Palmetto Clean Energy (PaCE) Program
      • South Carolina Municipalities - Green Power Purchasing
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, South Dakota
      • Large Commercial Wind and Solar Alternative Taxes
      • Renewable Energy System Exemption
      • Renewable Energy Facility Sales and Use Tax Reimbursement
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable, Recycled and Conserved Energy Objective
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Tennessee
      • Green Energy Tax Credit
      • Carbon Tax Credit
      • Sales Tax Credit for Clean Energy Technology
      • Green Energy Supply Chain Franchise and Excise Tax Credit
      • Green Energy Property Tax Assessment
      • TVA Green Power Providers Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Texas
      • Solar and Wind Energy Device Franchise Tax Deduction
      • Solar and Wind Energy Business Franchise Tax Exemption
      • Renewable Energy Systems Property Tax Exemption
      • Net Metering
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Texas, Net Metering Programs
      • Austin Energy - Value of Solar Residential Rate
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • City of Austin - Renewables Portfolio Standard
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Pennsylvania, Grants
      • San Antonio City Public Service Renewable Portfolio Goal
      • Renewable Energy Loans
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Texas, Loan Programs
      • Renewable Energy Rebate Programs
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Texas, Rebate Programs
      • Green Mountain Energy Renewable Rewards Program
      • Austin Energy - Commercial Solar PV Incentive Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Utah
      • Renewable Energy Systems Tax Credit
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Utah, Tax Credits
      • Alternative Energy Manufacturing Tax Credit
      • Alternative Energy Development Incentive (Tax Credit)
      • Alternative Energy Sales Tax Exemption
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Commercial PACE Financing
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Vermont
      • Investment Tax Credit
      • Renewable Energy Systems Sales Tax Exemption
      • Property Tax Exemption
      • Uniform Capacity Tax and Exemption for Solar
      • Net Metering
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Vermont, Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • GMP Cow Power
      • Standard Offer Program
      • Energy Loan Guarantee Program
      • Energy Loan Programs
      • Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) Financing
      • GMP Solar Power
      • Clean Energy Development Fund
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Virginia
      • Net metering
      • Residential Property Tax Exemption for Solar
      • Commercial Solar Property Tax Exemption
      • Renewable Energy Machinery and Tools Property Tax Exemption
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Renewable Energy Credits
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Rockingham County - Small Wind Ordinance
      • TVA - Green Power Providers
      • Commonwealth's Energy Leasing Program
      • Clean Energy Financing (PACE Financing)
      • Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
      • Small Business & Non-Profit Loan Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Washington
      • Renewable Energy Sales and Use Tax Exemption
      • Net Metering
      • Renewable Portfolio Standards
      • Renewable Energy Credits
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Mandatory Utility Green Power Option
      • Chelan County PUD - Sustainable Natural Alternative Power Producers Program
      • Utility Loan Programs
        • Table Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Washington, Loan Programs
      • City of Bellingham - Green Power Purchasing
      • Renewable Energy Cost Recovery Incentive Payment
      • Pacific Power - Blue Sky Community Project Funds
      • Energy Efficiency and Solar Grants
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, West Virginia
      • Net metering
        • Table Net Metering System Capacity Limits (kW) -West Virginia
      • Special Assessment for Wind Energy Systems
      • Tax Exemption for Wind Energy Generation
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Wisconsin
      • Renewable Energy Certificates
      • Net Metering
        • Table Net Metering Tariffs - Wisconsin
      • Home Performance with ENERGY STAR
      • Renewable Rewards Program
      • Retro-Commissioning Program
      • Design Assistance Program
      • Renewable Energy Competitive Incentive Program
      • Energy Efficiency Standard for Focus on Energy
      • Biogas, Solar, and Wind Energy Equipment Exemption
      • Renewable Energy Sales Tax Exemptions
      • Interconnection Standards
      • Clean Energy Manufacturing Revolving Loan Fund
      • River Falls Municipal Utilities - Renewable Energy Finance Program
    • Renewable Energy Policy Framework, Wyoming
      • Net metering
      • Local Government Energy Audit/Retrofits
      • Black Hills Energy - Commercial Energy Efficiency Programs
      • Black Hills Energy - Residential Customer Rebate Program
      • Questar Gas - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program
      • Questar Gas - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Programs
      • Interconnection Guidelines
  • Renewable Energy Policy, Venezuela
    • Overview
    • Venezuela Development Plan for the National Electric System, 2013-2019
    • Electric Service Law
    • Electricity Law
    • Venezuela Country Development Plans 2013-2019 ("Plan de la patria")
    • National Renewable Energy Registry
    • Sowing Light Program (Sembrando Luz)
  • Appendix
    • Market Definitions
      • Power
      • Electricity Generation
      • Electricity Consumption
      • Renewable Energy Resources
    • Abbreviations
      • Table Abbreviations
    • Methodology
    • Coverage
      • Secondary Research
      • Primary Research
      • Modeling and Forecasting
    • Contact Us
    • Disclaimer

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