The Global Market for Wearable, Printed, Flexible, Foldable and Stretchable Electronic

The Global Market for Wearable, Printed, Flexible, Foldable and Stretchable Electronics

The rapid boom in smart wearable and integrated electronic devices has stimulated demand for advanced intelligent systems with high performance, micro size, mechanical flexibility, and high-temperature stability for application as flexible and stretchable displays, personal health monitoring, human motion capturing, smart textiles, electronic skins and more.

Wearable technology, wearables, or wearable devices is incorporation electronics into clothing or accessories that can be worn on a user’s body. The purpose of wearable technologies is to provide entertainment, healthcare, and education in people’s daily lives. Wearable electronics encompasses the incorporation of technological components in clothing accessories or objects we carry. The development of next-generation, wearable flexible electronics relies on novel materials that are:
Mechanically flexible.

Low-cost.
Electrically conductive.
Optically transparent.

There is increasing demand for wearable electronics from industries such as:
Medical and healthcare monitoring and diagnostics.
Sportswear and fitness monitoring (bands).
Consumer electronics such as smart watches, smart glasses and headsets.
Military GPS trackers, equipment (helmets) and wearable robots.
Smart apparel and footwear in fashion and sport.

Workplace safety and manufacturing.
The development of printed, flexible and stretchable conductors over the last decade has resulted in commercialization of flexible and stretchable sensors, circuits, displays, and energy harvesters for next-generation wearables and soft robotics. These systems must be able to conform to the shape of and survive the environment in which they must operate. They are typically fabricated on flexible plastic substrates or are printed/woven into fabrics.

The electronics industry is moving at a fast pace from standard, inflexible form factors to stretchable and conformable devices. Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics products are increasing weekly from wearables for healthcare to smart packaging, sensors, automotive tail lights and displays, flexible displays, photovoltaics and more.

Based on a new generation of advanced materials, printed, flexible and stretchable sensors and electronics will enable new possibilities in a diverse range of industries from healthcare to automotive to buildings. These technologies will drive innovation in smart medical technology, automotive, smart manufacturing, Internet of Things (IoT) and consumer electronics.

In the flexible displays market, electronics giants such as Samsung and LG Electronics are rolling our flexible, foldable and rollable smartphone and tablet products. LGs rollable LG Signature’s OLED TV R will be available in 2020 and foldable smartphones have already come to market.

Wearable and mobile health monitoring technologies have recently received enormous interest worldwide due to the rapidly aging global populations and the drastically increasing demand for in-home healthcare. Commercially available and near commercial wearable devices facilitate the transmission of biomedical informatics and personal health recording. Body worn sensors, which can provide real-time continuous measurement of pertinent physiological parameters noninvasively and comfortably for extended periods of time, are of crucial importance for emerging applications of mobile medicine. Wearable sensors that can wirelessly provide pertinent health information while remaining unobtrusive, comfortable, low cost, and easy to operate and interpret, play an essential role.

Battery and electronics producers require thin, flexible energy storage and conversion devices to power their wearable technology. The growth in flexible electronics has resulted in increased demand for flexible, stretchable, bendable, rollable and foldable batteries and supercapacitors as power sources for application in flexible and wearable devices.

Many major companies have integrated conductive and electronic ink and materials in applications ranging from photovoltaics to smart packaging. There are over 100 companies with products in this space for RFID, smart clothing, sensors, antennas and transistors. As well as advancing product security and consumer interaction, the use of smart inks and coatings in active and intelligent packaging can help reduce food waste and improve medical compliance-which would have significant environmental benefits.

Report contents include:
Current applications, state of the art, market and products (including producers, functionalities, prices) in wearable electronics, medical and healthcare monitoring, electronics and smart textiles, energy for wearables, flexible, foldable and stretchable displays and conductive inks.

Advanced materials used in werarables, displays, printed, flexible, foldable and stretchable electronics and sensors.

Stage of commercialization for applications, from basic research to market entry. Markets covered include conductive inks, wearables and IoT, medical & healthcare sensors, electronic clothing & smart apparel, energy harvesting & storage, electronics components and flexible displays.

Market figures for printable, flexible and stretchable electronics, by markets, materials and applications to 2027. Market impact of COVID-19 assessed.

Profiles of over 400 product developers.
60 companies profiled in wearables including BeBop Sensors, dorsaVi Ltd., Epicore Biosystems, Equivital Inc., FeelIT, Hitachi, Ltd., Holst Centre, Magic Leap, miomove s.r.o and more. All smart watch and fitness tracker products profiled including functionalties and prices.

134 companies profiled in medical and healthcare wearables including 1drop Inc., Abbott, AerBetic, Inc., Alertgy, Aura Devices, Biobeat, BioIntelliSense, Cardiomo, CareWear, cosinuss, Dexcom, Embr Labs, Eccrine Systems, Gentag, i-Sens, WBD101 and more.

58 companies profiled in electronic textiles (E-textiles) including Ambiotex, BloomerTech, Chronolife, clim8, Emglare, Formosa Taffeta, Healthwatch Technologies, Hexoskin, Inuheat, Litex, Myant, SankiConsys Co., Ltd. and more.

32 companies profiled in energy storage and harvesting including Bionic Power, BrightVolt, Canatu Oy, ChivoTech, Enfucell Oy, Jenax, LG Chem and more.

57 companies profiled in printed, flexible and stretchable displays including C3Nano, Cambrios, iBeam, CurveSYS GmbH, Etulipa, Futaba, Kyulux, Samsung and more.

98 companies profiled in conductive ink including Ash Chemical, Cemedine, DuPont, EMS/Nagase, Henkel, Jujo Chemical, Panasonic, Taiyo, Toyobo, VFP Ink Technologies, and more.


  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • The evolution of electronics
      • The wearables revolution
        • Table Types of wearable devices and applications.
      • Wearable market leaders
        • Table Wearable market leaders by market segment.
      • Flexible, stretchable, thin, and large-area form factors
    • What are flexible and stretchable electronics?
      • From rigid to flexible and stretchable
      • Organic and printed electronics
      • New conductive materials
        • Table Advanced materials for Printed, flexible and stretchable sensors and Electronics-Advantages and disadvantages.
        • Table Sheet resistance (RS) and transparency (T) values for transparent conductive oxides and alternative materials for transparent conductive electrodes (TCE).
      • Foldable smartphones and tablets
        • Table Foldable smartphones and tablets, on or near market.
    • Growth in flexible and stretchable electronics market
      • Recent growth in Printed, flexible and stretchable products
      • Future growth
      • Nanotechnology as a market driver
      • Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics
  • RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • WEARABLE ELECTRONICS
    • MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • Table Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable electronics for wearables and IoT.
    • APPLICATIONS
      • Smartwatches
        • Table Main smart watch producers and products.
      • Sports and fitness trackers
        • Table Wearable sensors for sports performance.
        • Table Wearable sensor products for monitoring sport performance.
      • Sleep trackers and wearable monitors
        • Table Wearable sleep tracker products.
      • Smart glasses and head-mounted displays (VR, AR, MR, vision loss and eye trackers)
        • Table Smart glasses companies and products.
      • Military
        • Table Wearable electronics applications in the military.
      • Industrial and workplace monitoring
      • Flexible and stretchable electronics in wearables
        • Table Applications in printed, flexible and stretchable electronics, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
      • Stretchable artificial skin
    • GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • Table Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by product type, billions $.
    • MARKET CHALLENGES
      • Table Market challenges in wearable electronics and IoT.
    • COMPANY PROFILES
      • 3DEYES Co., Ltd.
      • ABEye SA
      • AerNos, Inc.
      • Allterco Robotics
      • AshChromics Corporation
      • Asics
      • Atheer, Inc.
      • Avegant
      • Bando Chemical Industries, Ltd.
      • BeBop Sensors
      • Bend Labs
      • Boco, Inc.
      • Bostonclub Co., Ltd.
      • Brewer Science, Inc.
      • C2 Sense, Inc.
      • Cambridge Touch Technologies
      • Creact International Corporation
      • Dispelix Oy
      • dorsaVi Ltd.
      • Ectosense
      • Enhanlabo Co., Ltd.
      • Epicore Biosystems Ltd.
      • Epson
      • Equivital
      • Extriple Co, Ltd
      • FeelIT
      • Flexceed Co., Ltd.
      • FlexEnable Ltd.
      • Gait Up SA
      • Hitachi Ltd.
      • Holst Centre
      • Hoya Digital Solutions Corp.
      • HP1 Technologies
      • Innovega, Inc.
      • Kwant.ai
      • Litho
      • Magic Leap, Inc.
      • Molex
      • miomove s.r.o.
      • Nano Engineered Applications, Inc.
      • Nanusens
      • Neosensory
      • NextVPU (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
      • Nippon Mektron, Ltd.
      • Nippon Paper Group
      • Novasentis
      • OrCam Technologies Ltd.
      • Osaka Organic Chemical Industry Ltd.
      • Oxsight Ltd.
      • Pie Crystal Co., Ltd.
      • Sekisui Polymatech
      • Rokid
      • Shenzhen Grahope New Materials Technologies Inc.
      • Sun Corporation
      • Tacterion GmbH
      • Taiwan Alpha Electronic Co., Ltd.
      • Tobii Technology KK
      • Withings SA
      • Yamaha Motor Co., Ltd.
      • Zhuhai AdvanPro Technology Co., Ltd.
  • MEDICAL AND HEALTHCARE SENSORS AND WEARABLES
    • MARKET DRIVERS
      • Table Market drivers for printed, flexible and stretchable medical and healthcare sensors and wearables.
    • CURRENT STATE OF THE ART
      • Table Examples of wearable medical device products.
      • Monitoring solutions to track COVID-19 symptoms
        • Table Medical wearable companies applying products to COVID-19 monitoring and analysis.
    • APPLICATIONS
      • Companies and products
      • Electronic skin patches
      • Nanomaterials-based devices
        • Table Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
      • Wearable health alert and monitoring devices
        • Table Wearable bio-signal monitoring devices.
      • Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM)
        • Table Technologies for minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose detection-advantages and disadvantages.
        • Table Commercial devices for non-invasive glucose monitoring not released or withdrawn from market.
        • Table Minimally-invasive and non-invasive glucose monitoring products.
      • Cardiovascular
      • Pregnancy and newborn monitoring
      • Wearable temperature monitoring
      • Hydration sensors
      • Wearable sweat sensors (medical and sports)
        • Table Companies developing wearable swear sensors.
      • Wearable drug delivery
        • Table Wearable drug delivery companies and products.
      • Cosmetics patches
        • Table Companies and products, cosmetics and drug delivery patches.
    • Smart footwear
      • Table Companies and products in smart footwear.
    • Smart contact lenses
      • Table Companies and products in smart contact lenses.
    • Smart wound care
      • Table Companies and products in smart wound care.
    • Wearable exoskeletons
      • Table Companies developing wearable exoskeletons.
    • Medical hearables
      • Table Companies and products in hearables.
    • GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • Table Global medical and healthcare wearables market, 2017-2027, billions $, by product.
    • MARKET CHALLENGES
      • Table Market challenges in medical and healthcare sensors and wearables.
    • COMPANY PROFILES
      • 1drop
      • Abbott Laboratories
      • ActionSense Ltd
      • Add Care Ltd.
      • AerBetic, Inc
      • AffordSENS Corporation
      • Agx, Inc.
      • Aidar Health
      • Alertgy
      • Allevion Therapeutics
      • APDM Wearable Technologies, Inc.
      • Apollo Neuroscience, Inc.
      • AURA Devices
      • Avanix srl
      • Awarewear
      • Biobeat Technologies Ltd.
      • Biofourmis, Inc.
      • BioIntelliSense
      • Biolinq, Inc.
      • Biorithm Pte Ltd.
      • BioSenseTek Coporation
      • BioTelemetry, Inc.
      • Biotricity
      • Bittium Corporation
      • Blue Spark Technologies, Inc.
      • Bold Diagnostics
      • Bonbouton
      • Borsam Biomedical Instruments Co., Ltd.
      • BrainStem Biometrics, Inc.
      • CardiacSense
      • CareWear Corporation
      • Chronolife SAS
      • Cortrium APS
      • Cosinuss
      • Debiotech S.A.
      • Dexcom, Inc.
      • DiaMonTech AG
      • Embr Labs
      • Enfucell OY
      • Eccrine Systems, Inc.
      • Epicore Biosystems
      • Epi-Watch
      • ERT (eResearchTechnology, Inc.)
      • FinnAdvance
      • Fleming Medical
      • Fujita Medical Instruments
      • Gaugewear, Inc.
      • GE Healthcare
      • Gentag, Inc.
      • G-Tech Medical
      • GlySens Incorporated
      • Glucovation
      • Grapheal
      • GraphWear Technologies
      • greenTEG AG
      • Healbe Corporation
      • Hivok Biotek, Inc.
      • IDUN Technologies AG
      • Indigo Diabetes n.v.
      • Innovega, Inc.
      • Insulet Corporation
      • IONIQ Skincare GmbH & Co. KG
      • iRhythm Technologies, Inc.
      • Isansys Lifecare
      • i-SENS, Inc.
      • ivWatch, LLC
      • iWEECARE Co., Ltd.
      • Kenzen, Inc.
      • Know Labs
      • Kyocera Corporation
      • Leaf Healthcare, Inc.
      • Lief Therapeutics, Inc.
      • LifePlus
      • LifeSignals Group Inc.
      • Liquid Wire, Inc.
      • Lucid Audio, LLC
      • MagArray, Inc.
      • Medherant Ltd
      • MCK Tech Co., Ltd.
      • MC10, Inc.
      • Milo Sensors, Inc.
      • Mojo Vision, Inc.
      • Movano Inc.
      • Myant, Inc.
      • NanoVation-GS
      • Nanowear, Inc.
      • Nemaura Medical, Inc.
      • Neopenda
      • Nix, Inc.
      • Nunaps
      • Omron Healthcare
      • Orpyx Medical Technologies
      • Pacific Diabetes Technologies
      • PARC
      • Patchd, Inc.
      • PMD Solutions
      • PKvitality
      • Preventice Solutions, Inc.
      • Protxx, Inc.
      • Qardio, Inc.
      • Quad Industries
      • QT Medical, Inc.
      • Reflex
      • Rooti Labs Limited
      • Sanofi
      • Scaleo Medical
      • Seers Technology Co., Ltd.
      • Seismic
      • Senseonics Holdings, Inc.
      • Sensoria Health
      • Sensium (Surgical Company Group)
      • Seventh Sense Biosystems
      • Shinano Kenshi Co., Ltd.
      • Sigknow Biomedical Inc.
      • Skinos Co., Ltd.
      • SkyLabs
      • SmartCap Technologies
      • SMARTR Health Limited
      • Sonceboz SA
      • Sorrel Medical
      • Spirit of Wonder Co., Ltd.
      • Tekscan, Inc.
      • Tivic Health Systems, Inc.
      • Valencell
      • Verily Life Sciences LLC
      • Visca LLC
      • VitalConnect
      • VivaLNK
      • Vitls Inc
      • WaveForm Technologies
      • WBD101 Well Being Digital Ltd.
      • West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc.
      • Xsensio
      • Zive
  • ELECTRONIC TEXTILES (E-TEXTILES) AND SMART TEXTILES
    • MARKET DRIVERS
      • Table Market drivers for printed, flexible, stretchable and organic electronic textiles.
      • Table Types of smart textiles.
      • Table Examples of smart textile products.
    • CURRENT STATE OF THE ART
      • Products
        • Table Commercially available smart clothing products.
        • Table Electronic textiles products.
      • Conductive and stretchable yarns
      • Temperature monitoring and regulation
      • Conductive polymers
      • Conductive coatings
      • Nanomaterials
        • Table Applications in textiles, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
        • Table Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications.
        • Table Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel.
      • APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS
        • Table Applications and markets for e-textiles.
    • GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • Table Global electronic and smart textiles market 2017-2030, revenues (billions USD).
    • MARKET CHALLENGES
      • Table Market challenges in E-textiles.
    • COMPANY PROFILES
      • AIQ Smart Clothing, Inc.
      • Alphaclo
      • Ambiotex GmbH
      • Asahi Kasei
      • Athos
      • Bekaert
      • BioSerenity SAS
      • BloomerTech
      • Brochier Technologies SAS
      • Clim8
      • Chronolife
      • Cipher Skin, Inc.
      • Dupont
      • Directa Plus
      • Eleksen
      • Elitac B.V.
      • Emglare, Inc.
      • Eeonyx Corporation
      • EXO2
      • Far Eastern New Century
      • FeetMe
      • Footfalls & Heartbeats (UK) Limited
      • Formosa Taffeta
      • Forster Rohner AG
      • Graphwear Technologies
      • Healthwatch Technologies
      • Hexoskin
      • Imagine Intelligent Materials Pty Ltd
      • Interactive Wear
      • Inuheat Group AB
      • Komodo Technologies, Inc.
      • ifePlus Inc.
      • Liquid X
      • MesoMat
      • Modjoul
      • Loomia
      • Myant, Inc.
      • Nanoleq AG
      • Noble Biomaterials, Inc.
      • NUUBO Smart Solutions Technologies, SL
      • Nyoka Technologies
      • Outlast Technologies LLC
      • Primo1D
      • Sankiconsys Co., Ltd.
      • Schoeller Textil AG
      • Sensing Tex
      • Siren
      • Sensoria, Inc.
      • Skyscrape Inc.
      • Statex Produktions- und Vertriebs GmbH
      • Spiber Technologies AB
      • Teijin Limited
      • Toray Industries, Inc.
      • Toyobo Co., Ltd.
      • Vista Medical
      • Volt Wearable Tech Corporation
      • Wearable X
      • Xenoma, Inc.
  • PRINTED, FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE ENERGY STORAGE AND HARVESTING
    • MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
      • Table Market drivers and trends for Printed, flexible and stretchable electronic energy storage and harvesting.
    • CURRENT STATE OF THE ART
      • Products
        • Table Wearable energy storage and energy harvesting products.
      • Nanomaterials
        • Table Nanomaterials in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof.
    • APPLICATIONS
      • Flexible and stretchable batteries in electronics
      • Flexible and stretchable supercapacitors
        • Table Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
      • 3D Printed batteries
      • Stretchable heaters
        • Table Examples of materials used in flexible heaters and applications.
      • Flexible and stretchable solar cells
      • Stretchable nanogenerators
    • GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • Table Global thin film, flexible and printed batteries market 2017-2027, revenues (millions USD) by applications.
    • MARKET CHALLENGES
      • Table Market challenges in printed, flexible and stretchable energy storage.
    • COMPANY PROFILES
      • 3DOM Inc.
      • BGT Materials Ltd.
      • Bionic Power
      • Blackstone Technology GmbH
      • Blue Spark Technologies, Inc.
      • BrightVolt
      • Cymbet Corporation
      • DoMicro BV
      • Enfucell OY
      • Evonik Industries AG
      • Front Edge Technology
      • Fusens Micro
      • Shenzhen Grepow Battery Co.,Ltd. (Grepow)
      • Hitachi Zosen Corporation
      • Ilika plc
      • Imprint Energy, Inc.
      • Iten SA
      • Jenax
      • KeraCel, Inc.
      • LiBEST
      • Lionrock Batteries
      • NEC Corporation
      • Nimbus Materials, Inc.
      • Nokia Bell Labs
      • Panasonic Corporation
      • PolyPlus Battery Company
      • Prelonic Technologies
      • Printed Energy Pty Ltd
      • Prologium Technology Co., Ltd.
      • Thin Film Electronics ASA
      • Varta Microbattery GmbH
      • Zinergy UK Ltd.
  • PRINTED, FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE DISPLAYS AND CONSUMER ELECTRONICS
    • MARKET DRIVERS
      • Table Market drivers for Printed, flexible and stretchable displays and electronic components.
    • CURRENT STATE OF THE ART
      • Table Printed, flexible and stretchable displays products.
      • Printed, flexible and stretchable circuit boards and interconnects
        • Table Applications in flexible and stretchable circuit boards, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof.
      • Printed, flexible and stretchable transistors
    • APPLICATIONS
      • Flexible AMOLEDs
      • Flexible PMOLED (Passive Matrix OLED)
      • Foldable and rollable OLED smartphones
        • Table Foldable display products and prototypes.
      • Foldable and rollable OLED displays
      • Transparent displays
        • Table Companies developing transparent display products.
      • Curved automotive displays
        • Table Companies developing curved automotive displays.
      • Flexible and wearable display advertising
      • Flexible OLED lighting
      • Flexible quantum dot displays
      • Flexible electrophoretic displays
      • Electrowetting displays
      • Electrochromic Displays
        • Table Types of electrochromic materials and applications.
      • Flexible organic liquid crystal displays (OLCD)
    • GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
    • MARKET CHALLENGES
      • Table Market challenges in printed, flexible and stretchable displays and consumer electronics.
    • COMPANY PROFILES
      • Ares Materials, Inc.
      • AU Optronics Corporation
      • Beijing BOE Display Technology Co., Ltd.
      • C3Nano
      • Canatu Oy
      • Chasm Advanced Materials
      • CurveSYS GmbH
      • Elephantech, Inc.
      • Etulipa
      • Fleep Technologies
      • Flexterra, Inc.
      • Forciot Oy Ltd.
      • FlexEnable Limited
      • Futaba Corporation
      • Guangdong Nanhai ETEB Technology Co., Ltd.
      • iBeam Materials, Inc.
      • Inuru GmbH
      • Japan Display Inc. (JDI)
      • Joled Inc.
      • Karl Knauer KG
      • Kureha Corporation
      • Kyulux, Inc
      • LG Display (LGD)
        • Table LG flexible display products.
      • Liquid Wire, Inc.
      • Molecular Glasses, Inc.
      • Luminit, LLC
      • Nanolumi
      • NS Nanotech
      • Oji Holdings Corporation
      • Omniply Technologies
      • Optotune AG
      • Sekisui Polymatech Japan Co., Ltd.
      • Plastic Logic
      • PlayNitride, Inc.
      • Royole Corporation
      • Samsung
      • Schott AG
      • Shenzhen Danbond Technology Co Ltd
      • SmartKem Limited
      • TactoTek Oy
      • Taiyo Industrial Co., Ltd.
      • TCL
      • Tech-Wave Industrial Co., Ltd.
      • Tianma Display Technology Co., Ltd.,
      • Visionox
      • VitreaLab GmbH
      • Ynvisible Interactive Inc.
  • CONDUCTIVE INKS
    • MARKET DRIVERS
      • Table Market drivers and trends for Printed, flexible and stretchable conductive inks.
    • CONDUCTIVE INK TYPES
      • Table Typical conductive ink formulation.
      • Conductive ink materials
        • Table Comparative properties of conductive inks.
    • PRINTING METHODS
      • Table Characteristics of analog printing processes for conductive inks.
      • Table Characteristics of digital printing processes for conductive inks.
      • Nanoparticle ink
    • Sintering
    • Conductive Filaments
    • Conductive films, foils and grids
    • Inkjet printing in flexible electronics
    • Drawn-on-skin electronics
    • CURRENT STATE OF THE ART
      • Current products
        • Table Printable electronics products.
    • APPLICATIONS
      • Comparative properties
        • Table Comparative properties of conductive inks.
      • Nanomaterials in conductive inks
        • Table Applications in conductive inks by type and benefits thereof.
      • RFID
      • Smart labels
      • Smart clothing and electronic textiles
      • Printed sensors
      • Printed batteries
      • In-mold electronics
      • Printed transistors
        • Table Price comparison of thin-film transistor (TFT) electronics technology.
    • GLOBAL MARKET SIZE
      • Table Global market for conductive inks 2017-2027, revenues (million $), by ink types.
    • COMPANY PROFILES
      • AGFA-Gevaert N.V.
      • AkKo Lab LLC
      • Amogreentech
      • Advanced Nano Products Co., Ltd.
      • Applied Nanotech Inc.
      • Asahi Kasei Corporation
      • Aztrong, Inc.
      • Bando Chemical
      • BGT Materials Ltd.
      • BotFactory Inc.
      • Brewer Science
      • Carbon Waters
      • Chang Sung Corporation
      • Clariant
      • Colloidal Ink Co., Ltd.
      • Conductive Transfers
      • Copprint
      • Creative Materials, Inc.
      • Dae Joo Electronic Materials co., Ltd
      • Daicel Corporation
      • Dowa Electronics Materials Co., Ltd.
      • DuPont Advanced Materials
      • Dycotec Materials
      • Electroninks
      • Elephantech Inc.
      • Eptanova S.R.L.
      • EMS/Nagase
      • EXAKT Advanced Technologies GmbH
      • Ferro Corporation
      • Flexbright Oy
      • Fuji Pigment Co., Ltd.
      • Fujikura Kasei Co Ltd
      • Genes’Ink
      • Graphene Nanochem
      • GoLeafe
      • Graphene Square
      • Gratomic, Inc.
      • Harima Chemical
      • Haydale Graphene Industries PLC
      • Henkel Electronics
      • Heraeus
      • Hitachi Chemical
      • Inktec
      • Inkron
      • Intrinsiq Materials
      • JNC Corporation
      • Jujo Chemical Co., Ltd.
      • Kishu Giken Kogyo Co., Ltd.
      • Komura Tech
      • Kunshan Hisense Electronics Co., Ltd.
      • Liquid X Printed Metals
      • Metalysis Limited
      • Mitsubishi Imaging, Inc.
      • Methode Electronics, Inc.
      • Molex, LLC
      • Multek
      • N&B Co., Ltd.
      • Nagase Chemtex
      • Namics Technologies, Inc.
      • NanoComposix
      • NanoDimension, Inc.
      • Nanogap
      • Nanointegris
      • Nanopaint
      • Nanotech Energy
      • Noritake Co., Ltd.
      • Novacentrix
      • OrelTech
      • PARC
      • Peptech
      • Perpetuus Advanced Materials Plc
      • Sekisui Polymatech Japan Co., Ltd.
      • Poly-Ink
      • Promethean Particles Ltd.
      • PV Nano Cell Ltd.
      • Quad Belgium
      • Raynergy Tek
      • SAFI-Tech, INc.
      • Saule Technologies
      • Scrona AG
      • Shin-Etsu Polymer Co., Ltd.
      • Showa Denko K.K.
      • Sun Chemical Corporation
      • Talga Resources
      • TactoTek
      • Tanaka Metal
      • Thin Film Electronics ASA
      • Touchence
      • Toyoba Co., Ltd.
      • Toyocolor Co., Ltd.
      • UT Dots, Inc.
      • VFP Ink Technologies
      • Vizinex
      • Vorbeck
      • Voxel8
      • Xerox Research Centre of Canada (XRCC)
      • XTPL SA
      • Xymox Technologies, Inc.
  • PRINTED, FLEXIBLE AND STRETCHABLE ELECTRONIC MATERIALS AND COMPOSITES
    • TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILMS (TCFs)
      • Table Comparison of ITO replacements.
    • CARBON NANOTUBES
      • Properties
        • Table Properties of CNTs and comparable materials.
      • Properties utilized in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
      • Applications in printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
        • Table Market and applications for SWCNTs in transparent conductive films.
        • Table Companies developing carbon nanotubes for applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics.
    • CONDUCTIVE POLYMERS (CP)
      • Properties
      • Properties utilized in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
        • Table Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.
      • Applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
    • GRAPHENE
      • Properties
        • Table Properties of graphene.
      • Properties utilized in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
      • Applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
        • Table Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors.
        • Table Companies developing graphene for applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics.
    • METAL MESH
      • Properties
        • Table Advantages and disadvantages of fabrication techniques to produce metal mesh structures.
      • Properties utilized in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
        • Table Types of flexible conductive polymers, properties and applications.
      • Applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
        • Table Companies developing metal mesh for applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics.
    • SILVER INK (Flake, nanoparticles, nanowires, ion)
      • Silver flake
      • Silver (Ag) nanoparticle ink
        • Table Silver nanocomposite ink after sintering and resin bonding of discrete electronic components.
      • Silver nanowires
      • Prices
    • COPPER INK
      • Silver-coated copper
      • Copper (Cu) nanoparticle ink
      • Prices
    • NANOCELLULOSE
      • Properties
        • Table Nanocellulose properties.
        • Table Properties and applications of nanocellulose
      • Properties utilized in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
        • Table Properties of flexible electronics-cellulose nanofiber film (nanopaper).
      • Applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
        • Table Properties of flexible electronics cellulose nanofiber films.
        • Table Companies developing nanocellulose for applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics.
    • NANOFIBERS
      • Properties
      • Properties utilized in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
      • Applications in Printed, flexible and stretchable electronics
    • GRAPHENE QUANTUM DOTS
      • Table Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs.
      • Table Photoluminescent properties of GQDs.
      • Synthesis
        • Table Synthesis methods for graphene quantum dots.
      • Recent synthesis methods
        • Table Recent synthesis methods for GQDs.
        • Table Graphene Quantum Dots in optoelectronics.
    • ELECTROACTIVE POLYMERS (EAPS)
      • Properties
    • PEROVSKITE QUANTUM DOTS (PQDs)
      • Properties
      • Comparison to conventional quantum dots
        • Table Comparative properties of conventional QDs and Perovskite QDs.
      • Synthesis methods
      • Applications
        • Table Applications of perovskite QDs.
        • Table Properties of perovskite QLEDs comparative to OLED and QLED.
    • OTHER TYPES
      • Gold (Au) nanoparticle ink
      • Siloxane inks
      • Copper nanowires
    • OTHER 2-D MATERIALS
      • BOROPHENE
      • BLACK PHOSPHORUS/PHOSPHORENE
        • Table Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.
      • GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)
      • GERMANENE
      • GRAPHDIYNE
      • GRAPHANE
      • HEXAGONAL BORON NITRIDE
      • MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)
      • RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)
      • SILICENE
      • STANENE/TINENE
      • TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE
      • ANTIMONENE
      • INDIUM SELENIDE
  • REFERENCES

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