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The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials (Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Other 2-D Materials) to 2025: Applications, companies, markets and research

The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials (Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and Other 2-D Materials) to 2025: Applications, companies, markets and research

This is a golden era for carbon research with academics pursuing the perfect analysis tools for these nanomaterials whilst simultaneously evaluating the growing variants of each sub family and how they must be processed to ensure their potential properties are married to the systems they could enhance.

CNTs and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine. Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics. Other 2-D nanomaterials are also coming to the fore.

This 736 page report on the carbon nanomaterials market includes:
Production volumes, estimated to 2025
Application timescales
Carbon nanotubes and graphene products
Comparative analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene
Assessment of carbon nanotubes and graphene market in sectors including energy, aerospace, automotive, biomedical, coatings, composites, electronics and electronic devices, photonics, sensors, filtration, adhesives, catalysts and textiles
Assessment of 2-D nanomaterials such Silicene, Graphdiyne, Molybdenum disulfide, Graphane and Germanane
Company profiles of carbon nanotubes and graphene producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details


RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2.1 CARBON NANOTUBES
2.1.1 Exceptional properties
2.1.2 Products and applications
2.1.3 Threat from the graphene market
2.1.4 Production
2.1.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
2.1.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
2.1.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes
2.1.5.1 Current products
2.1.5.2 Future products
2.1.6 Market drivers and trends
2.1.6.1 Electronics
2.1.7 Market and production challenges
2.1.7.1 Safety issues
2.1.7.2 Dispersion
2.1.7.3 Synthesis and supply quality
2.1.7.4 Cost
2.1.7.5 Competition from other materials
2.2 GRAPHENE
2.2.1 Remarkable properties
2.2.2 Global funding
2.2.3 Products and applications
2.2.4 Production
2.2.5 Market drivers and trends
2.2.5.1 Production exceeds demand
2.2.5.2 Market revenues remain small but are growing
2.2.5.3 Scalability and cost
2.2.5.4 Applications hitting the market
2.2.5.5 Wait and see?
2.2.5.6 Asia and US lead the race
2.2.5.7 Competition from other materials
2.2.6 Market and technical challenges
2.2.6.1 Supply quality
2.2.6.2 Cost
2.2.6.3 Product integration
2.2.6.4 Regulation and standards
3 INTRODUCTION
3.1 Properties of nanomaterials
3.2 Categorization
3.3 CARBON NANOTUBES
3.3.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)
3.3.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
3.3.2.1 Single-chirality
3.3.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
3.3.4 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
3.3.5 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)
3.3.6 Fullerenes
3.3.7 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
3.3.8 Properties
3.3.9 Applications of carbon nanotubes
3.3.9.1 High volume applications
3.3.9.2 Low volume applications
3.3.9.3 Novel applications
3.4 GRAPHENE
3.4.1 3D Graphene
3.4.2 Graphene Quantum Dots
3.4.3 Properties
3.5 CARBON NANOTUBES VERSUS GRAPHENE
3.5.1 Cost and production
3.5.2 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
3.6 OTHER 2D MATERIALS
3.6.1 Phosphorene
3.6.1.1 Properties
3.6.1.2 Applications
3.6.1.3 Recent research news
3.6.2 Silicene
3.6.2.1 Properties
3.6.2.2 Applications
3.6.2.3 Recent research news
3.6.3 Molybdenum disulfide
3.6.3.1 Properties
3.6.3.2 Applications
3.6.3.3 Recent research news
3.6.4 Hexagonal boron nitride
3.6.4.1 Properties
3.6.4.2 Applications
3.6.4.3 Recent research news
3.6.5 Germanene
3.6.5.1 Properties
3.6.5.2 Applications
3.6.5.3 Recent research news
3.6.6 Graphdiyne
3.6.6.1 Properties
3.6.6.2 Applications
3.6.7 Graphane
3.6.7.1 Properties
3.6.7.2 Applications
3.6.8 Stanene/tinene
3.6.8.1 Properties
3.6.8.2 Applications
3.6.9 Tungsten diselenide
3.6.9.1 Properties
3.6.9.2 Applications
3.6.10 Rhenium disulphide
3.6.10.1 Properties
3.6.10.2 Applications
4 CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS
4.1 Arc discharge synthesis
4.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
4.3 Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
4.4 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis
4.4.1.1 High Pressure CO (HiPco)
4.4.2 CoMoCAT
4.5 Flame synthesis
4.6 Laser ablation synthesis
4.7 Silane solution method
4.8 GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS
4.8.1 Large area graphene films
4.8.2 Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
4.8.3 Production methods
4.8.3.1 Quality
4.8.3.2 Industrial scale production
4.8.3.3 Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
4.8.3.4 Graphene Nanoribbons
4.8.3.5 Large-area graphene films
4.8.3.6 Graphene oxide flakes (GO)
4.8.3.7 Pros and cons of graphene production methods
4.8.3.8 Recent synthesis methods
4.8.3.9 Synthesis methods by company
5 CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE
6 GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE
7 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS
7.1 Standards
7.2 Environmental, health and safety regulation
7.2.1 Europe
7.2.2 United States
7.2.3 Asia
7.3 Workplace exposure
8 PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS
8.1 Carbon nanotubes
8.2 Graphene
8.2.1 Fabrication processes
8.2.2 Academia
8.2.3 Regional leaders
9 TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL
10 END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS
10.1 Carbon nanotubes production volumes 2010-2025
10.1.1 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes
10.1.1.1 Japan
10.1.1.2 China
10.1.2 Main carbon nanotubes producers
10.1.3 SWNT production
10.1.3.1 OCSiAl
10.1.3.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
10.1.3.3 Zeon Corporation
10.1.4 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and
FWNTs
10.2 Graphene production volumes 2010-2025
10.3 Carbon nanotubes industry news 2013-2015
10.4 Graphene industry news 2013-2015
10.5 Carbon nanotubes producers and production capacities
10.6 Graphene producers and production capacities
10.7 ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS
10.7.1 TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND
DISPLAYS
10.7.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.7.1.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.7.1.3 Properties and applications
10.7.1.4 CHALLENGES
10.7.1.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.7.2 CONDUCTIVE INKS
10.7.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.7.2.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.7.2.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.7.2.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.7.3 TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
10.7.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.7.3.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.7.3.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.7.3.4 CHALLENGES
10.7.3.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.7.4 MEMORY DEVICES
10.7.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.7.4.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.7.4.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.7.4.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.7.5 PHOTONICS
10.7.5.1 Optical modulators
10.7.5.2 Photodetectors
10.7.5.3 Plasmonics
10.7.5.4 Challenges
10.8 POLYMER COMPOSITES
10.8.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.8.1.1 Improved performance
10.8.1.2 Multi-functionality
10.8.1.3 Growth in wind energy market
10.8.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.8.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.8.3.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.8.3.2 Graphene
10.8.4 CHALLENGES
10.8.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.8.4.2 Graphene
10.8.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.8.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.8.5.2 Graphene
10.9 AEROSPACE
10.9.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.9.1.1 Safety
10.9.1.2 Reduced fuel consumption and costs
10.9.1.3 Increased durability
10.9.1.4 Multi-functionality
10.9.1.5 Need for new de-icing solutions
10.9.1.6 Weight reduction
10.9.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.9.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.9.3.1 Composites
10.9.3.2 Coatings
10.9.3.3 Sensors
10.9.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.9.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.9.4.2 Graphene
10.10 AUTOMOTIVE
10.10.1 MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS
10.10.1.1 Environmental
10.10.1.2 Safety
10.10.1.3 Lightweighting
10.10.1.4 Cost
10.10.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.10.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.10.3.1 Composites
10.10.3.2 Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles
10.10.3.3 Coatings
10.10.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.10.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.10.4.2 Graphene
10.11 BIOMEDICAL & HEALTHCARE
10.11.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.11.1.1 Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy
10.11.1.2 Shortcomings of chemotherapies
10.11.1.3 Biocompatibility of medical implants
10.11.1.4 Anti-biotic resistance
10.11.1.5 Growth in advanced woundcare market
10.11.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.11.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.11.3.1 Cancer therapy
10.11.3.2 Medical implants and devices
10.11.3.3 Wound dressings
10.11.3.4 Biosensors
10.11.3.5 Medical imaging
10.11.3.6 Tissue engineering
10.11.3.7 Dental
10.11.4 CHALLENGES
10.11.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.11.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.11.5.2 Graphene
10.12 COATINGS
10.12.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.12.1.1 Sustainability and regulation
10.12.1.2 Cost of corrosion
10.12.1.3 Improved hygiene
10.12.1.4 Cost of weather-related damage
10.12.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.12.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.12.3.1 Anti-static coatings
10.12.3.2 Anti-corrosion coatings
10.12.3.3 Anti-microbial
10.12.3.4 Anti-icing
10.12.3.5 Barrier coatings
10.12.3.6 Heat protection
10.12.3.7 Anti-fouling
10.12.3.8 Wear-resistance
10.12.3.9 Smart windows
10.12.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.12.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.12.4.2 Graphene
10.13 FILTRATION AND SEPARATION
10.13.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.13.1.1 Need for improved membrane technology
10.13.1.2 Water shortage and population growth
10.13.1.3 Contamination
10.13.1.4 Cost
10.13.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.13.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICTIONS
10.13.3.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.13.3.2 Graphene
10.13.4 CHALLENGES
10.13.4.1 Uniform pore size and distribution
10.13.4.2 Reducing pore size for improved desalination
10.13.4.3 Difficulties of CNT growth
10.13.4.4 Cost
10.13.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.13.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.13.5.2 Graphene
10.14 ENERGY STORAGE, CONVERSION AND EXPLORATION
10.14.1 BATTERIES
10.14.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.14.1.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.14.1.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.14.1.4 CHALLENGES
10.14.2 SUPERCAPACITORS
10.14.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.14.2.2 Problems with activated carbon
10.14.2.4 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.14.2.5 Challenges
10.14.3 PHOTOVOLTAICS
10.14.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.14.3.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.14.3.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.14.4 FUEL CELLS
10.14.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS
10.14.4.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.14.4.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.14.4.4 Challenges
10.14.5 LED LIGHTING AND UVC
10.14.5.1 Market drivers and trends
10.14.5.2 Market size
10.14.5.3 Properties and applications
10.14.6 OIL AND GAS
10.14.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.14.6.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.14.6.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.14.7 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.14.7.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.14.7.2 Graphene
10.15 SENSORS
10.15.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.15.1.1 Increased power and performance with reduced cost
10.15.1.2 Enhanced sensitivity
10.15.1.3 Replacing silver electrodes
10.15.1.4 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care
market
10.15.1.5 Improved thermal stability
10.15.1.6 Environmental conditions
10.15.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.15.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.15.3.1 Infrared (IR) sensors
10.15.3.2 Electrochemical and gas sensors
10.15.3.3 Pressure sensors
10.15.3.4 Biosensors
10.15.3.5 Optical sensors
10.15.3.6 Humidity sensors
10.15.3.7 Acoustic sensors
10.15.3.8 Wireless sensors
10.15.4 Challenges
10.15.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.15.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.15.5.2 Graphene
10.16 3D PRINTING
10.16.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.16.1.1 Improved materials at lower cost
10.16.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.16.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.16.4 CHALLENGES
10.16.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.16.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.16.5.2 Graphene
10.17 ADHESIVES
10.17.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.17.1.1 Thermal management in electronics
10.17.1.2 Environmental sustainability
10.17.1.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.17.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.17.3 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.17.3.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.17.3.2 Graphene
10.18 LUBRICANTS
10.18.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.18.1.1 Cost effective alternatives
10.18.1.2 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency
10.18.1.3 Environmental concerns
10.18.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
10.18.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.18.4 CHALLENGES
10.18.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
10.18.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
10.18.5.2 Graphene
10.19 TEXTILES
10.19.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
10.19.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market
10.19.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATONS
10.19.2.1 Wearable electronics
10.19.2.2 Superhydrophobic coatings
10.19.2.3 Conductive coatings
10.19.2.4 Flame retardant textiles
10.19.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
10.19.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
11 CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS (184 company profiles)
12 GRAPHENE PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS 607 (152 company profiles)
TABLES AND FIGURES
Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT.
Table 1: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials.
Table 2: Carbon nanotubes target markets-Applications, stage of
commercialization and potential addressable market size.
Table 3: Annual production capacity of MWNT and SWNT
producers.
Table 4: SWNT producers production capacities 2014.
Figure 2: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-
2014.
Table 5: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in
tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014.
Figure 3: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in
tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014.
Figure 4: Global government funding for graphene.
Table 6: Graphene target markets-Applications, stage of
commercialization and potential addressable market size.
Table 7: Graphene production plants worldwide, by country, and
production capacity.
Table 8: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year.
Base year for projections is 2014.
Figure 5: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year.
Table 6: Graphene types and cost per kg.
Table 7: Categorization of nanomaterials.
Figure 6: Conceptual diagram of single-walled carbon nanotube
(SWNT) (A) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT) (B)
showing typical dimensions of length, width, and separation
distance between graphene layers in MWNTs.
Figure 7: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube.
Table 8: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes
(SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes.
Figure 8: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section
micrograph and model.
Figure 9: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns.
Figure 10: Fullerene schematic.
Figure 11: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs).
Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red.
Table 9: Properties of carbon nanotubes.
Figure 12: Graphene layer structure schematic.
Figure 13: Graphite and graphene.
Figure 14: Graphene and its descendants.
Table 10: Properties of graphene.
Table 11: Comparative properties of carbon materials.
Table 12: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and
carbon nanotubes.
Figure 15: Phosphorene structure.
Table 13: Recent phosphorene research news.
Figure 16: Silicene structure.
Table 14: Recent silicene research news.
Figure 17: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide.
Figure 18: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative
MoS2 thin-film transistor.
Figure 19: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film
sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge.
Table 15: Recent Molybdenum disulfide research news.
Figure 20: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Table 16: Recent hexagonal boron nitride research news.
Figure 21: Schematic of germanane.
Table 17: Recent germanane research news.
Figure 22: Graphdiyne structure.
Figure 23: Schematic of Graphane crystal.
Figure 24: Crystal structure for stanene.
Figure 25: Schematic of tungsten diselenide.
Figure 26: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide.
Table 18: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D
nanomaterials.
Figure 27: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon
nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor
deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames.
Table 19: SWNT synthesis methods.
Figure 28: Arc discharge process for CNTs.
Figure 29: Schematic of thermal-CVD method.
Figure 30: Schematic of plasma-CVD method.
Figure 31: CoMoCAT® process.
Figure 32: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a)
premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow
diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame.
Figure 33: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis.
Table 20: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and
current global market.
Table 21: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets,
applications and current global market.
Table 22: Main production methods for graphene.
Figure 34: Graphene synthesis methods.
Figure 35: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process.
Table 23: Graphene synthesis methods, by company.
Table 24: Carbon nanotubes market structure.
Table 25: Graphene market structure.
Figure 36: CNT patents filed 2000-2014.
Figure 37: Patent distribution of CNT application areas to 2014.
Table 26: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014.
Figure 38: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014.
Table 27: Leading graphene patentees.
Table 28: Industrial graphene patents in 2014.
Figure 39: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon
Nanotubes.
Figure 40: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene.
Table 29: Market penetration and volume estimates (tons) for
carbon nanotubes and graphene in key applications.
Table 30: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in
tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014.
Figure 41: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in transparent
conductive films and displays.
Figure 42: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in batteries.
Figure 43: Regional demand for CNTs utilized in Polymer
reinforcement.
Table 31: Current carbon nanotubes prices.
Table 32: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year.
Base year for projections is 2014.
Figure 44: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year.
Base year for projections is 2014.
Table 33: Annual production capacity of main carbon nanotubes
producers.
Table 34: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current
and projected), prices and target markets.
Table 35: Carbon nanotubes in the electronics and photonics
market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable
market size.
Table 36: Graphene in the electronics and photonics marketapplications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market
size.
Table 37: Comparison of ITO replacements.
Figure 45: A large transparent conductive graphene film.
Figure 46: CNT transparent conductive film formed on glass and
schematic diagram of its structure.
Figure 47: Graphene electrochromic devices.
Figure 48: Flexible transistor sheet.
Figure 49: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic
layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene.
Table 38: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
transparent conductive films and displays.
Table 39: Graphene product and application developers in
transparent conductive films.
Table 40: Comparative properties of conductive inks.
Figure 50: Vorbeck Materials conductive ink products (Image
credit: Vorbeck Materials).
Figure 51: Nanotube inks.
Figure 52: Graphene printed antenna.
Figure 53: BGT Materials graphene ink product.
Table 41: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
conductive inks.
Table 42: Graphene product and application developers in
conductive inks.
Figure 54: Schematic cross-section of a graphene base transistor
(GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 55: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs.
Figure 56: Graphene IC in wafer tester.
Table 43: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
transistors and integrated circuits.
Table 44: Graphene product and application developers in
transistors and integrated circuits.
Figure 57: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for
wearable electronics.
Figure 58: SEM image of the deposited film (or fabric) of crossed
nanotubes that can be either touching or slightly separated
depending on their position.
Figure 59: Schematic of NRAM.
Figure 60: Schematic of NRAM cell.
Figure 61: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip.
Figure 62: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive
switching in metal/GO/Pt.
Table 45: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
memory devices.
Table 46: Graphene product and application developers in memory
devices.
Table 47: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical
modulators.
Figure 63: Hybrid graphene phototransistors.
Table 48: Dispersion of graphene in polymers.
Table 49: Carbon nanotubes in the polymer composites marketapplications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market
size.
Table 50: Graphene in the polymer composites marketapplications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market
size.
Table 51: Addressable market size for carbon nanomaterials
composites.
Table 52: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer
composites.
Table 53: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the composites industry.
Table 54: Graphene product and application developers in the
composites industry.
Table 55: Carbon nanotubes in the aerospace market-applications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 56: Graphene in the aerospace market-applications, stage of
commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 57: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the aerospace industry.
Table 58: Graphene product and application developers in the
aerospace industry.
Table 59: Carbon nanotubes in the automotive marketapplications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market
size.
Table 60: Graphene in the automotive market-applications, stage
of commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 61: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the automotive industry.
Table 62: Graphene product and application developers in the
automotive industry.
Table 63: Carbon nanotubes in the biomedical and healthcare
markets-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable
market size.
Table 64: Graphene in the biomedical and healthcare marketsapplications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market
size.
Table 65: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine.
Table 66: Graphene properties relevant to application in
biomedicine and healthcare.
Figure 64: Schematic representation of functionalized fullerene (A)
and carbon nanotube (B) for drug delivery in cancer therapy.
Table 67: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the medical and healthcare industry.
Table 68: Graphene product and application developers in the
medical and healthcare industry.
Figure 65: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user
market.
Table 69: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 70: Graphene in the coatings market-applications, stage of
commercialization and addressable market size.
Figure 66: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT.
Table 71: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings.
Figure 67: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with
(right) “graphene paint” coating.
Table 72: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the coatings industry.
Table 73: Graphene product and application developers in the
coatings industry.
Table 74: Carbon nanotubes in the filtration market-applications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 75: Comparison of CNT membranes with other membrane
technologies.
Figure 68: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene
hybrid composite photocatalysts.
Table 76: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the filtration industry.
Table 77: Graphene product and application developers in the
filtration industry.
Table 78: Carbon nanotubes in the energy market-Applications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 79: Graphene in the energy market-Applications, stage of
commercialization and addressable market size.
Figure 69: Nano Lithium X Battery.
Figure 70: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor.
Figure 71: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger.
Table 80: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors
and lithium-ion batteries.
Figure 72: Nanotube frame module.
Figure 73: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode.
Table 81: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the energy industry.
Table 82: Graphene product and application developers in the
energy industry.
Table 83: Carbon nanotubes in the sensors market-applications,
stage of commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 84: Graphene in the sensors market-applications, stage of
commercialization and addressable market size.
Table 85: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors.
Figure 74: GFET sensors.
Figure 75: First generation point of care diagnostics
Figure 76: Graphene Field Effect Transistor Schematic.
Table 86: Comparison of ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent
assay) and graphene biosensor.
Table 87: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the sensors industry.
Table 88: Graphene product and application developers in the
sensors industry.
Figure 77: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube
Filament.
Table 89: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D
printing.
Table 90: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the 3D printing industry.
Table 91: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D
printing industry.
Table 92: Graphene properties relevant to application in
adhesives.
Table 93: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the adhesives industry.
Table 94: Graphene product and application developers in the
adhesives industry.
Table 95: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants.
Table 96: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the lubricants industry.
Table 97: Graphene product and application developers in the
lubricants industry.
Table 98: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry
afforded by the use of nanomaterials
Figure 78: Schematic illustration of the SWCNT-based electronic
devices as a wearable array platform.
Table 99: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in
the textiles industry.

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