The Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and 2D Materials Global Opportunity Report

The Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene and 2D Materials Global Opportunity Report

This is a golden era for nanostructured carbon materials research. Graphitic carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine.

Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.

Two-dimensional(2D) materials are currently one of the most active areas of nanomaterials research, and offer a huge opportunity for both fundamental studies and practical applications, including superfast, low-power, flexible and wearable electronics, sensors, photonics and electrochemical energy storage devices that will have an immense impact on our society.

Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.

Beyond graphene, emerging elementary 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, group V systems including phosphorene, and related isoelectronic structures will potentially allow for flexible electronics and field-effect transistors that exhibit ambipolar transport behaviour with either a direct band-gap or greater gate modulation.


1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
1.1 CARBON NANOTUBES
1.1.1 Exceptional properties
1.1.2 Products and applications
1.1.3 Threat from the graphene market
1.1.4 Production…
1.1.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
1.1.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
1.1.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes…
1.1.5.1 Current products
1.1.5.2 Future products..
1.1.6 Market drivers and trends.
1.1.6.1 Electronics
1.1.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries.
1.1.7 Market and production challenges
1.1.7.1 Safety issues
1.1.7.2 Dispersion
1.1.7.3 Synthesis and supply quality.
1.1.7.4 Cost
1.1.7.5 Competition from other materials
1.2 GRAPHENE
1.2.1 Two-dimensional (2D) materials.
1.2.2 Graphene…
1.2.2.1 Products
1.2.2.2 Short-term opportunities…
1.2.2.3 Medium-term opportunities.
1.2.2.4 Remarkable properties
1.2.2.5 Global funding and initiatives
1.2.2.6 Products and applications
1.2.2.7 Production
1.2.2.8 Market drivers and trends..
1.2.2.9 Market and technical challenges…
2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
2.1 CARBON NANOMATERIALS NANOMATERIALS MARKET RATING SYSTEM
2.2 COMMERCIAL IMPACT RATING SYSTEM
2.3 MARKET CHALLENGES RATING SYSTEM.
3 PROPERTIES OF NANOMATERIALS
3.1 Categorization
4 GRAPHENE
4.1 History…
4.2 Forms of graphene
4.3 Properties
4.4 3D Graphene.
4.5 Graphene Quantum Dots
4.5.1 Synthesis
4.5.2 Applications
4.5.3 Producers…
5 CARBON NANOTUBES
5.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT).
5.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
5.2.1 Single-chirality
5.3 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
5.4 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
5.5 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs).
5.6 Carbon Onions
5.7 Fullerenes
5.8 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs).
5.9 Properties
5.10 Applications of carbon nanotubes
5.10.1 High volume applications..
5.10.2 Low volume applications…
5.10.3 Novel applications.
6 CARBON NANOTUBES VERSUS GRAPHENE
6.1 Comparative properties
6.2 Cost and production..
6.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids
6.4 Competitive analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene
7 OTHER 2D MATERIALS
7.1 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene..
7.1.1 Properties…
7.1.2 Applications
7.2 C2N.
7.2.1 Properties…
7.2.2 Applications
7.3 Carbon nitride
7.3.1 Properties…
7.3.2 Applications
7.4 Germanene..
7.4.1 Properties…
7.4.2 Applications
7.5 Graphdiyne..
7.5.1 Properties…
7.5.2 Applications
7.6 Graphane
7.6.1 Properties…
7.6.2 Applications
7.7 Hexagonal boron nitride
7.7.1 Properties…
7.7.2 Applications
7.7.3 Producers…
7.8 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)…
7.8.1 Properties…
7.8.2 Applications
7.9 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
7.9.1 Properties…
7.9.2 Applications
7.10 Silicene.
7.10.1 Properties.
7.10.2 Applications
7.11 Stanene/tinene
7.11.1 Properties.
7.11.2 Applications
7.12 Tungsten diselenide
7.12.1 Properties.
7.12.2 Applications
7.13 Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials
8 CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS
8.1 Arc discharge synthesis.
8.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
8.3 Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
8.4 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis.
8.4.1 High Pressure CO (HiPco)
8.4.2 CoMoCAT..
8.5 Flame synthesis
8.6 Laser ablation synthesis
8.7 Silane solution method.
9 GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS
9.1 Large area graphene films.
9.2 Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
9.3 Production and synthesis methods
9.3.1 Graphene from graphite ore.
9.3.1.1 Production directly from natural graphite ore.
9.3.1.2 Alternative starting materials
9.4 Quality.
9.5 Synthesis and production by types of graphene
9.5.1 Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
9.5.2 Graphene nanoribbons
9.5.3 Large-area graphene films
9.5.4 Graphene oxide flakes (GO).
9.6 Pros and cons of graphene synthesis methods..
9.6.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
9.6.2 Exfoliation method..
9.6.3 Epitaxial growth method
9.6.4 Wet chemistry method (liquid phase exfoliation)
9.6.5 Micromechanical cleavage method
9.6.6 Green reduction of graphene oxide
9.6.7 Plasma
9.7 Recent synthesis methods
9.7.1 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and University of Western Australia
9.7.2 Graphene Frontiers..
9.7.3 MIT and the University of Michigan
9.7.4 Oak Ridge National Laboratory/University of Texas/General Graphene
9.7.5 University of Florida/Donghua University
9.7.6 Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) and Case Western Reserve University
9.7.7 Trinity College Dublin.
9.7.8 Sungkyunkwan University and Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT)
9.7.9 Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), Chonbuk National University and KRICT
9.7.10 NanoXplore
9.7.11 Carbon Sciences Inc
9.7.12 California Institute of Technology.
9.7.13 Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology
9.7.14 Oxford University…
9.7.15 University of Tokyo
9.8 Synthesis methods by company.
10 CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE
11 GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE AND ROUTES TO COMMERCIALIZATION
12 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS
12.1 Standards
12.1.1 International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
12.2 Environmental, health and safety regulation
12.2.1 EUROPE…
12.2.1.1 REACH
12.2.1.2 Biocidal Products Regulation.
12.2.1.3 National nanomaterials registers..
12.2.1.4 Cosmetics regulation…
12.2.1.5 Food safety
12.2.2 UNITED STATES
12.2.2.1 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
12.2.3 ASIA-PACIFIC
12.2.3.1 Japan
12.2.3.2 South Korea…
12.2.3.3 Taiwan
12.2.3.4 Australia
12.3 Workplace exposure…
13 PATENTS AND PUBLICATIONS
13.1 Carbon nanotubes
13.2 Graphene
13.2.1 Fabrication processes
13.2.2 Academia
13.2.3 Regional leaders..
14 TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL
14.1 Carbon nanotubes
14.2 Graphene
15 CARBON NANOTUBES INDUSTRY NEWS 2013-2016
15.1 JANUARY 2013
15.2 AUGUST 2013.
15.3 NOVEMBER 2013
15.4 DECEMBER 2013
15.5 JANUARY 2014
15.6 FEBRUARY 2014
15.7 MARCH 2014.
15.8 APRIL 2014
15.9 MAY 2014
15.10 JULY 2014…
15.11 SEPTEMBER 2014
15.12 JANUARY 2015
15.13 FEBRUARY 2015
15.14 MARCH 2015
15.15 APRIL 2015..
15.16 MAY 2015…
15.17 JUNE 2015..
15.18 JULY 2015…
15.19 SEPTEMBER 2015
15.20 DECEMBER 2015
15.21 MARCH 2016
15.22 JUNE 2016..
16 GRAPHENE INDUSTRY NEWS 2013-2016
16.1 JANUARY 2013
16.2 FEBRUARY 2013
16.3 APRIL 2013
16.4 MAY 2013
16.5 JUNE 2013
16.6 JULY 2013
16.7 AUGUST 2013.
16.8 SEPTEMBER 2013
16.9 OCTOBER 2013
16.10 NOVEMBER 2013
16.11 DECEMBER 2013
16.12 JANUARY 2014
16.13 FEBRUARY 2014
16.14 MARCH 2014
16.15 APRIL 2014..
16.16 MAY 2014…
16.17 JUNE 2014..
16.18 JULY 2014…
16.19 AUGUST 2014
16.20 SEPTEMBER 2014
16.21 AUGUST 2014
16.22 SEPTEMBER 2014
16.23 OCTOBER 2014
16.24 NOVEMBER 2014
16.25 DECEMBER 2014
16.26 JANUARY 2015
16.27 FEBRUARY 2015
16.28 MARCH 2015
16.29 APRIL 2015..
16.30 MAY 2015…
16.31 JUNE 2015..
16.32 JULY 2015…
16.33 AUGUST 2015
16.34 SEPTEMBER 2015
16.35 OCTOBER 2015
16.36 NOVEMBER 2015
16.37 DECEMBER 2015
16.38 JANUARY 2016
16.39 FEBRUARY 2016
16.40 MARCH 2016
16.41 APRIL 2016..
17 END USER MARKET SEGMENT ANALYSIS
17.1 Carbon nanotubes production volumes 2010-2025.
17.2 Carbon nanotube producer production capacities
17.3 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes.
17.3.1 Japan
17.3.2 China
17.4 Main carbon nanotubes producers
17.4.1 SWNT production..
17.4.1.1 OCSiAl
17.4.1.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
17.4.1.3 Zeon Corporation
17.5 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs
17.5.1 MWNTs
17.5.2 SWNTs
17.6 Graphene production volumes 2010-2025.
17.7 Regional demand
17.8 Graphene producers and production capacities
18 ADHESIVES
18.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
18.1.1 Thermal management in high temperature electronics
18.1.2 Environmental sustainability.
18.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
18.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.3.1 Total market size…
18.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
18.4 MARKET CHALLENGES..
18.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
18.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
18.5.2 Graphene
19 AEROSPACE
19.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
19.1.1 Safety
19.1.2 Reduced fuel consumption and costs
19.1.3 Increased durability
19.1.4 Multi-functionality
19.1.5 Need for new de-icing solutions
19.1.6 Weight reduction.
19.1.7 Need for improved lightning protection materials
19.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
19.2.1 Composites
19.2.1.1 ESD protection.
19.2.1.2 Conductive cables
19.2.1.3 Anti-friction braking systems
19.2.2 Coatings.
19.2.2.1 Anti-icing.
19.2.3 Sensors
19.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.3.1 Total market size…
19.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
19.4 MARKET CHALLENGES..
19.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
19.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
19.5.2 Graphene
20 AUTOMOTIVE
20.1 MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS
20.1.1 Environmental regulations.
20.1.2 Lightweighting
20.1.3 Increasing use of natural fiber composites..
20.1.4 Safety
20.1.5 Cost.
20.1.6 Need for enhanced conductivity in fuel components
20.1.7 Increase in the use of touch-based automotive applications
20.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
20.2.1 Composites
20.2.2 Thermally conductive additives
20.2.3 Vehicle mass reduction
20.2.4 Lithium-ion batteries in electric and hybrid vehicles.
20.2.5 Paints and coatings
20.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
20.3.1 Composites
20.3.1.1 Total market size
20.3.1.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
20.3.2 Coatings.
20.3.2.1 Total market size
20.3.2.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
20.3.3 MARKET CHALLENGES
20.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
20.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
20.4.2 Graphene
21 BIOMEDICAL & HEALTHCARE
21.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
21.1.1 Improved drug delivery for cancer therapy.
21.1.2 Shortcomings of chemotherapies.
21.1.3 Biocompatibility of medical implants.
21.1.4 Anti-biotic resistance
21.1.5 Growth in advanced woundcare market..
21.1.6 Growth in the wearable monitoring market.
21.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
21.2.1 Cancer therapy…
21.2.1.1 Immunotherapy
21.2.1.2 Thermal ablation
21.2.1.3 Stem cell therapy
21.2.1.4 Graphene oxide for therapy and drug delivery.
21.2.1.5 Graphene nanosheets
21.2.1.6 Gene delivery
21.2.1.7 Photodynamic Therapy.
21.2.2 Medical implants and devices
21.2.3 Wound dressings…
21.2.4 Biosensors.
21.2.4.1 FRET biosensors for DNA detection
21.2.5 Medical imaging..
21.2.6 Tissue engineering
21.2.7 Dental
21.2.8 Electrophysiology.
21.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
21.4 CHALLENGES.
21.4.1 Potential toxicity..
21.4.2 Safety
21.4.3 Dispersion.
21.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
21.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
21.5.2 Graphene
22 COATINGS
22.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
22.1.1 New functionalities and improved properties
22.1.2 Need for more effective protection
22.1.3 Sustainability and regulation
22.1.4 Cost of corrosion…
22.1.5 Need for improved hygiene..
22.1.6 Cost of weather-related damage
22.1.7 Increased demand for coatings for extreme environments
22.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
22.2.1 Anti-static coatings
22.2.2 Anti-corrosion coatings
22.2.2.1 Marine
22.2.2.2 Oil and gas
22.2.3 Anti-microbial
22.2.4 Anti-icing
22.2.5 Barrier coatings
22.2.6 Heat protection…
22.2.7 Anti-fouling
22.2.8 Wear and abrasion resistance
22.2.9 Smart windows
22.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
22.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
22.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
22.4.2 Graphene
23 COMPOSITES
23.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
23.1.1 Growing use of polymer composites…
23.1.2 Increased need for advanced, protective materials.
23.1.3 Improved performance over traditional composites
23.1.4 Multi-functionality
23.1.5 Growth in use in the wind energy market…
23.1.6 Need for new flame retardant materials
23.1.7 Environmental impact of carbon fibers
23.1.8 Shortcomings of natural fiber composites and glass fiber reinforced composites
23.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
23.2.1 Polymer composites
23.2.2 Barrier packaging
23.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding
23.2.4 Wind turbines.
23.2.5 Ballistic protection
23.2.6 Cement additives
23.2.7 Sporting goods
23.2.8 Wire and cable
23.2.9 Thermal management
23.2.10 Rubber and elastomers
23.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
23.3.1 Total market size…
23.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
23.4 CHALLENGES.
23.4.1 MARKET CHALLENGES
23.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
23.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
23.5.2 Graphene
24 ELECTRONICS AND PHOTONICS
24.1 Carbon nanotubes in electronics.
24.2 Graphene and 2D materials in electronics.
24.2.1 Properties.
24.2.2 Applications
24.3 FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS.
24.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
24.3.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
24.3.2.1 Transparent electrodes in flexible electronics
24.3.2.2 Electronic paper
24.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
24.3.3.1 Touch panel and ITO replacement
24.3.4 CHALLENGES
24.3.4.1 Competing materials…
24.3.4.2 Cost in comparison to ITO
24.3.4.3 Fabricating SWNT devices
24.3.4.4 Problems with transfer and growth.
24.3.4.5 Improving sheet resistance
24.3.4.6 Difficulties in display panel integration.
24.3.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
24.3.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.3.5.2 Graphene
24.4 CONDUCTIVE INKS
24.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
24.4.1.1 Increased demand for printed electronics
24.4.1.2 Limitations of existing conductive inks..
24.4.1.3 Growth in the 3D printing market.
24.4.1.4 Growth in the printed sensors market…
24.4.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
24.4.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.4.2.2 Graphene
24.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
24.4.3.1 Total market size
24.4.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
24.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
24.4.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
24.4.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.4.5.2 Graphene
24.5 TRANSISTORS AND INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
24.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
24.5.1.1 Scaling
24.5.1.2 Limitations of current materials
24.5.1.3 Limitations of copper as interconnect materials.
24.5.1.4 Need to improve bonding technology
24.5.1.5 Need to improve thermal properties
24.5.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
24.5.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.5.2.2 Graphene
24.5.2.3 Graphene Radio Frequency (RF) circuits
24.5.2.4 Graphene spintronics..
24.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
24.5.4 CHALLENGES
24.5.4.1 Device complexity
24.5.4.2 Competition from other materials
24.5.4.3 Lack of band gap.
24.5.4.4 Transfer and integration.
24.5.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
24.5.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.5.5.2 Graphene
24.6 MEMORY DEVICES
24.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
24.6.1.1 Density and voltage scaling
24.6.1.2 Growth in the smartphone and tablet markets..
24.6.1.3 Growth in the flexible electronics market
24.6.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
24.6.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.6.2.2 Graphene
24.6.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
24.6.3.1 Total market size
24.6.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
24.6.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
24.6.4.2 Graphene
24.7 PHOTONICS…
24.7.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
24.7.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
24.7.2.1 Si photonics versus graphene
24.7.2.2 Optical modulators
24.7.2.3 Photodetectors
24.7.2.4 Plasmonics
24.7.2.5 Fiber lasers
24.7.3 CHALLENGES
24.7.3.1 Need to design devices that harness graphene’s properties
24.7.3.2 Problems with transfer..
24.7.3.3 THz absorbance and nonlinearity
24.7.3.4 Stability and sensitivity
24.7.4 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
24.7.4.1 Total market size
24.7.4.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
24.7.5 MARKET CHALLENGES
24.7.6 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
25 ENERGY STORAGE, CONVERSION AND EXPLORATION
25.1 BATTERIES
25.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
25.1.1.1 Growth in personal electronics, electric vehicles and smart grids markets
25.1.1.2 Reduce dependence on lithium.
25.1.1.3 Shortcomings of existing battery and supercapacitor technology
25.1.1.4 Reduced costs for widespread application.
25.1.1.5 Power sources for flexible electronics
25.1.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
25.1.2.1 Li-ion batteries (LIB)
25.1.2.2 Lithium-air batteries
25.1.2.3 Sodium-ion batteries
25.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
25.1.3.1 Total market size
25.1.3.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
25.1.4 CHALLENGES
25.1.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
25.2 SUPERCAPACITORS
25.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
25.2.1.1 Reducing costs
25.2.1.2 Demand from portable electronics
25.2.1.3 Inefficiencies of standard battery technology…
25.2.1.4 Problems with activated carbon.
25.2.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
25.2.2.1 Carbon nanotubes
25.2.2.2 Graphene
25.2.2.3 Graphene/CNT hybrids..
25.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
25.2.3.1 Total market size
25.2.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
25.2.4 CHALLENGES
25.2.4.1 Low energy storage capacity of graphene.
25.2.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
25.3 PHOTOVOLTAICS
25.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
25.3.1.1 Need for new materials and novel devices.
25.3.1.2 Need for cost-effective solar energy for wider adoptions.
25.3.1.3 Varying environmental conditions require new coating technology
25.3.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
25.3.2.1 Solar cells
25.3.2.2 Solar coatings
25.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
25.3.3.1 Total market size
25.3.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
25.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
25.3.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
25.4 FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE
25.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
25.4.1.1 Need for alternative energy sources
25.4.1.2 Demand from transportation and portable and stationary power sectors
25.4.1.3 Temperature problems with current fuel cell technology.
25.4.1.4 Reducing corrosion problems
25.4.1.5 Limitations of platinum
25.4.1.6 Reducing cost and increasing reliability of current fuel cell technology
25.4.2 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
25.4.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
25.4.3.1 Fuel cells
25.4.3.2 Hydrogen storage.
25.4.4 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
25.4.4.1 Total market size
25.4.4.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
25.4.5 CHALLENGES
25.5 LED LIGHTING AND UVC
25.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
25.5.1.1 Need to develop low-cost lighting.
25.5.1.2 Environmental regulation.
25.5.1.3 Limited efficiency of phosphors in LEDs.
25.5.1.4 Shortcomings with LED lighting technologies
25.5.1.5 Improving flexibility
25.5.1.6 Improving performance and costs of UV-LEDs
25.5.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
25.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
25.5.3.1 Total market size
25.5.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
25.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
25.5.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS…
25.6 OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION
25.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS.
25.6.1.1 Need to reduce operating costs and improve operation efficiency
25.6.1.2 Increased demands of drilling environments
25.6.1.3 Increased exploration in extreme environments
25.6.1.4 Environmental and regulatory
25.6.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
25.6.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management
25.6.2.2 Coatings
25.6.2.3 Drilling fluids…
25.6.2.4 Sorbent materials
25.6.2.5 Separation
25.6.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
25.6.3.1 Total market size
25.6.3.2 Nanotechnology and nanomaterials opportunity
25.7 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
25.7.1 Carbon nanotubes
25.7.2 Graphene
26 FILTRATION AND SEPARATION
26.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
26.1.1 Water shortage and population growth
26.1.2 Need for improved and low cost membrane technology
26.1.3 Need for improved groundwater treatment technologies
26.1.4 Cost and efficiency
26.1.5 Growth in the air filter market.
26.1.6 Need for environmentally, safe filters..
26.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICTIONS…
26.2.1.1 Desalination and water filtration..
26.2.1.2 Gas separation
26.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
26.3.1.1 Total market size
26.3.1.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
26.4 CHALLENGES.
26.4.1.1 Uniform pore size and distribution
26.4.1.2 Cost.
26.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
26.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
26.5.2 Graphene
27 LUBRICANTS.
27.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
27.1.1 Need for new additives that provide “more for less”
27.1.2 Need for higher-performing lubricants for fuel efficiency
27.1.3 Environmental concerns
27.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
27.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
27.3.1 Total market size…
27.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
27.4 CHALLENGES.
27.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
27.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
27.5.2 Graphene
28 SENSORS
28.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
28.1.1 Increased power and performance with reduced cost
28.1.2 Enhanced sensitivity
28.1.3 Replacing silver electrodes
28.1.4 Growth in the home diagnostics and point of care market
28.1.5 Improved thermal stability.
28.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
28.2.1 Gas sensors
28.2.2 Strain sensors
28.2.3 Biosensors.
28.2.4 Food sensors
28.2.5 Infrared (IR) sensors.
28.2.6 Optical sensors
28.2.7 Pressure sensors
28.2.8 Humidity sensors…
28.2.9 Acoustic sensors
28.2.10 Wireless sensors
28.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
28.3.1 Total market size…
28.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
28.4 Challenges
28.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
28.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
28.5.2 Graphene
29 TEXTILES AND APPAREL
29.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
29.1.1 Growth in the wearable electronics market.
29.1.2 Growth in remote health monitoring and diagnostics
29.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATONS..
29.2.1 Protective textiles.
29.2.2 Electronic textiles.
29.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
29.3.1.1 Protective textiles
29.3.1.2 Electronic textiles
29.4 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
29.4.1 Carbon nanotubes
29.4.2 Graphene
30 3D PRINTING
30.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS…
30.1.1 Improved materials at lower cost.
30.1.2 Limitations of current thermoplastics…
30.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS.
30.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
30.3.1 Total market size…
30.3.2 Carbon nanomaterials opportunity
30.4 CHALLENGES.
30.4.1 MARKET CHALLENGES
30.5 APPLICATION AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS.
30.5.1 Carbon nanotubes
30.5.2 Graphene
31 CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS..
32 GRAPHENE PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
TABLES
Table 1: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 3: Annual production capacity of MWNT and SWNT producers
Table 4: SWNT producers production capacities 2015
Table 5: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014..
Table 6: Consumer products incorporating graphene
Table 8: Graphene producers annual production capacities
Table 9: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014.
Table 10: Graphene types and cost per kg
Table 11: Categorization of nanomaterials
Table 12: Properties of graphene
Table 13: Graphene quantum dot producers.
Table 14: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Table 15: Properties of carbon nanotubes.
Table 16: Comparative properties of carbon materials..
Table 17: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes.
Table 18: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2025…
Table 19: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2.
Table 20: Markets and applications of phosphorene
Table 21: Markets and applications of C2N
Table 22: Markets and applications of germanene.
Table 23: Markets and applications of graphdiyne.
Table 24: Markets and applications of graphane..
Table 25: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride.
Table 26: Markets and applications of MoS2
Table 27: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2).
Table 28: Markets and applications of silicene
Table 29: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene..
Table 30: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide
Table 31: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials.
Table 32: SWNT synthesis methods
Table 33: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market.
Table 34: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 35: Main production and synthesis methods for graphene
Table 36: Pros and cons of CVD for graphene synthesis..
Table 37: Pros and cons of exfoliation for graphene synthesis
Table 38: Pros and cons of epitaxial growth for graphene synthesis
Table 39: Pros and cons of liquid phase exfoliation for graphene synthesis.
Table 40: Pros and cons of micromechanical cleavage for graphene synthesis.
Table 41: Graphene synthesis methods, by company…
Table 42: Carbon nanotubes market structure
Table 43: Graphene market structure
Table 44: National nanomaterials regustries in Europe…
Table 45: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia..
Table 46: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Table 47: Leading graphene patentees..
Table 48: Industrial graphene patents in 2014.
Table 49: Nanomaterials scorecard for carbon nanotubes
Table 50: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes
Table 51: Global production of carbon nanotubes, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014
Table 52: Annual production capacity of main carbon nanotubes producers.
Table 53: Example carbon nanotubes prices
Table 54: Nanomaterials scorecard for graphene..
Table 55: Markets, benefits and applications of graphene
Table 56: Consumer products incorporating graphene.
Table 57: Global production of graphene, 2010-2025 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2014.
Table 58: Graphene producers and production capacity (Current and projected), prices and target markets
Table 59: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives.
Table 60: Applications in adhesives, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 61: Carbon nanomaterials in the adhesives market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 62: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the adhesives market
Table 63: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry.
Table 64: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry.
Table 65: Applications in aerospace composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 66: Applications in aerospace coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 67: Carbon nanomaterials in the aerospace market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 68: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the aerospace market
Table 69: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry.
Table 70: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry.
Table 71: Applications of natural fiber composites in vehicles by manufacturers.
Table 72: Applications in automotive composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 73: Nanocoatings applied in the automotive industry
Table 74: Application markets, competing materials, nanomaterials advantages and current market size in the automotive sector
Table 75: Carbon nanomaterials in the automotive market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 76: Applications and commercilization challenges in the automotive market.
Table 77: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the automotive market
Table 78: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive industry.
Table 79: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive industry.
Table 80: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine
Table 81: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare.
Table 83: Carbon nanomaterials in the biomedical & healthcare markets-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 84: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
Table 85: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry
Table 86: Properties of nanocoatings
Table 87: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
Table 88: Markets for nanocoatings
Table 89: Carbon nanotubes in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and addressable market size
Table 90: Graphene and 2D materials in the coatings market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 91: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry.
Table 92: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry.
Table 93: Graphene properties relevant to application in polymer composites.
Table 94: Applications in polymer composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 95: Applications in ESD and EMI shielding composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 96: Applications in thermal management composites, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 97: Applications in rubber and elastomers, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 98: Potential addressable market size for carbon nanomaterials composites in tons.
Table 99: Carbon nanomaterials in the composites market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 100: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the composites market
Table 101: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites industry.
Table 102: Graphene product and application developers in the composites industry.
Table 104: Comparison of ITO replacements
Table 105: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the flexible electronics, conductive films and displays market.
Table 106: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays.
Table 107: Graphene product and application developers in in flexible electronics, flexible conductive films and displays..
Table 108: Comparative properties of conductive inks..
Table 109: Applications in conductive inks by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 110: Opportunities for nanomaterials in printed electronics.
Table 111: Nanomaterials in the conductive inks market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 112: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the conductive inks market
Table 113: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks.
Table 114: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks.
Table 115: Comparison of Cu, CNTs and graphene as interconnect materials.
Table 116: Applications in transistors, integrated circuits and other components, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 117: Carbon nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 118: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
Table 119: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in integrated circuits, transistors and other components
Table 120: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits.
Table 121: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the memory devices market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 122: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices.
Table 123: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices.
Table 124: Applications in photonics, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 125: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators.
Table 126: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 127: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the photonics market
Table 128: Graphene product and application developers in photonics.
Table 129: Applications in LIB, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 130: Applications in lithium-air batteries, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 131: Applications in sodium-ion batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 133: Carbon nanomaterials opportunity in the batteries market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 134: Market challenges in batteries
Table 135: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the batteries market
Table 136: Carbon nanomaterials application and product developers in batteries
Table 137: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries.
Table 138: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors.
Table 139: Carbon nanomaterials in the supercapacitors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 140: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in supercapacitors.
Table 141: Applications in solar, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 142: Applications in solar coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 143: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 144: Market challenges for nanomaterials in solar
Table 145: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the solar market.
Table 146: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in solar
Table 147: Carbon nanonomaterials application and product developers in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 148: Applications in fuel cells, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 149: Applications hydrogen storage, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 150: Carbon nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 151: Applications in lighting, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 152: Carbon nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 153: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lighting and UVC market
Table 154: Carbon nanomaterials application developers in lighting.
Table 155: Applications in sensing and reservoir management, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 156: Applications in oil & gas exploration coatings, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 157: Applications in oil & gas exploration drilling fluids, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 158: Applications in oil & gas exploration sorbent materials, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 159: Applications in separation, by carbon anomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 160: Carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 161: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy industry.
Table 162: Graphene product and application developers in the energy industry.
Table 163: Types of filtration
Table 164: Applications in desalination and water filtration, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 165: Applications in gas separation, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 166: Application markets, competing materials and current market size in filtration.
Table 167: Graphene and 2D materials in the filtration and separation market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 168: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the filtration and environmental remediation market..
Table 169: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry.
Table 170: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry.
Table 171: Applications in lubricants, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 172: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants…
Table 173: Nanotechnology and nanomaterials in lubricants market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact.
Table 174: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the lubricants market
Table 175: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry.
Table 176: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry.
Table 177: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 178: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 179: Applications in strain sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 180: Applications in biosensors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 181: Applications in food sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 182: Applications in infrared (IR) sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 183: Applications in optical sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 184: Applications in pressure sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 185: Applications in humidity sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 186: Applications in acoustic sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 187: Applications in wireless sensors, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 188: Carbon nanomaterials in the sensors market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 190: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the sensors market.
Table 191: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry.
Table 192: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry.
Table 193: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials
Table 194: Applications in textiles, by carbon nanomaterials type and benefits thereof.
Table 195: Nanocoatings applied in the textiles industry-type of coating, nanomaterials utilized, benefits and applications…
Table 196: Carbon nanomaterials in the textiles market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 197: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry.
Table 198: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry.
Table 199: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
Table 200: Carbon nanomaterials in the 3D printing market-applications, stage of commercialization and estimated economic impact
Table 201: Market challenges rating for nanotechnology and nanomaterials in the textiles and apparel market
Table 202: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry.
Table 203: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry.
Table 204: Graphene producers and types produced..
Table 205: Graphene industrial collaborations and target markets
FIGURES
Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT…
Figure 2: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2014.
Figure 3: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015…
Figure 4: Demand for graphene, by market, 2015…
Figure 5: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD
Figure 6: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
Figure 7: Global consumption of graphene 2015, by region
Figure 8: Graphene layer structure schematic
Figure 9: Graphite and graphene
Figure 10: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene.
Figure 11: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1–4).
Figure 12: Graphene quantum dots
Figure 13: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Figure 14: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model.
Figure 15: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns
Figure 16: TEM image of carbon onion..
Figure 17: Fullerene schematic
Figure 18: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
Figure 19: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite
Figure 20: Black phosphorus structure
Figure 21: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
Figure 22: Schematic of germanene
Figure 23: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 24: Schematic of Graphane crystal.
Figure 25: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 26: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide…
Figure 27: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor.
Figure 28: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
Figure 29: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide.
Figure 30: Silicene structure
Figure 31: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate.
Figure 32: Silicene transistor
Figure 33: Crystal structure for stanene..
Figure 34: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 35: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 36: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames.
Figure 37: Arc discharge process for CNTs.
Figure 38: Schematic of thermal-CVD method
Figure 39: Schematic of plasma-CVD method
Figure 40: CoMoCAT® process.
Figure 41: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame
Figure 42: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis
Figure 43: Graphene synthesis methods
Figure 44: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF.
Figure 45: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium
Figure 46: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene
Figure 47: Roll-to-roll graphene production process.
Figure 48: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
Figure 49: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene.
Figure 50: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene products.
Figure 51: CNT patents filed 2000-2014..
Figure 52: Patent distribution of CNT application areas to 2014…
Figure 53: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Figure 54: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes
Figure 55: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
Figure 56: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market…
Figure 57: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2025
Figure 58: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2015, by region
Figure 59: Global market for graphene 2010-2025 in tons/year
Figure 60: Demand for graphene, by market
Figure 61: Production volumes of graphene 2015, by region.
Figure 62: Nanomaterials-based automotive components
Figure 63: The Tesla S’s touchscreen interface
Figure 64: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel.
Figure 65: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis.
Figure 66: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
Figure 67: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) “graphene paint” coating
Figure 68: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate
Figure 69: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market.
Figure 70: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
Figure 71: Flexible transistor sheet
Figure 72: Foldable graphene E-paper.
Figure 73: Global touch panel market ($ million), 2011-2018.
Figure 74: Capacitive touch panel market forecast by layer structure (Ksqm).
Figure 75: Global transparent conductive film market forecast (million $).
Figure 76: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2015, %
Figure 77: Global transparent conductive film market forecast by materials type, 2020, %
Figure 78: Global market for smart wearables (Millions US$)
Figure 79: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates
Figure 80: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
Figure 81: Nanotube inks
Figure 82: Graphene printed antenna..
Figure 83: BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 84: Global market for conductive inks and pastes in printed electronics.
Figure 85: Transistor architecture trend chart
Figure 86: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 87: CMOS Technology Roadmap..
Figure 88: Figure 38: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
Figure 89: Graphene IC in wafer tester..
Figure 90: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 91: Emerging logic devices
Figure 92: Stretchable CNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics.
Figure 93: Graphene oxide-based RRAm device on a flexible substrate
Figure 94: Emerging memory devices
Figure 95: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 96: Schematic of NRAM cell
Figure 97: Layered structure of tantalum oxide, multilayer graphene and platinum used for resistive random access memory (RRAM)
Figure 98: A schematic diagram for the mechanism of the resistive switching in metal/GO/Pt.
Figure 99: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
Figure 100: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors.
Figure 101: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries.
Figure 102: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
Figure 103: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module
Figure 104: Perforene graphene filter
Figure 105: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament.

Download our eBook: How to Succeed Using Market Research

Learn how to effectively navigate the market research process to help guide your organization on the journey to success.

Download eBook