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Supply Chain in Africa: An Overview of Kenya, Nigeria, and Mozambique

  • Executive Summary
    • Key Findings
  • Introduction
    • Comparison of Transport
      • Table Supply Chain: Comparison of Import and Export Timeframes and Costs, Africa, 2012
    • Trade Agreements
    • List of Acronyms
  • Kenya
    • Kenya: Key Indicators and General Overview
    • Kenya: Logistics Performance
    • Kenya: Chemical Market
  • Analysis of Port Infrastructure in Kenya
    • Kenya: Ports Overview
      • Table Supply Chain: Comparison of Ports, Kenya, 2014
    • Mombasa Port
    • Port Description, Facilities, and Services
    • Additional Port Facilities
    • Port Upgrades
    • Future Projects-LAPSSET Corridor
    • Future Projects-Dongo Kundu Free Trade Area
  • Analysis of Road Infrastructure in Kenya
    • General Road Description
    • Road Network Conditions
      • Table Supply Chain: Inventory and Conditions of Roads, Kenya, 2009
    • Northern Corridor
    • Road Rehabilitation
    • Current and Future Road Projects
  • Chemical Logistics Services
    • Examples of Chemical Distributors
    • Examples of Third-party Logistics Providers
  • Nigeria
    • Nigeria: Key Indicators and General Overview
    • Nigeria: Logistics Performance
    • Nigeria: Chemical Market
  • Analysis of Port Infrastructure in Nigeria
    • Nigeria: Ports Overview
    • Main Ports of Nigeria
    • Apapa Port
    • Tin Can Island Port
    • Port Harcourt Port
    • Future Deep Sea Ports
  • Analysis of Road Infrastructure in Nigeria
    • General Road Description
    • Lagos-Kano-Jibiya Corridor
    • Strategic Highway Investment for Transformation
    • Current and Future Projects
    • New Finance and Transport Regulations
  • Chemical Logistics Services
    • Examples of Chemical Distributors
    • Examples of Third-party Logistics Providers
  • Mozambique
    • Mozambique: Key Indicators and General Overview
    • Mozambique Logistics Performance
    • Mozambique Chemical Market
  • Analysis of Port Infrastructure in Mozambique
    • Mozambique: Ports Overview
    • Main Ports of Mozambique
    • Port Maputo Description-Facilities and Services
    • Port Beira Description-Facilities and Services
    • Port Nacala Description-Facilities and Services
    • Upgrades Occurring at the Main Ports
    • Future Ports
  • Analysis of Road Infrastructure in Mozambique
    • General Road Description
    • Road Network Conditions
      • Table Supply Chain: Inventory and Conditions of Roads, Mozambique, 2013
    • Main Corridors and Bridges
    • Upgrades and Current Projects
    • Logistical Challenges in Road Transport
  • Chemical Logistics Services
    • Examples of Chemical Distributors
    • Examples of Third-party Logistics Providers
  • Conclusion

Supply Chain in Africa: An Overview of Kenya, Nigeria, and Mozambique

The chemicals market in Africa depends predominantly on imports, and, in particular, manufacturing output is low in Kenya, Nigeria, and Mozambique.

Connectivity between the African countries is very limited, and intra-regional trade is currently only % of the continent’s total trade. This is mainly due to poor transport infrastructure, conflicting trade rules, and cross-border restrictions.

The condition of transport infrastructure in Africa varies significantly; however, in Kenya, Nigeria, and Mozambique the infrastructure is inadequate, which constrains growth in these countries. In infrastructure rankings, Kenya ranks 􂀀, Nigeria ranks 􂀀, and Mozambique ranks 􂀀out of 􂀀 countries analysed by the World Bank Group in 2014.

Ports are the entry point for most imports in Africa; however, there is a lack of ports that are able to handle the large volume of cargo throughput.

The majority of freight in Africa is transported via the road network even though the road conditions in most countries are generally poor.

These hindrances in transport infrastructure are set to change as Kenya, Nigeria, and Mozambique have large projects planned and financed by the private sector that will significantly develop infrastructure, including new ports and transport corridors.

A number of trade agreements have also been established in order to overcome cross-border trade limitations, which will boost intra-regional trade.

About this report

Connectivity between African countries is very limited, and intra-regional trade is currently only 12% of the continent’s total trade. This is mainly due to poor transport infrastructure, conflicting trade rules, and cross-border restrictions. This market insight analyses the base and intermediate chemical supply chain in Kenya, Nigeria, and Mozambique. It provides an analysis of the ports and road infrastructure in the 3 countries, including future projects; challenges that importers may face when importing chemicals into Africa; and what the countries are doing to overcome these restrictions. The market insight also identifies examples of distributors and third-party logistics providers for chemical transport in all 3 countries.


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