The Renewable Energy Services Market and its Potential in South Africa
The South African renewable energy services market is in a nascent phase when compared to markets such as Spain, the United States, Germany, Australia, and other developed countries. This research service focuses on the job creation potential for the South African renewable energy services market. Because the market is still in the developmental stage, the market potential is assessed through key policy documents propelling the use of renewables. In addition, case studies and comparisons to other developed markets, such as Australia, the United State, and Germany, are used where applicable.
The South African renewable energy services market is in a nascent phase compared to markets such as Spain, the United States, Germany, Australia, and other developed countries.
Currently, more than % of South Africa’s electricity is derived from coal-fired power stations. Of the remaining %, roughly % is provided by the nuclear power station (Koeberg), with alternative energy sources such as wind and biogas providing the balance.
The market is being driven by the Renewable Energy Feed-in Tariff (REFIT) 2010 document, as well as the recent bidding process in which project developers had to indicate interest in the energy mix allocation.
Energy sources earmarked for development include: wind (1,850 MW), solar photovoltaics (PV) ( MW)/concentrated solar power (CSP) (200 MW), biomass and biogas ( MW each), landfill gas ( MW), small hydro ( MW), and independent power producer (IPP) projects ( MW).
Conflict will arise between calculating overall employment potential and operation and maintenance (O&M) employment potential. Generally, the O&M employment potential for renewable energies is low compared to manufacturing and construction employment potential.
In addition, automation of the renewable services industry may have a significantly negative impact on actual jobs created.
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