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Real-time Cities—Second Wave Cities

Real-time Cities—Second Wave Cities

Cities are increasingly seeing an opportunity to stimulate economic growth by opening up their substantial sources of data to digital services innovators. Differentiation, however, lies in the foundations they set in terms of data strategy, governance structures, and partnerships. Second wave cities and towns lack comprehensive funding for projects so seek experience from larger cities in their regions whilst minimising risk, CAPEX, and OPEX. Successful second wave cities invest in their ability to absorb best practices and new technologies and manage partnerships while strengthening skills in utlising a variety of financial instruments, such as public-private partnerships, grants, and loans. Brussels, Oslo, and Manchester are studied here.


  • Executive Summary
    • Key Findings
  • Research Background
    • Definitions and Study Objectives
    • Scope-Europe
    • Research Methodology
  • Brussels
    • Overview-Brussels
    • Overview-Real-time City Initiative(s)
    • Objectives-Brussels Capital Region
    • Objectives-City of Brussels
    • Data Strategy-Brussels Capital Region
    • Data Strategy-City of Brussels: Smart City Project Inventory
    • Data Strategy-City of Brussels: Data Provision and Access Platform
    • Data Strategy-Overall Priorities
    • Data Strategy-Ownership of Data Sets
    • Partners and ICT Suppliers
    • Funding and Budgets
  • Oslo
    • Overview-Oslo
    • Overview-Smart City Initiative(s)
    • Objectives-Smart City Initiative(s)
    • Data Strategy
    • Data Strategy-Ownership of Data Sets
    • Partners and ICT Suppliers
    • Funding and Budgets
  • Manchester
    • Overview-Manchester
    • Overview-Smart City Initiative(s): Strategy
    • Manchester City Council-Recent and Current Developments
    • Objectives
    • Smart City Projects
    • Evolving Smart City Innovation Ecosystem of Manchester
    • Open Data Manchester
    • Manchester Open Data Catalogue
    • DataGM-A Data Store for the City-Region
    • Open Data Manchester
    • Greater Manchester Data Synchronisation Programme
    • CityVerve-UK IoT Demonstrator
    • GM-Connect-Greater Manchester's Strategic Data Sharing Initiative
    • Data Strategy
    • Data Strategy-Ownership of Data Sets
    • Partners and ICT Suppliers
    • Funding and Budgets
  • Comparative Assessment

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