Market Research Logo

Opportunity Analysis of the Water Value Chain

Opportunity Analysis of the Water Value Chain

The African continent faces a growing battle for achieving adequate and safe access to power and potable water. Without addressing the need for power and water, Africa will not achieve its true growth potential as the “world’s last growth frontier”. Macro-economic forces such as climate change, growing populations, increasing urbanisation rates and deteriorating existing water infrastructure, are all encouraging local governments to shift towards Non-revenue water (NRW) reduction strategies. In collaboration, Frost & Sullivan and SIWI, conducted an “Analysis of the Investment Opportunities for Non-Revenue Water in Kenya and Tanzania”, with a more detailed assessment of two select municipalities per country. Using historic (2010) up to present day (2016) figures, a thorough understanding of the nature and size of the NRW problem, the size of the opportunity (both private and public sector), and the relative governance bottlenecks were identified.


  • Executive Summary
    • Scope of the Analysis
      • Strategic Implications of the Study
    • Suitability of the Project
    • Approach/Methodology of the Study
    • Problem Statement
      • Table Identified Quick Facts in Select Municipalities, Kenya and Tanzania, 2015
    • Conclusions
  • Country Analysis: Kenya
    • Water Supply-Demand Analysis
      • Table Supply versus Demand Analysis for Water, Kenya, 2015
      • Table Annual GDP and Population, Kenya, 2012-2018
  • Nairobi City County, Kenya
    • Municipality Overview
      • Table Population Progression-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • Water Supply-Demand Analysis
      • Table System Input Volume versus Water Demand-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • Water Accessibility/Penetration
      • Table Water Accessibility/Penetration-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • Water Consumption per Capita
      • Table Water Consumption per Capita-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • NRW
      • Table Revenue Water versus NRW-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • Component/Category-wise Split for NRW (in million kl)
    • The Value of Revenue Losses Due to Accounting and Billing Problems
    • Water Tariff Analysis and Trends
      • Table Water Tariff Analysis and Trends-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2011/12-2013/14
      • Table Consumption Block-wise Tariff Structure-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2013/14
      • Table Consumption Block-wise Tariff Structure-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2015/16-2017/18
    • Economic Losses Associated with NRW
      • Table Operation Cost for Water Production-Nairobi City County, Kenya, 2011/12-2013/14
  • Mombasa County, Kenya
    • Municipality Overview
      • Table Population Progression-Mombasa County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • Water Supply-Demand Analysis
      • Table System Input Volume versus Water Demand-Mombasa County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • Water Accessibility/Penetration
      • Table Water Accessibility/Penetration-Mombasa County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
    • Water Consumption per Capita
      • Table Water Consumption per Capita-Mombasa County, Kenya, 2010/11-2013/14
  • Country Analysis: Tanzania
    • Water Supply-Demand Analysis
      • Table Supply versus Demand Analysis for Water, Tanzania, 2015
      • Table Annual GDP and Population, Tanzania, 2012-2018
  • Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania
    • Municipality Overview
      • Table Population Progression-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Water Supply-Demand Analysis
      • Table Annual Water Production-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
      • Table System Input Volume versus Water Demand-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Water Accessibility/Penetration
      • Table Water Accessibility/Penetration-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Water Consumption per Capita
      • Table Water Consumption per Capita-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2014
    • NRW
      • Table Revenue Water versus NRW-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Component/Category-wise Split for NRW (in Million kl)
    • Water Tariff Analysis and Trends
      • Table Evolution of Water Tariffs (Average)-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
      • Table Municipal Authority's Earnings through the Provision of Water Services-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Economic Losses Associated with NRW
      • Table Cost Components for Water Production-Dar es Salaam City Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
  • Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania
    • Municipality Overview
      • Table Population Progression-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Water Supply-Demand Analysis
      • Table Annual Water Production-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
      • Table System Input Volume versus Water Demand-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Water Accessibility/Penetration
      • Table Water Accessibility/Penetration-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Water Consumption per Capita
      • Table Water Consumption per Capita-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2014
    • NRW
      • Table Revenue Water versus NRW-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Component/Category-wise split for NRW
    • Water Tariff Analysis and Trends
      • Table Water Tariff Analysis and Trends-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
      • Table Municipal Authority's Earnings through Provision of Water Services-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
    • Economic Losses Associated with NRW
      • Table Cost Components for Water Production-Morogoro Municipal Council, Tanzania, 2011/12-2013/14
  • NRW Governance Bottlenecks and Opportunities: Kenya and Tanzania
  • Kenya
    • Institutional Landscape Overview
    • Incentives to Reduce NRW
      • Water Security Incentives
      • Financial Sustainability Incentives
  • Cross-Country Analysis
    • Institutional Barriers and Opportunities
    • Tariffs
    • Experience with Private Sector Engagement (Water Supply Concessions and Lease Contracts)
    • Legal Systems
      • Table Rule of Law Index, Kenya and Tanzania, 2015
    • Vested Interests
    • Economies of Scale
    • Capacity for Infrastructure Planning and Procurement
    • Transparent Budgeting and Financial Reporting
    • Summary of NRW Governance Bottlenecks and Opportunities
  • Opportunity Analysis: Kenya and Tanzania
    • Opportunity Analysis

Download our eBook: How to Succeed Using Market Research

Learn how to effectively navigate the market research process to help guide your organization on the journey to success.

Download eBook

Share this report