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Non-Revenue Water in Sub-Saharan Africa

Non-Revenue Water in Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa lags behind most regions in the world in the availability, accessibility, and management of water. A key challenge for water utilities here is the high water losses in the water reticulation network. These are physical water losses due to leakages as well as apparent losses due to water theft and improper metering. Together, these losses in the water supply system make up the non-revenue water (NRW) for a utility. South Africa, Tanzania, and Mozambique lose about 35% of their total supplied water as NRW, while Zimbabwe loses about 53%. This research service provides an overview of the current situation of NRW in select Sub-Saharan African nations and the strategies being adopted for its future reduction.


  • Executive Summary
    • Key Findings
  • Introduction
    • Key Questions This Study Will Answer
    • Non-Revenue Water-Scope of Study
    • Water Stress Projections
    • Water Situation in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • Definitions and Terminology
    • IWA Water Balance
    • Market Drivers
    • Drivers Explained
    • Market Restraints
    • Restraints Explained
  • South Africa
    • South Africa-Country Overview
    • South Africa-Population Dynamics
    • South Africa-Water Consumption
    • South Africa-Policy and Legislation
    • South Africa-Institutional Framework
    • South Africa-Trends in Non-Revenue Water
    • South Africa-Utility-Wise Non-Revenue Water
    • South Africa-Current Situation of NRW
    • South Africa-Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
    • South Africa-NRW and the Way Forward
    • South Africa-Water Balance
  • Zimbabwe
    • Zimbabwe-Country Overview
    • Zimbabwe-Population Dynamics
    • Zimbabwe-Water Consumption
    • Zimbabwe-Policy and Legislation
    • Zimbabwe-Institutional Framework
    • Zimbabwe-Trends in Non-Revenue Water
    • Zimbabwe-Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
    • Zimbabwe-Current Situation of NRW
    • Zimbabwe-Water Balance
  • Tanzania
    • Tanzania-Country Overview
    • Tanzania-Population Dynamics
    • Tanzania-Water Consumption
    • Tanzania-Policy and Legislation
    • Tanzania-Institutional Framework
    • Tanzania-Trends in Non-Revenue Water
    • Tanzania-Utility-Wise Non-Revenue Water
    • Tanzania-Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
    • Tanzania-NRW Situation
    • Tanzania-NRW and the Way Forward
    • Tanzania-Water Balance
  • Mozambique
    • Mozambique-Country Overview
    • Mozambique-Population Dynamics
    • Mozambique-Water Consumption
    • Mozambique-Policy and Legislation
    • Mozambique-Institutional Framework
    • Mozambique-Trends in Non-Revenue Water
    • Mozambique-NRW by Region
    • Mozambique-Current Trends and Historic Developments in NRW
    • Mozambique-NRW Situation
    • Mozambique-NRW and the Way Forward
    • Mozambique-Water Balance
  • Conclusions
    • Non-Revenue Water-Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • The Last Word
    • The Last Word-3 Big Predictions
  • Appendix
    • Abbreviations
    • Data Sources

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