Nanotechnology in Sustainable Energy - Visionary Outlook
Key Findings of Study
Nanotech in solar PV projects mainly appears in the form of nano-optimized solar cells that are applicable to a number of cells such as polymeric, dye-sensitized, thin film and multiple junction. The performance of the cells can be improved with the help of anti-reflective coating or by implementing coatings that improve absorption of sunlight.
In wind turbines, nano-composites enable the development of lighter but stronger rotor blades and enhance corrosion resistance with the help of nano-coatings. The corrosion resistance also applies for bearings and power trains.
Li-ion batteries are the products that are mostly influenced by nanotechnologies in the energy storage domain. The innovations include nanostructured electrodes, and ceramic separator foils. The applications are directed toward consumer electronics and electric vehicles.
Fuel cells are a viable option for energy generation-on-demand and nanotechnology improves the performance with carbon aerogels, carbon nanotubes, metals oxides and electrolytes for higher energy densities. Also, nanoporous materials such as organometals and metal hydrides promises developments in the fuel cells/micro fuel cells domain.
Nanoporous materials (such as zeolites) are also employed for absorptive hydrogen storage, which supports hydrogen fuel cells technology.
Most of the technologies are still in R&D phase. Proper commercialization can be expected by late 2016 in countries such as USA and China. Innovations in Europe are led by Germany, UK and the Nordic countries. There has been very few instances of commercialization so far.
Nanotechnology development has attracted a lot of interest from global energy, automotive, and consumer electronics stakeholders such as Toshiba, LG, Samsung and Apple.
About this report
This study provides an overview of the application of nanotechnology in sustainable energy, focusing on the use of nanotechnology in solar, wind and energy storage, such as batteries and fuel cells. The study also provides a detailed analysis of the various technology stakeholders, as well as the technology management strategies being employed to commercialize the technology. An emerging technology roadmap along with a visionary outlook outlining the application of nanotechnology in sustainable energy by 2025 is included in the study.
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