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Large-Scale Renewable Energy Power Development Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa

Large-Scale Renewable Energy Power Development Opportunities in Sub-Saharan Africa

This research service focuses on the opportunities offered by the renewable energy (RE) power sector in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study identifies countries with the highest opportunities in terms of RE resources, combined with a series of other factors such as the countries’ regulatory, political, and economic landscapes.

Hydropower has been excluded from the scope of this study as certain countries, especially the ones suffering from severe droughts, are trying to diversify their electricity generation mix to include more non-hydro renewable energy sources, which are less prone to climatic changes. Bioenergy potential should also not be underestimated, but was not included in the scope as it is difficult to quantify the bioenergy potential of each country as compared to wind and solar.


  • Aim and Scope
    • Limitations
    • Methodology
  • Executive Summary
    • Key Findings
  • Drivers and Restraints
    • Renewable Energy Power Project Drivers
    • Renewable Energy Power Project Restraints
  • Renewable Energy Support Policies
    • Description of RE Support Policies
    • 2015 Outlook of Global Renewable Energy Policies
    • Adoption Timeline of Renewable Energy Policies
    • Early 2015 RE Support Policies in SSA
    • Historical IPP Presence
    • Offtaker/Sovereign Creditworthiness
    • Political and Commercial Risk Guarantees
    • FiT and Premium Payments-Kenya
      • Table Small RE Projects: REFiT and Maximum Technology Capacity Limits, Kenya, 2012
      • Table Large RE Projects: REFiT and Maximum Technology Capacity Limits, Kenya, 2012
    • FiT and Premium Payments-Uganda
      • Table REFiT and Maximum Technology Capacity Limits (Phase 2), Uganda, 2013-2016
    • FiT and Premium Payments-Tanzania
      • Table First Generation SPP Framework: Main Grid Connection Using Avoided Cost Tariff, Tanzania, 2015
      • Table First Generation SPP Framework: Mini-Grid Connection Using Avoided Cost Tariff, Tanzania, 2015
      • Table Second Generation SPP Framework*: Small Hydro and Biomass REFiT, Tanzania, 2015
    • FiT and Premium Payments-Rwanda
      • Table Small Hydro Power Plants: REFiT, Rwanda, 2012
    • FiT and Premium Payments-Nigeria
      • Table MYTO II REFiT, Nigeria, 2012-2016
      • Table Draft NREEEP: RE Targets*, Nigeria, 2013-2030
    • FiT and Premium Payments-Ghana
      • Table REFiT and Maximum Technology Capacity Limits, Ghana, 2014
    • FiT and Premium Payments-"Policies In the Making"
    • FiT and Premium Payments-Discontinued Policies
    • National Green Economy Strategy
  • Identification of Opportunities
    • Solar (PV and CSP) Resource Potential
    • Wind Resource Potential
    • Top 15 SSA Countries for CSP Resource Potential
      • Table Top 15 Countries in Terms of CSP Resource Potential, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014
    • Top 15 SSA Countries for Solar PV Resource Potential
      • Table Top 15 Countries in Terms of Solar PV Resource Potential, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014
    • Top 15 SSA Countries for Wind Resource Potential
      • Table Top 15 Countries in Terms of Wind Resource Potential, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014
    • SSA Countries with Geothermal Resource Potential
      • Table Countries with Geothermal Resource Potential, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014
    • Country Ranking Methodology
    • Why These Factors?
    • Country Ranking Results-RE Support Policies
    • Country Ranking Results-Ease of Doing Business
    • Country Ranking Results-Corruption Perceptions Index
    • Country Ranking Results-Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism
    • Country Ranking Results-Global Competitiveness Index-Basic Requirements
    • Country Ranking Results-GDP (PPP)
    • Country Ranking Results-Electrification Rate
    • CSP-Final Weighted Score and Ranking
      • Table Final Weighted Ranking: Best CSP Opportunities, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015
    • PV-Final Weighted Score
      • Table Final Weighted Ranking: Best PV Opportunities, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015
    • Wind-Final Weighted Score
      • Table Final Weighted Ranking: Best Wind Opportunities, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015
    • Geothermal-Final Weighted Score
      • Table Final Weighted Ranking: Best Geothermal Opportunities, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2015
    • Top 5 Summary
    • Outsiders-Ethiopia and Ghana
    • Outsiders-Côte d'Ivoire and Zambia
  • Large-Scale Renewable Energy Power Projects
    • Existing RE Power Installed Capacity
      • Table Total RE Power Installed Capacity*, Africa, 2000, 2010 and 2014
    • Selected Operational RE Power Projects
      • Table Operational Large-Scale* RE** Power Projects, Sub-Saharan Africa***, 2015
    • Existing RE Power Installed Capacity-Explained
    • Limitations
    • Pipeline of RE Projects
      • Table Pipeline of Large-Scale* RE** Power Projects, Sub-Saharan Africa***, 2015
    • Pipeline of RE Projects-Explained
    • Pipeline of RE Projects-CSP Country Breakdown
    • Pipeline of RE Projects-Solar PV Country Breakdown
    • Pipeline of RE Projects-Wind Country Breakdown
    • Pipeline of RE Projects-Geothermal Country Breakdown
    • Africa Power Sector 2030-Total Future Investments
    • Africa Power Sector 2030-IRENA High RE Scenario
      • Table IRENA *High Renewable Energy Scenario: Power Investment Needs, Africa, 2015-2030
    • Africa Power Sector 2030-IRENA Low RE Scenario
      • Table IRENA *High Renewable Energy Scenario: Power Investment Needs, Africa, 2015-2030
    • Africa Power Sector 2030-IEA Africa Energy Outlook
    • Africa Power Sector 2030-IEA Forecasts Comments
    • Africa Power Sector 2030-Comparison
  • Market Trends and the Way Forward
    • Main Challenges
    • Bankability
    • Grid Capacity and Electricity Affordability
    • South Africa REIPPPP Example
    • Future Requirements
    • New Financing Scheme-Scaling Solar Programme
    • New Financing Scheme-Scaling Up RE Programme
  • Conclusions
  • Appendix
    • List of Acronyms

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