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Global Economic Outlook, 2018

Global Economic Outlook, 2018

Amidst seismic events such as Brexit and oil production cuts, what is the outlook for the world economy in 2018? How will monetary policy tightening and landmark tax reforms influence the growth trajectory of key advanced and emerging market economies? This study answers these questions and more by evaluating the global and regional economic outlook across geographies.

World GDP growth is estimated to have risen to 3.6% in 2017 and is expected to further strengthen to 3.7% in 2018, with higher growth expected across emerging markets and developing economies. In regards to emerging market giants, China is expected to witness a marginal growth slowdown in 2018 with the deepening of structural reforms; India’s growth is expected to rise in 2018-19. Advanced economies are expected to maintain the same growth level as in 2017, with an expected pick-up in growth across advanced economies such as the United States, France, and Japan.

Landmark tax reforms were one of the top economic trends shaping the global economy in 2017, with India’s introduction of a goods and services tax (GST), and the United States’ approval of a tax reform bill. The significant slash in the US corporate tax rate is expected to help drive economic growth as well as manufacturing reshoring. The UAE and Saudi Arabia also introduced value-added tax (VAT) in January 2018; other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are only expected to do so by 2019. The inflationary impact of VAT in the UAE and Saudi Arabia is expected to be limited, with the new tax helping to boost and diversify government revenue.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and its allies have been able to drive oil prices higher to an extent as a result of agreed production cuts. While the production cuts were set to expire in March 2018, the participating countries recently decided to extend to effective period for the cuts till 2018 end. This decision should help crude oil prices further strengthen in 2018, although higher US production stands to thwart significant price gains.

Research Scope
The global economic outlook section of this study covers topics in regards to GDP growth, inflation, trade, investment, and oil production, while the region economic outlook section covers topics in regards to GDP growth and key economic developments. Regions covered in the study include North America, Latin America, Africa, Europe, Middle East, and Asia-Pacific.

Key Issues Addressed
What are the top global economic predictions for 2018?
What is the 2018 global growth outlook?
How is GDP growth expected to evolve across major economies such as the United States, China, and India?
What the top 5 regional economic predictions for different geographies?
Which are the world’s fastest growing economies in 2017 and 2018?
What is the outlook for oil production cuts by OPEC and its allies?
What are the imminent implications of key economic developments such as monetary policy tightening in North America, VAT introduction in the GCC, and Brexit?
What is the outlook for major trade negotiations or trade deals such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Continental Free Trade Agreement (CFTA)?


  • Executive Summary
    • Top 2017 Economic Trends
    • Top 2018 Economic Predictions
    • Top 2018 Predictions-Advanced Economies
    • Top 2018 Predictions-Emerging Market Economies
    • World GDP Growth Snapshot
    • World's 20 Fastest Growing Economies in 2017 and 2018
  • Research Scope
  • 2018 Global Economic Outlook
    • GDP Growth Outlook
    • Inflation Outlook
    • Trade Outlook
    • Investment Outlook
    • Oil Production Outlook-OPEC and Non-OPEC Allies
      • Table Crude Oil Reference Production Level, Agreed Production Level and Adjustment (Agreed in 2016; Effective Jan 1st 2017), and Actual Production Level and Adjustment, OPEC Countries
  • 2018 Regional Economic Outlook-North America
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-United States and Canada
    • Key Economic Developments
    • 2018 North America Economic Outlook-Top 5 Predictions
  • 2018 Regional Economic Outlook-Latin America
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-Brazil and Mexico
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-Colombia and Panama
    • Key Economic Developments
    • 2018 Latin America Economic Outlook-Top 5 Predictions
  • 2018 Regional Economic Outlook-Africa
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-Tanzania and Kenya
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-South Africa and Zimbabwe
    • Key Economic Developments
    • 2018 Africa Economic Outlook-Top 5 Predictions
  • 2018 Regional Economic Outlook-Europe
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-Germany and Italy
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-United Kingdom and France
    • Brexit Impact Analysis
    • Key Economic Developments
    • 2018 Europe Economic Outlook-Top 5 Predictions
  • 2018 Regional Economic Outlook-Middle East
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-UAE and Saudi Arabia
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-Qatar and Iran
    • GCC Fiscal Consolidation and Economic Diversification
    • Key Economic Developments
    • 2018 Middle East Economic Outlook-Top 5 Predictions
  • 2018 Regional Economic Outlook-Asia-Pacific
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-China and India
    • 2018 GDP Growth Outlook-Japan and ASEAN-5
    • Key Economic Developments
    • 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Outlook-Top 5 Predictions
  • Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action
    • Growth Opportunities
  • Key Conclusions
  • Appendix
    • Data Tables-World
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators, World, 2012-2018
    • Data Tables-Advanced Economies and Emerging Market & Developing Economies
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators, Advanced Economies and Emerging Market & Developing Economies, 2012-2018
    • Data Tables-North America
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators for Select Countries, North America, 2012-2018
    • Data Tables-Latin America
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators for Select Countries, Latin America, 2012-2018
    • Data Tables-Africa
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators for Select Countries, Africa, 2012-2018
    • Data Tables-Europe
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators for Select Countries, Europe, 2012-2018
    • Data Tables-Middle East
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators for Select Countries, Middle East, 2012-2018
    • Data Tables-Asia-Pacific
      • Table Important Macroeconomic Indicators for Select Countries, Asia-Pacific, 2012-2018
    • Abbreviations and Acronyms Used
    • Additional Sources of Information on the 2018 Global Economic Outlook
    • Market Engineering Methodology

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