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Electricity Pricing

Electricity Pricing

Until recently, electricity tariffs in Sub-Saharan Africa have not been cost reflective, with the cost to consumer not reflecting the cost of generation and supply.

Although lower electricity tariffs have provided economies such as South Africa a competitive advantage over other countries in the region, the lower return on investment and paucity of funds have crippled development and maintenance of electricity infrastructure.

Frequent power outages and load shedding have stifled industry growth and squeezed profit margins as energy-intensive industries have cut down on production and, in many instances, have relied on costly petroleum/diesel-based power generation equipment to meet their production targets.

The cost of no power to the economy is much higher than the cost of appropriately priced power.

Over the past years, however, countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Ghana, and Nigeria, have undertaken initiatives to achieve tariff levels that reflect the cost of supply to the end consumer.

Regulatory reforms are being promoted to encourage private participation in the electricity supply industry (ESI) through investments in traditional (coal and natural gas) and renewable-based (solar, wind, and geothermal) power generation opportunities.

Robust economic growth, demand-supply gap, growing demand, mineral resource discoveries, and regulatory reforms provide significant opportunities for private investment in the ESI in these countries.

About this report

Electricity cost is critical to developing an electricity industry and has been a contentious issue in Sub-Saharan Africa. Electricity price has not reflected the true cost of generation and supply, hampering investment in electricity infrastructure, resulting in frequent power outages, and constraining economic growth of Sub-Saharan economies. The situation is changing, with countries such as South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya, Ghana, and Nigeria implementing cost-reflective tariffs to sustain their electricity infrastructure and attract private investment. Implementing a cost-based tariff structure will have a lasting impact on public utilities, private power producers, and domestic, industrial, and mining consumers in the target economies.


  • Executive Summary
    • Key Findings
  • Introduction
    • Electricity Pricing-Key Questions this Study will Answer
    • Electricity Pricing-Scope of Study
    • Electricity Pricing-Comparative Analysis
    • Electricity Pricing-Urbanization Rate
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Population Dynamics, Sub-Saharan Africa, 2014
    • Electricity Pricing-Access to Electricity
  • Country Overview
    • Country Overview-South Africa
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Key Indicators, South Africa, FY 2011-2014
    • Country Overview-Mozambique
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Key Indicators, Mozambique, FY 2011-2014
    • Country Overview-Tanzania
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Key Indicators, Tanzania, FY 2011-2014
    • Country Overview-Kenya
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Key Indicators, Kenya, FY 2011-2014
    • Country Overview-Ghana
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Key Indicators, Ghana, FY 2011-2014
    • Country Overview-Nigeria
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Key Indicators, Nigeria, FY 2011-2014
  • South Africa
    • South Africa-Status of Electricity Industry
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Installed Capacity by Supplier, South Africa, 2014
    • South Africa-Regulatory Institutions
    • South Africa-Electricity Pricing Analysis
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, South Africa, FY 2011-2014
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Year-on-Year Variation in Tariff and Macroeconomic Indicators, South Africa, FY 2011-2014
    • South Africa-Power Utilities and IPPs
    • South Africa-Industry and Mining
    • South Africa-Market Drivers
    • South Africa-Drivers Explained
    • South Africa-Market Restraints
    • South Africa-Restraints explained
    • South Africa-Future Trends in Electricity Pricing
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, South Africa, FY 2014-2020
  • Mozambique
    • Mozambique-Status of Electricity Industry
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Installed Capacity by Source, Mozambique, 2014
    • Mozambique-Regulatory Institutions
    • Mozambique-Electricity Pricing Analysis
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Mozambique, FY 2011-2014
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Year-on-year Variation in Tariff and Macroeconomic Indicators, Mozambique, FY 2011-2014
    • Mozambique-Power Utilities and IPPs
    • Mozambique-Industry and Mining
    • Mozambique-Market Drivers
    • Mozambique-Drivers Explained
    • Mozambique-Market Restraints
    • Mozambique-Restraints Explained
    • Mozambique-Future Trends in Electricity Pricing
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Mozambique, FY 2014-2020
  • Tanzania
    • Tanzania-Status of Electricity Industry
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Installed Capacity by Supplier, Tanzania, 2014
    • Tanzania-Regulatory Institutions
    • Tanzania-Electricity Pricing Analysis
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Tanzania, FY 2011-2014
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Year-on-Year Variation in Tariff and Macroeconomic Indicators, Tanzania, FY 2011-2014
    • Tanzania-Power Utilities and IPPs
    • Tanzania-Industry and Mining
    • Tanzania-Market Drivers
    • Tanzania-Drivers Explained
    • Tanzania-Market Restraints
    • Tanzania-Restraints Explained
    • Tanzania-Future Trends in Electricity Pricing
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Tanzania, FY 2014-2020
  • Kenya
    • Kenya-Status of Electricity Industry
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Installed Capacity by Source, Tanzania, 2014
    • Kenya-Regulatory Institutions
    • Kenya-Electricity Pricing Analysis
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Kenya, FY 2011-2014
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Year-on-Year Variation in Tariff and Macroeconomic Indicators, Kenya, FY 2011-2014
    • Kenya-Power Utilities and IPPs
    • Kenya-Industry and Mining
    • Kenya-Market Drivers
    • Kenya-Drivers Explained
    • Kenya-Market Restraints
    • Kenya-Restraints Explained
    • Kenya-Future Trends in Electricity Pricing
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Kenya, FY 2015-2018
  • Ghana
    • Ghana-Status of Electricity Industry
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Installed Capacity by Source, Ghana, 2014
    • Ghana-Regulatory Institutions
    • Ghana-Electricity Pricing Analysis
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Ghana, FY 2012-2014
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Year-on-Year Variation in Tariff and Macroeconomic Indicators, Ghana, FY 2011-2014
    • Ghana-Power Utilities and IPPs
    • Ghana-Industry and Mining
    • Ghana-Market Drivers
    • Ghana-Drivers Explained
    • Ghana-Market Restraints
    • Ghana-Restraints Explained
    • Ghana-Future Trends in Electricity Pricing
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Ghana, FY 2014-2020
  • Nigeria
    • Nigeria-Status of Electricity Industry
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Installed Capacity by Source, Nigeria, 2014
    • Nigeria-Regulatory Institutions
    • Nigeria-Electricity Pricing Analysis
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Nigeria, FY 2011-2014
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Year-on-year Variation in Tariff and Macroeconomic Indicators, Nigeria, FY 2011-2014
    • Nigeria-Power Utilities and IPPs
    • Nigeria-Industry and Mining
    • Nigeria-Market Drivers
    • Nigeria-Drivers Explained
    • Nigeria-Market Restraints
    • Nigeria-Restraints Explained
    • Nigeria-Future Trends in Electricity Pricing
      • Table Electricity Pricing: Energy Charges per End-user Segment, Nigeria, FY 2014-2018
  • The Last Word
    • The Last Word-3 Big Predictions
  • Appendix
    • Abbreviations
    • Data Sources

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