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Ebola—Threat, Challenge, and Response: A PPE Perspective

Ebola—Threat, Challenge, and Response: A PPE Perspective

Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a deadly illness characterized by fever, fatigue, muscle pain, headache, and sore throat at the initial stages, followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rashes, and internal and external bleeding at the later stages.

The virus spreads only through blood and other bodily fluids.

EVD was first identified in 1976, and the recent outbreak of the disease in parts of Africa has triggered a global concern.

Unfortunately, the disease has hit some of the poorest countries in Africa that have low healthcare facilities, causing their economies to slump further.

A total of 􂀀 cases of EVD were recorded in 2014, spanning a period of 􂀀 months, with a net fatality rate of 􂀀%.

The West African nations of Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia constitute the epicenter of the current epidemic, accounting for 􂀀% of the recorded cases, with Nigeria, Mali, the United States, the United Kingdom, Senegal, and Spain accounting for the rest.

Among the 􂀀 intense-transmission countries, the fatality rate in 2014 was highest in Guinea (􂀀%) and lowest in Sierra Leone (􂀀%).

About this report

This research service discusses the impact of the current West African Ebola outbreak on the global personal protective equipment (PPE) market. An outline of hazards in Ebola care and the PPE requirements are discussed. The challenges to the PPE industry posed by the outbreak are presented, and the response from the industry’s product offerings and the competitive landscape are outlined. Additionally, this service analyzes the PPE demand generated by containment of the disease in West Africa and by the preparedness efforts in Rest of World, including the United States, the United Kingdom, and Spain.


  • Executive Summary
    • Key Findings
  • Ebola Virus Disease-Fast Facts
    • Ebola Cases and Fatalities-Africa
    • Ebola Cases and Fatalities-ROW
  • Role of Personal Protective Equipment in Combating the Ebola Virus Disease
    • Role of PPE in Combating EVD
    • Activities and Hazards in Ebola Care
    • Types of PPE Used for Ebola Protection
    • Who Needs Precaution and Protection?
  • Challenges Presented by the Ebola Virus Disease to the Personal Protective Equipment Market
    • Challenges Presented by EVD to the PPE Market
    • Challenge-Confusion Pertaining to PPE Specifications by Different Agencies
    • PPE Specifications by the CDC for Protection against Ebola-No Specifications for PPE Standards
    • PPE Specifications by WHO for Protection against Ebola-Recommendations and Not Requirements
    • Challenge-Training Healthcare Professionals in Appropriate PPE Use
    • Challenge-Scaling Up PPE Production to Meet Demand
    • Challenge-PPE Manufacturers' Difficulty in Ensuring the Performance of Products
    • Challenge-Lack of Ergonomic and Comfortable PPE
  • Impact of Ebola Virus Disease on the Personal Protective Equipment Market
    • PPE Demand Boosted by the Ebola Outbreak
    • Initial Response-Some Donations from the PPE Industry
    • Evolution of EVD in Intense-transmission Countries-Requiring Ebola Containment
    • Evolution of EVD in ROW-Necessitating Ebola Preparedness
    • Assessing PPE Demand for Ebola Containment
      • Table Healthcare System Indicators: Ebola Affected Countries, 2014
    • Ebola Preparedness as a PPE Demand Driver
    • Ebola Preparedness-United States
    • Assessing the PPE Demand for Ebola Preparedness-United States
    • Ebola Preparedness-Europe
  • Ebola Personal Protective Equipment-Product Offerings and Competitive Landscape
    • PPE Offerings for Ebola Protection
    • Competitive Landscape-Main Stakeholders in Ebola PPE
    • PPE Manufacturers in the Ebola Crisis-Key Success Factors
  • Specialized Personal Protective Equipment Products for Ebola Control-Feasibility for Product Innovation
    • Specialized PPE Products for Ebola Control-What are the Needs?
    • Specialized Ebola Control PPE Products-What are the Challenges?
    • Market Developments for Specialized Ebola Control PPE Products
  • Conclusion
    • Ebola PPE Demand-Containment versus Preparedness
    • Impact of Ebola Outbreak on the PPE Market by Region and PPE Type
    • Ebola Outbreak-An Unsustainable Boost for the PPE Market

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