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Decentralized Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment Technologies

Decentralized Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment Technologies

Decentralized solid waste and waste water management could be a cost effective and simple way in which waste could be managed on site or near waste generating operations. Rapid population growth and industrialization has increased the necessity for decentralized treatment technologies. The current global scenario has created need for decentralized wastewater treatment as centralized wastewater treatment alone might not be sufficient for managing the huge volume of waste and wastewater generated. Decentralized solutions would have lower footprint and also relatively easier to maintain.

This research services has identified the significance and top needs driving the need for Decentralized Solid Waste and Wastewater Treatment Technologies. Various technologies for decentralized waste and wastewater treatment have been discussed and analysis of each technology is provided in detail and the development status of various technologies and its future is discussed. The research service also focuses on drivers and challenges. Region-wise trends have been discussed and the best technologies are identified based on various criteria.


  • Executive Summary
    • Research Scope
    • Research Process and Methodology
    • Key Findings in Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment Sector
  • Decentralized Solid Waste and Wastewater Treatment Sector Overview
    • Significance of Decentralized Solid Waste and Wastewater Treatment
    • Future Needs—Reduction of Wastewater Discharge and Generation of Soil Amendments is a Major Need in the Decentralized Treatment Technology Domain
    • Decentralized Technologies Addressing Future Needs: Eleven Technologies Identified
    • Industry Drivers and Restraints—Simple Design and Low Cost will Increase Adoption of Decentralized Treatment Technologies Drivers Restraints
    • Industry Drivers and Restraints- Stringent Government Standards Have Highlighted the Need for Decentralized Wastewater and Solid Waste Treatment
    • Industry Value Chain—The Value Chain Consists of Four Major Elements
  • Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment Technologies
    • Material Recovery Facility
      • Introduction- Material Recovery Facility Segregates Waste and Prepares Recyclables for Manufacturers
      • Patents and Industry Participants—The US and Many European Countries Create Innovative Technologies for MRF
      • Drivers and Restraints—MRF Helps Reduce the Manufacture of Products Based on New Synthetic Materials
      • Stakeholder Participation—North American Countries Actively Participate in MRF for Efficient Segregation of Wastes
      • Timeline—Introduction of Biogas Conversion to Energy Will Soon Be Incorporated in all MRFs
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Material Recovery Facility
    • Aerobic Composting
      • Introduction—Aerobic Composting Enhances the Recycling Rates of Organic Wastes
      • Patents & Industry Participants- North America and Europe have Introduced Many Innovations in Aerobic Composting
      • Drivers and Restraints: Involves Very Less Expensive Infrastructure for carrying out Aerobic Composting
      • Stakeholder Participation—Asia-Pacific Countries Come up with Proprietary Equipment for Aerobic Composting
      • Timeline—Addition of Micronutrients to Soil Amendments Will Increase the Fertility Quotient of Composts
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Aerobic Composting
    • Anaerobic Composting
      • Introduction—Decentralized Energy Generation and Waste Management is Possible Using Anaerobic Composting
      • Patents and Industry Participants—North America Has the Maximum Number of Patents in Anaerobic Composting
      • Drivers and Restraints—Stress on Landfills is Reduced Considerably and Energy Generation Is Increased
      • Stakeholder Participation—Stakeholders from Asia Create Innovative Models for Composting Anaerobically
      • Timeline—Anaerobic Composting Will Also Be Used to Obtain Biogas through Futuristic Techniques and Facilities
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Anaerobic Composting for Treatment of Solid Waste
    • Rapid Composting
      • Introduction of Suitable Microorganisms Accelerates Composting Process and Improves Soil Health
      • Patents and Industry Participants—North America and Europe Contribute Immensely for the Spread of Rapid Composting Technologies Worldwide
      • Drivers and Restraints—Less Degradation Time for the Composts is the Biggest Advantage of Rapid Composting
      • Stakeholder Participation—Asia Pacific Composting Companies Provide Proprietary Solutions to Generate Composts in a Short Time Span
      • Timeline—Expensive Composting Methods to Generate Soil Amendments at a Rapid Pace
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Rapid Composting Technology for Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment
    • Vermicomposting
      • Introduction—Vermicomposts are Excellent Soil Conditioners and Nutrient-rich Organic Fertilizers
      • Patents and Industry Participants—More Patents and Industry Participation is Required from All Regions
      • Drivers and Restraints—Simple Design and Low Footprint Requirement Make Vermicomposters Very Reliable
      • Stakeholder Participation—The Asia Pacific Region Has Strong Participants in Vermicomposting Who Use Local Earthworms
    • Timeline—Vermicomposting Requires Minimal Costs to Set Up the Most Efficient Vermicomposters
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Vermicomposting for Solid Waste Treatment
    • Biomethanation
      • Introduction- Anaerobic Biochemical Conversions results in the Generation of Biogas
      • Region-wise Technology Adoption and Development— Bioethanol
      • Drivers and Restraints- Microorganisms Involved is Crucial for the Generation of Biogas
      • Stakeholder Participation – Companies Provide Small Scale Digester Solutions for the Generation of Biogas
      • Technology Roadmap—Nutrient Recovery from Composting Material is Important to Increase Soil Fertility
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Biomethanation for Decentralized Solid Waste Treatment
  • Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Technologies
    • Sequential Batch Reactors
      • Introduction- Minimal Footprint and Simple Design Cut Down on Unnecessary Capital Costs
      • Patents and Industry Participants- North America is Very Active in Contributing to Innovations in SBRs
      • Drivers and Restraints - Upgradation of Activated Sludge Processes and Septic Tanks to SBRs is Very Easy
      • Stakeholder Participation- Many Proprietary Technologies are Used in SBR by Various Stakeholders to Increase Efficiency
      • Timeline: Optimization of SBRs in the Future Will Result in Increased Removal Efficiency of Nitrogen and Phosphorus
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Sequential Batch Reactors for Wastewater Treatment
    • Constructed Wetlands
      • Introduction- Constructed Wetlands Provides Habitat to Other Ecosystems and also Improves Groundwater Table
      • Patents and Industry Participants- China and North America are the Global Leaders in Innovations in Wetlands
      • Drivers and Restraints-Unlimited Capacity and Low-cost Requirements Make it Suitable for Rural Regions
      • Stakeholder Participation: Australian Companies are Very Efficient in Installing Constructed Wetlands throughout the Country
      • Timeline: Utilization of Constructed Wetlands Results in the Increased Percolation of Ground Water
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Constructed Wetlands for the Treatment of Wastewater
    • Septic Tanks
      • Introduction: Septic Tanks Represent On-site Sewage Treatment with Anaerobic Bacteria
      • Patents and Industry Participants: North America and Europe Show Great Interests in More Innovations in Septic System-based Technologies
      • Drivers and Restraints- Manual Cleaning of Septic Tanks Should be Eliminated so as to Avoid Hazardous Diseases
      • Stakeholder Participation- Underground Septic Tank Facilities are Provided by Many Stakeholders to Enhance Aesthetic Appearance
      • Timeline- Upgradation of Septic Systems with Secondary and Tertiary Treatment Systems Increases the Overall Efficiency
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Septic Tanks for Wastewater Treatment
    • Trickling Filters
      • Introduction- Compact Fixed Bed Biofilters to Treat Decentralized Wastewater
      • Patents and Industry Participants- European Union Provides Guidelines for Efficient functioning of Trickling Filters
      • Drivers and Restraints: High Performance Efficiency and Minimal Footprint Make it More Reliable
      • Stakeholder Participation: Many Stakeholders across Australia Develop Sustainable Solutions for Efficient Trickling Filter Systems
      • Timeline: Hybrid Trickling Filter Systems Increase Overall Efficiency by Negating Weather Loss
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Trickling Filters in Wastewater Treatment
    • Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket
      • Introduction- Upward Flow of Wastewater in an Anaerobic Digester Generates Biogas
      • Region wise Technology Adoption and Development- UASB Technologies is Widely Adopted in Asia-Pacific and Latin American Countries
      • Drivers and Restraints – Low Foot Print and Low Energy Consumption of USAB enables Widespread Adoption
      • Stakeholder Participation – Companies Based on Food & Beverage, Paper & Pulp Utilize UASB Technology for the Treatment of Wastewater
      • Technology Roadmap - Combination of Processes with UASB Enhances the Quality of the Effluents
      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket
    • Analysis
      • Decision Matrix for Solid Waste Treatment Technologies- Vermicomposting and Material Recovery Facility Will Be the Ideal Technologies to Adopt in All Regions
        • Table Solid Waste Treatment Technologies : Decision Matrix, Global , 2017-2026
    • Decision Matrix for Wastewater Treatment Technologies- Sequential Batch Reactors Provide Ideal Decentralized Wastewater Treatment with High Overall Efficiency
      • Table Wastewater Treatment Technologies : Decision Matrix, Global, 2017-2026
    • Analysis for Wastewater Treatment Technologies across All Regions-Geographical Factors and Government Policies Play a Crucial Role in Selecting Decentralized Treatment Systems
      • Table Wastewater Treatment Technologies : Region Wise Analysis, Global, 2017-2026
    • Analysis for Solid Waste Treatment Technologies across All Regions- Material Recovery Facility is Necessary to Segregate Waste Which Will Enhance Composting Processes
      • Table Solid Waste Treatment Technologies : Region Wise Analysis, Global, 2017-2026
    • Key Inferences
  • Growth Opportunities
    • Growth Opportunity 1- Reduction of Wastewater Discharge—New Capabilities
    • Growth Opportunity 2- Reduction of Wastewater Discharge— Geographic Expansion
    • Growth Opportunity 3- Generation of Soil Amendments—New Capabilities
    • Growth Opportunity 4- Generation of Soil Amendments— Geographic Expansion
  • Analyst Insights
    • The Decentralized Treatment Sector is Expected to Experience Maximum Growth in the Asia-Pacific Region
  • Key Patents and Contacts
    • Key Patents Related to Material Recovery Facility and Aerobic Composting
    • Key Patents Related to Anaerobic Composting and Rapid Composting
    • Key Patents Related to Biomethanation and Vermicomposting
    • Key Patents Related to Sequential Batch Reactors and Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket
    • Key Patents Related to Constructed Wetlands and Trickling filters
    • Key Contacts

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