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Benchmarking of Top 10 Independent Power Producers (IPPs) in ASEAN-6

Benchmarking of Top 10 Independent Power Producers (IPPs) in ASEAN-6

IPPs in Southeast Asia, particularly ASEAN-6, face multiple challenges such as policy and regulatory restrictions and pressure to control carbon emissions. In addition, IPPs struggle to keep costs low to remain competitive while maintaining the highest quality in power generation, safety standards, and customer service. Incumbent technologies currently deployed in many IPPs are considered insufficient to reduce carbon emissions, although interest has been expressed on possible engagement in future expansions and construction of new IPP plants. This study aims to highlight the best practices of IPPs in ASEAN-6 with reference to parameters such as availability factor, capacity factor, thermal efficiency, expenses, and carbon emissions.


  • Executive Summary
    • Key Findings
    • Installed Capacity of IPPs in ASEAN-6
    • Licensed Capacities of Top 10 IPPs
  • Overview of the Power Industry in ASEAN-6
    • Overview of Power Industry Participants
    • Market Trends in Power Industry
      • Table Power Industry: Installed Capacity, Southeast Asia, 2010-2014
    • Overview of IPP
    • Value Chain of IPP
    • Total Power Generation and IPP Capacity per Capita
    • Drivers and Restraints for IPPs
    • Drivers Explained
    • Restraints Explained
  • Benchmarking of Top 10 IPP Plants in ASEAN-6
    • Selection Methodology
    • Benchmarking Parameters
    • Inputs for Benchmarking Parameters
      • Table Inputs for Benchmarking Parameters for Top 10 IPP Plants, Southeast Asia, 2014
    • Installed Capacity
    • Year of Commissioning Versus Availability Factor (AF)
    • Contribution to Country Versus Capacity Factor (CF)
    • Year of Commissioning Versus Capacity Factor
    • Year of Commissioning Versus Thermal Efficiency (TE)
    • Capacity Factor Versus O&M Expense
    • O&M Expense Versus Fuel Expense
    • Year of Commissioning Versus CO2 Emission
    • Improvement Gaps to Achieve CO2 Emission Target in 2030
    • CO2 Abatement Investment Potential
    • Opportunity for Carbon Abatement
  • IPP Profiles
    • Senoko Power Station
    • Paiton Energy Plant
    • Ratchaburi Power Plant
    • Kapar Power Plant
    • Sual Power Plant
    • Vung Ang Thermal Power Plant
    • YTL PowerSeraya Power Plant
    • Tuas Power Plant
    • Tanjung Bin Power Plant
    • TNB Janamanjung Power Plant
  • Appendix
    • Key Abbreviations
    • Definitions
    • Assumptions
    • IPPs with Over 1,000 MW Capacities in ASEAN-6
      • Table IPPs with Over 1,000 MW Capacities in ASEAN-6
    • Estimation of CO2 Emission Target in 2030 in ASEAN
      • Table Estimation of CO2 Emission Target in 2030 in ASEAN (g/kWh)
    • PPP Conversion Factors
      • Table PPP Conversion Factors for Machinery and Equipment (per $)
      • Table PPP Conversion Factors for O&M (50% Generation Operation Expense) (per $)
      • Table PPP Conversion Factors for Fuel Expense ($= 1)

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