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World Water Desalination

Desalination grows in traditional markets, and also in new markets
Traditionally, desalination has accounted for a significant share of the water supply only in the most water-deprived areas. In several countries on or near the Persian Gulf, desalination provides the majority of the drinking water supply. Aside from this regional market, desalination techniques were used in smaller communities with compromised natural water supplies, or in select industrial applications.

But as the world’s population has continued to grow, the global water supply has remained the same. And of that finite amount of fresh water, only a small share of it is suitable for human consumption. As a result, desalination has become a more viable approach to address water supply concerns worldwide, creating a market expected to exceed $15 billion by 2015.

Membrane desalination gains market share; thermal techniques strong in Middle East
Traditional techniques for desalination involve thermal processes. The most common thermal processes, multi-stage flash (MSF) distillation and multipleeffect distillation (MED), are reliable and capable of producing pure water from the saltiest seawater sources, including the Persian Gulf. However, these techniques -- particularly MSF -- consume large amounts of energy. These techniques tend to be economically viable only when water shortages are most severe and when local energy supplies are abundant -- such as in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Kuwait and a few other countries in the region. Elsewhere, shortages of quality water can also be daunting, but vast amounts of energy are less readily available. This is true in China, Spain, Australia and parts of the United States -- where populations have outgrown native water supplies or local water supplies contain so much salt and other dissolved solids that they are not fit for use. These difficulties are perhaps most severe in Middle Eastern and North African nations not endowed with plentiful oil and gas reserves but beset with similarly arid conditions, lack of indigenous water supplies, and, in some cases, substantial population growth and urbanization rates.

As a result, lower-cost membrane-based technologies are growing more rapidly. Membrane systems have been the main technology for brackish water desalination in the US and elsewhere. Seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) is expected to be one of the fastest growing niches in the global desalination market. The US, Spain, China, Australia and other countries are using more seawater as the source water for desalination processes. Most of the largest municipal facilities in these countries will use membrane-based techniques. Many countries in the Africa/ Mideast region -- such as Algeria and Israel -- will rely on membrane desalination to supply growing water needs. Even oil-rich nations such as Saudi Arabia are raising their SWRO capacity to conserve energy supplies for other uses or export.

Overall, membrane techniques are forecast to account for most new desalination capacity. Improvements to membranes extending their functional lives and reducing their vulnerability to fouling will drive demand for RO systems, and for the membranes and other products used in these systems. Growth for MED systems -- including evaporators, pumps and other products -- will be driven by improved energy efficiency, especially when compared to MSF. Energy cost reductions via the use of energy recovery systems and plants designed to use power plant waste energy will also serve to make desalination systems more economically feasible. This is very important, as cost (and energy cost in particular) has been the primary restraining factor on the global desalination market.


INTRODUCTION
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT
General
World Macroeconomic Outlook
Recent Historical Trends
World Economic Outlook
World Fixed Investment Outlook
World Demographic Outlook
Population
Urbanization Patterns
World Water Use
Irrigation Trends
Water Shortages
Water Reuse
Environmental & Regulatory Issues
Water Pollution
Regulations
Technology & Product Innovation
International Trade
III. OVERVIEW
General
Desalination Capacity
Regional Market Overview
Technology Overview
Thermal Desalination
Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) Distillation
Multiple Effect Distillation (MED)
Other
Membrane Desalination
Reverse Osmosis (RO)
Other
Applications Overview
New Construction
Operations & Maintenance
Products & Services Overview
Product Overview
Membrane Systems
Membrane Elements
Membrane Equipment
Pumps
Evaporators
Chemicals
Filters
Other
Chemical Dosing Equipment
Piping & Valves
Energy Recovery Devices
All Other
Services Overview
Market Overview
Municipal
Industrial
Other
IV. AFRICA/MIDEAST
General
Algeria
Bahrain
Iran
Israel
Kuwait
Libya
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
United Arab Emirates
Other Africa/Mideast
V. UNITED STATES
General
Desalination Product Demand
Applications, Technologies & Markets
VI. ASIA/PACIFIC
General
Australia
China
India
Japan
Other Asia/Pacific
VII. OTHER REGIONS
Europe
Spain
Italy
Other Europe
Caribbean Region
Other Western Hemisphere
VIII. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
General
Market Share
Industry Restructuring
Competitive Strategies
Cooperative Agreements
Research & Development
Marketing & Distribution
Company Profiles
Abeinsa Ingeniería y Construcción Industrial, see Abengoa
Abengoa SA
Acciona SA
Actividades de Construccion y Servicios SA
Afton Pumps Incorporated
Al Safya Water Company
Alfa Laval AB
Altela Incorporated
American Water Works Company Incorporated
Aqualyng AS
Aquaria Water, see Obrascon Huarte Lain
AquaSure, see GDF SUEZ and Leighton Holdings
Asahi Kasei Corporation
Avista Technologies Incorporated
Babcock Borsig Steinmüller, see Bilfinger Berger
Befesa Agua, see Abengoa
Bekaert (NV) SA
BEL Group Limited
Belleli Energy, see Exterran Holdings
Berwind Corporation
BILFAL Heavy Industries Limited
Bilfinger Berger SE
Biwater Holdings Limited
BWA Water Additives UK, see Berwind
BWT AG
Cadagua, see Grupo Ferrovial
Cat Pumps Corporation
Cayman Water, see Consolidated Water
Christ AQUA, see BWT
Christ Water Technology, see GLV
Cilit, see BWT
Consolidated Water Company Limited
Danaher Corporation
Delek Group Limited
Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction Company Limited
Dow Chemical Company
Ebara Corporation
EESTech Incorporated
Energy Recovery Incorporated
Exterran Holdings Incorporated
Fisia Italimpianti, see Impregilo
Flowserve Corporation
Fluid Equipment Development Company LLC
Fomentos de Construcciones y Contratas SA
FuMA-Tech, see BWT
GDF SUEZ SA
General Electric Company
GLV Incorporated
Grundfos A/S
Grupo Ferrovial SA
Hach, see Danaher
Hitachi Zosen Corporation
HOH Water Technology A/S, see BWT
H2O Innovation Incorporated
Hydranautics, see Nitto Denko
Hyflux Limited
Impregilo SpA
Isolux Corsan Group SA
ITT Corporation
John Holland, see Leighton Holdings
King Lee Technologies
Koch Industries Incorporated
KSB AG
Kurita Water Industries Limited
Leighton Holdings Limited
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Limited
Mitsui & Company Limited
NanoH2O Incorporated
Nitto Denko Corporation
Nomura Micro Science Company Limited
Norit NV
Obrascon Huarte Lain SA
Ocean Conversion BVI, see Consolidated Water
Ocean Conversion Cayman, see Consolidated Water
OHL Medio Ambiente Inima SAU, see Obrascon Huarte Lain
Ovivo, see GLV
Pall Corporation
Parker-Hannifin Corporation
Pentair Incorporated
Poseidon Resources Corporation
Professional Water Technologies, see H2O Innovation
Pump Engineering, see Energy Recovery
Rhodia SA
RWE Group
Sacyr Vallehermoso SA
Sadyt, see Sacyr Vallehermoso
Sasakura Engineering Company Limited
Sembcorp Industries Limited
Seven Seas Water Corporation
Severn Trent plc
Siemens AG
Sociedad Española de Tratamiento de Agua
Sulzer Limited
Técnicas de Desalinización de Aguas, see Actividades de Construccion y Servicios
Thiess, see Leighton Holdings
Toray Industries Incorporated
Torishima Pump Manufacturing Company Limited
Toyobo Company Limited
TriSep Corporation
Universal Aqua Technologies, see Severn Trent
US AquaSonics Corporation
VA Tech WABAG Limited
Veolia Environnement SA
Village Marine Tec, see Parker-Hannifin
Western Chemical Corporation
WETICO
Woongjin Chemical Company Limited
Other Companies in the World Water Desalination Industry
LIST OF TABLES
SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table
SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region
2 World Gross Fixed Capital Formation by Region
3 World Population by Region
4 World Water Use by Region
SECTION III -- OVERVIEW
1 World Water Desalination Capacity by Region
2 World Water Desalination Market by Region
3 World Water Desalination Market by Technology
4 World Thermal Desalination System Demand by Region & Type
5 World Membrane Desalination System Demand by Region & Type
6 World Water Desalination Demand by Application
7 World Desalination New Construction Demand by Region
8 World Desalination Operations & Maintenance (O&M) Demand by Region
9 World Water Desalination Products & Services Demand
10 World Water Desalination Product Demand by Type
11 World Desalination Membrane System Demand by Type
12 World Desalination Membrane Element Demand by Region
13 World Desalination Membrane Equipment Demand by Region
14 World Desalination Pump Demand by Region
15 World Desalination Evaporator Demand by Region
16 World Desalination Chemical Demand by Region
17 World Desalination Filter Demand by Region
18 Other Desalination Product Demand by Region & Type
19 World Desalination Services Demand by Region
20 World Water Desalination Markets
21 World Municipal Desalination Demand by Region
22 World Industrial Desalination Demand by Region
23 Other Markets for Desalination by Region
SECTION IV -- AFRICA/MIDEAST
1 Africa/Mideast: Market Environment for Water Desalination
2 Africa/Mideast: Water Desalination Demand by Segment, Application, Technology & Market
3 Algeria: Market Environment for Water Desalination
4 Algeria: Desalination Product Demand by Type
5 Algeria: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
6 Bahrain: Market Environment for Water Desalination
7 Bahrain: Desalination Product Demand by Type
8 Bahrain: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
9 Iran: Market Environment for Water Desalination
10 Iran: Desalination Product Demand by Type
11 Iran: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
12 Israel: Market Environment for Water Desalination
13 Israel: Desalination Product Demand by Type
14 Israel: Desalination Demand by Application & Market
15 Kuwait: Market Environment for Water Desalination
16 Kuwait: Desalination Product Demand by Type
17 Kuwait: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
18 Libya: Market Environment for Water Desalination
19 Libya: Desalination Product Demand by Type
20 Libya: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
21 Oman: Market Environment for Water Desalination
22 Oman: Desalination Product Demand by Type
23 Oman: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
24 Qatar: Market Environment for Water Desalination
25 Qatar: Desalination Product Demand by Type
26 Qatar: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
27 Saudi Arabia: Market Environment for Water Desalination
28 Saudi Arabia: Desalination Product Demand by Type
29 Saudi Arabia: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
30 United Arab Emirates: Market Environment for Water Desalination
31 United Arab Emirates: Desalination Product Demand by Type
32 United Arab Emirates: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
33 Other Africa/Mideast: Market Environment for Water Desalination
34 Other Africa/Mideast: Desalination Product Demand by Type
35 Other Africa/Mideast: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
SECTION V -- UNITED STATES
1 United States: Market Environment for Water Desalination
2 United States: Desalination Product Demand by Type
3 United States: Desalination Demand by Application & Market
SECTION VI -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Market Environment for Water Desalination
2 Asia/Pacific: Water Desalination Demand by Segment, Application, Technology & Market
3 Australia: Market Environment for Water Desalination
4 Australia: Desalination Product Demand by Type
5 Australia: Desalination Demand by Application & Market
6 China: Market Environment for Water Desalination
7 China: Desalination Product Demand by Type
8 China: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
9 India: Market Environment for Water Desalination
10 India: Desalination Product Demand by Type
11 India: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
12 Japan: Market Environment for Water Desalination
13 Japan: Desalination Product Demand by Type
14 Japan: Desalination Demand by Application & Market
15 Other Asia/Pacific: Market Environment for Water Desalination
16 Other Asia/Pacific: Desalination Product Demand by Type
17 Other Asia/Pacific: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
SECTION VII -- OTHER REGIONS
1 Europe: Market Environment for Water Desalination
2 Europe: Desalination Demand by Segment, Application, Technology & Market
3 Spain: Market Environment for Water Desalination
4 Spain: Desalination Product Demand by Type
5 Spain: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
6 Italy: Market Environment for Water Desalination
7 Italy: Desalination Product Demand by Type
8 Italy: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
9 Other Europe: Market Environment for Water Desalination
10 Other Europe: Desalination Product Demand by Type
11 Other Europe: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
12 Caribbean Region: Market Environment for Water Desalination
13 Caribbean Region: Desalination Product Demand by Type
14 Caribbean Region: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
15 Other Western Hemisphere: Market Environment for Water Desalination
16 Other Western Hemisphere: Desalination Product Demand by Type
17 Other Western Hemisphere: Desalination Demand by Application, Technology & Market
SECTION VIII -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Water Desalination Sales by Company, 2010
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements

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