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North America Lightweight Automotive Materials

North America Lightweight Automotive Materials

North American demand to exceed $30 billion in 2018
Demand for lightweight automotive materials in the North American (NA) light vehicle market is anticipated to reach 22 billion pounds in 2018, valued at more than $30 billion. Advances will significantly outpace gains in automotive materials overall, with regulatory pressure being the major force propelling growth. The current race to lighten the automobile is largely being driven by the increasingly strict fuel economy standards being adopted throughout North America. In August 2012, the US issued new corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards for model year 2017- 2025 light-duty vehicles, with a nominal requirement of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. Canada and Mexico have previously implemented standards aligned with US CAFE requirements, and are expected to do so going forward, as they seek to establish continent-wide regulations to ensure that their respective automotive industries remain competitive.

Lightweighting key to reach standards
Lightweighting represents a key strategy employed by automakers to comply with North America’s footprint-based fuel economy standards. By 2018, total light vehicle weight is projected to fall to roughly 3,700 pounds from about 3,900 pounds per unit in 2013. Declines are expected to accelerate over the longer term, as the decline in average vehicle curb weight will coincide with the rising use of lightweight materials. These materials will expand their share of automotive material demand to 45 percent in 2023, up from just 20 percent in 2003, as automakers strive to meet 2025 standards.

Exterior/structural segment to exhibit best growth
Among applications, the best growth prospects are forecast for the exterior and structural segment, propelled by the ongoing development of lightweight materials suitable for use in structural applications and the substantial weight savings such materials can provide. In fact, this sector will account for nearly 75 percent of overall vehicle weight savings through 2023, with body and frame applications alone accounting for about half of average vehicle weight reduction levels. Interior applications are relatively mature and will see only limited growth going forward, as plastics have long been utilized in interior components, thus restricting opportunities for further weight reduction.

Aluminum, high-str steel lead materials demand
Materials suppliers will increasingly collaborate with automakers to engineer lightweight components in an effort to achieve significant weight reduction without sacrificing strength, safety, and durability. Aluminum and high-strength steel represent the primary lightweight materials employed in this market. Aluminum will enjoy rapid growth in exterior and structural applications, as automakers explore the adoption of this material in place of steel for body components such as closures and panels. High-strength steel is predicted to offer the best opportunities for growth based on its relatively low cost and the ongoing development of new grades that provide a combination of exceptional strength and formability, which will make it the material of choice for structure and frame applications. Engineering plastics will remain the leading polymer type through the forecast period, having successfully supplanted metals in many applications based on advantages such as enhanced design freedom. Demand for highperformance composites will rise rapidly from a small base due to their substantial weight savings potential, though high cost will remain an obstacle to growth.


  • INTRODUCTION
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Table LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
  • MARKET ENVIRONMENT
    • General
    • Macroeconomic Outlook
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
      • United States
        • Table UNITED STATES: MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
      • Canada
        • Table CANADA: MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
      • Mexico
        • Table MEXICO: MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT
    • Light Vehicle Outlook
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: LIGHT VEHICLE OVERVIEW
      • United States
        • Table UNITED STATES: LIGHT VEHICLE OVERVIEW
      • Canada
        • Table CANADA: LIGHT VEHICLE OVERVIEW
      • Mexico
        • Table MEXICO: LIGHT VEHICLE OVERVIEW
    • Automotive Industry Trends
      • United States
        • Table CHART II-1 UNITED STATES: LIGHT VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY COMPANY, 2013
      • Canada
        • Table CHART II-2 CANADA: LIGHT VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY COMPANY, 2013
      • Mexico
        • Table CHART II-3 MEXICO: LIGHT VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY COMPANY, 2013
    • Environmental & Regulatory Issues
      • Fuel Economy & Emissions Standards
      • Recycling
    • Light Vehicle Weight Trends
      • Table AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND IN LIGHT VEHICLES
    • Materials Technology
    • Competitive Fuel Economy Technologies
    • Pricing Trends
      • Table LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS PRICING
    • Foreign Trade & International Activity
  • OVERVIEW
    • General
    • Demand by Product
      • Table LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY PRODUCT
      • Table CHART III-1 LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY PRODUCT, 2003-2023
    • Demand by Country
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY COUNTRY
      • Table CHART III-2 NORTH AMERICA: LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2013
      • United States
        • Table UNITED STATES: LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & APPLICATION
      • Canada
        • Table CANADA: LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & APPLICATION
      • Mexico
        • Table MEXICO: LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & APPLICATION
  • METALS
    • General
      • Table LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE METALS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & COUNTRY
      • Table CHART IV-1 LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE METALS DEMAND BY PRODUCT, 2013
    • Aluminum
      • Table AUTOMOTIVE ALUMINUM DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
      • Engine & Mechanical
        • Table ENGINE & MECHANICAL APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE ALUMINUM
      • Exterior & Structural
        • Table EXTERIOR & STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE ALUMINUM
      • Interior
        • Table INTERIOR APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE ALUMINUM
      • Producers
    • High-Strength Steel
      • Table AUTOMOTIVE HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
      • Exterior & Structural
        • Table EXTERIOR & STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL
      • Engine & Mechanical
        • Table ENGINE & MECHANICAL APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL
      • Interior
        • Table INTERIOR APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL
      • Producers
    • Other Metals
      • Table OTHER LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE METALS DEMAND BY TYPE, APPLICATION, &COUNTRY
      • Metal Powders
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE METAL POWDERS DEMAND BY APPLICATION
      • Magnesium
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE MAGNESIUM DEMAND BY APPLICATION
  • POLYMERS & COMPOSITES
    • General
      • Table AUTOMOTIVE POLYMERS & COMPOSITES DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
    • Applications
      • Interior
        • Table INTERIOR APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE POLYMERS & COMPOSITES
      • Engine & Mechanical
        • Table ENGINE & MECHANICAL APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE POLYMERS & COMPOSITES
      • Exterior & Structural
        • Table EXTERIOR & STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE POLYMERS & COMPOSITES
    • Products
      • Table AUTOMOTIVE POLYMERS & COMPOSITES DEMAND BY PRODUCT
      • Table CHART V-1 AUTOMOTIVE POLYMERS & COMPOSITES DEMAND BY PRODUCT, 2013
      • Engineering Plastics
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING PLASTICS DEMAND BY TYPE, APPLICATION, &COUNTRY
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE NYLON DEMAND BY APPLICATION
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE-STYRENE DEMAND BY APPLICATION
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE POLYCARBONATE DEMAND BY APPLICATION
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE HIGH-TEMPERATURE RESINS DEMAND BY APPLICATION
        • Table OTHER AUTOMOTIVE ENGINEERING PLASTICS DEMAND BY APPLICATION
      • Polypropylene
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE POLYPROPYLENE DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
      • Thermoplastic Elastomers
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMERS DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
      • Polyurethanes
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE POLYURETHANES DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
      • Rubber
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE RUBBER DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
      • Composites
        • Table AUTOMOTIVE COMPOSITES DEMAND BY TYPE, APPLICATION, &COUNTRY
        • Table CONVENTIONAL AUTOMOTIVE COMPOSITES DEMAND BY APPLICATION
        • Table HIGH-PERFORMANCE AUTOMOTIVE COMPOSITES DEMAND BY APPLICATION
      • Other Polymers
        • Table OTHER AUTOMOTIVE POLYMERS DEMAND BY APPLICATION & COUNTRY
  • APPLICATIONS
    • General
      • Table LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND BY APPLICATION
      • Table CHART VI-1 GROWTH IN DEMAND FOR LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS BY APPLICATION, 2013-2023
    • Engine & Mechanical
      • Table LIGHTWEIGHT ENGINE & MECHANICAL AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Table CHART VI-2 SHARE OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN ENGINE & MECHANICAL APPLICATIONS, 2003-2023
      • Powertrain
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT POWERTRAIN AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Chassis
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT CHASSIS AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Other Engine & Mechanical
        • Table OTHER LIGHTWEIGHT ENGINE & MECHANICAL AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
    • Exterior & Structural
      • Table LIGHTWEIGHT EXTERIOR & STRUCTURAL AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Table CHART VI-3 SHARE OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN EXTERIOR & STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS, 2003-2023
      • Body Structure & Frame
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT BODY STRUCTURE & FRAME AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Body Panels & Trim
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT BODY PANELS & TRIM AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Closures
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT CLOSURES AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Other Exterior & Structural
        • Table OTHER LIGHTWEIGHT EXTERIOR & STRUCTURAL AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
    • Interior
      • Table LIGHTWEIGHT INTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Table CHART VI-4 SHARE OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN INTERIOR APPLICATIONS, 2003-2023
      • Seating
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT SEATING AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Door Modules
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT DOOR MODULE AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Instrument Panel
        • Table LIGHTWEIGHT INSTRUMENT PANEL AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
      • Other Interior
        • Table OTHER LIGHTWEIGHT INTERIOR AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS DEMAND
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • General
    • Market Share
      • Table NORTH AMERICAN LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS SALES BY COMPANY, 2013
      • Table CHART VII-1 NORTH AMERICAN LIGHTWEIGHT AUTOMOTIVE MATERIALS MARKET SHARE, 2013
    • Mergers & Acquisitions
      • Table SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES
    • Competitive Strategies
    • Research & Development
    • Marketing & Distribution
    • Cooperative Agreements
      • Table SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
    • Company Profiles
      • AK Steel Holding Corporation
      • Alcoa Incorporated
      • Aleris International Incorporated
      • ArcelorMittal SA
      • BASF SE
      • Dow Chemical Company
      • DuPont (EI) de Nemours
      • Exxon Mobil Corporation
      • Faurecia SA
      • Fiat SpA
      • Ford Motor Company
      • General Motors Company
      • GKN plc
      • Hindalco Industries Limited
      • Honda Motor Company Limited
      • INEOS Group AG
      • Johnson Controls Incorporated
      • Kaiser Aluminum Corporation
      • Kobe Steel Limited
      • Kraton Performance Polymers Incorporated
      • LANXESS AG
      • Luxfer Holdings plc
      • LyondellBasell Industries NV
      • Magna International Incorporated
      • Meridian Lightweight Technologies Incorporated
      • Mitsui Chemicals Incorporated
      • Momentive Performance Materials Holdings LLC
      • Norsk Hydro ASA
      • Plasan Carbon Composites Incorporated
      • PolyOne Corporation
      • Rio Tinto Group
      • Royal Ten Cate NV
      • Saudi Basic Industries Corporation
      • Solvay SA
      • Teijin Limited
      • Teknor Apex Company
      • Toray Industries Incorporated
      • Toyota Motor Corporation
      • Trinseo SA
      • United States Steel Corporation
      • Washington Penn Plastic Company Incorporated

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