Hardscaping Products

Hardscaping Products

US demand for hardscaping products is forecast to rise 3.3% per year to $3.9 billion in 2025, supported by growth in professional-grade improvement projects, the leading outlet for these products, and ongoing elevated spending on the addition or expansion of outdoor spaces. Other factors supporting growth include growing preferences for higher value products (e.g., natural stone) that bring indoor aesthetics outside, as well as technological advances that enable lower cost materials such as concrete to imitate the look and texture of higher value materials.

This report covers hardscaping products by product, material, market, application, end-user, project type, and region. Data are given in dollar value.

Hardscaping products covered in the study include:
Concrete pavers, slabs, and planks
Lumber (wood, plastic, and composite)
Blocks (concrete, stone, and glass)
Ready-mix concrete
Stone tiles slabs, and veneer
Bricks
Aggregates (sand gravel, pebbles, and crushed stone)
Other hardscaping products

Demand is broken by material:
Concrete
Rock and stone
Wood
Clay
Plastic
Other materials
Demand is broken by project type.
Patios
Walkways
Walls
Edging and other applications
Demand is broken by market.
Residential
Commercial
Recreation and Infrastructure
Demand is broken by application.
New
Renovation and repair
Demand is broken by end-user.
Consumer/DIY
Professional
Demand is broken out for US region.
Northeast
Midwest
South
West

Scope of the Report
This report covers the scope, size, and growth of the US hardscaping products market including key trends in products, landscaping applications, markets, end-users, and regions. Historical data are provided for 2010, 2015, and 2020 with forecasts for 2025 and 2030, with year by year historical market volatility also addressed. Data are provided in dollar value at the manufacturers’ level. Retail level estimates are also provided for major product types. Also included in this study are an analysis of industry key players and market shares; consumer survey data and insights; and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.



1. Executive Summary
2. About This Report
     Report Details
     Study Scope & Product Description
     Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic
3. Overview
     Historical Market Trends
     Markets
     Pricing Trends
     General Landscaping Outlook
     Sustainability
          Recycling & Recycled Content
          Water Conservation/Drought
          Climate Change
4. Consumer Trends & Insights
     Homeownership vs. Rentals
          Ownership vs. Rentals
          Household Income & Homeownership
          Homeownership by Age Group
     Average Lot Size & Outdoor Space Trends
          Prevalence of Owned Outdoor Spaces at Home
          Residential Lot Size
     Lawns, Gardens, & Outdoor Space
     Home Improvement & Remodeling
     Improvements to Yard, Garden, or Other Outdoor Space
     Landscaping Attitudes
     Recent Landscaping Product Purchases
     Xeriscaping
     Outdoor Living
          What Is Outdoor Living?
          Impact on Hardscaping Product Purchases
5. Products
     Demand by Product Type
     Concrete Pavers, Slabs, & Planks
     Lumber (Wood, Plastic, & Composite)
     Blocks (Concrete, Stone, & Glass)
     Ready-Mix Concrete
     Stone Tiles, Slabs, & Veneer
     Bricks
     Aggregates (Sand, Gravel, Pebbles, & Crushed Stone)
     Other Hardscaping Products
6. Material Trends
     Demand by Material
     Concrete
     Rock & Stone
     Wood
     Clay
     Plastic
     Other Materials
7. Applications
     Demand by Application
     Patios
     Walkways
     Walls
     Edging & Other Applications
8. Residential Market
     Market Scope
     Product Trends
          Demand by Product
          Concrete Pavers, Slabs, & Planks
          Lumber
          Blocks
          Ready-Mix Concrete
          Stone Tiles, Slabs, & Veneer
          Bricks
          Aggregates (Sand, Gravel, Pebbles, & Crushed Stone)
          Other Products
     Applications
          Demand by Application
          Patios
          Walkways
          Walls
          Edging & Other Applications
     Project Types
          New Construction
          Renovation & Repair
9. Commercial Market
     Market Scope
     Product Trends
          Demand by Product
          Concrete Pavers, Slabs, & Planks
          Lumber
          Blocks
          Ready-Mix Concrete
          Stone Tiles, Slabs, & Veneer
          Bricks
          Aggregates (Sand, Gravel, Pebbles, & Crushed Stone)
          Other Products
     Applications
          Demand by Application
          Patios
          Walkways
          Walls
          Edging & Other Applications
 
    Project Types
          New Construction
          Renovation & Repair
10. Recreation & Infrastructure Market
     Scope & Product Description
     Product Trends
          Concrete Pavers, Slabs, & Planks
          Lumber
          Blocks
          Ready-Mix Concrete
          Stone Tiles, Slabs, & Veneer
          Bricks
          Aggregates (Sand, Gravel, Pebbles, & Crushed Stone)
          Other Products
     Applications
          Demand by Application
          Patios
          Walkways
          Walls
          Edging & Other Applications
     Project Types
          New Construction
          Renovation & Repair
11. End Users
     Demand by End User
     Professional
     Consumer/DIY
12. Regional Trends
     Demand by Region
     Northeast
     Midwest
     South
     West
13. Retail Strategies
     Retail Level Hardscaping Product Sales
     Marketing & Advertising: Telling the Story; Reaching the Client
          Strategies & Media Used
          Sustainability & Eco-Friendliness
          Product Origin
          Digital Media
     Retail Distribution Channels
          Consumer Retail Shopping Patterns: Sales by Primary & Secondary Retail Outlet
          Home Centers
          Mass Merchandisers
          Garden Centers
          E-Commerce
          Other Retail Distribution
14. Key Suppliers & Market Share
     Industry Composition
     Market Share
     Mergers & Acquisitions
     Professional Distributors & Direct Sales
15. Appendix
    Scope
     Definitions
     Freedonia Methodology
     Study-Specific Methodology
     Sources
     Associations & Agencies
     Related Studies & Reports
     Macroeconomic Assumptions
          Economic Environment
          Demographics
          Consumer Spending
          Building Construction
          Residential Building Construction
          Residential Improvement & Repairs
          Commercial Building Construction
          Commercial Building Improvements & Repairs
          Nonbuilding Construction Expenditures
          Housing Completions
          Housing Stock

List of Tables
2. About This Report
     Table 2-1 | Annual Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2019 - 2021 (million dollars)
3. Overview
     Table 3-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2020 (million dollars)
     Table 3-2 | Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 3-3 | Hardscaping Product Pricing, 2010 - 2030 (dollars per ton & dollars per unit)
4. Consumer Trends & Insights
     Table 4-1 | Homeownership & Rental of Residences in the US, 2010 - 2020 (percent of respondents)
     Table 4-2 | Homeownership & Rental Trends in the US by Annual Household Income Bracket, 2010 - 2020 (% of population)
     Table 4-3 | Homeownership & Rentals in the US by Age Group, 2010 - 2020 (% of population)
     Table 4-4 | Do You or a Member of Your Household Own the Land Around Your Home?, 2020 (% respondents)
     Table 4-5 | Lot Size Owned by Urban, Suburban, & Rural Setting, 2020 (% of those who indicate they own the land around their home)
     Table 4-6 | How Do You Use Your Outdoor Space? by Rural, Suburban, & Urban Setting & Region, 2021 (% of respondents with a yard, garden, or outdoor space at home)
     Table 4-7 | Home Remodeling Completed in the Last 12 Months, DIY & By an Outside Contractor, 2011 - 2020 (% of households)
     Table 4-8 | Landscaping Attitudes by Gender & Age Group, 2021 (% respondents)
     Table 4-9 | Landscaping Attitudes by Rural vs. Urban Setting & Region, 2021 (% respondents)
     Table 4-10 | Did You Buy or Authorize the Purchase of Any of These in the Past 12 Months?, 2021 (% of respondents with a yard, garden, or outdoor space at home)
     Table 4-11 | I Am Concerned about Droughts, Floods, & Other Climate Change Effects by Gender & Age Group, 2021 (% respondents with a yard, garden, or other outdoor space at home)
5. Products
     Table 5-1 | Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-2 | Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping Demand by Application & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-3 | Hardscaping Lumber Demand by Material, Application, & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-4 | Hardscaping Block Demand by Material, Application, & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-5 | Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping Product Demand by Application & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-6 | Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping Product Demand by Material, Application, & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-7 | Hardscaping Brick Demand by Material, Application, & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-8 | Hardscaping Aggregates Demand by Material, Application, & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 5-9 | Other Hardscaping Demand by Product, Application, & Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
6. Material Trends
     Table 6-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 6-2 | Concrete Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 6-3 | Rock & Stone Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 6-4 | Wood Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 6-5 | Clay Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 6-6 | Plastic Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 6-7 | Other Hardscaping Material Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
7. Applications
     Table 7-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 7-2 | Patio Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 7-3 | Hardscaping Walkway Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 7-4 | Hardscaping Wall Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 7-5 | Edging & Other Hardscaping Applications: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
8. Residential Market
     Table 8-1 | Residential Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-2 | Residential Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-3 | Residential Lumber Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-4 | Residential Hardscaping Blocks: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-5 | Residential Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-6 | Residential Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-7 | Residential Hardscaping Brick: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-8 | Residential Aggregates Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-9 | Other Residential Hardscaping Products: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-10 | Residential Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-11 | Residential Patio Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-12 | Residential Walkway Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-13 | Residential Wall Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-14 | Residential Edging & Other Hardscaping Applications: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-15 | Residential Hardscaping Product Demand by Project Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-16 | New Residential Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 8-17 | Residential Renovation & Repair Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
9. Commercial Market
     Table 9-1 | Commercial Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-2 | Commercial Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-3 | Commercial Hardscaping Lumber Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-4 | Commercial Hardscaping Block Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-5 | Commercial Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-6 | Commercial Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-7 | Commercial Hardscaping Brick Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-8 | Commercial Hardscaping Aggregates Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-9 | Other Commercial Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-10 | Commercial Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-11 | Commercial Patio Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-12 | Commercial Walkway Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-13 | Commercial Wall Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-14 | Commercial Edging & Other Hardscaping Application: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-15 | Commercial Hardscaping Product Demand by Project Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-16 | New Commercial Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 9-17 | Commercial Renovation & Repair Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
10. Recreation & Infrastructure Market
     Table 10-1 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-2 | Recreation & Infrastructure Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-3 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Lumber Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-4 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Block Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-5 | Recreation & Infrastructure Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-6 | Recreation & Infrastructure Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-7 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Brick Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-8 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Aggregates: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-9 | Other Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-10 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-11 | Recreation & Infrastructure Patio Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-12 | Recreation & Infrastructure Walkway Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-13 | Recreation & Infrastructure Wall Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-14 | Edging & Other Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Applications: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-15 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Product Demand by Project Type, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-16 | New Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 10-17 | Recreation & Infrastructure Renovation & Repair Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
11. End Users
     Table 11-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand by End User, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 11-2 | Professional Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 11-3 | Consumer/DIY Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
12. Regional Trends
     Table 12-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand by Region, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 12-2 | Northeast Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 12-3 | Midwest Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 12-4 | South Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Table 12-5 | West Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
13. Retail Strategies
     Table 13-1 | Hardscaping Retail Sales by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
14. Key Suppliers & Market Share
     Table 14-1 | Selected Mergers & Acquisitions
15. Appendix
     Table 15-1 | Study Scope: US Geographic Regions & Subregions
     Table 15-2 | Relevant Industry Codes
     Table 15-3 | Relevant Trade Codes
     Table 15-4 | Macroeconomic Indicators, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars)
     Table 15-5 | Population & Households, 2010 - 2030 (million persons)
     Table 15-6 | Personal Consumption Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion dollars)
     Table 15-7 | Building Construction Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)
     Table 15-8 | Residential Building Construction Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)
     Table 15-9 | Residential Building Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)
     Table 15-10 | Commercial Building Construction Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)
     Table 15-11 | Commercial Building Improvement & Repair Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)
     Table 15-12 | Nonbuilding Construction Expenditures, 2010 - 2030 (billion 2012 dollars & billion dollars)
     Table 15-13 | New Housing Indicators, 2010 - 2030 (thousand units)
     Table 15-14 | Housing Stock by Type, 2010 - 2030 (million units)

List of Figures
1. Executive Summary
     Figure 1-1 | US Hardscaping Market
2. About This Report
     Figure 2-1 | Hardscape Product Examples
     Figure 2-2 | Annual Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2018 - 2023 (% annual growth)
3. Overview
     Figure 3-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand, 2004 - 2020 (million dollars)
     Figure 3-2 | Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 3-3 | Hardscaping Product Pricing, 2010 - 2030 (% CAGR)
     Figure 3-4 | Landscaping Product Value Demand Growth, 2020 - 2025 (% CAGR)
4. Consumer Trends & Insights
     Figure 4-1 | Improvements to Yard or Outdoor Space Done in the Past 12 Months or Planned for the Next 12 Months, 2021 (% of respondents who report having a yard, garden, or outdoor space at home)
5. Products
     Figure 5-1 | Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-2 | Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-3 | Hardscaping Lumber Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-4 | Hardscaping Block Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-5 | Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-6 | Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-7 | Hardscaping Brick Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-8 | Hardscaping Aggregate Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 5-9 | Other Hardscaping Product Demand by Market, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
6. Material Trends
     Figure 6-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand by Material, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 6-2 | Concrete Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 6-3 | Rock & Stone Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 6-4 | Wood Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 6-5 | Clay Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 6-6 | Plastic Hardscaping Product Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 6-7 | Other Hardscaping Material Demand, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
7. Applications
     Figure 7-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 7-2 | Patio Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 7-3 | Hardscaping Walkway Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 7-4 | Hardscaping Wall Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 7-5 | Edging & Other Hardscaping Applications: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
8. Residential Market
     Figure 8-1 | Residential Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-2 | Residential Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-3 | Residential Lumber Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-4 | Residential Hardscaping Blocks: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-5 | Residential Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-6 | Residential Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-7 | Residential Hardscaping Brick: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-8 | Residential Aggregates Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-9 | Other Residential Hardscaping Products: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-10 | Residential Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-11 | Residential Patio Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-12 | Residential Walkway Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-13 | Residential Wall Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 8-14 | Residential Edging & Other Hardscaping Applications: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
9. Commercial Market
     Figure 9-1 | Commercial Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-2 | Commercial Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-3 | Commercial Hardscaping Lumber Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-4 | Commercial Hardscaping Block Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-5 | Commercial Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-6 | Commercial Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-7 | Commercial Hardscaping Brick Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-8 | Commercial Hardscaping Aggregates Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-9 | Other Commercial Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-10 | Commercial Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-11 | Commercial Patio Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-12 | Commercial Walkway Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-13 | Commercial Wall Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 9-14 | Commercial Hardscaping Edging & Other Applications: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
10. Recreation & Infrastructure Market
     Figure 10-1 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-2 | Recreation & Infrastructure Concrete Paver, Slab, & Plank Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-3 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Lumber Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-4 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Block Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-5 | Recreation & Infrastructure Ready-Mix Concrete Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-6 | Recreation & Infrastructure Stone Tile, Slab, & Veneer Hardscaping: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-7 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Brick Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-8 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Aggregates: Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-9 | Other Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-10 | Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Product Demand by Application, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-11 | Recreation & Infrastructure Patio Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-12 | Recreation & Infrastructure Walkway Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-13 | Recreation & Infrastructure Wall Hardscaping: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 10-14 | Edging & Other Recreation & Infrastructure Hardscaping Applications: Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
11. End Users
     Figure 11-1 | Hardscaping Product Demand by End User, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 11-2 | Professional Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
     Figure 11-3 | Consumer/DIY Hardscaping Demand by Product, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
12. Regional Trends
     Figure 12-1 | Hardscaping Demand by Region, 2010 - 2030 (million dollars)
14. Key Suppliers & Market Share
     Figure 14-1 | US Hardscaping Market Share by Company, 2020 (billion dollars)
15. Appendix
     Figure 15-1 | Housing Stock: Share by Year of Construction, 2020 (million units)

     © by The Freedonia Group, a division of MarketResearch.com

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