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World Bioplastics

World Bioplastics

World demand to skyrocket 19% annually through 2017
Global demand for biobased and biodegradable plastics will rise 19 percent per year to 950,000 metric tons in 2017. The bioplastics industry, while still in the emerging growth phase, has established itself as a fixture in a number of commercial markets and applications. Robust growth in demand is expected in virtually all geographic markets, stimulated by consumer preferences for sustainable materials, the increased adoption of bioplastics by plastic processors and compounders, and new product development that expands the range of uses for bioplastics.

Despite the rapid increase in demand, bioplastics are still expected to account for less than one percent of the overall plastic resin market in 2022. The success of the bioplastics industry will ultimately depend on price and performance considerations, and large scale conversion to bioplastics will not occur until price parity with conventional plastic resins is achieved.

Biobased commodity resins to post fastest growth
Starch-based resins and polylactic acid (PLA) will remain the leading bioplastic products through 2017, combining to account for over 60 percent of demand. For starch-based resins, advances will be bolstered by increased regulation of conventional plastic products, particularly plastic bags, as governments around the world continue to promote sustainability. PLA demand will benefit from the development of resins and compounds with enhanced performance for more durable applications such as fibers, automotive parts, and electronic parts.

The most rapid gains in demand, however, are expected for biobased commodity resins such as polyethylene and polypropylene, which are just beginning to enter the commercial market. The rapid adoption of these bioplastics will be fueled by their ability to be used as a “drop-in” for existing applications, as well as an increased focus on biobased content rather than biodegradability as a desired attribute. By 2022, biobased polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is also expected to become available in commercial quantities and begin to penetrate the beverage container market.

Brazil to become leading global producer
Western Europe was the largest regional consumer of bioplastics in 2012, accounting for over half of global demand. The region will see strong gains through 2017 as well, bolstered by added regulations and incentives that favor bioplastics over conventional resins. North American demand is expected to more than double, driven by rising consumption of PLA and biobased commodity resins. Advances in the Asia/Pacific region will be fueled by robust growth in China, which has become a major consumer of bioplastic resins used to produce manufactured goods for export.

World bioplastics production used to be concentrated in the US and Western Europe. This began to change in 2012 as production of biobased polyethylene came online in Brazil, and the addition of future capacity will likely make the country the world’s leading producer of bioplastics by 2022. Furthermore, China and Thailand are expected to become some of the top world bioplastics producers.


  • INTRODUCTION
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
  • MARKET ENVIRONMENT
    • General
    • World Economic Overview
      • Recent Historical Trends
      • World Economic Outlook
        • Table WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION (billion 2011 dollars)
    • World Population Outlook
      • Table WORLD POPULATION BY REGION (million persons)
    • World Manufacturing Outlook
      • Table WORLD MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION (billion 2011 dollars)
    • World Agricultural Outlook
      • Table WORLD AGRICULTURAL VALUE ADDED BY REGION (billion 2011 dollars)
      • Maize
        • Table WORLD MAIZE PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2012 (875 million metric tons)
      • Sugar Crops
        • Table WORLD SUGAR CROP PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2012 (2.0 billion metric tons)
      • Cassava
    • World Plastics Overview
      • Plastic Resin Demand
        • Table WORLD PLASTIC RESIN DEMAND BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
        • Table WORLD PLASTIC RESIN DEMAND BY REGION, 2012 (259 million metric tons)
      • Plastic Resin Production
        • Table WORLD PLASTIC RESIN PRODUCTION BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
      • Pricing Trends
        • Table PLASTIC RESIN PRICING (dollars per kilogram)
        • Table PLASTIC RESIN PRICING PATTERNS, 2002-2022 (dollars per kilogram)
    • World Packaging Overview
      • Table WORLD PACKAGING DEMAND BY REGION (billion dollars)
    • Regulatory & Environmental Considerations
      • Standards & Certification
      • Composting & Recycling
      • Legislation
  • OVERVIEW
    • General
    • Product Overview
      • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT, 2002-2022 (percent of total)
      • Starch-Based Resins
        • Table WORLD STARCH-BASED RESIN DEMAND BY REGION & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Polylactic Acid
        • Table WORLD POLYLACTIC ACID DEMAND BY REGION & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Biobased Polyethylene
        • Table WORLD BIOBASED POLYETHYLENE DEMAND BY REGION & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Polyester Bioplastics
        • Table WORLD POLYESTER BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY REGION & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Biobased Polyamides
        • Table WORLD BIOBASED POLYAMIDE DEMAND BY REGION & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Bioplastics
        • Table WORLD OTHER BIOPLASTIC RESIN DEMAND BY TYPE, REGION, & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Market Overview
      • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET
      • Packaging
        • Table WORLD PACKAGING DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION & REGION (thousand metric tons)
        • Table WORLD PACKAGING DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION, 2012 (146,700 metric tons)
      • Nonpackaging
        • Table WORLD NONPACKAGING DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION & REGION (thousand metric tons)
        • Table WORLD NONPACKAGING DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY APPLICATION, 2012 (261,300 metric tons)
    • Regional Overview
      • Demand
        • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
        • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY REGION, 2002-2022 (percent of total)
      • Production
        • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS PRODUCTION BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
        • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS PRODUCTION BY REGION, 2002-2022 (percent of total)
      • Trade Flows
        • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS NET EXPORTS BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • North America: Economic Overview
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
    • North America: Bioplastics Demand
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2012 (85,100 metric tons)
    • United States
      • United States: Overview
        • Table UNITED STATES: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • United States: Products
        • Table UNITED STATES: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • United States: Markets & Producers
        • Table UNITED STATES: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Canada
      • Canada: Overview
        • Table CANADA: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Canada: Products
        • Table CANADA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Canada: Markets & Producers
        • Table CANADA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Mexico
      • Mexico: Overview
        • Table MEXICO: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Mexico: Products
        • Table MEXICO: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Mexico: Markets & Producers
        • Table MEXICO: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • WESTERN EUROPE
    • Western Europe: Economic Overview
      • Table WESTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
    • Western Europe: Bioplastics Demand
      • Table WESTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Table WESTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2012 (212,500 metric tons)
    • Germany
      • Germany: Overview
        • Table GERMANY: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Germany: Products
        • Table GERMANY: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Germany: Markets & Producers
        • Table GERMANY: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Italy
      • Italy: Overview
        • Table ITALY: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Italy: Products
        • Table ITALY: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Italy: Markets & Producers
        • Table ITALY: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • United Kingdom
      • United Kingdom: Overview
        • Table UNITED KINGDOM: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • United Kingdom: Products
        • Table UNITED KINGDOM: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • United Kingdom: Markets & Producers
        • Table UNITED KINGDOM: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • France
      • France: Overview
        • Table FRANCE: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • France: Products
        • Table FRANCE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • France: Markets & Producers
        • Table FRANCE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Netherlands
      • Netherlands: Overview
        • Table NETHERLANDS: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Netherlands: Products
        • Table NETHERLANDS: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Netherlands: Markets & Producers
        • Table NETHERLANDS: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Other Western Europe
      • Other Western Europe: Overview
        • Table OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Western Europe: Products
        • Table OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY COUNTRY & PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Western Europe: Countries
      • Other Western Europe: Markets & Producers
        • Table OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • ASIA/PACIFIC
    • Asia/Pacific: Economic Overview
      • Table ASIA/PACIFIC: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
    • Asia/Pacific: Bioplastics Demand
      • Table ASIA/PACIFIC: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Table ASIA/PACIFIC: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY COUNTRY, 2012 (92,600 metric tons)
    • Japan
      • Japan: Overview
        • Table JAPAN: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Japan: Products
        • Table JAPAN: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Japan: Markets & Producers
        • Table JAPAN: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • China
      • China: Overview
        • Table CHINA: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • China: Products
        • Table CHINA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • China: Markets & Producers
        • Table CHINA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Taiwan
      • Taiwan: Overview
        • Table TAIWAN: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Taiwan: Products
        • Table TAIWAN: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Taiwan: Markets & Producers
        • Table TAIWAN: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • South Korea
      • South Korea: Overview
        • Table SOUTH KOREA: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • South Korea: Products
        • Table SOUTH KOREA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • South Korea: Markets & Producers
        • Table SOUTH KOREA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Other Asia/Pacific
      • Other Asia/Pacific: Overview
        • Table OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Asia/Pacific: Products
        • Table OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY COUNTRY & PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Asia/Pacific: Countries
      • Other Asia/Pacific: Markets & Producers
        • Table OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • OTHER REGIONS
    • Central & South America
      • Central & South America: Economic Overview
        • Table CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Central & South America: Bioplastics Demand
        • Table CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Brazil
        • Table BRAZIL: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table BRAZIL: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
        • Table BRAZIL: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Central & South America
        • Table OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
        • Table OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Eastern Europe
      • Eastern Europe: Overview
        • Table EASTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Eastern Europe: Products & Countries
        • Table EASTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY COUNTRY & PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Eastern Europe: Markets & Producers
        • Table EASTERN EUROPE: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Africa/Mideast
      • Africa/Mideast: Overview
        • Table AFRICA/MIDEAST: BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Africa/Mideast: Products & Countries
        • Table AFRICA/MIDEAST: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (thousand metric tons)
      • Africa/Mideast: Markets & Producers
        • Table AFRICA/MIDEAST: BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • General
      • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS SALES BY COMPANY, 2012 (million dollars)
    • Market Share
      • Table WORLD BIOPLASTICS MARKET SHARE BY COMPANY, 2012 ($1.5 billion)
    • Mergers & Acquisitions
      • Table SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES
    • Manufacturing Requirements
    • Research & Development
    • Marketing Strategies
    • Channels of Distribution
    • Cooperative Agreements
      • Joint Ventures & Manufacturing Agreements
        • Table SELECTED JOINT VENTURES & MANUFACTURING AGREEMENTS
      • Supply Agreements
        • Table SELECTED SUPPLY AGREEMENTS
      • Distribution & Marketing Agreements
        • Table SELECTED DISTRIBUTION & MARKETING AGREEMENTS
      • Product Development & Licensing Agreements
        • Table SELECTED PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT & LICENSING AGREEMENTS
    • Company Profiles
      • Arkema SA
      • BASF SE
      • Braskem SA
      • Cardia Bioplastics Limited
      • Cargill Incorporated
      • Cereplast Incorporated
      • Corbion nv
      • Daesang Corporation
      • DuPont (EI) de Nemours
      • Evonik Industries AG
      • FKuR Kunststoff GmbH
      • Grabio Greentech Corporation
      • Green Dot Holdings LLC
      • Groupe Limagrain Holding SA
      • Innovia Films Limited
      • Metabolix Incorporated
      • Mitsubishi Chemical Holdings Corporation
      • NatureWorks LLC
      • Newlight Technologies LLC
      • Novamont SpA
      • Plantic Technologies Limited
      • PTT Global Chemical Public Company Limited
      • Rodenburg Biopolymers BV
      • Roquette Frères SA
      • Showa Denko KK
      • Sphere SA
      • StarchTech Incorporated
      • Synbra Holding BV
      • Teijin Limited
      • Tianjin GreenBio Materials Company Limited
      • Toray Industries Incorporated
      • Wuhan Huali Environmental Technology Company Limited
      • Zhejiang Hangzhou Xinfu Pharmaceutical Company Limited
      • Zhejiang Hisun Biomaterials Company Limited
    • Other Companies Mentioned in Study

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