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Bioplastics

US demand to reach 550 million pounds in 2016
US demand for bioplastics will expand strongly through 2016, when it is expected to reach 550 million pounds, valued at nearly $700 million. Although bioplastics have begun to achieve a considerable degree of commercial success, the industry remains in an early stage of development, representing only a small niche within the overall plastics industry. Going forward, technical innovations and increased production capacity will combine to enhance the properties of bioplastics, boost their availability, and lower their price, thus making them more competitive with conventional polymers. In addition, many bio-based polymers benefit from relative price stability when compared with their petroleum-based counterparts. Moreover, the desire to decrease dependence on foreign oil will further fuel the expansion of bio-based resins, as will efforts by US manufacturers to enhance sustainability and improve the corporate image they project to an increasingly eco-conscious consumer base.

Non-biodegradable bioresins to gain market share Although biodegradable materials accounted for the vast majority of bioplastics volume in 2011, the emergence of non-biodegradable bioresins will dramatically alter the market landscape. By 2021, these materials will represent more than two-fifths of volume demand. Growth will be fueled by large-volume production of bio-based polyethylene, as well as the eventual commercialization of bio-based polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene, and polyvinyl chloride, as well as polyethylene furanoate. Since such resins are chemically identical to their conventional counterparts, market acceptance is forecast to occur at a rapid rate. PET is projected to offer significant growth potential over the longer term, particularly as large corporations -- especially those in the soft drink industry -- are investing heavily in the development of this material.

PLA to remain most commonly used bioplastic
Although demand for biodegradable products will continue to be impacted by issues such as their inability to decompose in landfills and their potential to contaminate the recycling stream, polylactic acid (PLA) is expected to remain the most extensively used resin in the bioplastics market through the forecast period. Advances will be promoted by a widening composting network and greater processor familiarity. Furthermore, PLA is being blended with other resins and additives to create new grades that offer improved product performance, allowing for expanded use in an extended range of applications.

Bio-based polyethylene to offer best opportunities
Bio-based polyethylene -- which entered the market in 2010 -- is expected to offer the best opportunities for growth through 2016, increasing rapidly from a small base. The exceptionally strong gains are predicated on the expansion of production capacity, which will reduce prices and enable bio-based polyethylene to compete more effectively with its petroleum-based counterpart. Although bio-based polyethylene will continue to command a price premium that will restrict demand in price-sensitive nonconsumer markets through 2016, the fact that bio-based polyethylene is chemically identical to, and can serve as a drop-in replacement for, conventional polyethylene will remain a key factor driving its adoption.


  • INTRODUCTION
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Table BIOPLASTICS DEMAND (million pounds)
  • MARKET ENVIRONMENT
    • General
    • Macroeconomic Overview
      • Table MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS (billion 2005 dollars)
    • Consumer Spending
      • Table PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES (billion 2005 dollars)
    • Demographic Trends
      • Table POPULATION & HOUSEHOLDS (million persons)
    • Manufacturing Outlook
      • Table MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS
    • Packaging Industry Outlook
      • Table PACKAGING SUPPLY & DEMAND (billion dollars)
    • Plastic Resin Outlook
      • Table PLASTIC RESIN SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds)
    • Historical Market Trends
      • Table BIOPLASTICS MARKET, 2001-2011
    • Pricing Trends
      • Table BIOPLASTICS PRICING (dollars per pound)
    • Solid Waste Management
      • Table MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT BY PROCESS (million tons)
      • Recycling
      • Incineration
      • Composting
      • Landfills & Other
    • Degradability & Bio-Based Standards
    • Regulatory & Legislative Environment
    • Raw Materials
    • Foreign Trade
      • Table BIOPLASTICS SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds)
    • International Activity
  • RESINS
    • General
      • Table BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY RESIN (million pounds)
    • Types
      • Table BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY TYPE (million pounds)
    • Polylactic Acid
      • Products
        • Table POLYLACTIC ACID DEMAND BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
      • Markets
        • Table POLYLACTIC ACID DEMAND BY MARKET (million pounds)
      • Producers
    • Starch-Based Plastics
      • Products
        • Table STARCH-BASED PLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
      • Markets
        • Table STARCH-BASED PLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (million pounds)
      • Producers
    • Cellulose Films
      • Table CELLULOSE FILM DEMAND (million pounds)
    • Bio-Based Polyethylene
      • Products
        • Table BIO-BASED POLYETHYLENE DEMAND BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
      • Markets
        • Table BIO-BASED POLYETHYLENE DEMAND BY MARKET (million pounds)
      • Producers
    • Bio-Based Polyamides
      • Table BIO-BASED POLYAMIDES DEMAND (million pounds)
    • Degradable Polyesters
      • Products
        • Table DEGRADABLE POLYESTERS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
      • Markets
        • Table DEGRADABLE POLYESTERS DEMAND BY MARKET (million pounds)
      • Producers
    • Other Bioplastics
      • Table OTHER BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY RESIN (million pounds)
      • Polyhydroxyalkanoates
      • Bio-Based PET
      • All Other
  • PRODUCTS & MARKETS
    • General
    • Products
      • Table BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
      • Film
        • Table BIOPLASTIC FILM DEMAND BY PRODUCT & RESIN (million pounds)
      • Molded Goods
        • Table BIOPLASTIC MOLDED GOODS DEMAND BY PRODUCT & RESIN (million pounds)
      • Other
        • Table OTHER BIOPLASTIC PRODUCTS DEMAND BY FORMAT & RESIN (million pounds)
    • Markets
      • Table BIOPLASTICS DEMAND BY MARKET (million pounds)
      • Packaging
        • Table PACKAGING MARKET FOR BIOPLASTICS BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
        • Table PLASTIC CONTAINER DEMAND
        • Table CONTAINER DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS (million pounds)
        • Table PLASTIC FILM DEMAND (million pounds)
        • Table PACKAGING FILM DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY RESIN (million pounds)
        • Table LOOSE-FILL PACKAGING DEMAND
        • Table BIOPLASTIC LOOSE-FILL PACKAGING DEMAND (million pounds)
        • Table OTHER PACKAGING DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS (million pounds)
      • Nonpackaging
        • Table NONPACKAGING MARKETS FOR BIOPLASTICS BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
        • Table CONSUMER NONWOVENS & TEXTILES INDICATORS
        • Table NONWOVENS & TEXTILES DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS (million pounds)
        • Table PLASTIC DEMAND IN FOODSERVICE DISPOSABLES (million pounds)
        • Table FOODSERVICE DISPOSABLES DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS BY RESIN & PRODUCT (million pounds)
        • Table BIOPLASTIC NONPACKAGING BAG DEMAND BY RESIN (million pounds)
        • Table AGRICULTURAL INDICATORS
        • Table AGRICULTURE PRODUCTS DEMAND FOR BIOPLASTICS (million pounds)
        • Table OTHER NONPACKAGING MARKETS FOR BIOPLASTICS BY RESIN & USE (million pounds)
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • General
      • Table BIOPLASTICS SALES BY COMPANY, 2011 (million dollars)
    • Market Share
    • Manufacturing Requirements
    • Research & Development
    • Marketing Strategies
    • Channels of Distribution
    • Competitive Strategies
    • Cooperative Agreements
      • Table SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
    • Company Profiles
      • Akzo Nobel NV
      • ALGIX LLC
      • American Excelsior Company
      • AMYLEX Corporation
      • Archer-Daniels-Midland Company
      • Arkema SA
      • BASF SE
      • BioBag International AS
      • Braskem SA
      • Cargill Incorporated
      • Celanese Corporation
      • Cereplast Incorporated
      • Clondalkin Group Holdings BV
      • Cortec Corporation
      • CSM NV
      • D&W Fine Pack LLC
      • DaniMer Scientific LLC
      • Dow Chemical Company
      • DuPont (EI) de Nemours
      • DURECT Corporation
      • Eastman Chemical Company
      • Ecospan LLC
      • Ingredion Incorporated
      • Innovia Films Limited
      • KTM Industries Incorporated
      • Kuraray Company Limited
      • Metabolix Incorporated
      • Micromidas Incorporated
      • Ningbo Tianan Biologic Material Company Limited
      • Northern Technologies International Corporation
      • Novamont SpA
      • Novomer Incorporated
      • PepsiCo Incorporated
      • Perstorp AB
      • Plantic Technologies Limited
      • PolyFerm Canada Incorporated
      • PolyOne Corporation
      • Reynolds Group Holdings Limited
      • Rodenburg Biopolymers BV
      • Sealed Air Corporation
      • Sekisui Chemical Company Limited
      • StarchTech Incorporated
      • Storopack Hans Reichenecker GmbH
      • Toyota Motor Corporation
    • Other Companies Mentioned in the Study

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