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Batteries


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Batteries

US demand to rise 4.2% annually through 2017
US demand for primary and secondary batteries is expected to increase 4.2 percent per year to $17.1 billion in 2017, accelerating from the 2007-2012 period. Gains will be driven by an upturn in motor vehicle and other durable goods output, and supported by stronger personal consumption expenditures growth. Motor vehicles will post the largest increases in dollar terms as motor vehicle production rises after more than a decade of decline. It will also be the fastest growing market in percentage terms, with overall battery demand bolstered by expanding production and sales of hybrid/electric vehicles (HEVs). Backup power supplies will register the next fastest demand gains, boosted by a pickup in nonresidential fixed investment, especially for wireless device transmission towers and related facilities, and by continuing concerns about the perceived vulnerability of the nation’s power grid.

Secondary batteries to continue outpacing primary
Despite a moderation in growth relative to the 2007-2012 period, secondary battery demand will climb faster than primary battery sales in a continuation of past market trends. The portable devices market, which registered the fastest growth of any market from 2007 to 2012, will continue to expand due to the popularity of high-drain devices (such as portable computers that utilize advanced battery chemistries like lithium-ion). However, advances will be tempered by the saturated nature of demand for products like cell phones and notebook computers. Sales of secondary batteries used in HEVs will more than double in dollar terms through 2017, although conventional motor vehicles will continue to account for over 90 percent of all automotive product demand. A key development in this industry is the rising output of all-electric vehicles. Although rechargeable lithium sales will grow at the fastest pace of any secondary battery chemistry, lead-acid will contribute significantly more to dollar gains through 2017. Bolstered by increases in motor vehicle production, lead-acid will be responsible for more than half of all secondary battery sales advances.

Consumer demand to dominate primary batteries
In the primary battery market, consumer segment demand will dwarf other categories, returning to growth after declining between 2007 and 2012. However, secondary batteries will continue to take away market share from primary units, as high-drain electronic devices and the batteries capable of powering them increase in popularity, restricting consumer primary battery market gains through 2017. Product sales in applications not specifically defined as consumer, industrial, or government related will expand the fastest, largely due to a rise in health care spending on primary batteries. This will be spurred by increases in the number of people who are 65 years and older (the fastest growing population segment in the US through 2017), which will lead to higher demand for batteries used to power medical-related devices such as defibrillators, drug pumps, hearing aids, heart monitors, and pacemakers. Among the different primary battery chemistries, alkaline is expected to register the greatest value gains, a continuation of its historical dominance of sales in most primary applications. However, primary lithium will post the strongest market advances in percentage terms, bolstered by the ability to effectively power highdrain devices.


  • INTRODUCTION
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Table US BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND (million dollars)
  • MARKET ENVIRONMENT
    • General
    • Economic Environment
      • Table MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS (billion 2005 dollars)
      • Cyclical Trends
        • Table BATTERY MARKET, 2002-2012
        • Table BATTERY MARKET, 2003-2012 (percent change)
      • Long-Term Trends
    • Fixed Investment Outlook
      • Table NONRESIDENTIAL FIXED INVESTMENT (billion dollars)
    • Personal Income & Expenditure Outlook
      • Table PERSONAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES (billion dollars)
    • Government Spending & Investment Outlook
      • Table GOVERNMENT SPENDING & INVESTMENT (billion dollars)
    • Durable Goods Manufacturing Outlook
      • Table DURABLE GOODS SHIPMENTS (billion dollars)
    • Motor Vehicle Outlook
      • Table MOTOR VEHICLE INDICATORS
    • Electrical & Electronic Sector Outlook
      • Table ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT SHIPMENTS (billion dollars)
    • Legal & Regulatory Environment
    • Recycling
  • TECHNOLOGY
    • General
    • Basic Electrical Properties
    • Battery Construction & Operation
      • Table BASIC BATTERY CONSTRUCTION
    • Conventional Battery Chemistries
      • Alkaline
      • Zinc-Carbon/Zinc-Chloride
      • Lead-Acid
      • Nickel-Cadmium
      • Other
    • Advanced Battery Chemistries
      • Lithium
      • Nickel-Metal Hydride
      • Zinc-Air
      • Sodium-Metal Halide
      • Other
    • Wireless Communications & Portable Computing
      • Table WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS & PORTABLE COMPUTING DEVICE DEMAND (million units)
    • Hybrid/Electric Vehicles
      • Table HYBRID/ELECTRIC VEHICLE MARKET TRENDS (thousand units)
    • Fuel Cells & Alternative Sources of Power
      • Table SELECTED ALTERNATIVE POWER PRODUCT DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Fuel Cells
      • Other Sources of Power
  • OVERVIEW
    • General
      • Table BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND (million dollars)
    • Pricing Patterns
      • Table BATTERY PRICING (2005=100)
      • Table SELECTED BATTERY PRICE DEFLATORS, 2002-2022 (2005=100)
    • International Environment
      • World Outlook
        • Table WORLD BATTERY DEMAND (billion dollars)
        • Table WORLD BATTERY DEMAND BY REGION, 2012 ($95.5 billion)
      • Foreign Trade
        • Table US BATTERY FOREIGN TRADE (million dollars)
        • Table US PRIMARY BATTERY FOREIGN TRADE (million dollars)
        • Table US PRIMARY BATTERY IMPORTS BY SOURCE, 2012 ($635 million)
        • Table US PRIMARY BATTERY EXPORTS BY DESTINATION, 2012 ($845 million)
        • Table US SECONDARY BATTERY FOREIGN TRADE (million dollars)
        • Table US SECONDARY BATTERY IMPORTS BY SOURCE, 2012 ($3.6 billion)
        • Table US SECONDARY BATTERY EXPORTS BY DESTINATION, 2012 ($1.8 billion)
  • PRIMARY BATTERY PRODUCTS
    • General
      • Table PRIMARY BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Table PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND BY CHEMISTRY, 2012 ($4.7 billion)
    • Alkaline Batteries
      • Table ALKALINE BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND
    • Primary Lithium
      • Table PRIMARY LITHIUM SUPPLY & DEMAND
    • Other Primary Batteries
      • Table OTHER PRIMARY BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Zinc-Air
        • Table ZINC-AIR BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Zinc-Carbon/Zinc-Chloride
        • Table ZINC-CARBON/ZINC-CHLORIDE BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Silver Oxide
        • Table SILVER OXIDE BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Specialty & All Other Primary Batteries
        • Table SPECIALTY & ALL OTHER PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
  • PRIMARY BATTERY MARKETS
    • General
      • Table PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND BY MARKET (million dollars)
      • Table PRIMARY BATTERY DEMAND BY MARKET, 2012 ($4.7 billion)
    • Consumer Market
      • Table CONSUMER PRIMARY BATTERY MARKET (million dollars)
      • Entertainment
      • Lighting
      • Toys & Games
      • Photography
      • Other Consumer Markets
    • Industrial Market
      • Table INDUSTRIAL PRIMARY BATTERY MARKET (million dollars)
    • Government Market
      • Table GOVERNMENT PRIMARY BATTERY MARKET (million dollars)
    • Other Primary Battery Markets
      • Table OTHER PRIMARY BATTERY MARKETS (million dollars)
  • SECONDARY BATTERY PRODUCTS
    • General
      • Table SECONDARY BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Table SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY CHEMISTRY, 2012 ($9.1 billion)
    • Lead-Acid Batteries
      • Table LEAD-ACID BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Starting/Lighting/Ignition
        • Table STARTING/LIGHTING/IGNITION LEAD-ACID BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Non-SLI
        • Table NON-SLI LEAD-ACID BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
    • Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
      • Table RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Lithium Ion
      • Lithium Polymer
    • Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries
      • Table NICKEL-METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND
    • Nickel-Cadmium Batteries
      • Table NICKEL-METAL CADMIUM BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND
    • Other Secondary Batteries
      • Table OTHER SECONDARY BATTERY SUPPLY & DEMAND
      • Sodium-Metal Halide
      • Rechargeable Zinc-Air
      • Nickel-Hydrogen
      • Sodium-Sulfur
      • Exotic & All Other
  • SECONDARY BATTERY MARKETS
    • General
      • Table SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY MARKET (million dollars)
      • Table SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND BY MARKET, 2012 ($9.1 billion)
    • Motor Vehicle Market
      • Table MOTOR VEHICLE BATTERY MARKET (million dollars)
      • Conventional OEM
        • Table CONVENTIONAL OEM BATTERY MARKET
      • Conventional Replacement
        • Table CONVENTIONAL REPLACEMENT MOTOR VEHICLE BATTERY MARKET
      • Hybrid/Electric Vehicles
        • Table HYBRID/ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY MARKET (million dollars)
    • Portable Device Market
      • Table PORTABLE DEVICE SECONDARY BATTERY MARKET (million dollars)
      • Portable Computers
        • Table PORTABLE COMPUTER BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Personal Communication Devices
        • Table PERSONAL COMMUNICATION DEVICE BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Power Tools
        • Table POWER TOOL BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Other Portable Devices
        • Table OTHER PORTABLE DEVICES BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
    • Motive Power Market
      • Table MOTIVE POWER SECONDARY BATTERY DEMAND (million dollars)
      • Industrial & Mining Vehicles
      • Recreational & Personal Mobility Vehicles
      • Other Motive Market
    • Backup Power Supply
      • Table BACKUP POWER SUPPLIES SECONDARY BATTERY MARKET (million dollars)
      • Industrial
      • Telecommunications
      • Utility-Related
    • Government & Other Secondary Markets
      • Table GOVERNMENT & OTHER SECONDARY BATTERY MARKETS (million dollars)
      • Government
      • Mowers, Tractors, & Industrial Trucks
      • Marine
      • Motorcycles
      • All Other
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • General
    • Industry Composition
      • Table US BATTERY SALES BY MANUFACTURER, 2012 (million dollars)
    • Market Share
      • Table US BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2012 ($13.9 billion)
      • Primary Batteries
        • Table US PRIMARY BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2012 ($4.7 billion)
      • Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries
        • Table US LEAD-ACID SECONDARY BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2012($6.5 billion)
      • Non-Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries
        • Table US NON-LEAD-ACID SECONDARY BATTERY MARKET SHARE, 2012 ($2.6 billion)
    • Research & Product Development
      • Table RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT SPENDING PATTERNS: SELECTED BATTERY MANUFACTURERS, 2010-2012 (percentage of corporate revenues)
    • Manufacturing
      • Table CAPITAL SPENDING PATTERNS: SELECTED BATTERY MANUFACTURERS, 2010-2012 (million dollars)
    • Marketing
    • Cooperative Agreements
      • Table SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
    • Distribution
    • Financial Requirements
      • Table COMPOSITE FINANCIAL RATIOS: SELECTED BATTERY MANUFACTURERS, 2010-2012*
    • Mergers, Acquisitions, & Industry Restructuring
      • Table SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES
    • Company Profiles
      • BASF SE
      • BYD Company Limited
      • C&D Technologies Incorporated
      • Crown Battery Manufacturing Company
      • East Penn Manufacturing Company Incorporated
      • EnerDel Incorporated
      • Energizer Holdings Incorporated
      • EnerSys
      • Exide Technologies
      • General Electric Company
      • General Motors Company
      • GP Batteries International Limited
      • Greatbatch Incorporated
      • GS Yuasa Corporation
      • Hitachi Limited
      • Johnson Controls Incorporated
      • LG Chem Limited
      • Nissan Motor Company Limited
      • Panasonic Corporation
      • Power-Sonic Corporation
      • Procter & Gamble Company
      • Saft Groupe SA
      • Samsung SDI Company Limited
      • Schneider Electric SA
      • Solicore Incorporated
      • Sony Corporation
      • Spectrum Brands Holdings Incorporated
      • Swatch Group Limited
      • Tesla Motors Incorporated
      • Toshiba Corporation
      • Toyota Motor Corporation
      • TransDigm Group Incorporated
      • Trojan Battery Company
      • Ultralife Corporation
      • US Battery Manufacturing Company
      • Valence Technology Incorporated
      • Wanxiang Group Corporation
    • Other Companies Mentioned in Study

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