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World Aluminum

World Aluminum

World demand to rise 5.9% annually through 2017
World demand for aluminum (including primary and secondary/recycled) is forecast to expand 5.9 percent per annum through 2017 to 86.5 million metric tons. China will pace growth and increase its share of global demand from 43 percent in 2012 to 48 percent in 2017.

Demand will strongly increase in all developing regions, with the Asia/Pacific region leading the way. Rising disposable incomes in developing countries will result in a healthy expansion in demand for key aluminum consuming products such as motor vehicles, food and beverage packaging, and durable goods.

Construction market to post strongest growth
The construction market will post the strongest growth and remain the primary user of aluminum, with gains benefiting from recovery in the housing sectors of a number of developed nations as well as rapid increases in construction spending in the developing world as a result of strong economic growth and urbanization. Even in mature developed countries such as the US, recent bridge collapses suggest that the replacement of older, nonbuilding infrastructure is of utmost urgency, and will benefit aluminum demand as a result.

Aluminum usage in the motor vehicle market will continue to benefit from what is now essentially a global trend of car manufacturers striving to increase the average miles per gallon of their fleets by reducing the average weight of each vehicle. Aluminum is significantly lighter than steel, and aluminum use per motor vehicle is expected to rise from a global average of 120 kilograms/vehicle in 2012 to 132 kilograms/vehicle in 2017. In most developed countries, this ratio is already higher. Motor vehicle aluminum demand in developing countries will also benefit from the opportunity for rising car ownership rates. For example, in 2012, there were 801 vehicles in use per thousand persons in the US, compared to 81 vehicles per thousand persons in China, and only 22 vehicles per thousand persons in India.

Aluminum use in packaging will advance based on rapid proliferation of processed food and beverage products in developing countries. Healthy economic growth combined with the increasing presence of women in the workforce in these countries will result in a preference for convenience packaged food and beverage items.


  • INTRODUCTION
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Table WORLD ALUMINUM DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
  • MARKET ENVIRONMENT
    • General
    • World Population Outlook
      • Table WORLD POPULATION BY REGION (million persons)
    • World Economic Overview
      • Recent Historical Trends
      • World Economic Outlook
        • Table WORLD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION (billion 2011 dollars)
    • World Manufacturing Outlook
      • Table WORLD MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION (billion 2011 dollars)
    • World Building Construction Outlook
      • Table WORLD BUILDING CONSTRUCTION SPENDING BY REGION (billion 2011 dollars)
    • World Motor Vehicle Outlook
      • Table WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY REGION (thousand units)
    • World Packaging Industry Outlook
      • Table WORLD PACKAGING DEMAND BY REGION (billion dollars)
    • World Food & Beverage Value Added Outlook
      • Table WORLD FOOD & BEVERAGE MANUFACTURING VALUE ADDED BY REGION (billion 2011 dollars)
    • World Electric Power Generation Outlook
      • Table WORLD ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION BY REGION (billion kilowatt hours)
    • Pricing Trends
    • Aluminum Recycling
    • Competing Materials
    • Fuel Efficiency Standards
  • WORLD BAUXITE & ALUMINA SUPPLY
    • General
    • Bauxite Reserves by Country
      • Table WORLD BAUXITE RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2012 (billion metric tons)
    • Bauxite Production by Country
      • Table WORLD BAUXITE PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2002-2012 (thousand metric tons)
    • Alumina Production by Country
  • WORLD ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND
    • General
    • Demand by Region
      • Table WORLD ALUMINUM DEMAND BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
    • Demand by Market
      • Table WORLD ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Construction
        • Table WORLD CONSTRUCTION MARKET FOR ALUMINUM BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
      • Motor Vehicles
        • Table WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE MARKET FOR ALUMINUM BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
      • Packaging
        • Table WORLD PACKAGING MARKET FOR ALUMINUM BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
      • Electric Power
        • Table WORLD ELECTRIC POWER MARKET FOR ALUMINUM BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Markets
        • Table OTHER MARKETS FOR ALUMINUM BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
    • World Aluminum Production by Region
      • Table WORLD ALUMINUM PRODUCTION BY REGION & TYPE (thousand metric tons)
    • World Primary Aluminum Production Capacity
      • Table WORLD PRIMARY ALUMINUM PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY COMPANY, YEAR-END 2012 (thousand metric tons)
    • International Trade
      • Table WORLD ALUMINUM NET EXPORTS BY REGION (thousand metric tons)
  • NORTH AMERICA
    • North America: General
    • North America: Aluminum Supply & Demand
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
    • North America: Aluminum Demand by Market
      • Table NORTH AMERICA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • United States
      • United States: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table UNITED STATES: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • United States: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table UNITED STATES: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Canada
      • Canada: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table CANADA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Canada: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table CANADA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Mexico
      • Mexico: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table MEXICO: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Mexico: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table MEXICO: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • WESTERN EUROPE
    • Western Europe: General
    • Western Europe: Aluminum Supply & Demand
      • Table WESTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
    • Western Europe: Aluminum Demand by Market
      • Table WESTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • France
      • France: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table FRANCE: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • France: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table FRANCE: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Germany
      • Germany: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table GERMANY: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Germany: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table GERMANY: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Italy
      • Italy: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table ITALY: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Italy: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table ITALY: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Spain
      • Spain: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table SPAIN: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Spain: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table SPAIN: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • United Kingdom
      • United Kingdom: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table UNITED KINGDOM: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • United Kingdom: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table UNITED KINGDOM: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Other Western Europe
      • Other Western Europe: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Western Europe: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table OTHER WESTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • ASIA/PACIFIC
    • Asia/Pacific: General
    • Asia/Pacific: Aluminum Supply & Demand
      • Table ASIA/PACIFIC: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
    • Asia/Pacific: Aluminum Demand by Market
      • Table ASIA/PACIFIC: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Australia
      • Australia: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table AUSTRALIA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Australia: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table AUSTRALIA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • China
      • China: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table CHINA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • China: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table CHINA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • India
      • India: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table INDIA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • India: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table INDIA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Indonesia
      • Indonesia: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table INDONESIA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Indonesia: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table INDONESIA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Japan
      • Japan: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table JAPAN: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Japan: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table JAPAN: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • South Korea
      • South Korea: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table SOUTH KOREA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • South Korea: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table SOUTH KOREA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Thailand
      • Thailand: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table THAILAND: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Thailand: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table THAILAND: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Other Asia/Pacific
      • Other Asia/Pacific: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Asia/Pacific: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table OTHER ASIA/PACIFIC: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • OTHER REGIONS
    • Central & South America
      • Central & South America: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Central & South America: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Argentina
        • Table ARGENTINA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table ARGENTINA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Brazil
        • Table BRAZIL: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table BRAZIL: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Central & South America
        • Table OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table OTHER CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Eastern Europe
      • Eastern Europe: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table EASTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Eastern Europe: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table EASTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Russia
        • Table RUSSIA: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table RUSSIA: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Eastern Europe
        • Table OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table OTHER EASTERN EUROPE: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
    • Africa/Mideast
      • Africa/Mideast: Aluminum Supply & Demand
        • Table AFRICA/MIDEAST: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
      • Africa/Mideast: Aluminum Demand by Market
        • Table AFRICA/MIDEAST: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Iran
        • Table IRAN: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table IRAN: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Turkey
        • Table TURKEY: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table TURKEY: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
      • Other Africa/Mideast
        • Table OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: ALUMINUM SUPPLY & DEMAND (thousand metric tons)
        • Table OTHER AFRICA/MIDEAST: ALUMINUM DEMAND BY MARKET (thousand metric tons)
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • General
      • Table WORLD PRIMARY ALUMINUM PRODUCTION BY COMPANY, 2012 (thousand metric tons)
    • Market Share
    • Acquisitions & Divestitures
      • Table SELECTED ACQUISITIONS & DIVESTITURES
    • Cooperative Agreements
      • Table SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
    • Manufacturing & Development
    • Company Profiles
      • Alcoa Incorporated
      • Alumínio Brasileiro SA
      • Aluminium Bahrain BSC
      • Aluminum Corporation of China Limited
      • Ball Corporation
      • BHP Billiton Limited
      • Century Aluminum Company
      • China Hongqiao Group Limited
      • China Power Investment Corporation
      • Crown Holdings Incorporated
      • Dubai Aluminium Company Limited
      • East Hope Group Company Limited
      • Glencore International AG
      • Hangzhou Jinjiang Group Company Limited
      • Hindalco Industries Limited
      • JW Aluminum Company
      • Kaiser Aluminum Corporation
      • Mubadala Development Company PJSC
      • Nanshan Group
      • National Aluminium Company Limited
      • Norsk Hydro ASA
      • Orkla ASA
      • Rexam plc
      • Rio Tinto Group
      • Shandong Xinfa Aluminum and Electricity Group
      • United Company RUSAL plc
      • Vale SA
      • Vedanta Resources plc

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