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Activated Carbon


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US demand to rise 11.2% annually through 2017
US demand for activated carbon, including virgin and reactivated products sold by activated carbon suppliers, is expected to grow 11.2 percent per year to almost 1.3 billion pounds in 2017, with market value reaching almost $1.8 billion. Implementation of the US Environmental Protection Agency’s Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (MATS) will drive most of the growth, as utilities and industrial manufacturers upgrade their coal-fired power plants to comply with the regulations. Compliance with the EPA’s Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts (DBP) Rules, which will be fully implemented by 2015, will lead to healthy gains in water treatment applications as well. Additionally, rising motor vehicle production, increased pharmaceutical output, and improving economic conditions will drive strong growth in several smaller applications.

New EPA mandates to be main driver of demand
Implementation of the EPA’s new mercury removal standards will be the single most important factor impacting activated carbon demand through 2017. Mercury-emitting industrial facilities such as coal-fired power plants, cement kilns, solid waste incinerators, and other plants with large industrial boilers will predominantly turn to activated carbon injection (ACI) systems to meet these requirements. With an ACI system in a large industrial facility consuming up to two million pounds of powdered activated carbon annually, the phase-in of these new rules is expected to have a powerful impact on activated carbon demand, and powdered products will expand their market share to 70 percent of total US demand in 2017. As powdered activated carbon is generally not reactivated, sales of powdered activated carbon are expected to remain high even beyond the phase-in deadline for the mercury removal standards.

Compliance with EPA regulations will also boost activated carbon demand in water treatment applications. Demand will increase by over 50 million pounds through 2017 as the EPA’s DBP Rules go into full effect. While some compliance with the DBP Rules had been achieved by 2012, the final phase-in of the Rules will continue to promote growth. The majority of activated carbon used to address DBPs will be granular activated carbon, making water treatment applications the best growth opportunity for suppliers of granular products, both virgin and reactivated.

Smaller applications to also see strong growth
Among the smaller uses for activated carbon, motor vehicle applications, including emissions canisters and cabin air filters, will benefit from rebounding US motor vehicle production. Increased pharmaceutical output will promote demand for activated carbon in pharmaceutical and medical applications. Mining applications will also register gains, as increased processing will be necessary to maximize mine output. An improving economy will promote demand for activated carbon in chemical purification and other industrial processes. Many of these smaller applications use highervalue specialty products, such as activated carbon fiber or cloth and carbon monoliths, boosting demand in value terms despite accounting for a small share of overall volume demand. On the other hand, activated carbon use in food and beverage processing and solvent recovery will remain stable.


  • INTRODUCTION
  • EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND (million pounds)
  • MARKET ENVIRONMENT
    • General
    • Macroeconomic Overview
      • Table MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS (billion 2005 dollars)
    • Manufacturing Overview
      • Table MANUFACTURERS' SHIPMENTS
    • Demographic Overview
      • Table POPULATION & HOUSEHOLDS (million persons)
    • Historical Market Trends
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON MARKET, 2002-2012
    • Environmental & Regulatory Issues
      • The Environmental Protection Agency & Key Legislation
      • Air Pollution
      • Water Pollution
      • Other Regulatory Agencies & Legislation
    • Competitive Materials & Technologies
    • World Demand
  • SUPPLY & DEMAND
    • General
    • Product Shipments & Inventories
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON PRODUCTION & SHIPMENTS (million pounds)
    • Production Capacity
      • Table US VIRGIN ACTIVATED CARBON PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2012 (million pounds)
    • Capacity Expansion Activity
    • Reactivation Activity
      • Strategic Considerations
      • Reactivation Methods
      • Reactivation Capacity
        • Table US ACTIVATED CARBON REACTIVATION CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2012 (million pounds)
      • Expansion Activity in Reactivation Capacity
    • Foreign Trade
      • Table FOREIGN TRADE IN ACTIVATED CARBON (million pounds)
      • Imports
        • Table US ACTIVATED CARBON IMPORTS, 2008-2012 (million pounds)
      • Exports
        • Table US ACTIVATED CARBON EXPORTS, 2008-2012 (million pounds)
    • Supply & Demand
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds)
    • Demand by Material
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY MATERIAL (million pounds)
    • Pricing Trends
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON PRICING (dollars per pound)
  • TYPES
    • General
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY TYPE & APPLICATION (million dollars)
    • Powdered Activated Carbon
      • Table ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON
      • Production Capacity
        • Table VIRGIN POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2012 (million pounds)
      • Supply & Demand
        • Table POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds)
      • Demand by Application
        • Table POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY APPLICATION (million pounds)
    • Granular Activated Carbon
      • Table ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON
      • Production Capacity
        • Table VIRGIN GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON PRODUCTION CAPACITY BY COMPANY, 2012 (million pounds)
      • Supply & Demand
        • Table GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds)
      • Demand by Application
        • Table GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY APPLICATION (million pounds)
    • Other Activated Carbon Products
      • Supply & Demand
        • Table OTHER ACTIVATED CARBON SUPPLY & DEMAND (million pounds)
      • Demand by Type
        • Table OTHER ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY TYPE (million pounds)
  • LIQUID PHASE APPLICATIONS
    • General
      • Table LIQUID PHASE ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY APPLICATION & TYPE (million pounds)
    • Water Treatment
      • Water Withdrawal & Use Trends
        • Table WATER WITHDRAWAL & WATER USE (trillion gallons)
      • Activated Carbon Demand
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN WATER TREATMENT BY TYPE & APPLICATION (million pounds)
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN DRINKING WATER TREATMENT BY END USE & TYPE (million pounds)
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN MUNICIPAL DRINKING WATER TREATMENT BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN RESIDENTIAL DRINKING WATER TREATMENT (million pounds)
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN WASTEWATER & SEWAGE TREATMENT APPLICATIONS BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN GROUNDWATER TREATMENT & OTHER WATER TREATMENT BY PRODUCT (million pounds)
    • Food & Beverage Processing
      • Food & Beverage Industry Overview
        • Table FOOD & BEVERAGE INDUSTRY INDICATORS
      • Activated Carbon Demand
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN FOOD & BEVERAGE PROCESSING BY APPLICATION & TYPE (million pounds)
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN SWEETENER PROCESSING BY APPLICATION & TYPE (million pounds)
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN OTHER FOOD & BEVERAGE PROCESSING APPLICATIONS (million pounds)
    • Pharmaceutical & Medical
      • Pharmaceutical Industry Overview
        • Table PHARMACEUTICAL SHIPMENTS
      • Activated Carbon Demand
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN PHARMACEUTICAL & MEDICAL APPLICATIONS (million pounds)
    • Mining
      • Mining Industry Overview
        • Table NONFUEL MINING MATERIALS HANDLED (million tons)
      • Activated Carbon Demand
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN MINING APPLICATIONS (million pounds)
    • Other Liquid Phase Applications
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN OTHER LIQUID PHASE APPLICATIONS (million pounds)
  • GAS PHASE APPLICATIONS
    • General
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN GAS PHASE APPLICATIONS BY APPLICATION & TYPE (million pounds)
    • Industrial Air Purification
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN INDUSTRIAL AIR PURIFICATION BY APPLICATION & TYPE (million pounds)
      • Mercury Removal
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN MERCURY REMOVAL (million pounds)
      • Industrial Gas Stream Treatment
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN INDUSTRIAL GAS STREAM TREATMENT (million pounds)
      • HVAC & Other Industrial Air Purification
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN HVAC & OTHER INDUSTRIAL AIR PURIFICATION (million pounds)
    • Motor Vehicles
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN MOTOR VEHICLE APPLICATIONS (million pounds)
      • Motor Vehicle Industry Outlook
        • Table MOTOR VEHICLE INDICATORS
      • Emissions Canister Activated Carbon Demand
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN MOTOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS CANISTERS (million pounds)
      • Other Motor Vehicle Activated Carbon Demand
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN OTHER MOTOR VEHICLE APPLICATIONS (million pounds)
    • Solvent Recovery
      • Recovery & Recycling Outlook
        • Table RECOVERY & RECYCLING OF CHEMICALS & METALS (million pounds)
      • Activated Carbon Demand
        • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN SOLVENT RECOVERY (million pounds)
    • Other Gas Phase Applications
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND IN OTHER GAS PHASE APPLICATIONS (million pounds)
  • REGIONS
    • General
    • Regional Trends
      • Population Patterns
        • Table US POPULATION BY REGION & SUBREGION (million persons)
      • Economic Outlook
        • Table US GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY REGION & SUBREGION (billion 2005 dollars)
      • Coal-Fired Electricity Overview
        • Table US COAL-FIRED ELECTRICITY GENERATION BY REGION (billion kilowatt hours)
    • Regional Demand for Activated Carbon
      • Table ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY REGION & TYPE (million pounds)
      • Northeast
        • Table NORTHEAST ECONOMIC OVERVIEW
        • Table NORTHEAST ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY SUBREGION, MARKET, & TYPE (million pounds)
      • Midwest
        • Table MIDWEST ECONOMIC OVERVIEW
        • Table MIDWEST ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY SUBREGION, MARKET, & TYPE (million pounds)
      • South
        • Table SOUTH ECONOMIC OVERVIEW
        • Table SOUTH ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY SUBREGION, MARKET, & TYPE (million pounds)
      • West
        • Table WEST ECONOMIC OVERVIEW
        • Table WEST ACTIVATED CARBON DEMAND BY SUBREGION, MARKET, & TYPE (million pounds)
  • INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
    • General
      • Table SELECTED ACTIVATED CARBON SALES BY COMPANY, 2012 (million dollars)
    • Market Share
    • Competitive Strategies
    • Acquisitions & Divestitures
    • Cooperative Agreements
      • Table SELECTED COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS
    • Marketing & Distribution
    • Technology & Manufacturing
      • Feedstocks
      • Production Technology
      • Product Characteristics
      • Manufacturing Trends
    • Research & Development
      • Raw Material Development
      • Other Research & Development Activities
    • Company Profiles
      • ADA Carbon Solutions LLC
      • ADA-ES Incorporated
      • Albemarle Corporation
      • Arkema SA
      • Asbury Carbons Incorporated
      • Babcock Power Incorporated
      • Cabot Corporation
      • Calgon Carbon Corporation
      • California Carbon Company Incorporated
      • Cameron Great Lakes Incorporated
      • Carbochem Incorporated
      • Carbon Activated Corporation
      • Carbon Resources LLC
      • Carbtrol Corporation
      • Donau Chemie AG
      • Indo German Carbons Limited
      • Jacobi Carbons AB
      • Kuraray Company Limited
      • MeadWestvaco Corporation
      • Osaka Gas Company Limited
      • Pacific Activated Carbon Company Incorporated
      • RWE Group
      • Shanxi Xinhua Chemical Company Limited
      • Shenhua Ningxia Coal Industry Group Company Limited
      • Siemens AG
      • Veolia Environnement SA
    • Additional Companies in the Activated Carbon Industry

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