Companies in this industry invest capital in new business ventures. Major venture capital firms include Accel Partners, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, New Enterprise Associates, and Sequoia Capital (all based in the US), as well as Amadeus Capital Partners (UK), Globis Capital Partners (Japan), Jerusalem Venture Partners (Israel), and Nexus Venture Partners (India).
The US and China are the biggest venture hubs in the world, followed by Europe. Venture capital investments in China rose from about $17 billion in 2014 to about $49 billion in 2015, according to Ernst & Young. India and Israel are other growing markets for venture capital.
The US venture capital industry includes about 800 firms that had about $165 billion under management in 2015, according to the 2016 National Venture Capital Association Yearbook. Activity in the US venture capital industry increased for the sixth consecutive year in 2015, following the low reached in 2009. However, the activity level was still far below those seen prior to the financial crisis, according to the NVCA.
Demand is driven primarily by the pace of technological innovation and the number of companies created to commercialize new technologies. The profitability of individual companies depends on successfully choosing and managing a portfolio of investments. Large firms have advantages in attracting capital, developing expertise in multiple technology markets, and funding large deals. Small companies can compete effectively by concentrating on specific market sectors or geographic areas.