Companies in this industry provide air, rail, truck, and waterborne transportation; transit and ground passenger, pipeline, postal, courier and messenger transportation services; and warehousing and storage services. Major companies include Union Pacific, United Continental, UPS, US Postal Service, and YRC (all based in the US), as well as AP Moller Maersk (Denmark), Deutsche Lufthansa and Deutsche Post (Germany), and East Japan Railway and NYK Line (Japan).
The global transportation services sector is concentrated in large, heavily industrialized nations such as the US, China, Japan, Germany, and France. Emerging economies with growing middle classes present opportunities for market expansion. Countries in Asia, particularly China and India, are being targeted for industry growth.
The US transportation services sector includes about 215,000 establishments (single-location companies and units of multi-location companies) with combined annual revenue of about $810 billion.
Transportation services companies depend highly on the health of the global economy, which affects manufacturing output, commodity trade, consumer and business spending, and business and leisure travel activity. Because many costs are fixed, the profitability of individual companies is determined by efficient operations and on favorable fuel and labor costs. Large companies enjoy economies of scale in purchasing and the ability to provide more extensive services. Small companies can compete by serving local or regional areas. The US industry is fragmented: the 50 largest firms generate about 40 percent of industry revenue....