Companies in this industry manufacture electric light bulbs and tubes as well as lighting fixtures, lamp shades, and other components and parts. Major companies include Acuity Brands and Hubbell (both based in the US), as well as OSRAM (Germany), Philips Lighting (the Netherlands), TCP International (Switzerland), and Zumtobel (Austria).
Demand depends primarily on residential, industrial, and commercial construction activity. Profitability depends on efficient operations. Large companies have advantages in purchasing power, manufacturing volume, and distribution efficiencies. Small companies compete by offering specialized products and superior customer service in regional markets. The US industry is concentrated: the largest 50 companies account for about 70% of revenue.
PRODUCTS, OPERATIONS & TECHNOLOGY
Major product categories are residential and nonresidential lighting fixtures and other lighting equipment (together about 88% of industry revenue) and lamp bulbs and parts (about 12%). Lighting fixtures consist of metal, glass, and plastic products in various decorative styles. Lamp bulbs consist primarily of incandescent, fluorescent, light-emitting diode (LED), and three types of high-intensity discharge (HID) bulbs: metal halide, sodium, and mercury vapor.