Grain Farming

Grain Farming

Brief Excerpt from Industry Overview Chapter:

Farms in this industry grow field corn, wheat, or rice crops and seeds. No major companies dominate the industry.


Demand is driven by government policies and trends in eating grains, meat, and corn-based sweeteners, such as high-fructose corn syrup. Ethanol use has also become a factor in recent years. The profitability of individual companies depends on maximizing crop yield and minimizing disease risk. Large companies have advantages in highly mechanized operations and access to the latest in genetically modified (GM) grains. Small operations can compete by specializing in organic or non-GM grains.


Major products in the US agricultural industry, which includes grain farming, are corn (30% of the industry revenue) and soybeans (20%). Other products include fruits and nuts (more than 10%), vegetables and melons (7%), and wheat (5%). Field corn is used primarily for livestock feed. Field corn also is used in industrial applications like biodegradable plastic; processed foods like breakfast cereal, salad dressing, margarine, soft drinks, and syrup; and ethanol production. About a third of the US corn crop is used to make ethanol, according to USDA.

Industry Overview
Quarterly Industry Update
Business Challenges
Business Trends
Industry Opportunities
Call Preparation Questions
Financial Information
Industry Forecast
Web Links and Acronyms

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