Companies in this industry provide deep sea transportation of cargo to or from foreign ports. Major companies include AP Møller - Mærsk (Denmark), CMA CGM (France), COSCO (China), Crowley (US), Evergreen (Taiwan), Hapag-Lloyd (Germany), and MSC Mediterranean Shipping (Switzerland).
Because of the nature of the deep sea shipping business, activity in the industry is spread throughout the world. China is the largest containership trading partner of the US, representing about half of all US container imports and 20% of container exports. Seven of the 10 most active ports in the world are in China, led by Shanghai. Other top ports can be found in Singapore, South Korea (Busan), United Arab Emirates (Dubai), and the Netherlands (Rotterdam).
The US deep sea shipping industry includes about 325 establishments (single-location companies and units of multi-location companies) with combined annual revenue of about $10 billion. US coastal and Great Lakes shipping, which includes deep sea shipping between US ports, is covered in a separate industry profile, as are cruise ship operations.
Demand is driven by global imports and exports. The profitability of individual companies depends on efficient operations and a good safety record. Large companies have advantages in fleet size and port access. Small companies can compete effectively by chartering services out of smaller ports and transporting unusual cargo. The US industry is highly concentrated: the 50 largest companies account for more than 90% of industry revenue....