Yemen Defence and Security Report 2016
BMI View: Yemen remains wholly reliant on defence imports to meet the requirements of its armed forces, as the country does not produce any military equipment domestically.
Moreover, Yemen depends on foreign aid to fund defence procurement amid deteriorating economic conditions.
Nevertheless, demand for military products remains strong in the country amid the ongoing conflict between pro-government forces and the Houthi-Saleh alliance, rising Islamist extremism and growing calls for southern independence.
We expect Yemen to procure counterinsurgency equipment in the land and air segments over the short-to-medium term; however, in the long term it may seek to develop maritime capabilities in order to strengthen protection of strategic sea lanes.
Demand for defence equipment in Yemen is set to remain strong in 2016 due to the ongoing conflict between pro-Hadi government forces and the Houthi-Saleh alliance.
Reflecting this is the high share of Yemen's budget allocated to defence spending, at a forecast 5.3% of GDP in 2016.
However, amid deteriorating economic conditions, the overall size of the military budget remains relatively small, at USD1.8bn.
This means that Yemen will need to rely on foreign aid to meet the requirement of its armed forces in the short-to-medium term.
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