Convergence has brought new life to an otherwise saturated Dutch telecoms market. The joint venture betweenVodafone and Ziggo marks the importance of convergence, as traditional growth opportunities are limited. KPN has also embracedconvergence. T-Mobile also acquired some of Vodafone's fixed network as part of the Ziggo deal, while Tele2 had some B2Binfrastructure, and the combination of the two will give the company far greater scale to compete with the current duopoly.Meanwhile, a proposed legislation that could prohibit or reverse takeovers in the telecoms industry, under the guise of nationalsecurity and the protection of key infrastructure, could block any further M&A activity in the market. The development of 5G and theInternet of Things are future drivers of market development.