Iran Water Report Q1 2015
BMI View: Long-term increases Iran's water usage along with dwindling supplies have plunged thecountry into a critical water shortage. Conserving water is an issue that has been long-neglected by thegovernment in favour of dam building but the worsening drought has forced the government into action.While updating infrastructure and increasing water treatment and reuse have recently begun to improve thesector the deeper issue is the overuse of water, in households, industry and agriculture. The government'splans to alleviate the problem include buying water from elsewhere, restricting consumption, resuscitatinglakes and educating the Iranian people about the importance of conserving water.
The recent increase in precipitation levels has not calmed fears of drought in the country as many areas arestill suffering from a lack of water and continuing to over-use the delicate underground supplies. In anattempt to take advantage of the rainfall the government has halted construction on some dam-buildingprojects in order to complete others faster. This has had a serious effect on surface water supplies as thedamming of tributaries causes lakes to dry up. Lake Urmia is currently holding only 5% of its capacity andsuch low levels hold real risks to the future of the water source as well as the surrounding environment.
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