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Smart Metering in Europe – 14th Edition

Smart Metering in Europe is the fourteenth consecutive reportfrom Berg Insight analysing the latest developments for smartmetering (electricity and gas) in Europe.

This strategic research report from Berg Insight provides youwith over 250 pages of unique business intelligence, including5-year industry forecasts, expert commentary and real-life casestudies on which to base your business decisions.

Highlights from the fourteenth edition of the report:

Full coverage of the European market with in-depth marketprofiles of all countries in EU28+2.
Case studies of smart electricity and gas metering projects bythe leading energy groups in Europe.
360-degree overview of next generation PLC, RF and cellularstandards for smart grid communications.
Updated profiles of the key players in the metering industry.
New detailed forecast for smart electricity and gas meters in30 countries until 2023.
Summary of the latest developments in the Europeanenergy industry.

This report answers the following questions:

Which are the major trends shaping the European smartmetering market?
What are the differences between projects in Western Europeand Eastern Europe?
What is the status of the UK smart metering program?
Which European countries are next in line for large-scalerollouts?
Why did Lithuania select NB-IoT as its networking platform forsmart meters?
How can changes in radio frequency regulations enable morewidespread adoption of mesh radio technology in Europe?
Which are the leading suppliers of smart metering solutions forthe European market?
Which countries lead the adoption of smart gas meters?

Executive summarySmart meters accounted for around 87 percent of the total electricity meter shipments in2018. France overtook Spain as the largest market by volume with yearly shipments of morethan 8 million units, as the nationwide rollout ramped up to volume. Italy and the UK wereother major geographic markets with shipments of 3–4 million units each. Approximately 44percent of the electricity customers in EU28+2 had a smart meter at the end of 2018 and thepenetration rate is expected to reach 71 percent by 2023. As a consequence, annualshipments of smart electricity meters will reach a peak of around 25 million units per year inthe early 2020s. The majority of the new installations will take place in France and the UK,with significant contribution also coming from countries like Austria and the Netherlands. Inthe meantime, adoption in Germany is held back by protracted standardisation efforts andmodest deployment targets set by the regulator. The outlook for Central Eastern Europe ismixed. Romania is seemingly moving towards a full-scale rollout and Poland is headed in thesame direction even though there are delays in the regulatory process. Lithuania became thelatest country to launch a nationwide rollout in 2018.

Italy and Sweden were the first European countries to embark on nationwide deployments ofsmart meters in the last decade. As the systems deployed in both countries reach their endof-life, the DSOs are launching a second wave of rollouts. In Italy, Enel’s distribution arm edistribuzioneis leading the way with plans to install 13 million second generation meters by2019 and another 28 million in the following decade. Sweden adopted a new regulatoryframework for second generation smart electricity meters in June 2018. The regulations willtake effect in January 2025 and most DSOs have already launched the procurement ofsecond generation systems that fulfil the new requirements.

The rapid development of new technologies for industrial Internet of Things has a majorimpact on the smart metering market in Europe. DSOs planning for new smart grid projectsand rollouts in the 2020s have a wide range of increasingly sophisticated wirelesstechnologies to choose from as networking platforms. Wireless technologies have majoradvantages compared to PLC technologies which dominated the first wave of smart electricitydeployments in Europe. Radio based networks can offer more bandwidth, shorter responsetimes and improved security, combined with excellent coverage, even in difficult locations likecellars and rural areas. Supported by massive R&D investments in the mobilecommunications industry, the latest of cellular technologies optimized for cost-sensitive andmission-critical IoT applications is gaining traction in the utilities space. Berg Insight believesESO’s choice of NB-IoT as the networking platform for its upcoming nationwide rollout inLithuania was a significant milestone in the adoption of cellular IoT technology in the industry.Even if some of the functional requirements for the project are challenging from a technicalperspective, any issues will eventually be resolved through incremental updates of the NB-IoTstandard.

Next to NB-IoT there is also room for the next generation of advanced mesh radiotechnologies in the European market. Updated radio frequency regulations are opening upnew spectrum in the sub-GHz band in a growing number of countries. Norway and Swedenenabled the deployment of mesh radio technology for smart metering by setting asidespectrum in the 870–876 MHz band for smart grid applications. Similar regulatory changesare also considered in other European countries. Mesh radio technology can be combinedwith cellular technology to create highly cost-efficient networks optimised for performanceand security.

Adoption of smart metering is also growing fast in the European gas distribution market. BergInsight projects that annual shipments of smart gas meters in EU28+2 reached 9.1 millionunits in 2018. Demand will remain stable until 2020, before dropping as nationwide rolloutsare completed. Italy was the largest market in 2018 with yearly shipments of 4.2 million units.France launched the mass rollout in 2017, which will ramp up to a rate of around 2.0 millionunits per year by 2019. The UK market accelerated in 2016 and should ramp up to more than4.0 million units per year in the early 2020s. The Netherlands will see volumes of more than1.0 million units per year for the rest of the decade. Ireland, Lithuania and Luxembourg willcontribute with smaller volumes, presumably followed by Austria and possibly some othercountries in the early 2020s.

Executive summary
1 Electricity, gas and district heating markets in Europe
1.1 Energy industry players
1.2 Electricity market
1.3 Gas market
1.4 District heating market
2 Smart metering solutions
2.1 Introduction to smart grids
2.2 Smart metering
2.2.1 Smart metering applications
2.2.2 Smart metering infrastructure
2.2.3 Benefits of smart metering
2.3 Project strategies
2.3.1 System design and sourcing
2.3.2 Rollout and integration
2.3.3 Implementation and operation
2.3.4 Communicating with customers
2.4 Regulatory issues
2.4.1 Models for the introduction of smart meters
2.4.2 Standards and guidelines
2.4.3 Individual rights issues
3 IoT networks and communications technologies
3.1 IoT network technologies
3.1.1 Network architectures
3.1.2 Unlicensed and licensed frequency bands
3.2 PLC technology and standards
3.2.1 International standards organisations
3.2.2 G3-PLC
3.2.3 PRIME
3.2.4 Meters & More
3.2.5 OSGP
3.2.6 Netricity
3.3 3GPP cellular and LPWA technologies
3.3.1 2G/3G/4G cellular technologies and IoT
3.3.2 The role of cellular networks in smart meter communications
3.3.3 NB-IoT and LTE-M network deployments in Europe
3.3.4 LoRa
3.3.5 Sigfox
3.4 RF technology and standards
3.4.1 IEEE 802.15.4
3.4.2 Wi-SUN
3.4.3 Proprietary IPv6 connectivity stacks based on 802.15.4
3.4.4 Wize
4 Smart metering industry players
4.1 Meter vendors
4.1.1 Itron
4.1.2 Landis+Gyr
4.1.3 Honeywell
4.1.4 Aclara Technologies
4.1.5 ADD Grup
4.1.6 AEM
4.1.7 Aidon
4.1.8 Apator
4.1.9 Circutor
4.1.10 Diehl Metering
4.1.11 EDMI Meters
4.1.12 Elgama Elektronika
4.1.13 EMH Metering
4.1.14 Flonidan
4.1.15 Hager
4.1.16 Hexing Electrical
4.1.17 Iskraemeco
4.1.18 Janz
4.1.19 Kaifa Technology
4.1.20 Kamstrup
4.1.21 Linyang Energy
4.1.22 MeteRSit
4.1.23 Networked Energy Services
4.1.24 NIK
4.1.25 Pietro Fiorentini
4.1.26 RIZ
4.1.27 Sagemcom
4.1.28 Sanxing Electric
4.1.29 Wasion
4.1.30 ZIV
4.1.31 ZPA Smart Energy
4.2 Communications solution providers
4.2.2 CyanConnode
4.2.3 Devolo
4.2.4 NURI Telecom
4.2.5 Ormazabal
4.2.6 Power Plus Communications
4.2.7 Sensus
4.2.8 Trilliant
4.2.9 Toshiba
4.2.10 Xemex
4.3 Software solution providers
4.3.1 Cuculus
4.3.2 EnoroCX
4.3.3 Ferranti
4.3.4 Görlitz
4.3.5 Kisters
4.3.6 Oracle
4.3.7 Powel
4.3.8 SAP
4.3.9 Telecontrol STM
4.4 System integrators and communications service providers
4.4.1 A1 Telekom Austria
4.4.2 Arkessa
4.4.3 Arqiva
4.4.4 Atos
4.4.5 Capgemini
4.4.6 CGI
4.4.7 Com4
4.4.8 IBM
4.4.9 LG CNS
4.4.10 Schneider Electric
4.4.11 Siemens
4.4.12 Telecom Italia
4.4.13 Telefónica
4.4.14 UtilityConnect
4.4.15 Vodafone
5 Market profiles
5.1 Regional summary
5.1.1 EU smart metering policies
5.1.2 Top smart metering projects in EU28+2 countries
5.2 Austria
5.2.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.2.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.2.3 Smart metering market developments
5.3 Belgium
5.3.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.3.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.4 Bulgaria
5.4.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.4.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.5 Croatia
5.6 Cyprus
5.6.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.6.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilots
5.7 Czechia
5.7.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.7.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilots
5.8 Denmark
5.8.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.8.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.8.3 Smart metering market developments
5.9 Estonia
5.9.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.9.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.10 Finland
5.10.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.10.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.10.3 Smart metering market developments
5.11 France
5.11.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.11.2 Nationwide program for smart electricity metering
5.11.3 Nationwide program for smart gas metering
5.12 Germany
5.12.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.12.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.12.3 Technical standardisation of smart meters
5.12.4 Smart metering market developments
5.13 Greece
5.13.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.13.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering pilot program
5.14 Hungary
5.14.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.14.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.15 Ireland
5.15.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.15.2 Nationwide program for deployment of smart meters
5.16 Italy
5.16.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.16.2 First wave of smart metering 2001–2013
5.16.3 Second wave of smart metering 2014–2023
5.17 Latvia
5.17.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.17.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.18 Lithuania
5.19 Luxembourg
5.19.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.19.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering rollout plans
5.20 Malta
5.20.1 Utility industry structure
5.20.2 National smart grid project
5.21 Netherlands
5.21.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.21.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.21.3 Smart metering market developments
5.22 Norway
5.22.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.22.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.22.3 Smart metering market developments and tender results
5.23 Poland
5.23.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.23.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering projects
5.24 Portugal
5.24.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.24.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart metering market developments
5.25 Romania
5.25.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.25.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments
5.26 Slovakia
5.26.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.26.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments
5.27 Slovenia
5.28 Spain
5.28.1 Electricity and gas distribution industry structure
5.28.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.28.3 Smart metering market developments
5.29 Sweden
5.29.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.29.2 First wave of smart metering 2003–2009
5.29.3 Second wave of smart metering 2015–2024
5.30 Switzerland
5.30.1 Electricity distribution industry structure
5.30.2 Metering regulatory environment and smart meter market developments
5.31 United Kingdom
5.31.1 Electricity and gas industry structure
5.31.2 Metering regulatory environment
5.31.3 Great Britain’s planned nationwide smart metering system
5.31.4 Smart meter rollout and critisism
5.31.5 Smart metering in Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands and Gibraltar
6 Case studies: Smart metering projects in Europe
6.1 Enel
6.1.1 Enel Open Meter and the second generation rollout in Italy
6.1.2 Endesa’s smart metering project in Spain
6.1.3 Smart meter rollout plan for Romania
6.2 Enedis
6.2.1 The Linky Programme
6.2.2 System development and large-scale pilot
6.2.3 Full-scale rollout plan
6.3 E.ON
6.3.1 Sweden
6.3.2 Germany
6.3.3 United Kingdom
6.3.4 Central Eastern Europe
6.4 Current smart meter projects in three European capitals
6.4.1 Copenhagen – RADIUS
6.4.2 Oslo – Hafslund Nett
6.4.3 Vienna – Wien Energie
6.5 ESO and Lithuania’s nationwide rollout
6.6 Smart gas meter rollouts in France and Italy
6.6.1 GrDF
6.6.2 2i Rete Gas
6.7 Smart meter communications platforms in Germany and the UK
6.7.1 Germany
6.7.2 United Kingdom
6.8 Smart metering in Russia & CIS and the Balkans
7 Market forecasts and trends
7.1 Market trends
7.1.1 Mass-rollouts ramp up to volume in Western Europe
7.1.2 Mixed outlooks in Germany and Central Eastern Europe
7.1.3 Second wave rollouts begin in Italy and Sweden
7.1.4 DSOs look to NB-IoT and mesh radio for next generation deployments
7.1.5 Making smart metering systems secure by design
7.2 Smart electricity metering market forecast
7.2.1 Capital expenditure forecast
7.2.2 Communications technology market shares
7.3 Smart gas metering market forecast
List of Figures
Figure 1.1: Top 25 energy companies, by turnover (EU28+2 2017)
Figure 1.2: Electricity generation and consumption data (EU28 2017)
Figure 1.3: Electricity market statistics (Europe 2017)
Figure 1.4: Top 25 electricity DSOs (EU28+2 2017)
Figure 1.5: Top 25 electricity DSOs (Southeast and East Europe 2017)
Figure 1.6: Gas market statistics (EU28+2)
Figure 1.7: Top 25 gas DSOs (EU28+2 2017)
Figure 1.8: District heating market overview (EU28+2)
Figure 2.1: Smart metering infrastructure
Figure 2.2: Examples of smart electricity meters
Figure 3.1: Standard model for smart grid communication networks
Figure 3.2: Alternative model for smart grid communication networks
Figure 3.3: Unlicensed and reserved radio frequencies available for wireless IoT
Figure 3.4: Technical comparison of key PLC technology standards
Figure 3.5: Selected members of the G3-PLC Alliance by industry
Figure 3.6: Members of the PRIME Alliance by industry
Figure 3.7: Members of the Meters & More Association by industry
Figure 3.8: Selected members of the OSGP Alliance by industry
Figure 3.9: Comparison of LTE MTC enhancements in 3GPP Release 14
Figure 3.10: Availability of LTE-M and NB-IoT networks in Europe (Q2-2018)
Figure 3.11: LoRa network operators in Europe (2017)
Figure 3.12: Sigfox network partners in Europe (Q1-2018)
Figure 3.13: Selected members of the Wi-SUN Alliance by industry
Figure 3.14: Selected members of the Wize Alliance by industry
Figure 4.1: Energy meter vendor company data (World/Europe, FY2017/2018)
Figure 5.1: Regulatory policies for smart meter rollouts, by country (EU28+2 2018)
Figure 5.2: Top 25 smart metering projects in EU28+2 countries (Q4-2018)
Figure 5.3: Top 12 electricity and gas DSOs in Austria
Figure 5.4: Major SM projects in Austria
Figure 5.5: Electricity and gas network operators in Belgium
Figure 5.6: Electricity DSOs in Bulgaria
Figure 5.7: Top 5 DSOs in Czechia
Figure 5.8: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Denmark
Figure 5.9: Top 15 smart metering projects in Denmark
Figure 5.10: Smart metering projects in Estonia
Figure 5.11: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Finland
Figure 5.12: Top 25 SM contracts in Finland
Figure 5.13: Smart metering projects in France
Figure 5.14: Top 40 electricity DSOs in Germany
Figure 5.15: Electricity DSOs in Germany by size
Figure 5.16: Germany’s smart meter rollout plan
Figure 5.17: Top 4 DSOs in Hungary
Figure 5.18: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Italy (2017)
Figure 5.19: Top 15 gas DSOs in Italy (2017)
Figure 5.20: EIB loans for smart meter deployments in Italy
Figure 5.21: Electricity and gas DSOs in the Netherlands
Figure 5.22: Smart electricity meter installations in the Netherlands (H1-2018)
Figure 5.23: Top 12 electricity DSOs in Norway
Figure 5.24: Top 10 smart metering projects in Norway
Figure 5.25: Electricity DSOs in Poland
Figure 5.26: Major smart metering projects in Poland
Figure 5.27: Top DSOs in Portugal
Figure 5.28: Top 5 DSOs in Romania
Figure 5.29: Smart meter installations in Slovakia (2017)
Figure 5.30: Major electricity and gas DSOs in Spain
Figure 5.31: Smart electricity meter installations in Spain (Q2-2018)
Figure 5.32: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Sweden
Figure 5.33: Major first wave smart metering contracts in Sweden
Figure 5.34: Second wave smart metering contracts in Sweden (Q3-2018)
Figure 5.35: Top 10 electricity DSOs in Switzerland
Figure 5.36: Electricity DSOs in the UK
Figure 5.37: Gas DSOs in the UK
Figure 5.38: Estimated electricity and gas retailer market shares in the UK (Q1-2018)
Figure 5.39: Installed base of smart energy meters in the UK (Q2-2018)
Figure 5.40: Estimated total installed base of smart meters UK (H1-2018)
Figure 6.1: Enel Open Meter second generation smart meter
Figure 6.2: Conceptual system architecture for Enedis’ smart metering system
Figure 6.3: SM contracts awarded by E.ON Sweden (2005–2007)
Figure 6.4: GrDF’s smart gas metering cost benefit analysis
Figure 6.5: Smart Meter Gateway (SMGW) network interfaces
Figure 7.1: Electricity smart meter shipments and penetration rate (EU28+2 2017–2023)
Figure 7.2: Electricity smart meter shipments by country (EU28+2 2017–2023)
Figure 7.3: Electricity smart meter installed base by country (EU28+2 2017–2023)
Figure 7.4: Electricity smart metering capital expenditure forecast (EU28+2 2017–2023)
Figure 7.5: Estimated capital cost for some smart metering projects in Europe
Figure 7.6: Breakdown of costs for electricity smart metering projects in W. Europe
Figure 7.7: Smart meter shipments, by communication technology (EU28+2 2017–2023)
Figure 7.8: Gas smart meter installed base by country (EU28+2 2017–2023)
Figure 7.9: Gas smart meter shipments by country (EU28+2 2017–2023)

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