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Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

Terahertz Radiation Systems: Technologies and Global Markets

The global market for terahertz radiation devices and systems reached $53.4 million and $54.7 million in 2013 and 2014, respectively. This market is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 40.4% to reach $298.5 million in 2019 and is also forecasted to reach $1.2 billion in 2024 at a CAGR of 32.3%.

This report provides:

An overview of the global market for terahertz radiation (THz) systems.

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013 and 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019 and 2024.

Identification of the classes of devices, including imaging devices, spectroscopes, other sensors, communications devices, and computing devices.

Examination of general properties of THz radiation.

Historical milestones in the development of THz radiation devices.

Discussion of emerging and developmental THz radiation technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2019.

Assessments of promising THz applications in the context of user needs and competing technologies.

Industry structure.

Patent analysis.


SCOPE AND FORMAT

The report addresses the emerging global market for THz radiation devices, including the classes of devices listed below.
Imaging devices.
Spectroscopes.
Other sensors.
Communications devices.
Computing devices.

The study format includes the following major elements:
Executive summary.
Definitions.
General properties of THz radiation.
Historical milestones in the development of THz radiation devices.
Emerging and developmental THz radiation technologies and applications that have the greatest commercial potential through 2024.
Detailed market estimates and projections for each technology and application during the period 2014 to 2019
General assessment of expected market trends in the longer term (2019 to 2024).
Industry structure.
Patent analysis.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY BACKGROUND
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE AND FORMAT
INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE A GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY TYPE, 2013-2024 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY TABLE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE B GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ RADIATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS BY APPLICATION, 2013-2024 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF TERAHERTZ RADIATION
DEFINITION AND GENERAL DESCRIPTION
PROPERTIES
Line of Sight Travel
Limited Range
Safety
Ability to Penetrate Nonconducting Materials
Improved Image Resolution/Contrast
Absorption by Water and Other Materials
Interactions with Metal
Spectral Sensitivity
HISTORY
THZ ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES
THZ SOURCES
Laser Sources
Optically Pumped THz Lasers
Ti:Sapphire Femtosecond Laser
Quantum Cascade Lasers
Free-Electron Lasers
Electronic Sources
Backward-Wave Oscillators
Direct Multiplied Sources
Photomixing
Hybrid Sources
THZ DETECTORS
Direct Detectors
Bolometers
Golay Cells
Pyroelectric Detectors
Semiconductor Detectors
Heterodyne Receivers
Schottky Mixers
Superconductor-Isolator-Superconductor Mixers
Hot Electron Bolometer Mixers
Other Technologies
Semiconductor Nanowire-Based Detectors
THZ WAVEGUIDES
Metal Wire Waveguide
Other Types of THz Waveguides
THZ SWITCHES, REGULATORS, LENSES AND OTHER DEVICES
Optically Switched Metamaterial THz Switch
Organic Molecule Switching
Voltage Controlled Metamaterial THz Modulator
Ballistic Deflection THz Transistor
THz Lenses, Filters and Windows
THz Isolator
Nanotube-Based THz Isolator
Metal-Insulator Electronics
NEW MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES
Nanomaterials
Superconductors
Metamaterials
FIGURE 1 SPLIT RING RESONATOR
Graphene
Micro-Electromechanical Systems (MEMS)
TYPES OF THZ SYSTEMS
IMAGING SYSTEMS
SPECTROSCOPES
SENSORS
COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES
COMPUTERS
THERAPEUTIC DEVICES
POTENTIAL THZ END USES AND APPLICATIONS
TABLE 1 POTENTIAL END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF THZ RADIATION
OVERALL MARKET SIZE AND SEGMENTATION
MARKET SIZE
FIGURE 2 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS, 2013-2024 ($ MILLIONS)
APPLICATION SEGMENTS
TABLE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ SYSTEMS BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR THZ BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2013-2024 (%)
CHAPTER 4 TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
ACTIVE VS. PASSIVE SYSTEMS
TYPE OF ILLUMINATION
Pulsed Systems
Continuous-Wave Systems
TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES
Power
Spatial Resolution
Signal-to-Noise Ratio
Image Acquisition Speed
Scattering
Cost
Non-Line-of-Sight Applications
MANUFACTURERS
TABLE 3 COMPANIES MANUFACTURING/DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ IMAGING
DEVICES
END USES AND APPLICATIONS
TABLE 4 POTENTIAL THZ IMAGING END USES AND APPLICATIONS
SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY
Passenger Screening
HEALTHCARE
Medical Imaging
Intraoperative Imaging
Skin Cancer Detection
Endoscopy
Clinical Dentistry
Diagnostics
MANUFACTURING
Process/Quality Control
TABLE 5 THZ NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING APPLICATIONS
Aerospace
Pharmaceuticals
Semiconductor Wafer and Circuit Inspection and Testing
Other Applications
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
Astronomy
Art and Archaeology
MILITARY/DEFENSE
Target Acquisition and Identification
Land Mine and IED Detection
MULTIPURPOSE
Compact, Low-Cost THz Cameras
MARKETS
FIGURE 4 TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING SYSTEMS BY END USE, 2013-2024 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ IMAGING BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 5 TRENDS IN THZ IMAGING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION, 2013-2024 (%)
SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY
Passenger Screening
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ AND OTHER AIRPORT SECURITY SCREENING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
HEALTHCARE
TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING DEVICES FOR HEALTHCARE APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Biomedical Imaging
TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MEDICAL IMAGING APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Intraoperative Imaging
TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING TECHNOLOGIES, 2013 (% OF TOTAL INTRAOPERATIVE IMAGING EQUIPMENT SALES)
TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR INTRAOPERATIVE TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Skin Cancer Detection
TABLE 12 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SKIN CANCER IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Endoscopy
TABLE 13 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ENDOSCOPES, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Clinical Dentistry
TABLE 14 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DENTAL CARIES IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Diagnostics
Burn Diagnosis
TABLE 15 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BURN DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENTS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
MANUFACTURING
Nondestructive Testing
TABLE 16 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ IMAGING EQUIPMENT FOR NDT APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
Astronomy
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ ASTRONOMICAL IMAGING EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
MILITARY/DEFENSE
Radar Imaging
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY RADAR APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
MULTIPURPOSE
Compact THz Imagers
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR COMPACT, LOW-COST THZ CAMERAS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 5 TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPES: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
SOURCES
REFLECTIVE VS. TRANSMISSION DETECTION
DETECTORS
TECHNOLOGICAL HURDLES
Slow Acquisition Speeds
END USES AND APPLICATIONS
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
Materials Science
Biochemistry
Plasma Diagnostics
Art and Archaeology
Environmental and Earth Science
MANUFACTURERS
TABLE 20 COMPANIES MANUFACTURING/ DEVELOPING TERAHERTZ
SPECTROSCOPES
MARKETS
SUMMARY
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY SYSTEMS, 2013-2024 ($ MILLIONS)
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SPECTROSCOPY EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ ILLIONS)
CHAPTER 6 TERAHERTZ SENSORS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
THZ BIOCHIPS
MOISTURE DETECTORS
APPLICATIONS
TABLE 22 POTENTIAL THZ SENSOR END USES AND APPLICATIONS
SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY
Chemical Agent Detection
HEALTHCARE
Medical Diagnostics
MANUFACTURING
Process/Quality Control
AGRICULTURE
Measurement of Leaf and Seed Water Content
MILITARY/DEFENSE
Chemical Agent Detection
MARKETS
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SENSORS BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2013-2024 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ SENSORS BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 9 TERAHERTZ SENSOR MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2013-2024 (% OF TOTAL MARKET)
SECURITY AND PUBLIC SAFETY
Chemical Agent Detection
TABLE 24 GLOBAL SECURITY/PUBLIC SAFETY MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
HEALTHCARE
Medical Diagnostics
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEDICAL DIAGNOSTICS APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
MANUFACTURING
Process/Quality Control
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Pathogen Detection
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN INDUSTRIAL PROCESS AND QUALITY CONTROL, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Measurement of Package Moisture Content
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ BIOCHIPS USED IN MEASUREMENT OF PACKAGE MOISTURE CONTROL, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
AGRICULTURE
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MOISTURE SENSORS USED IN AGRICULTURE, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
MILITARY/DEFENSE
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MILITARY/DEFENSE MARKET FOR THZ CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENT AND TOXIC CHEMICAL DETECTORS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 7 TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
ANTENNAS
EMITTERS
MODULATORS
FILTERS
END USES AND APPLICATIONS
SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS
INDOOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
TACTICAL (MILITARY) COMMUNICATIONS
MARKETS
SUMMARY
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2013-2024 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 11 TRENDS IN THZ COMMUNICATION MARKET SHARES BY END-USER SEGMENT, 2013-2024 (% OF TOTAL MARKET)
COMMUNICATIONS
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ DEVICES USED IN CIVILIAN COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Satellite-to-Satellite Communications
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ CIVILIAN SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Indoor Wireless Communications
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ INDOOR COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
MILITARY/DEFENSE
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ COMMUNICATION DEVICES USED IN MILITARY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Tactical Communications
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
Military Satellite Communications
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TERAHERTZ MILITARY SATELLITE-TO-SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 8 TERAHERTZ COMPUTING: TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS
AND MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
WAVEGUIDES
INTERCONNECTS
TRANSISTORS
END USES AND APPLICATIONS
MARKET
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THZ HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING INTERCONNECTS, THROUGH 2024 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 9 OTHER TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGIES, APPLICATIONS AND MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
THZ PULSE TECHNOLOGY
END USES AND APPLICATIONS
CANCER THERAPY
MARKET
CHAPTER 10 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
NATIONALITY
FIGURE 12 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY NATIONALITY, 2013 (% OF TOTAL COMPANIES)
ANNUAL SALES
FIGURE 13 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SEGMENTED BY TOTAL ANNUAL
REVENUES, 2013 (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
FIGURE 14 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES BY TYPE OF OWNERSHIP, 2013 (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
PRODUCT SPECIALIZATION
FIGURE 15 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES SPECIALIZING IN THZ TECHNOLOGY VS. COMPANIES WITH OTHER PRODUCT LINES, 2013 (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
COMMERCIALIZATION
FIGURE 16 TERAHERTZ COMPANIES WITH COMMERCIAL PRODUCT, 2013 (% OF ALL THZ COMPANIES)
CHAPTER 11 GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED THZ RESEARCH PROGRAMS
UNITED STATES
FEDERAL-LEVEL INITIATIVES
Department of Defense
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Terahertz Electronics Program
Terahertz Imaging Focal-Plane Technology (TIFT) Project
Mission Adaptable Chemical Sensor (MACS) Project
U.S. Army
U.S. Air Force
U.S. Navy
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Energy
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
National Science Foundation
Integrative, Hybrid and Complex Systems (IHCS) Program
National Institutes of Health
INDIVIDUAL STATE INITIATIVES
EUROPE
EUROPEAN UNION
Ultrafast Electronics for Terahertz Rapid Analysis in Compact
Lab-on-Chip Applications (ULTRA) Project
Optically Driven Terahertz Amplifiers (OPTHER) Project
Multispectral Terahertz, Infrared, Visible Imaging and Spectroscopy
(MUSIS) Project
Towards 0.5 Terahertz Silicon/Germanium Heterojunction Bipolar
Technology (DOTFIVE) Project
TeraTOP
EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY
INDIVIDUAL GOVERNMENTS
Germany
United Kingdom
Italy
Japan
CHAPTER 12 APPENDIX A COMPANY PROFILES
COMPANIES THAT ARE PRODUCING OR KNOWN TO BE DEVELOPING THZ
RADIATION-BASED PRODUCTS
AB MILLIMETRE
ACREO AB
ADVANTEST CORP.
AGILTRON
ALPES LASERS SA
APPLIED RESEARCH AND PHOTONICS INC.
BAE SYSTEMS PLC
BECKER PHOTONIK GMBH
BRIDGE12 TECHNOLOGIES INC.
BROADBAND INC.
BRUKER OPTICS INC.
CANON INC.
COHERENT INC.
DEL MAR PHOTONICS INC.
DIGITAL BARRIERS PLC
EMCORE CORP.
FEMTOLASERS PRODUKTIONS GMBH
GENTEC-EO USA
INNOVATIVE PHOTONICS SOLUTIONS INC.
INSIGHT PRODUCT CO.
JENA OPTRONIK GMBH
LOCKHEED MARTIN SPACE SYSTEMS
LONGWAVE PHOTONICS LLC
M SQUARED LASERS LTD.
MENLO SYSTEMS GMBH
MICROTECH INSTRUMENTS INC.
NORTHROP GRUMMAN CORP.
NOVATRANS GROUP SA
NP PHOTONICS INC.
OPHIR-SPIRICON INC.
PICOMETRIX LLC
QMC INSTRUMENTS LTD.
RADIABEAM TECHNOLOGIES LLC
RAYTHEON CO.
SRI INTERNATIONAL.
SCIENCE APPLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL CORP.
SCIENCETECH INC.
SMITHS DETECTION INC.
SPIRE CORP.
TELEDYNE SCIENTIFIC AND IMAGING LLC
TERAPHYSICS CORP.
TERASENSE DEVELOPMENT LABS LLC
TERAVIEW LTD.
THOMAS KEATING LTD.
TRAYCER DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS INC.
TOCHIGI NIKON CORP.
TOPTICA PHOTONICS AG
TOSHIBA CORPORATION
UTC AEROSPACE SYSTEMS
VERISANTE TECHNOLOGY INC.
VERMONT PHOTONICS TECHNOLOGIES CORP.
VIRGINIA DIODES INC.
ZOMEGA TERAHERTZ CORP.
OTHER COMPANIES THAT ARE CONDUCTING OR HAVE CONDUCTED THZ
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER 13 APPENDIX B THZ RESEARCH PROGRAMS
NORTH AMERICA-BASED ORGANIZATIONS
ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY
JEFFERSON NATIONAL ACCELERATOR FACILITY FREE ELECTRON LASER
PROGRAM
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY
LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL LABORATORY
OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY (OSU) TERAHERTZ RESEARCH
LABORATORY
RENSSELAER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE (RPI) CENTER FOR TERAHERTZ
RESEARCH
SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORY
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (SANTA BARBARA) (UCSB) INSTITUTE FOR TERAHERTZ SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
FOREIGN-BASED ORGANIZATIONS
ASIA
National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Terahertz Science and
Technology Center
Osaka University Institute of Laser Engineering Division of Laser
Terahertz Research
Rikagaku Kenkyusho (RIKEN) Terahertz-Wave Research Group
EUROPE
Aachen University Institute for Semiconductor Electronics
Braunschweig Technical University Terahertz Communication Lab
Czech Academy of Sciences Laboratory of Terahertz Spectroscopy
Fraunhofer Institute for Physical Measurement Techniques
Leibniz Gemeinschaft/German Teraherz Center
National Institute of Chemical Physics and Biophysics Terahertz and
Low Temperature Group
Oxford University Terahertz Photonics Group
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Terahertz Group
Technical University of Vienna Photonics Institute THz Group
University of Leeds Institute of Microwaves and Photonics THz Imaging
Group
CHAPTER 14 APPENDIX C PATENT ANALYSIS
PATENT ANALYSIS
FIGURE 17 SUMMARY OF U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS AS OF NOV. 1, 2014 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
FIGURE 18 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR THZ COMPONENTS AND SUBSYSTEMS AS OF NOV. 1, 2014 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
FIGURE 19 U.S. PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS FOR COMPLETE THZ SYSTEMS AS OF NOV. 1, 2014 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
FIGURE 20 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS BY NATIONALITY OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF NOV. 1, 2014 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
FIGURE 21 U.S. TERAHERTZ TECHNOLOGY PATENTS AND PATENT APPLICATIONS BY TYPE OF GRANTEE OR APPLICANT AS OF NOV. 1, 2014 (% OF TOTAL THZ PATENTS AND APPLICATIONS IDENTIFIED)
TABLE 39 MAJOR THZ IP PORTFOLIOS (NUMBER OF U.S. ATENTS/PATENT APPLICATIONS)

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