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Renewable Energy: Technologies and Global Markets

Renewable Energy: Technologies and Global Markets

In terms of revenue, the global renewable energy market (excluding biofuels) reached $432.7 billion in 2013 and $476.3 billion in 2014. This market is expected to increase to $777.6 billion in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.3% from 2014 to 2019.

This report provides:

An overview of the global market for renewable energy and related applications and technologies.

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013 and 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.

Coverage of the major sources of renewable energy as primary fuels including: hydroelectric, wind, solar, liquid biofuels for transportation, geothermal, and oceanic sources (wave, tidal and thermal).

Examination of the impact on the renewable energy market brought about by the surging global demand for energy, the impact of climate change on alternative fuels, improvements in technology, and the availability of new materials.

Information on how each source of renewable energy may employ differing technologies, have differing constraints, and offer different possibilities to different classes of users.

Comprehensive profiles of major players in the field.


SCOPE OF THE REPORT

The scope of this report is intentionally wide. We cover the major sources of renewable energy as primary fuels—hydroelectric, wind, solar, geothermal and oceanic sources (wave, tidal and thermal) and liquid biofuels for transportation. There is no shortage in the marketplace of reports on each of these sources. However, what existing reports lack and what this report is intended to provide is a global perspective that places each source in a relevant context for decision makers in both the public and private sectors.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR THE STUDY
SCOPE OF THE REPORT
INTENDED AUDIENCE
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE 1 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS)
INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
SUMMARY FIGURE 1 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS)
INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013–2019 (GW)
SUMMARY TABLE 2 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS)
MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE 2 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS)
MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2019 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET ANALYSIS
TABLE 1 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 2 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 3 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ENERGY (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS) MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET DETERMINANTS
GROWTH OF CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION LEVELS
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION LEVELS, 2006-2012
(BILLION METRIC TONS)
FAVORABLE REGULATIONS
Green-e Marketplace
LEED Certification Program
EPA Green Power Partnership
EPA Climate Leaders
RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET SEGMENTATION
FIGURE 2 RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET SEGMENTS
HISTORY OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET
RENEWABLE ENERGY INSTALLED CAPACITY
TABLE 4 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY BY RESOURCE, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY INSTALLED CAPACITY SHARE BY RESOURCE, 2013 AND 2019 (%)
GROWTH IN ELECTRICITY DEMAND
GLOBAL ROADMAPS FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION
LEGISLATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES
INCENTIVE MECHANISMS
CHAPTER 4 SOLAR POWER MARKET
OVERVIEW
MARKET DYNAMICS
MARKET DRIVERS
High Efficiency and Significant Cost Reductions
Carbon Footprint Reduction
TABLE 5 CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS FROM FOSSIL FUELS
Low Installation and Maintenance Costs
MARKET RESTRAINTS
Effects of Wet Climatic Conditions on Solar Panel Performance
Revised FIT and Oversupply
MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
Application Expansion and Technology Upgrade
SOLAR POWER MARKET
TABLE 6 GLOBAL SOLAR POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 7 GLOBAL SOLAR POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 8 GLOBAL SOLAR POWER MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 9 GLOBAL SOLAR POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 10 GLOBAL SOLAR POWER MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
SOLAR PV MARKET
TABLE 11 GLOBAL SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 12 GLOBAL SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 13 GLOBAL SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 14 GLOBAL SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 15 GLOBAL SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
North American Solar PV Market
TABLE 16 NORTH AMERICAN SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 17 NORTH AMERICAN SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 18 NORTH AMERICAN SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 19 NORTH AMERICAN SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
European Solar PV Market
TABLE 20 EUROPEAN SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 21 EUROPEAN SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 22 EUROPEAN SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 23 EUROPEAN SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
Asia-Pacific Solar PV Market
TABLE 24 ASIA-PACIFIC SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 25 ASIA-PACIFIC SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 26 ASIA-PACIFIC SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 27 ASIA-PACIFIC SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
RoW Solar PV Market
TABLE 28 ROW SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 29 ROW SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 30 ROW SOLAR PV INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 31 ROW SOLAR PV MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER MARKET
TABLE 32 GLOBAL CSP INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 33 GLOBAL CSP INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 34 GLOBAL CSP MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 35 GLOBAL CSP INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 36 GLOBAL CSP MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
North American CSP Market
TABLE 37 NORTH AMERICAN CSP INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 38 NORTH AMERICAN CSP MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
European CSP Market
TABLE 39 EUROPEAN CSP INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 40 EUROPEAN CSP MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
Asia-Pacific CSP Market
TABLE 41 ASIA-PACIFIC CSP INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 42 ASIA-PACIFIC CSP MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
RoW CSP Market
TABLE 43 ROW CSP INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 44 ROW CSP MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
LICENSING PERIODS
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR LICENSED CAPACITY
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR SOLAR POWER
COMPETITION IN THE SOLAR POWER MARKET
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL SOLAR POWER MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS BY COMPANY, 2014 (%)
CHAPTER 5 WIND POWER MARKET
OVERVIEW
MARKET DYNAMICS
MARKET DRIVERS
Environmental Friendliness
FIGURE 5 SHARE OF MAJOR SOURCES OF HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANT EMISSIONS IN THE U.S., 2012 (%)
Cost Efficiency
TABLE 45 AVERAGE LEVELIZED ELECTRICITY COSTS IN THE U.S. BY POWER PLANT TYPE, 2013
MARKET RESTRAINTS
Negative Impact from Anti-wind Groups
MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
Stringent Regulations for Conventional Energy Generation in Asia-Pacific
WIND POWER MARKET
TABLE 46 GLOBAL WIND POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 47 GLOBAL WIND POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 48 GLOBAL WIND POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 49 GLOBAL WIND POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 50 GLOBAL WIND POWER MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
REVENUE AND INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
TABLE 51 NORTH AMERICAN WIND POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 52 NORTH AMERICAN WIND POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
EUROPE
TABLE 53 EUROPEAN WIND POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 54 EUROPEAN WIND POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ASIA-PACIFIC
TABLE 55 ASIA-PACIFIC WIND POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 56 ASIA-PACIFIC WIND POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ROW
TABLE 57 ROW WIND POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 58 ROW WIND POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
INSTALLED CAPACITY CLUSTERING
TABLE 59 WIND POWER CLUSTERS IN NORTH SEA AND BALTIC SEA
REGIONS, 2013
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR WIND POWER
DENMARK
THE EUROPEAN UNION
INDIA
POLAND
UNITED STATES
AUSTRALIA
CHINA
COMPETITION IN THE WIND POWER MARKET
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL WIND POWER MARKET SHARES BY COMPANY, 2013 (%)
ROADMAP FOR WIND POWER MARKET DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER 6 GEOTHERMAL POWER MARKET
OVERVIEW
MARKET DYNAMICS
MARKET DRIVERS
Environmental Benefits
TABLE 60 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF HARMFUL GASES EMITTED
DURING COAL-FIRED VERSUS GEOTHERMAL POWER GENERATION
High-Capacity Utilization
TABLE 61 CAPACITY FACTOR RANGE FOR SELECTED RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES (%)
Favorable Government Policies for R&D and Demonstration Investment
MARKET RESTRAINTS
High Upfront Costs
MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
Co-production, Distributed Generation and New Technologies
GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL ENERGY MARKET
TABLE 62 GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 63 GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 64 GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 65 GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 66 GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
REVENUE AND INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
TABLE 67 NORTH AMERICAN GEOTHERMAL INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 68 NORTH AMERICAN GEOTHERMAL REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
EUROPE
TABLE 69 EUROPEAN GEOTHERMAL INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 70 EUROPEAN GEOTHERMAL MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ASIA-PACIFIC
TABLE 71 ASIA-PACIFIC GEOTHERMAL INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 72 ASIA-PACIFIC GEOTHERMAL MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ROW
TABLE 73 ROW GEOTHERMAL INSTALLED CAPACITY BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 74 ROW GEOTHERMAL MARKET REVENUE BY TECHNOLOGY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
GEOTHERMAL POWER LICENSING PERIODS AND LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORKS
ICELAND
FRANCE
ITALY
GERMANY
UNITED STATES
FIGURE 7 GEOTHERMAL DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS: VERTICAL
INTEGRATION VERSUS IN COUNTRY PUBLIC-PRIVATE
FINANCING
AUSTRALIA
TABLE 75 LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR GEOTHERMAL ENERGY IN AUSTRALIA
ROW
COMPETITION IN THE GEOTHERMAL ENERGY MARKET
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL GEOTHERMAL TURBINE MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS BY COMPANY, 2012 (%)
GEOTHERMAL INVESTMENT TRENDS
ROADMAP OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY MARKET DEVELOPMENT
NORTH AMERICA
EUROPE
ASIA-PACIFIC
ROW
Central and South America
Middle East and Africa
CHAPTER 7 HYDROELECTRIC POWER MARKET
OVERVIEW
RUN-OF-RIVER HYDROPOWER PLANT
PUMPED STORAGE
STORAGE HYDROPOWER
TABLE 76 HYDROELECTRIC POWER CLASSIFICATION BASED ON OUTPUT (MW)
MARKET DYNAMICS
MARKET DRIVERS
Government Initiatives to Encourage Hydroelectric Power Generation
Cost-Effective Levelized Energy Costs
TABLE 77 AVERAGE LEC IN THE U.S. BY POWER PLANT TYPE, OCTOBER 2013 ($/KWH)
MARKET RESTRAINTS
Ecological and Social Issues
MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
High Future Growth Potential in Emerging Economies
FIGURE 9 SOUTH AMERICAN DEVELOPED AND POTENTIAL HYDROELECTRIC RESOURCE SHARES (%)
FIGURE 10 AFRICAN DEVELOPED AND POTENTIAL HYDROELECTRIC RESOURCE SHARES (%)
FIGURE 11 ASIAN DEVELOPED AND POTENTIAL HYDROELECTRIC RESOURCE SHARES (%)
HYDROELECTRIC POWER MARKET
TABLE 78 GLOBAL HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 79 GLOBAL HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 80 GLOBAL HYDROELECTRIC MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 81 GLOBAL HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 82 GLOBAL HYDROELECTRIC MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
REVENUE AND INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
TABLE 83 NORTH AMERICAN HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 84 NORTH AMERICAN HYDROELECTRIC MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
EUROPE
TABLE 85 EUROPEAN HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 86 EUROPEAN HYDROELECTRIC POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ASIA-PACIFIC
TABLE 87 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 88 ASIA-PACIFIC HYDROELECTRIC MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ROW
Africa
Central and South America
Russia and Eurasia
TABLE 89 ROW HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 90 ROW HYDROELECTRIC MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR HYDROELECTRIC POWER
CHINA
Pre-investment Verification Phase
Post-project Investment Examination Phase
UNITED STATES
Federal Power Act
National Environmental Policy Act
Endangered Species Act
Clean Water Act
Coastal Zone Management Act
Rivers and Harbors Act
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
INDIA
CHAPTER 8 OCEAN ENERGY MARKET
OVERVIEW
TYPES OF OCEAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY
WAVE ENERGY
Energy Conversion Technologies
TABLE 91 WAVE ENERGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES, BY COMPANY
TIDAL ENERGY
Energy Conversion Technologies
TABLE 92 TIDAL ENERGY CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES, BY COMPANY
MARINE CURRENT ENERGY
OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION
MARKET DYNAMICS
MARKET DRIVERS
Unstable Oil Prices
Global Warming
Declining Demand for Nuclear Power
Use of Coal
OCEAN POWER MARKET
TABLE 93 GLOBAL OCEAN POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (GW/$ MILLIONS)
TABLE 94 GLOBAL OCEAN POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 95 GLOBAL OCEAN POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 96 GLOBAL OCEAN POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 97 GLOBAL OCEAN POWER MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
REVENUE AND INSTALLED CAPACITY BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
Canada
United States
TABLE 98 NORTH AMERICAN OCEAN POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 99 NORTH AMERICAN OCEAN POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
EUROPE
France
United Kingdom
TABLE 100 EUROPEAN OCEAN POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 101 EUROPEAN OCEAN POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ASIA-PACIFIC
TABLE 102 ASIA-PACIFIC OCEAN POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 103 ASIA-PACIFIC OCEAN POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ROW
TABLE 104 ROW OCEAN POWER INSTALLED CAPACITY BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (GW)
TABLE 105 ROW OCEAN POWER MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
LICENSING PERIOD AND INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FOR LICENSED CAPACITY
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR OCEAN POWER
COMPETITION IN THE OCEAN POWER MARKET
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL OCEAN ENERGY MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS BY COMPANY, 2013 (%)
CHAPTER 9 LIQUID BIOFUELS FOR THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR
OVERVIEW
TABLE 106 SUBSTITUTABILITY OF BIOFUELS
BIOFUEL FEEDSTOCKS
Crop Feedstock
Cellulosic Feedstock
Algae Feedstock
Carbon Dioxide Feedstock
TYPES OF BIOFUELS
CONVENTIONAL BIOFUELS
Sugar-and Starch-based Ethanol
Conventional Biodiesel
Biogas
ADVANCED BIOFUELS
Cellulosic Ethanol
Advanced Biodiesel
FIGURE 13 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS: PRODUCTION PATHWAYS IN FOSSIL FUELS AND BIOFUELS
END-PRODUCTS OF BIOFUELS
CELLULOSIC ETHANOL
BIODIESEL
BIOGAS
SYNGAS
MARKET DYNAMICS
MARKET DRIVERS
Policy-driven Demand
Customer-driven Demand
Military
Aviation
Competition
MARKET RESTRAINTS
Feedstock Availability and Cost
MARKET OPPORTUNITIES
Presence of an Extensive Pipeline
TABLE 107 LIQUID BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
BIOFUEL MARKET
TABLE 108 GLOBAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION AND REVENUE, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION GALLONS/$ BILLIONS)
TABLE 109 GLOBAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION GALLONS)
TABLE 110 GLOBAL BIOFUEL MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
TABLE 111 GLOBAL BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION GALLONS)
TABLE 112 GLOBAL BIOFUEL MARKET REVENUE BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
REVENUE AND PRODUCTION BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
TABLE 113 NORTH AMERICAN BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION GALLONS)
TABLE 114 NORTH AMERICAN BIOFUEL MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
EUROPE
TABLE 115 EUROPEAN BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION GALLONS)
TABLE 116 EUROPEAN BIOFUEL MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
ASIA-PACIFIC
China
India
TABLE 117 ASIA-PACIFIC BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION GALLONS)
TABLE 118 ASIA-PACIFIC BIOFUEL MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
ROW
TABLE 119 ROW BIOFUEL PRODUCTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 (BILLION GALLONS)
TABLE 120 ROW BIOFUEL MARKET REVENUE BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR BIOFUELS
EU LEGISLATION FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOMASS FOR ENERGY PURPOSES
U.S. LEGISLATION FOR BIOFUELS AND BIOMASS FOR ENERGY PURPOSES
U.S. National Renewable Fuel Standard
California Low Carbon Fuel Standard
COMPETITION IN THE BIOFUEL MARKET
ROADMAP OF BIOFUEL MARKET DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 121 ROADMAP OF BIOFUEL MARKET DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER 10 FACTORS INFLUENCING DEMAND FOR RENEWABLE
ENERGY
DEMOGRAPHIC POPULATION CHANGES
TABLE 122 DEMOGRAPHIC POPULATION PROJECTIONS BY REGION, THROUGH 2050 (MILLIONS)
AGE
TABLE 123 GLOBAL POPULATION BY AGE GROUPS, 2000 AND 2014
HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION
INCREASING INCOME
GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES
EUROPEAN UNION
UNITED STATES
SOLAR ENERGY FACTORS
INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FOR PHOTOVOLTAICS
European Activities
Implementing the Vision in Europe
Germany's National Program
European Photovoltaic Industry Association
Japanese PV Efforts
OTHER INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT FOR SOLAR ENERGY
STANDARDS AND CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT ORGANIZATIONS
ECONOMICS AND COSTS OF PV INSTALLATIONS
SOLAR REBATES AND INCENTIVES
U.S. PV Incentive Programs
State PV Incentives
Federal PV Incentives
EMISSIONS TRADING PROGRAMS
CHAPTER 11 GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS AND SUPPORT FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY
GOVERNMENT COMMITMENTS TO ENVIRONMENTAL MEASURES
TABLE 124 ENVIRONMENTAL COMMITMENTS OF SELECTED COUNTRIES AND REGIONS
FEED-IN TARIFFS
RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS
POWER PURCHASE AGREEMENTS
PRODUCTION TAX CREDITS
RENEWABLE ENERGY GOVERNING BODIES
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME
Division of Early Warning and Assessment
Division of Environmental Policy Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
Division of Policy Development and Law
Division of Environmental Policy Implementation
Division of Regional Cooperation
Division of Environmental Conventions
Global Environment Facility
UNEP Governing Bodies
UNEP Partnerships
UNEP Scientific Advisory Groups
The Ecosystem Conservation Group
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine
Environmental Protection
UNEP Energy Branch
Renewable Energy
Energy Efficiency
Sustainable Transport
Alternative Fuels
Roundtable of Sustainable Biofuels
International Resource Panel
Promoting Vehicle Energy Efficiency
Bioenergy Program
INTERGOVERNMENTAL PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE
IPCC Reports
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
European Energy Commission
Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators
Executive Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation
Euratom Supply Agency
U.S. STATE, LOCAL AND FOREIGN GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
U.S. DOE
Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Biomass
Geothermal Power
Solar Power
Hydropower
Vehicles
Federal Energy Management Program
Weatherization Intergovernmental Program
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EPA Priorities
Taking Action on Climate Change
Improving Air Quality
Assuring the Safety of Chemicals
Cleaning Up Communities
Protecting America's Waters
EPA Energy
Clean-Energy Programs
Voluntary Programs
EPA ENERGY STAR
REGIONAL GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
LOCAL GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
CHAPTER 12 CHALLENGES TO RENEWABLE ENERGY ADOPTION
SOLAR POWER
PV STANDARDS AND SAFETY
International Standards
The Global Approval Program
Other Organizations
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
BIOFUELS
HYDROPOWER
WAVE ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT
FISH, MARINE LIFE AND ENDANGERED SPECIES
VISUAL APPEARANCE AND NOISE
SEDIMENTARY FLOW PATTERNS
DEVICE FLUID LEAKS
CONFLICTS WITH RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES
U.S. PERMIT PROCESS
FERC PROCESS
CHAPTER 13 TECHNOLOGIES
INNOVATION
BIOTECHNOLOGY
NANOTECHNOLOGY
RENEWABLE ENERGY PATENTS
TABLE 125 U.S. RENEWABLE ENERGY PATENTS, 2011-2014
TABLE 126 EUROPEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY PATENTS, 2011-2014
CHAPTER 14 COMPANY PROFILES
LARGE MULTI-SECTOR OPERATORS
ACCIONA
BP
News
RWE
News
RWE NPOWER
RENEWABLE ENERGY INDUSTRY SUPPLIERS
ABB LTD.
News
ALSTOM
News
ANDRITZ AG
News
BHARAT HEAVY ELECTRICALS LIMITED (INDIA)
News
DONGFANG ELECTRIC CORP. LTD.
News
FUJI ELECTRIC GROUP
News
GENERAL ELECTRIC
News
HARBIN ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED, FORMERLY HARBIN POWER
EQUIPMENT COMPANY LIMITED
News
HITACHI
News
MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
News
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT
SIEMENS AG (HYDROPOWER)
News
TOSHIBA CORP.
News
HYDROPOWER
AGDER ENERGI
BC HYDRO AND POWER AUTHORITY
CENTRAIS ELETRICAS BRASILEIRAS S.A. (ELETROBRAS)
News
CHINA HUADIAN
Business Scope
Key Financials and Capacity
News
CHINA YANGTZE POWER CO. LTD.
DUKE ENERGY CORP.
News
GEORGIA POWER CO.
News
HYDRO GREEN ENERGY
News
HYDRO-QUEBEC
ONTARIO POWER GENERATION
News
RUSHYDRO
News
SHAOYANG HENGYUAN ZIJIANG HYDROELECTRIC EQUIPMENT CO., LTD.
SINOHYDRO
News
STAT KRAFT AS
News
VOITH AG
News
WIND ENERGY
ACCIONA
ENERCON GMBH
News
GAMESA
News
(XINJIANG) GOLDWIND SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
News
MING YANG
News
NORDEX SE
News
SENVION (FORMERLY REPOWER SYSTEMS)
News
SINOVEL WIND COMPANY
News
SUZLON ENERGY LIMITED
News
UNITED POWER
VESTAS WIND SYSTEMS
News
SOLAR ENERGY
BP SOLAR
CANADIAN SOLAR INC.
News
FIRST SOLAR INC.
News
HANWHA SOLARONE
News
HYUNDAI HEAVY INDUSTRIES CO. LTD.
JA SOLAR PV TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.
JINKOSOLAR HOLDING CO. LTD.
KYOCERA
News
MOTECH INDUSTRIES
SANYO SOLAR USA (PANASONIC CORP.)
SCHOTT SOLAR CSP
SHANGHAI JA SOLAR PV TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD. (A SUBSIDIARY OF JA SOLAR HOLDINGS CO., LTD.)
SHARP CORP.
News
SOLAR FRONTIER LIMITED
News
SOLAR WORLD AG
News
SUNPOWER CORP.
News
SUNTECH
TRINA SOLAR LIMITED
News
YINGLI SOLAR
News
LIQUID BIOFUELS FOR TRANSPORTATION
AMYRIS BIOTECHNOLOGIES INC.
ARCHERS DANIELS MIDLAND
AUSTRALIAN RENEWABLE FUELS LIMITED
BIOJET CORP.
BLUEFIRE RENEWABLES
News
COSAN
COSKATA
GREEN PLAINS RENEWABLE ENERGY INC.
GREENSHIFT CORPORATION
GUSHAN ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY
POET LLC
RENTECH INC.
SAPPHIRE ENERGY INC.
News
SOLAZYME INC.
News
SUSTAINABLE OILS
VALERO ENERGY CORP.
News
VERENIUM BIOFUELS CORPORATION
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
ALTAROCK ENERGY INC.
CALPINE CORP.
News
CHEVRON CORP.
Chevron Geothermal
COMISION FEDERAL DE ELECTRICIDAD
ENEL S.P.A.
News
ENERGY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
News
MIGHTY RIVER POWER
News
ORMAT TECHNOLOGIES INC.
News
REYKJAVIK ENERGY (ORKUVEITA REYKJAVIKUR)
News
TOSHIBA POWER SYSTEMS
OCEAN POWER
ANDRITZ HYDRO HAMMERFES
AQUAMARINE POWER
AW-ENERGY
AWS OCEAN ENERGY LTD.
BIPOWER SYSTEMS
CARNEGIE WAVE ENERGY
C-WAVE LTD.
EMBLEY ENERGY LTD.
FINAVERA RENEWABLES
INDEPENDENT NATURAL RESOURCES INC.
MARINE CURRENT TURBINES
OCEANLINX LTD.
OCEAN NAVITAS LTD.
OCEAN POWER TECHNOLOGIES
OCEAN WAVEMASTER LTD.
OPENHYDRO
ORECON
PELAMIS WAVE POWER
RENEWABLE ENERGY HOLDINGS
SDE
SEABASED AB
SYNCWAVE ENERGY INC.
TRIDENT ENERGY LTD.
VOITH HYDRO WAVEGEN LIMITED
WAVE DRAGON
WAVE ENERGY
WAVE STAR ENERGY
CHAPTER 15 APPENDIX ONE: SELECTED NATIONAL ENVIRONMENT
MINISTRIES AND DEPARTMENTS
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
NATIONAL ACTION PLAN ON CLIMATE CHANGE
RESPONSIBILITIES
CURRENT ENVIRONMENTAL SITUATION
KEY AREAS AND MAIN TASKS
Reduce COD Emissions and Improve Water Quality
Reduce SO2 Emissions to Prevent and Control Air Pollution
Control Solid Waste Pollution and Promote Recycling and Reuse of Solid Waste
Strict Supervision to Ensure Nuclear and Radiation Environmental
Safety
Develop the Jinhuan Project
MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS OF INDIA
U.K. DEPARTMENT FOR ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
SDIG TARGETS
BIODIVERSITY
SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES
GOVERNANCE AND DELIVERY
FEDERAL MINISTRY FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, NATURE CONSERVATION, BUILDING AND NUCLEAR SAFETY OF GERMANY
CHAPTER 16 APPENDIX TWO: GLOSSARY

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