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Rare Earths: Worldwide Markets, Applications, Technologies

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THIS STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF THE REPORT
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS, 2012-2019 (METRIC TONS - REO EQUIVALENT)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
INTRODUCTION
FIGURE 1 RARE EARTHS IN THE PERIODIC TABLE
TABLE 1 LANTHANOIDS
TABLE 2 TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF LANTHANOIDS
TABLE 3 SCANDIUM AND YTTRIUM
MILESTONES IN THE HISTORY OF RARE EARTHS AND RECENT EVENTS
TABLE 4 RARE EARTHS - TECHNOLOGICAL AND COMMERCIAL MILESTONES
TABLE 5 RARE EARTHS DISCOVERIES
FIGURE 2 RARE EARTHS GLOBAL PATENT APPLICATIONS AND PATENTS
ISSUED, 1951-2013
CURRENT AND EMERGING APPLICATIONS FOR RARE EARTHS
METALLURGICAL/MECHANICAL
TABLE 6 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE METALLURGICAL AND MECHANICAL SECTOR, 2014
GLASS/CERAMICS
TABLE 7 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE GLASS/CERAMICS SECTOR, 2014
ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS
TABLE 8 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS, 2014
CHEMICAL
TABLE 9 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE CHEMICAL SECTOR, 2014
ENERGY
TABLE 10 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2014
LIFE SCIENCES
TABLE 11 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE LIFE SCIENCES SECTOR, 2014
SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION
TABLE 12 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION SECTOR, 2014
CONSUMER
Established Applications
TABLE 13 RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS IN THE CONSUMER SECTOR, 2014
OTHERS
TABLE 14 OTHER RARE EARTH APPLICATIONS, 2014
CHAPTER 4 RARE EARTH PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
INTRODUCTION
RARE EARTH ELEMENTS PROCESSING
TABLE 15 BASIC PROCESSING STEPS IN THE RARE EARTH INDUSTRY, 2014
RECENT PROCESS IMPROVEMENTS, 2012 TO PRESENT
Extraction of Rare Earths from Phosphogypsum
Metallurgical Process for Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from Low-Grade Ores
Mechanochemical Methods for Recovery, Extraction and Separation of Rare Earths
Hydrometallurgical Separation of Rare Earths Elements from
Uranium-rich Concentrates
Refining Methods for Rare Earths based on Organic Amine Lixiviants
Simplified Metallurgical Treatment for Extraction of Rare Earths
LATEST TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS, 2012 TO PRESENT
ORGANIC/INORGANIC COMPOSITE CONTAINING RARE EARTHS
TRANSPARENT CERAMICS
BIOCERAMIC COATINGS BASED ON RARE EARTHS
THERMOELECTRIC MATERIALS CONTAINING RARE EARTHS
RARE-EARTH-BASED MAGNETO-OPTICAL NANOCRYSTALLINE OXIDES
RARE EARTH GLOBAL PRODUCTION
SUMMARY OF GLOBAL PRODUCTION
TABLE 16 RARE EARTH PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2011-2014 (METRIC TONS)
FIGURE 3 RARE EARTHS PRODUCTION SHARE BY COUNTRY, 2011 AND 2014 (%)
CHINA EXPORT VERSUS PRODUCTION
TABLE 17 RARE EARTH PRODUCTION AND EXPORT IN CHINA, 2011-2014
(METRIC TONS)
CHAPTER 5 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF RARE EARTH RESOURCES
INTRODUCTION
NORTH AMERICA
U.S.
Mountain Pass
TABLE 18 MOUNTAIN PASS, CALIF., U.S. - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Iron Hill
TABLE 19 IRON HILL, COLO., U.S. - CARBONATITE ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
TABLE 20 IRON HILL, COLO., U.S. - PIROXENITE ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Lemhi Pass
TABLE 21 LEMHI PASS, ID/MT, U.S. - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Elk Creek
TABLE 22 ELK CREEK, NEB., U.S. - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Round Top Mountain
TABLE 23 ROUND TOP MOUNTAIN, TEX., U.S. - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Bear Lodge
TABLE 24 BEAR LODGE, WY., U.S. - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Bokan Mountain
TABLE 25 BOKAN MOUNTAIN, ALASKA, U.S. - DOTSON ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Other Resources
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in the U.S.
TABLE 26 U.S. RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
CANADA
Thor Lake
TABLE 27 THOR LAKE, CANADA - NECHALACHO ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Eldor
TABLE 28 ELDOR, CANADA - ASHRAM ZONE ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Wicheeda
Strange Lake
TABLE 29 STRANGE LAKE, CANADA - B-ZONE ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Misery Lake
Oka
TABLE 30 OKA, CANADA - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Eden Lake
Red Wine
Kipawa
TABLE 31 KIPAWA, CANADA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Other Resources
Elliot Lake
TABLE 32 ELLIOT LAKE, CANADA - ECO RIDGE RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Hoidas Lake
TABLE 33 HOIDAS LAKE, CANADA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Lancer
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in Canada
TABLE 34 CANADA RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
SOUTH AMERICA
BRAZIL
Monazite Placers
Ion-adsorption Clays
Other Resources
Morro dos Seis Lagos
Araxa
TABLE 35 ARAXÁ, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Catalao
TABLE 36 CATALÃO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Tapira
TABLE 37 TAPIRA, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Salitre
Pitinga
Morro do Ferro
TABLE 38 MORRO DO FERRO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Mato Preto
TABLE 39 MATO PRETO, BRAZIL - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Salobo
Western Bahia
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in Brazil
TABLE 40 BRAZIL RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
ARGENTINA
Rodeo de Los Molles
Other Resources
EUROPE
SWEDEN
Norra Karr
TABLE 41 NORRA KÄRR, SWEDEN - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Olserum
TABLE 42 OLSERUM, SWEDEN - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Other Resources
FINLAND
Otanmaki
TABLE 43 KATAJAKANGAS, FINLAND - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Korsnas
Kaatiala
Other Resources
NORWAY
Fen
GREENLAND
Kvanefjeld
TABLE 44 KVANEFJELD, GREENLAND - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Motzfeldt
TABLE 45 MOTZFELDT, GREENLAND - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Sarfartoq
AFRICA
SOUTH AFRICA
Zandkopsdrift
TABLE 46 ZANDKOPSDRIFT, SOUTH AFRICA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITIONS (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Pilanesberg
TABLE 47 PILANESBERG, SOUTH AFRICA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITIONS (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Phalaborwa
Steenkampskraal
TABLE 48 STEENKAMPSKRAAL, SOUTH AFRICA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITIONS (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Glenover
Monazite Sands
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in South Africa
TABLE 49 SOUTH AFRICA RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
OTHER STATES
COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES
RUSSIA
Lovozero
TABLE 50 LOVOZERO, RUSSIA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Khibina
TABLE 51 KHIBINA, RUSSIA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Tomtor
Other Relevant Deposits
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in Russia
TABLE 52 RUSSIA RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
KYRGYZSTAN
Aktyuz
TABLE 53 KUTESSAI II, KYRGYZSTAN - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Other Resources
Summary of Rare Earth Resources in Kyrgyzstan
TABLE 54 KYRGYZSTAN RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
KAZAKHSTAN
ASIA
INDIA
Monazite Placers
TABLE 55 INDIA - TYPICAL MONAZITE ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
CHINA
Bayan Obo
TABLE 56 BAYAN OBO, INNER MONGOLIA, CHINA - TYPICAL BASTNASITE ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Weishan
Maoniuping
TABLE 57 MAONIUPING, SICHUAN, CHINA - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Ion-adsorption Clays
Other Resources
TABLE 58 SOUTHERN CHINA - TYPICAL MONAZITE ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in China
TABLE 59 CHINA RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
VIETNAM
Nam Xe
Dong Pao
Monazite Placers
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in Vietnam
TABLE 60 VIETNAM RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
OTHER ASIAN RESOURCES
OCEANIA
AUSTRALIA
Olympic Dam
Mt. Weld
TABLE 61 MT. WELD, AUSTRALIA - ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Nolans Bore
TABLE 62 NOLANS BORE, AUSTRALIA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITIONS (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Toongi
TABLE 63 TOONGI, AUSTRALIA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITIONS PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Brockman
TABLE 64 BROCKMAN, AUSTRALIA - TYPICAL ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Kimberley Mineral Field
TABLE 65 CUMMINS RANGE, AUSTRALIA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Yangibana
TABLE 66 YANGIBANA, AUSTRALIA - TYPICAL RARE EARTH ORE COMPOSITION (PERCENT OF TOTAL REO)
Other Resources
Summary of Rare Earths Resources in Australia
TABLE 67 AUSTRALIA RARE EARTH RESOURCES, 2014
SUMMARY OF GLOBAL RESERVES OF RARE EARTHS
TABLE 68 GLOBAL RARE EARTH RESERVES, 2014 (METRIC TONS - REO EQUIVALENT)
FIGURE 4 RARE EARTH RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
TABLE 69 HREE-RICH DEPOSITS, 2014
STATUS REPORT OF MOST IMPORTANT PROJECTS
TABLE 70 STATUS REPORT OF VARIOUS PROJECTS GLOBALLY, 2014
GLOBAL PRODUCTION FORECAST
PRODUCTION FORECAST BY COUNTRY
TABLE 71 RARE EARTH PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2014-2019 (METRIC TONS)
FIGURE 5 RARE EARTH GLOBAL PRODUCTION SHARE BY COUNTRY, 2019 (%)
PRODUCTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT
TABLE 72 RARE EARTH PRODUCTION BY ELEMENT, 2019 (METRIC TONS)
CHAPTER 6 RARE EARTH PRICES
HISTORICAL PRICES OF BASIC RARE EARTH OXIDES
EARLY 1990s TO 2003
FIGURE 6 PRICES FOR THE MAJOR RARE EARTH OXIDES, 1992-2003, 99% PURITY CIF U.S.
2003 TO 2011
FIGURE 7 PRICES FOR THE MAJOR RARE EARTH OXIDES, 99% PURITY FOB CHINA, 2003-2011
RECENT PRICES
TABLE 73 RARE EARTHS AVERAGE UNIT PRICES, 99% PURITY FOB, THROUGH 2014 (US$/KG)
FUTURE PRICE TRENDS
CHINA'S PRODUCTION AND EXPORT POLICIES
PRODUCTION OUTSIDE CHINA
RARE EARTH RECYCLING AND DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE
PRODUCTS
SUPPLY VERSUS DEMAND
TABLE 74 RARE EARTHS AVERAGE UNIT PRICES FORECAST, 99% PURITY FOB, 2014 AND 2019 (US $/KG)
CHAPTER 7 GLOBAL MARKETS
ANALYSIS OUTLINE
GLOBAL MARKET SUMMARY
MARKET SEGMENTATION BY INDUSTRY
TABLE 75 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR RARE EARTHS BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR RARE EARTHS BY INDUSTRY, 2012-2019 (METRIC TONS)
FIGURE 9 RARE EARTH CONSUMPTION SHARE BY INDUSTRY, 2014 VERSUS 2019 (%)
TABLE 76 GLOBAL MARKET FOR RARE EARTHS BY INDUSTRY, THROUGH 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
MARKET SEGMENTATION BY ELEMENT
TABLE 77 GLOBAL RARE EARTH CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 10 RARE EARTH MARKET SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 (%)
METALLURGICAL/MECHANICAL SECTOR
PERMANENT MAGNETS
Types
TABLE 78 MAIN TYPES OF PERMANENT MAGNETS, 2014
Applications
TABLE 79 CURRENT APPLICATIONS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS, 2014
TABLE 80 CURRENT RARE EARTH MAGNET APPLICATIONS, 2014
Current Market Summary
TABLE 81 PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL PRODUCTION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
FIGURE 11 PERMANENT MAGNETS PRODUCTION SHARE BY TYPE, 2014 (%)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Magnet Type
TABLE 82 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY MAGNET TYPE, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS REO)
TABLE 83 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL REVENUES BY MAGNET TYPE, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
Consumption of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 84 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 12 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS CONSUMPTION SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 (%)
Market Growth Trends
Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
TABLE 85 ELECTRIC VEHICLES GLOBAL DEMAND FORECAST, THROUGH 2019 (THOUSANDS UNITS)
Wind Turbines
TABLE 86 WIND TURBINES GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST, THROUGH 2019
Electronics
Other Applications
Market Forecast
TABLE 87 PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL PRODUCTION FORECAST BY MAGNET TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS)
FIGURE 13 PERMANENT MAGNETS PRODUCTION SHARE FORECAST BY TYPE, 2019 (%)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Magnet Type
TABLE 88 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY MAGNET TYPE, THROUGH 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
TABLE 89 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY MAGNET TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
Consumption of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 90 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 14 RARE EARTHS FOR PERMANENT MAGNETS CONSUMPTION SHARE FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2019 (%)
METALLURGICAL ALLOYS
Rare Earth Elements for Metallurgy
TABLE 91 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FOR METALLURGY, 2014
Current Market Summary
TABLE 92 SPECIALTY AND HIGH-PERFORMANCE ALLOYS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
TABLE 93 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY GLOBAL CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 94 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY GLOBAL
CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014
(METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 15 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY CONSUMPTION SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 (%)
TABLE 95 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY GLOBAL REVENUES BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
Market Growth Trends
TABLE 96 SPECIALTY AND HIGH-PERFORMANCE ALLOYS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS)
Market Forecast
TABLE 97 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 98 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 16 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY CONSUMPTION SHARE FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2019 (%)
TABLE 99 RARE EARTHS FOR METALLURGY GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
GLASS/CERAMICS SECTOR
TABLE 100 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS, 2014
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 101 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 102 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 17 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS CONSUMPTION SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 (%)
TABLE 103 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS GLOBAL REVENUES BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS
Polishing Compounds
TABLE 104 CMP SLURRIES GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 105 ADVANCED DISPLAYS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
Advanced Ceramics
TABLE 106 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ADVANCED CERAMICS, 2014 AND 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
Glass
TABLE 107 GLASS MARKETS FOR RARE EARTHS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY SECTOR, 2014 AND 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
MARKET FORECAST
TABLE 108 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY APPLICATION, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 109 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 18 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS CONSUMPTION SHARE FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2019 (%)
TABLE 110 RARE EARTHS FOR GLASS AND CERAMICS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS
TABLE 111 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS, 2014
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 112 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY
APPLICATION, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 113 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 19 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS CONSUMPTION SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 (%)
TABLE 114 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS GLOBAL REVENUES BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS
Advanced Displays
Light-emitting Diodes
Lasers
Optical Fibers
TABLE 115 OPTICAL FIBERS GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS/MILLIONS OF KILOMETERS)
Microelectronics
TABLE 116 SEMICONDUCTORS REVENUES BY REGION, THROUGH 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
MARKET FORECAST
TABLE 117 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 118 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 20 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS CONSUMPTION SHARE FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2019 (%)
TABLE 119 RARE EARTHS FOR ELECTRONICS, OPTICS AND OPTOELECTRONICS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
CHEMICAL SECTOR
TABLE 120 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY, 2014
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 121 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 122 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 21 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CONSUMPTION SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 (%)
TABLE 123 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY GLOBAL REVENUES BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS
TABLE 124 CATALYSTS AND PHOTOCATALYSTS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
MARKET FORECAST
TABLE 125 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY APPLICATION, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 126 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 22 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CONSUMPTION SHARE FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2019 (%)
TABLE 127 RARE EARTHS FOR THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
ENERGY SECTOR
TABLE 128 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR, 2014
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 129 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 130 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 23 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR CONSUMPTION SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 (%)
TABLE 131 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR GLOBAL REVENUES BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS
Batteries
High-temperature Superconductors
TABLE 132 SUPERCONDUCTORS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
Fuel Cells
TABLE 133 FUEL CELLS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
Solar Cells and Other Applications
TABLE 134 PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES GLOBAL PRODUCTION FORECAST BY TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 (MW)
FIGURE 24 PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES PRODUCTION SHARE FORECAST BY TYPE, 2019 (%)
MARKET FORECAST
TABLE 135 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY APPLICATION, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 136 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 25 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR CONSUMPTION SHARE FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2019 (%)
TABLE 137 RARE EARTHS FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
OTHER SECTORS
TABLE 138 RARE EARTH ELEMENTS FOR OTHER SECTORS, 2014
CURRENT MARKET SUMMARY
TABLE 139 RARE EARTHS FOR OTHER SECTORS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 140 RARE EARTHS FOR THE OTHER SECTORS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 (METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 26 RARE EARTHS FOR OTHER SECTORS CONSUMPTION SHARE BY ELEMENT, 2014 (%)
TABLE 141 RARE EARTHS FOR OTHER SECTORS GLOBAL REVENUES BY ELEMENT, THROUGH 2014 ($ MILLIONS)
MARKET GROWTH TRENDS
TABLE 142 VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF RARE EARTHS IN THE LIFE
SCIENCES, SENSORS AND INSTRUMENTATION, AND CONSUMER
SECTORS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY APPLICATION, 2014 AND 2019 ($ BILLIONS)
MARKET FORECAST
TABLE 143 RARE EARTHS FOR OTHER SECTORS GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY APPLICATION, 2014 AND 2019 (METRIC TONS)
Consumption and Revenues of Rare Earths by Element
TABLE 144 RARE EARTHS FOR OTHER SECTORS GLOBAL
CONSUMPTION FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019
(METRIC TONS REO)
FIGURE 27 RARE EARTHS FOR OTHER SECTORS CONSUMPTION SHARE FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2019 (%)
TABLE 145 RARE EARTHS FOR OTHER SECTORS GLOBAL REVENUES FORECAST BY ELEMENT, 2014 AND 2019 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 8 GLOBAL INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
MINERS AND SUPPLIERS OF RARE EARTHS
TABLE 146 MINERS AND SUPPLIERS OF RARE EARTHS, 2014
TABLE 147 GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF KEY PLAYERS, 2014
(NUMBER OF COMPANIES)
OTHER KEY PLAYERS IN THE RARE EARTH INDUSTRY
TABLE 148 OTHER RELEVANT INDUSTRY PLAYERS, 2014
NOTABLE RECENT INDUSTRY CHANGES
TABLE 149 NOTABLE INDUSTRY CHANGES SINCE 2011
COMPANY PROFILES
AGC SEIMI CHEMICAL
ALUMINUM CORPORATION OF CHINA
ARAFURA RESOURCES
BAOTOU IRON & STEEL
Baotou Rare Earth
Baotou Research Institute of Rare Earths
CHINA MINMETALS
CHINA RARE EARTH HOLDINGS
FERRO
GANSU RARE EARTH GROUP
GANZHOU RARE EARTH GROUP
INDIAN RARE EARTHS
IRTYSH RARE EARTHS
LYNAS CORP.
MITSUI KINZOKU
Nippon Yttrium
MOLYCORP
SOLVAY
SANTOKU CORP.
SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL
SHOWA DENKO
SUMMIT ATOM RARE EARTH COMPANY
TREIBACHER INDUSTRIE
CHAPTER 9 PATENT ANALYSIS
INTRODUCTION
SUMMARY OF PATENTS AWARDED IN 2014
TABLE 150 RARE EARTHS - U.S. PATENTS, 2014
GENERAL TRENDS
TABLE 151 RARE EARTHS U.S. PATENT TRENDS, 2012-2014
FIGURE 28 RARE EARTHS U.S. PATENT TRENDS, 2012-2014 (NUMBER OF PATENTS)
TRENDS BY COUNTRY AND REGION
FIGURE 29 RARE EARTHS SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY REGION, 2014 (%)
FIGURE 30 RARE EARTHS U.S. PATENTS BY COUNTRY, 2014 (%)
TRENDS BY ASSIGNEE
TABLE 152 RARE EARTHS ASSIGNEES OF U.S. PATENTS, 2014
TRENDS BY PATENT CATEGORY
FIGURE 31 RARE EARTHS SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY CATEGORY, 2014 (%)
TRENDS BY APPLICATION
FIGURE 32 RARE EARTHS SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY APPLICATION, 2014 (%)
TRENDS BY RARE EARTH TYPE
FIGURE 33 RARE EARTHS SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE, 2014 (%)

Rare Earths: Worldwide Markets, Applications, Technologies

The global market for rare earths totaled 148,840 metric tons in 2013. The market reached 153,260 metric tons in 2014 and is expected to reach 207,205 metric tons in 2019, registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.2% for the period 2014-2019.

This report provides:

An overview of the global market for rare earth materials, technologies, and applications.

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012 and 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.

Details concerning rare earth technology focusing on materials, sources, and applications.

Identification of important technological and market trends within each market segment.

Analysis of relevant patents and patent trends.


SCOPE OF THE REPORT

This report provides an updated review of rare earth materials, sources, pricing and production processes and identifies current and emerging applications for these materials.

BCC Research delineates the current market status for rare earths, defines trends and presents growth forecasts for the next five years. Supply and sourcing issues, including the latest developments, are also discussed.

The rare earth market is analyzed based on material type and application, and it is expressed as rare earth consumption (in metric tons [t]) and revenues (in $ millions).

A detailed U.S. patent analysis provides further insight regarding market and technological developments

More specifically, the market analysis conducted by BCC Research for this report is divided into seven sections.

In the first section (Chapter Three), an introduction to the topic and a historical review of rare earth technology are provided, including an outline of recent events. In this section, current and emerging applications for these materials are also identified and divided by sector (e.g., metallurgical/mechanical, chemical, energy and electronics).

The second section (Chapter Four) outlines the latest process developments and improvements related to rare earth production, followed by a summary of global production by country.

The third section (Chapter Five) provides a detailed analysis of the geographical distribution of rare earth sources, discussing the major rare earth mining activities in each country, including supplying an updated assessment of world reserves, a status report on the most important mining projects and global production forecasts.

Past, present and future price trends are presented and discussed in the fourth section (Chapter Six).

The fifth section (Chapter Seven) provides a global market analysis of rare earths. Global demand for rare earths is presented by industry/application and by element, with actual data for the years 2012 and 2013 and estimated data for 2014. Global rare earth revenues by industry are also provided. The analysis of the current rare earth market is followed by a detailed presentation of market growth trends based on industry growth and technological trends. The fifth section concludes by providing projected demand for rare earths within each segment, together with forecast compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) for 2014 through 2019.

The sixth section (Chapter Eight) of the study, which covers global industry structure, lists rare earth suppliers and descriptions of their products. The analysis includes a description of the geographical distribution of these firms and an evaluation of other key industry players. Detailed company profiles of the top players are also provided.

The seventh and final section (Chapter Nine) includes an extensive U.S. patent analysis, with a summary of patents related to rare earth materials, processes and applications issued in 2014. Patent analysis is performed by region, country, assignee, patent category, application and material type.

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