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Powder Metallurgy: Technologies and Global Markets

Powder Metallurgy: Technologies and Global Markets

The global market for powder shipments reached 3.3 billion pounds, a value of $8 billion in 2015, and should reach 4.3 billion pounds ($13.5 billion) in 2020, demonstrating a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.1% in volume terms and 10.9% in market value from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:
n overview of the global markets for powder metallurgy.
nalyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2020.
iscussion of manufacturing capability and consumption by regional markets.
xaminations of industry standards, government and industry support, and other key factors related to the success of powder metallurgy.
rojections of technological issues, trends, and other influential factors.
rofiles of leading companies in the industry that manufacture powder metal and other related materials used in the process, such as ceramics and nanopowders, special alloys, and metal matrix composites; and companies that make parts and components for automotive products, industrial and tolling equipment, recreation and hobby items, appliances, business machines, and other products.


SCOPE OF REPORT

This report analyzes the PM industry on a global basis, including manufacturing capability and consumption by regional markets. It also examines industry standards, government and industry support, and other key factors related to the success of PM.

Market drivers within the industry are identified. The quantity and value of various powders and parts shipments are projected from 2014 to 2015, and then over a five-year period from 2015 to 2020. Technological issues and trends are projected and other influential factors are discussed.

The report identifies major manufacturers of powder metal and other related materials, such as ceramics and nanopowders, special alloys and metal matrix composites. It also includes companies that make parts and components for automotive products, industrial and tooling equipment, recreation and hobby items, appliances, business machines and other products.

CHAPTER 1 Introduction
STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
SCOPE OF REPORT
METHODOLOGY
INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYSTS' CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS AND POWDER SHIPMENTS,THROUGH 2020 (MILLION LBS/$ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS AND POWDER SHIPMENTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
HISTORY
POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS
TABLE 1 OVERVIEW OF THE POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS
MAKING METAL POWDERS
TABLE 2 BASIC POWDER MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
PARTICULATE MATERIALS
POWDER METALLURGY APPLICATIONS
TABLE 3 END-PRODUCTS THAT USE POWDER METALLURGY PARTS
CHAPTER 4 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
TABLE 4 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY STRUCTURE,2015
KEY COMPANIES IN THE POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY
TABLE 5 KEY COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 2015 POWDER METALLURGY INDUSTRY
POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION
TABLE 6 GLOBAL SHARE OF POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION,2014-2020 (%)
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL SHARE OF POWDER METALLURGY MANUFACTURING BY REGION,2014-2020 (%)
CONSUMPTION OF POWDER METALLURGY PRODUCTS BY REGION
TABLE 7 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY CONSUMPTION BY REGION,2014-2020 (%)
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY CONSUMPTION BY REGION,2014-2020 (%)
MARKET LEADERS
LEADING PARTS AND COMPONENT FABRICATORS
FIGURE 3 LEADING POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT
MANUFACTURERS,2014 (%)
LEADING METAL POWDER PRODUCERS
FIGURE 4 LEADING METALLURGY POWDER MANUFACTURERS,2014 (%)
COMPANY PROFILES
ACUPOWDER INTERNATIONAL
ADVANCED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES PTE LTD.
ADVANCED METALWORKING PRACTICES
ALPHA SINTERED METAL INC.
BASF
BORGWARNER INC.
CAPSTAN CALIFORNIA
CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORP.
CHICAGO POWDER METAL PRODUCTS
DORST TECHNOLOGIES
FEDERAL-MOGUL CORP.
FUKUDA METAL FOIL AND POWDER CO. LTD.
GKN SINTER METALS
H.C. STARCK
HITACHI POWDERED METALS CO. LTD.
HOEGANAES CORP.
HOGANAS AB
KENNAMETAL INC.
METAL POWDER PRODUCTS COMPANY
MIBA AG
NIPPON PISTON RING CO. LTD.
NTN ADVANCED MATERIALS CORP.
OBE GMBH
RAINBOW MING INDUSTRIAL CO.
STACKPOLE INTERNATIONAL
CHAPTER 5 TECHNOLOGY
CONVENTIONAL POWDER METALLURGY
TABLE 8 POWDER METALLURGY PROCESS
POWDER MIXING
COMPACTING
Single-Action Pressing
Multiaction Pressing
Double-Die Pressing
SINTERING
TABLE 9 CONTINUOUS-SINTERING FURNACES BY TYPE
Sinter Hardening
Electric Current Assisted Sintering
FULLY DENSE PROCESSING
HOT ISOSTATIC PRESSING
TABLE 10 BASIC HOT ISOSTATIC PRESSING PROCESS
COLD ISOSTATIC PRESSING
TABLE 11 BASIC COLD ISOSTATIC PRESSING PROCESS
ROLL COMPACTION
HOT EXTRUSION
METAL-INJECTION MOLDING
TABLE 12 BASIC METAL INJECTION MOLDING PROCESS
Powder-Injection Molding
HIGH-DENSITY PROCESSING OF FERROUS METAL PARTS
IMPACT OF RAW MATERIALS
DIE WALL LUBRICATION
HIGH-TEMPERATURE SINTERING
WARM COMPACTION
TABLE 13 WARM COMPACTING PROCESS
POWDER FORGING
ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING
TABLE 14 METALS USED IN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING
DIGITAL LIGHT PROCESSING (DLP)
DIRECT METAL LASER SINTERING
SELECTIVE LASER MELTING
ELECTRON BEAM MELTING
EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES
SECONDARY OPERATIONS
TABLE 15 SECONDARY OPERATIONS
COINING AND SIZING
IMPREGNATION
INFILTRATION
HEAT TREATING
MACHINING
FINISHING
METAL POWDER PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING
FERROUS-POWDER PRODUCTION
Atomization
TABLE 16 WATER AND GAS ATOMIZATION PROCESS COMPARISONS
Reduction of Oxides
Electrolytic Deposition
OTHER POWDER PROCESSING OPERATIONS
Diffusion Bonding
Segregation-Free Processing
NONFERROUS POWDER PRODUCTION
Aluminum-Based Powders
Air or Inert Gas Atomization
Ball Milling
Copper-Based Powders
Oxide Reduction
Water or Air Atomization
Nickel-Based Powders
Hydrometallurgical Processing
Gas Atomization
Plasma-Rotating Electrode Process
Titanium-Based Powders
Kroll Process
Plasma Quench Processing
Refractory Metal Powders
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
EXPANDING THE DEFINITION OF POWDER METALLURGY MATERIALS
TABLE 17 PARTICULATE MATERIALS
IMPACT OF PARTICULATES ON INDUSTRY EXPANSION
Materials Mix
Benefits to the Industry
TABLE 18 BENEFITS OF ADDED MATERIALS TO THE POWDER
METALLURGY INDUSTRY
Make or Outsource Materials
Component Manufacture Modifications
ADVANCES IN MATERIALS AND PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY
Other Injection-Molding Processes
ADVANCED CERAMIC POWDERS
Powder Types
TABLE 19 COMMONLY USED ADVANCED CERAMIC MATERIALS
Powder-Synthesis Techniques
NANO-CERAMIC POWDERS
Nanocomposite Ceramic Powder
Nanoceramic Applications
TABLE 20 COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS FOR CERAMIC NANOPOWDERS
CONCLUSION
PATENT ANALYSIS
PATENTS BY SUBJECT MATTER
TABLE 21 PATENTS BY AREA OF POWDER METALLURGY TECHNOLOGY,JANUARY 2008-NOVEMBER 2015 (NO./%)
PATENTS BY REGION
TABLE 22 POWDER METALLURGY PATENTS BY REGION,JANUARY 2008-NOVEMBER 2015 (NO/%)
PATENTS BY COMPANIES
TABLE 23 COMPANIES WITH TWO OR MORE PATENTS, JANUARY 2008-NOVEMBER 2015 (NO/%)
SAMPLE ABSTRACTS
Method of Making a Nanomatrix Powder Metal Compact
Powder Metal Forging and method and Apparatus of Manufacture
Method of Using a Feedstock Composition for Powder Metallurgy
Powder Metallurgical Compositions Containing Organometallic Lubricants
Powder Metallurgy Sputtering Targets and Their Production Methods
Making Sinter-Forged, High-Strength Aluminum Parts
Method for Making a Forged, Carburized Powder-Metal Part
Making a Turbine Blisk
Composite Cutting Inserts and Methods of Making the Same
CHAPTER 6 COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT
ECONOMIC TRENDS
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL ANNUAL GROWTH RATE OF GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT,2013-2020 (%)
MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION UNITS)
INDUSTRY AND TRADE SUPPORT
NORTH AMERICA
Metal Powder Industries Federation
TABLE 25 TRADE ASSOCIATIONS IN THE METAL POWDER INDUSTRIES
FEDERATION
Pennsylvania State University Center for Innovative Sintered Products
TABLE 26 PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INNOVATIVE SINTERED PRODUCTS COLLABORATING
UNIVERSITIES
EUROPE
European Powder Metallurgy Association
TABLE 27 EUROPEAN POWDER METALLURGY ASSOCIATION'S KEY
GOALS
ASIA-PACIFIC
Japan Powder Metallurgy Association
Powder Metallurgy Association of India
TABLE 28 MAJOR OBJECTIVES OF POWDER METALLURGY
ASSOCIATION OF INDIA
OTHER REGIONS
STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT
TEST METHODS
POWDER-PRESS SAFETY STANDARDS
OTHER STANDARDS
CHAPTER 7 POWDER METALLURGY MATERIALS AND PARTS MARKETS
FERROUS POWDER METALS AND PARTS
FERROUS METAL-POWDER CHARACTERISTICS AND PROPERTIES
Metal-Powder Properties
Particle Size and Distribution
TABLE 29 STANDARD U.S. SIEVE SIZES (MICRONS/INCHES)
Apparent or Tap Density
Flow Rate
TABLE 30 SAMPLE PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF COMMERCIAL IRON-BASED POWDERS (G/M3 and SEC/50 G)
Ferrous-Powder Types
TABLE 31 SAMPLE COMPOSITION OF SINTERED AUTOMOTIVE STEEL STRUCTURAL COMPONENT MATERIALS
FERROUS POWDER METALLURGY APPLICATIONS
Automotive Applications
TABLE 32 REPRESENTATIVE AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS FOR POWDER METALLURGY PARTS
Ferrous Structural Automotive Parts
Engine Connecting Rods
Engine Main-Bearing Caps
Camshaft Lobes
Exhaust-System Components
Bearings, Gears and Sprockets
Transmission Components
Torque Converter Turbine Hubs
Valve Guides and Valve Seat Inserts
Steering Systems
Braking Systems
Ferrous Self-Lubricating Bearings
Ferrous Magnetic Parts
Ferrous Friction Materials
Advantages of Powder Metallurgies in Automotive Applications
TABLE 33 ADVANTAGES OF POWDER METALLURGIES IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS
Non-Automotive Applications of Ferrous-Powder Metallurgies
MARKET ANALYSIS
Iron and Steel Powders
TABLE 34 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF IRON AND STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
Volume Projections
TABLE 35 GLOBAL SHIPMENT TRENDS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND IRON AND STEEL POWDERS, 2007-2014 (MILLION VEHICLES/TONS)
Price Considerations
STAINLESS STEEL POWDERS
Characteristics and Properties
Applications
TABLE 36 MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR STAINLESS STEEL POWDERS
Market Analysis
TABLE 37 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF STAINLESS STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS,THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF STAINLESS STEEL POWDERS AND PARTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
ALUMINUM POWDERS AND PARTS
ALUMINUM POWDER AND PARTS PROPERTIES
Advantages of Aluminum Powder Metallurgy
TABLE 38 ADVANTAGES OF ALUMINUM POWDER METALLURGY
Search for Weight Reduction
Density: A Positive Factor
ALUMINUM POWDER APPLICATIONS
Automotive Applications
Cam-Shaft Bearing Caps
Aerospace Applications
Metal Matrix Composites
TABLE 39 METAL MATRIX COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING METHODS
Thermal Management Applications
Other Applications
ALUMINUM POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
TABLE 40 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF ALUMINUM POWDER AND PARTS,THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF ALUMINUM POWDERS AND PARTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
Volume Projections
Price Considerations
COPPER POWDERS AND COPPER-BASED PARTS
COPPER POWDER PROPERTIES
TABLE 41 PRIMARY ADVANTAGES OF COPPER POWDER
COPPER POWDER METALLURGY APPLICATIONS
Hybrid Vehicles
Bronze Bearings, Filters and Related Parts
High-Conductivity Structural Parts
Other Copper Powder Metallurgy Applications
Friction Materials
COPPER POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
TABLE 42 GLOBAL COPPER POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLION)
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL COPPER POWDERS AND PARTS SHIPMENTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
Volume Projections
Price Considerations
NICKEL-BASED POWDERS AND PARTS
NICKEL-POWDER PROPERTIES
TABLE 43 NICKEL-POWDER PROPERTIES
NICKEL-POWDER APPLICATIONS
TABLE 44 NICKEL-POWDER APPLICATIONS BY POWDER TYPE
NICKEL POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
TABLE 45 GLOBAL NICKEL POWDER AND PART SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL NICKEL POWDER AND PART SHIPMENTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
Volume Projections
Price Considerations
MARKETS FOR TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDERS AND ALLOY PM
PARTS
PROPERTIES
Tungsten
Molybdenum
APPLICATIONS
Tungsten
Molybdenum
TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDER AND PARTS MARKET
ASSESSMENT
TABLE 46 GLOBAL TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL TUNGSTEN AND MOLYBDENUM POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
Volume Projections
Price Considerations
TIN POWDERS AND TIN-BASE PARTS
PROPERTIES
APPLICATIONS
TABLE 47 MAJOR TIN POWDER APPLICATIONS
TIN POWDER AND PARTS MARKET ASSESSMENT
TABLE 48 GLOBAL TIN POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF TIN POWDERS AND PARTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
Volume Projections
Price Considerations
PARTICULATES AND OTHER ADVANCED MATERIALS
PROPERTIES
Special Alloy Materials
TABLE 49 ALLOYS WITH HIGH-CARBON CONTENT (%)
Ceramic Powders
Nanoceramic Powders
TABLE 50 METHODS FOR MAKING NANOPOWDERS
APPLICATIONS
TABLE 51 PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED MATERIAL
APPLICATIONS
PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED-MATERIAL MARKET ASSESSMENT
TABLE 52 GLOBAL PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 13 GLOBAL PARTICULATE AND OTHER ADVANCED POWDER AND PARTS SHIPMENTS,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
Volume Projections
FIGURE 14 MARKET SHARES OF PARTICULATES AND SPECIAL POWDERS, 2014 (%)
Pricing Considerations
GLOBAL POWDER AND PARTS GROWTH
POWDER METALLURGY MATERIALS
Volume
TABLE 53 GLOBAL POWDER METAL SHIPMENT VOLUME AND MARKET SHARE BY MATERIAL TYPE,THROUGH 2020 (MILLION POUNDS/% MARKET SHARE)
FIGURE 15 GLOBAL SHIPMENT VOLUME OF POWDER MATERIALS BY MATERIAL TYPE,2014-2020 (MILLION POUNDS)
FIGURE 16 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR POWDER METAL SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE,2014-2020 (%)
Value
TABLE 54 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY VOLUME AND MARKET SHARE BY MATERIAL TYPE, THROUGH 2020 ($ MILLIONS AND %)
FIGURE 17 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY SHIPMENT VOLUME BY MATERIAL TYPE,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 18 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR POWDER METALLURGY SHIPMENTS BY MATERIAL TYPE,2014-2020 (%)
PARTS
Parts Shipments by Powder Metal Type
TABLE 55 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY PARTS MARKET AND SHIPMENTS, 2014-2020 (MILLION POUNDS/$ MILLIONS)
Parts Shipments by End Use Type
TABLE 56 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHIPMENTS AND SHARE BY MARKET TYPE, 2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS/% MARKET SHARE)
FIGURE 19 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHIPMENTS BY MARKET TYPE,2014-2020 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 20 GLOBAL POWDER METALLURGY COMPONENT SHARE BY MARKET TYPE,2014-2020 (%)

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