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Gas Sensors and Gas Metering: Applications and Markets

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY AND INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
METHODOLOGY
INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYSTS' CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS FLOW METERS, SENSORS/MONITORS, AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS FLOW METERS, SENSORS/MONITORS AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
HISTORY OF GAS FLOW METERING AND GAS SENSING/MONITORING
GAS FLOW METERS
GAS ANALYZERS
SECONDARY INSTRUMENTATION
TECHNOLOGIES
APPLICATIONS
TABLE 1 OVERVIEW OF MAJOR APPLICATIONS FOR GAS FLOW METERING, GAS SENSORS/MONITORS, AND SECONDARY GAS FLOW
INSTRUMENTATION, BY MARKET SEGMENT
MARKET SUMMARY
PRODUCT CATEGORY
TABLE 2 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GAS METERING, SENSORS/MONITORS, AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY PRODUCT TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (%)
FIGURE 1 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GAS METERING, SENSORS/MONITORS, AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY PRODUCT TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)
APPLICATION SEGMENTS
TABLE 3 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS METERING, SENSORS/MONITORS AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GAS METERING, SENSORS/MONITORS AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 (%)
GEOGRAPHICAL SEGMENTS
TABLE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS FLOW METERING, SENSORS/MONITORS AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 3 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GAS METERING, SENSORS/MONITORS AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION MARKET, BY REGION, 2015-2021 (%)
CHAPTER 4 GAS SENSING AND MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES
DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGIES
EXTRACTIVE MANUAL TECHNIQUES
Nitrogen Oxides
CO
Oxygen
Sulfur Dioxide
VOCs
INSTRUMENTED TECHNIQUES
CEMS
FIGURE 4 TYPICAL SAMPLING SYSTEMS FOR AN ONSTREAM ANALYZER
Sample Transport and Conditioning
Sample Gas Analysis
Wet-Basis Gas Analysis
Dry-Basis Gas Analysis
Data Acquisition System
Cross-Duct (or Cross-Stack) Monitoring Technology
System Integration
CEMS Applications
TABLE 5 CEMENT INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS OF CEMS
TABLE 6 COAL FIRED POWER PLANT APPLICATIONS OF CEMS
TABLE 7 IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS OF CEMS
STACK GAS/SOURCE SAMPLING
Stack/Source Sampling Procedure
Selection of Sampling Position in the Stack/Source
TABLE 8 MINIMUM NUMBER OF TRAVERSE POINTS ACROSS THE STACK
Measurement of Gas Flow Rate (Pollutant Emission Rate)
Measurement of Stack Gas Velocity
Determination of Temperature of Gas
TABLE 9 PROBES USED FOR DIFFERENT TEMPERATURE RANGES
Determination of Pressure
Bourdon
Bellows
Diaphragm
Capacitive or Inductance
Resistive, Strain Gauge
Piezoelectric
Types of Temperature Transmitters
FIXED VS. PORTABLE GAS SENSORS AND MONITORS
The Basic Fixed System
Key Considerations
Intrinsically Safe
Explosion Proof
Fixed Systems Best Practice
Basic Portable Gas Detectors
Key Considerations
Portables Best Practice
Advanced Sensors for Multi-Sensor Instruments
Other Types of Direct Reading Sensors
MICRO- AND NANOSENSORS
MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SENSORS
MEMS Gas Sensing Technologies
Electrochemical Sensors
Mass Sensors
Applications
TABLE 10 POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS OF MEMS CHEMICAL AND GAS
SENSORS
Automotive
Life Sciences
Environmental Protection
Military/Public Safety
Industrial Leak Detection and Process Control
NANOSENSORS
Nano-Gas Sensing Technologies
Nanotubes
Carbon Nanotubes
Other Types of Nanotubes
Nanoribbons
Nanowires
Nano-Cantilevers
Nanoparticles
Nanoceramics
Graphene
CHAPTER 5 GAS FLOW METERING: TECHNOLOGIES AND MARKETS
TECHNOLOGIES
TABLE 11 FLOW METER TECHNOLOGIES
DP FLOW METERS
Orifice Plate
Flow Nozzles
Venturi Tube
FIGURE 5 VENTURI FLOW METER
Elbow Meter
FIGURE 6 ELBOW FLOW METER
PD FLOW METERS
Diaphragm Meters
Rotary Meters
TURBINE FLOW METERS
THERMAL MASS FLOW METERS
Direct-Heat Flow Meters
Externally Heated Flow Meters
Heated-Tube Design
Bypass-Type Design
Air Velocity Probes
VARIABLE AREA FLOW METERS
Slotted Tube Flow Meters
Vane and Piston Flow Meters
MFC
ANNUBAR
CORIOLIS FLOW METERS
Tube Designs
ULTRASONIC FLOW METERS
VORTEX FLOW METER
OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
Optical Flow Meters
Sonar-Based Flow Meters
SELECTING A FLOW METER
Performance Comparisons
TABLE 12 COMPARISON OF SELECTED GAS FLOW METER OPTIONS AND COSTS
Flow Meter Advantages and Disadvantages
TABLE 13 FLOW METER ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
The Importance of Accuracy
TABLE 14 IMPORTANCE OF DEGREE OF ACCURACY IN GAS FLOW METERING (%)
What is Reliability?
TABLE 15 IMPORTANCE OF RELIABILITY IN SPECIFYING/PURCHASING GAS FLOW METERS (%)
Other Gas Flow Meter Selection Criteria
Installed Base
SUPPLIERS
TABLE 16 GAS FLOW METER VENDOR LEADERS AND PRODUCTS OFFERING
MARKETS
APPLICATION SEGMENTS
TABLE 17 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS FLOW METERS, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS FLOW METERS, BY APPLICATION, 2015-2021 (%)
TABLE 18 GAS FLOW METERING BY METER TYPE/APPLICATION CHART Custody (Ownership) Transfer
TABLE 19 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CUSTODY TRANSFER GAS FLOW METERING, BY METER TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Stack Gas Monitoring
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STACK GAS FLOW METERING, BY METER TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Flare Gas Flow Metering and Monitoring
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLARE GAS FLOW METERING, BY METER TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Utility Applications
TABLE 22 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY GAS FLOW METERING, BY METER TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CNG
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNG FLOW METERING, BY METER TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Low Flow Gas Flow Metering
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LOW GAS FLOW RATE METERING, BY METER TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGY SEGMENTS
TABLE 25 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS FLOW METERING, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS FLOW METERING, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)
DP
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DP GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
PD
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PD GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Turbine
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TURBINE GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Thermal Mass
TABLE 29 GLOBAL MARKET FOR THERMAL MASS GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
MFCs
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MFCS GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Annubar
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANNUBAR GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Ultrasonic
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRASONIC GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Coriolis
TABLE 33 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CORIOLIS GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Doppler Vortex
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DOPPLER VORTEX GAS FLOW METERING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 6 GAS SENSOR/MONITORING TECHNOLOGIES
TECHNOLOGIES
IR SENSING/MONITORING TECHNOLOGY
FTIR
NDIR Technology
SOLID-STATE SENSING/MONITORING TECHNOLOGY
CATALYTIC BEAD SENSING/MONITORING TECHNOLOGY
GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY
Flame Ionization Detection Technology
TC Analyzers
Electron Capture Detector
PIDs
Flame Photometric Detector
UV Sensing/Monitoring Technology
Chemiluminescent Analyzers
ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSING/MONITORING TECHNOLOGY
PARAMAGNETIC ANALYZERS
OTHER TECHNOLOGIES
Mass Spectrometry
Hot-Wire Anemometers
Air Duct Traversing
MEMS Sensors
Nano-Gas Sensors
TABLE 35 NANO-GAS SENSOR TECHNOLOGIES
Nanotubes
Nanoribbons
Nanowires
Nano-Cantilevers
Nanoceramics
Graphene Sensors
SUPPLIERS
TABLE 36 GAS FLOW SENSORS/MONITORS SUPPLIER LEADERS AND PRODUCTS OFFERING
MARKETS
APPLICATION SEGMENTS
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS SENSING/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 9 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GAS SENSING/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 (%)
Custody Transfer
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CUSTODY TRANSFER SENSOR/MONITORING, BY SENSOR TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Stack Gas Monitoring
TABLE 39 GLOBAL MARKET FOR STACK GAS SENSOR/MONITORING, BY SENSOR TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Flare Gas Monitoring
TABLE 40 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLARE GAS SENSOR/MONITORING, BY SENSOR TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Utility Applications
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR UTILITY SENSOR/MONITORING, BY SENSOR TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CNG
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CNG SENSOR/MONITORING, BY SENSOR TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Low Flow Rate Gas
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR LOW GAS FLOW RATE SENSOR/MONITORING, BY SENSOR TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGY SEGMENTS
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS SENSOR/MONITORING, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 10 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR GAS SENSOR/MONITORING, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)
IR Gas Sensors/Monitors
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET FOR IR SENSOR/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Solid-State Gas Sensors
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLID-STATE SENSOR/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Catalytic Gas Sensors
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CATALYTIC SENSOR/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Gas Chromatography Sensors
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GC SENSOR/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Electrochemical Gas Sensors
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Paramagnetic Gas Sensors
TABLE 50 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PARAMAGNETIC SENSOR/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Chemiluminescence Gas Sensors
TABLE 51 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CHEMILUMESCENCE SENSORS/MONITORING BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
UV Gas Sensors
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ULTRA-VIOLET SENSOR/MONITORING, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 7 SECONDARY GAS FLOW METERING TECHNOLOGIES
TECHNOLOGIES
TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT
TABLE 53 OVERVIEW OF TEMPERATURE SENSORS
DENSITY MEASUREMENT
PRESSURE MEASUREMENT
TABLE 54 OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE SENSORS
SUPPLIERS
TABLE 55 SECONDARY GAS FLOW INSTRUMENTATION SUPPLIER/VENDOR
MARKETS
APPLICATION SEGMENTS
TABLE 56 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW METERING INSTRUMENTATION, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 11 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW METERING INSTRUMENTATION, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, 2015-2021 (%)
Custody (Ownership) Transfer of Natural Gas
TABLE 57 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW INSTRUMENTATION USED IN CUSTODY TRANSFER OF NATURAL GAS, BY INSTRUMENTATION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Stack Gas Monitoring
TABLE 58 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW INSTRUMENTATION FOR STACK GAS, BY INSTRUMENTATION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Flare Gas Monitoring
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW INSTRUMENTATION USED IN FLARE METERING, BY INSTRUMENTATION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Utility Applications
TABLE 60 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW INSTRUMENTATION USED IN UTILITY APPLICATIONS, BYINSTRUMENTATION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CNG
TABLE 61 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW INSTRUMENTATION USED IN CNG APPLICATIONS, BY INSTRUMENTATION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Low Gas Flow Rate Applications
TABLE 62 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW INSTRUMENTATION USED IN LOW GAS FLOW RATE APPLICATIONS, BY INSTRUMENTATION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGY SEGMENTS
TABLE 63 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW METERING INSTRUMENTATION, BY INSTRUMENTATION TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 12 GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR SECONDARY GAS FLOW METERING INSTRUMENTATION, BY INSTRUMENTATION TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)
Temperature Sensors
TABLE 64 GLOBAL MARKET FOR TEMPERATURE SECONDARY INSTRUMENTATION, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Pressure Sensors
TABLE 65 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PRESSURE SECONDARY INSTRUMENTATION, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
Density Measurement
TABLE 66 GLOBAL MARKET FOR DENSITY SECONDARY INSTRUMENTATION, BY APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 8 MAJOR GEOGRAPHICAL MARKETS
TABLE 67 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GAS METERING, SENSORS/MONITORS, AND SECONDARY FLOW INSTRUMENTATION, BY REGION AND APPLICATION SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 9 PURCHASING CRITERIA
FLOW METERS
TABLE 68 IMPORTANT FACTORS IN SPECIFICATION/PURCHASING OF FLOW METERS (SCALE IS 1 TO 5)
GAS SENSORS/MONITORS
TABLE 69 IMPORTANT FACTORS IN SPECIFICATION/PURCHASING OF GAS SENSORS/MONITORS (SCALE IS 1 TO 5)
CHAPTER 10 COMPANY PROFILES
THE ABB GROUP (ABB ANALYTICAL)
ACCULEX
AGILENT
ALICAT SCIENTIFIC INC.
ALTECH ENVIRONMENT USA
AMALGAMATED INSTRUMENTS CO. PTY, LTD.
AMETEK INC.
ASIA PACIFIC MICROSYSTEMS INC. (APM)
AUTOMATIC FLARE SYSTEMS, LTD.
BACHARACH INC.
BADGER METER
BASELINE-MOCON INC. (BASELINE)
BROOKS INSTRUMENT
CASELLA USA
CIDRA
CIMTECHNIQUES INC.
CITY TECHNOLOGY, LTD.
COUNTRONICS
DAVIDSON INSTRUMENTS
DRAGER SAFETY AG
DRSCADA AUTOMATION
ELSTER-INSTROMET N.V.
EMERSON PROCESS MANAGEMENT
ENDRESS+HAUSER INC.
FIGARO ENGINEERING INC.
FLORITE INTERNATIONAL INC.
FREHNIG INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS
GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE (GTI)
GE MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL
GENERAL MONITORS SYSTEMS
HONEYWELL INC.
HORIBA, LTD.
IFM EFECTOR INC.
IMPCO TECHNOLOGIES INC.
INNOVA AIRTECH INSTRUMENTS A/S
INSTRUMART
INTERNATIONAL SENSOR TECHNOLOGY
J-TEC ASSOCIATES INC.
KEP-KESSLER-ELLIS PRODUCTS
LAND INSTRUMENTS INTERNATIONAL
MCCROMETER INC.
MICRO SYSTEMS & CONTROLS
MSA SAFETY
QUEST TECHNOLOGIES/3M DETECTION SOLUTIONS
R2 CONTROLS INC.
SAGE METERING INC.
SERVOMEX CO. INC.
SIEMENS AG
SITRON USA INC.
SOUTH WEST RESEARCH INSTITUTE (SWRI)
SPINK CONTROLS
SYNECTIC DESIGN, LTD.
TELEDYNE ANALYTICAL INSTRUMENTS
TOKY ELECTRICAL CO., LTD.
YOKOGAWA CORP. OF AMERICA
CHAPTER 11 PATENT ANALYSIS
FIGURE 13 U.S. GAS SENSOR/MONITOR PATENTS ISSUED SINCE 1975, BY PRODUCT TYPE (% OF PATENTS IDENTIFIED)
GAS FLOW METER PATENTS
FIGURE 14 U.S. GAS SENSOR FLOW METER PATENTS ISSUED SINCE 1975, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE (% OF PATENTS IDENTIFIED)
GAS SENSOR AND MONITOR PATENTS
FIGURE 15 U.S. GAS SENSOR AND MONITOR PATENTS ISSUED SINCE 1975, BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE (% OF PATENTS IDENTIFIED)
SECONDARY INSTRUMENTATION PATENTS
FIGURE 16 U.S. SECONDARY GAS INSTRUMENTATION PATENTS ISSUED SINCE 1975, BY PARAMETER MEASURED (% OF PATENTS IDENTIFIED)

Gas Sensors and Gas Metering: Applications and Markets

Report Highlights
The global market for gas flow meters, sensors/monitors, and secondary flow instrumentation will grow from nearly $5.3 billion in 2016 to around $6.9 billion by 2021, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.3% for the period of 2016-2021.

Report Includes
An in-depth analysis of the global market for gas sensors and metering, and related applications and technologies.
Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2015, 2016, and projections of compounds annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2021.
Information on the basic concepts, principles of operation, and equipment used for gas metering, gas sensing/monitoring, secondary gas flow instrumentation, and sampling.
A look at the market's dynamics including growth drivers, restraints, and opportunities.
Analysis of the role of gas metering and sensing/monitoring in various applications segments, including custody transfer of natural gas, stack and flare systems, utilities, crude oil and natural gas production/ processing, and low gas flow rates.
Profiles of key players in the market.


Report Scope

This report presents data on demand for gas metering and gas sensors/monitors for different applications in current U.S. dollars for the major global regions. Market share is presented for all major products, applications, gases, players/regions, and at the global level. Profiles are included for leading suppliers worldwide.

The report begins with an overview of gas sensing and monitoring technologies, including a brief history, major products, and a market summary. Subsequent sections describe major gas sensing and monitoring technologies in greater detail, identify key suppliers, and present comprehensive market estimates and projections. A separate chapter examines the geographical structure of the market.

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