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Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets

Flame Retardant Chemicals: Technologies and Global Markets

The global consumption of flame retardant chemicals reached nearly 5.4 billion pounds in 2016. The market should reach 5.6 billion pounds in 2017 and 7.3 billion pounds by 2022, growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.4%, from 2017 to 2022.

Report Includes
An overview of the global market for flame-retardant chemicals.
Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2016 and estimates for 2017, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2022.
Reviews of government regulations and their impact on the market, as they obligate manufacturers to add flame-retardant chemicals to a wide range of products used every day.
Discussion of industry structure, including major suppliers.
Evaluations of chemicals by retardant mechanism, by chemical type, and by end-use application.
Analysis of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.


Report Scope
This study is an in-depth evaluation of flame retardant chemicals by type and by end-use application over the years 2016-2022. The forecast will cover worldwide demand and be broken down by chemical type and application. Because electronics are so widely used in the world today and they are housed most often in plastics, this segment will be emphasized.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
DATA SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
ANALYSTS' CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, 2016-2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
CHAPTER 3 INDUSTRY OVERVIEW
IMPORTANCE OF THE INDUSTRY
FLAME RETARDANCY BASICS
TERMINOLOGY
MECHANISMS OF BURNING
TABLE 1 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROLLING BURNING
FLAME RETARDANT CONCEPTS
PHYSICAL DILUTION
CHEMICAL INTERFERENCES
INERT GAS DILUTION
THERMAL QUENCHING
PROTECTIVE COATINGS
GENERALLY ACCEPTED MECHANISMS OF FLAME RETARDANT CONTROL
TABLE 2 FLAME RETARDANTS AND GENERALLY ACCEPTED MECHANISMS
OF CONTROL
TYPES OF FLAME RETARDANTS
ADDITIVE FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 3 ADDITIVES/MODIFIERS FOR CONTROL OF BURNING
REACTIVE FLAME RETARDANTS
SYNERGISTIC FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 4 REPRESENTATIVE SYNERGISTIC FLAME RETARDANT COMBINATIONS (%)
DIVERSITY OF FLAME-RETARDED PRODUCTS
TABLE 5 FLAME RETARDANTS AND PRODUCTS WHERE THEY ARE COMMONLY USED
COMBINED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 6 COMMON CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR FLAME RETARDANT
CHEMICALS
TABLE 7 LEADING CAUSES OF U.S. RESIDENTIAL FIRES (%)
TESTING
TESTING GOALS
TABLE 8 GOALS OF SIMULATED FIRE CONDITIONS TESTS
TYPES OF TESTING
Small-Scale Testing
Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI)
TABLE 9 OXYGEN INDICES OF SOME COMMON MATERIALS
Cone Calorimeter
TABLE 10 CONE CALORIMETRY PARAMETERS AND VALUES
Medium-Scale Testing
Large-Scale Testing
UL-94
TABLE 11 UL-94 BURN TEST RATINGS
Additional Tests
INDUSTRY ENVIRONMENT
THE NEGATIVE VIEW OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
U.S. REGULATIONS RESTRICTING USE OF CERTAIN FLAME RETARDANTS
EPA REGULATIONS
TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA)
U.S. LAWS
STATE LAWS
California
New York
District of Columbia
Maryland
Minnesota
Vermont
EUROPEAN RESTRICTIONS ON FLAME RETARDANTS
WEEE AND ROHS
REACH
SIGNIFICANT ORGANIZATIONS REGULATING FIRE CONTROL
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY (NIST)
INTERNATIONAL CODE COUNCIL (ICC) AND THE INTERNATIONAL BUILDING
CODE (IBC)
U.S. FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATIONS
UPHOLSTERY REGULATION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH (NIOSH)
AND OSHA
OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA)
OSHA Standards
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.132
OSHA CFR 29 1910.269 - Protection from Flames and Electric Arcs
ROLE OF NON-FEDERAL AGENCIES
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
TABLE 12 NFPA GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS
TABLE 13 AGENCIES INVOLVED IN ESTABLISHING FLAME RETARDANT
AND PROTECTIVE STANDARDS
ASTM International
ASTM Standards
TABLE 14 ASTM STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO THE FLAME
RETARDANT INDUSTRY
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS OF INTEREST
American Chemistry Council
European Flame Retardants Association (EFRA)
Fire Safety Platform Secretariat
Groupement Technique Français Contre l'Incendie
National Association of State Fire Marshals
INTERNATIONAL REGULATIONS ON USE OF FLAME RETARDANTS
ASIAN REGULATIONS
The Japanese Chemical Substances Control Law (CSCL)
Chinese Flame Retardant Society
SPECIFIC EUROPEAN REGULATIONS
European Committee for Standardization
ISO TC61 Committee Standards
The Department for Business, Innovation & Skills (BIS)
The British Standards Institution (BSI)
Voluntary Emissions Control Action Programme (VECAP)
MAJOR CONSUMER INDUSTRIES
TABLE 15 MARKET SHARE BY INDUSTRY, 2016 (%, BASED ON $)
FIGURE 1 MARKET SHARE BY INDUSTRY, 2016 (%, BASED ON $)
MAJOR PRODUCERS OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
CHAPTER 4 FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
CHEMICALS THAT ARE FLAME RETARDANT
TABLE 16 CHEMICALS COMMONLY USED AS FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 17 SIGNIFICANT FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 18 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY CHEMICAL TYPE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 2 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS, 2016-2022
($ MILLIONS)
ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE
BAUXITE/ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE SOURCES
ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE GRADES
MARKET FOR ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 19 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 21 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ALUMINUM TRIHYDRATE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
ANTIMONY OXIDE
FIGURE 3 REACTIONS OF ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE WITH HALOGENS
SOURCES OF ANTIMONY OXIDE
MARKET FOR ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 22 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF ANTIMONY OXIDE FIRE RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 23 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 24 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANTIMONY OXIDE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
BROMINE-BASED COMPOUNDS
TABLE 25 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS IN ELECTRICAL/ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS, 2016 (%)
TYPES OF BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 26 TYPES OF AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
COMPOUNDS
TABLE 27 SIGNIFICANT AROMATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
COMPOUNDS
TABLE 28 SIGNIFICANT TYPES OF ALIPHATIC BROMINE-BASED FLAME
RETARDANT COMPOUNDS
TABLE 29 TYPICAL LOADING OF BROMINATED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN PLASTICS (%)
MARKET FOR BROMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 30 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF BROMINE FIRE RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BROMINE FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 32 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT BROMINE-BASED CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 4 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT BROMINE-BASED CHEMICALS BY END USE, 2016-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT COMPOUNDS
CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT PROPERTIES
SOURCES OF CHLORINE
CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT TYPES
DECHLORANE PLUS
MARKET FOR CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 33 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 34 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 35 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CHLORINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE PROPERTIES
SOURCES OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE
MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE GRADES
MARKET FOR MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE AS A FLAME RETARDANT
TABLE 36 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FIRE RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MAGNESIUM HYDROXIDE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
MELAMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
MELAMINE HOMOLOGUES
TABLE 39 COMMON MELAMINE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS MARKET FOR MELAMINE FIRE RETARDANTS
TABLE 40 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF MELAMINE FIRE RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MELAMINE FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 42 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MELAMINE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 5 GLOBAL MARKET FOR MELAMINE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, 2016-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
PHOSPHATES
PHOSPHONATES AND PHOSPHINATES
RED PHOSPHORUS
AMMONIUM POLYPHOSPHATE
MARKET FOR PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS
TABLE 43 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PHOSPHORUS-BASED FIRE RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 44 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 45 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHOSPHORUS-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
OTHER FLAME RETARDANTS
BORON-BASED FIRE RETARDANTS
Boron Sources
MOLYBDENUM-BASED FIRE RETARDANTS
Molybdenum Properties
Molybdate Smoke Suppression
Molybdenum Sources
NANOCOMPOSITE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
Nanocomposites in Packaging
Nanocomposites in Foams
IN SITU POLYMERIZATION
GRAPHITE-BASED FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
DUST-FREE SUSTAINABLE POLYMERIC FLAME RETARDANT SYSTEMS
MARKET FOR OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 46 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF OTHER FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 (MILLION POUNDS)
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER FLAME RETARDANTS, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR OTHER FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY END USE, 2016-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
PRODUCTS THAT ARE SMOKE AND FLAME RETARDED
TABLE 49 MAJOR MARKETS USING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 50 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
FIGURE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS BY APPLICATION, 2016-2022 ($ MILLIONS)
PLASTICS
FLAME RETARDANT METHODS USED FOR PLASTICS
TABLE 51 METHODS OF FLAME-RETARDING POLYMERS
TABLE 52 CRITERIA FOR SELECTING FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TABLE 53 TYPES OF PLASTICS THAT USE FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
FLAME RETARDANTS USED IN PLASTICS
TABLE 54 FLAME RETARDANTS IN PLASTICS, 2016 (% OF TOTAL MILLION POUNDS)
Acrylics
Epoxy Resins
Nylons
Phenolics
Polycarbonates
Polyesters
Polyethylenes/Polypropylenes
Polyvinyl Chloride
Styrenes
FORECAST FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN PLASTICS
TABLE 55 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN PLASTICS BY CHEMICAL TYPE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TEXTILES
TEXTILE CLASSIFICATIONS
Non-Durable
Semi-Durable
Durable
TYPES OF TEXTILES
Natural Fibers
Synthetic Fabrics
Blended Fabrics
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN TEXTILES
TABLE 56 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN TEXTILES BY CHEMICAL TYPE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
WOOD/PAPER
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN WOOD/PAPER
TABLE 57 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN WOOD/PAPER BY CHEMICAL TYPE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
COATINGS/PAINTS
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN
COATINGS/PAINTS
TABLE 58 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN PAINTS/COATINGS BY CHEMICAL, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
COATINGS/CONSTRUCTION
GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN COATINGS/CONSTRUCTION
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN COATINGS/CONSTRUCTION BY CHEMICAL TYPE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
COATINGS/DECORATIONS
VALUE OF FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS IN COATINGS/DECORATIONS
TABLE 60 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS USED IN COATINGS/DECORATIONS BY CHEMICAL TYPE, THROUGH 2022 ($ MILLIONS)
TECHNOLOGIES
DOW POLYFR
CHEMTURA
ALBEMARLE
ICL
BASF
FIRE-RETARDANT GELS
CARBON NANOTUBES (CNTS)
NANOCOATING COMPRISED OF POSITIVELY CHARGED CHITOSAN (CH) AND ANIONIC POLY (VINYL SULFONIC ACID SODIUM SALT)
CLAY, CRAB SHELLS AND DNA BASED "GREEN" FIRE RETARDANTS
BIO-INSPIRED COATINGS ON FLEXIBLE POLYURETHANE FOAM
OCEAN BACTERIA PRODUCE FLAME RETARDANTS
BASF ULTRAMID A3U42G6 HALOGEN FREE FLAME RETARDANT
SONY LAUNCHES EXTERNAL SALES OF SORPLAS FLAME-RETARDANT
RECYCLED PLASTIC MATERIAL
RESEARCHERS CREATE DAIRY-BASED FLAME RETARDANT
U.S. NAVY INTRODUCING FLAME RETARDANT UNIFORMS
NON-TOXIC SYNTHETIC POLYDOPAMINE FIRE RETARDANT
PATENT ACTIVITY
TABLE 61 LIST OF APPLICABLE U.S. PATENTS
CHAPTER 5 LEADING COMPANIES IN FLAME RETARDANT CHEMICALS
TOP THREE TIER-ONE COMPANIES
ALBEMARLE CORP.
TABLE 62 ALBEMARLE'S MAJOR FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES
CHEMTURA CORP.
Great Lakes Solutions (Part of Chemtura)
TABLE 63 SELECT FLAME RETARDANT PRODUCT LINES FROM GREAT
LAKES SOLUTIONS (A CHEMTURA COMPANY)
ISRAEL CHEMICALS LTD.
Israel Chemicals Ltd. Performance Products LP
TIER TWO COMPANIES
AKZO NOBEL N.V.
International Protective Coatings Corp.
ALMATIS GMBH (PART OF ALMATIS HOLDINGS GMBH)
AMPACET CORP.
AMSPEC CHEMICAL CORP.
ARKEMA SA
Arkema USA (Part of Arkema SA)
BARRICADE INTERNATIONAL INC.
BASF SE
BAYER AG
CLARIANT AG
Clariant Specialty Chemicals
DAIHACHI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO. LTD.
DOVER CHEMICAL CORP.
FREEPORT-MCMORAN COPPER AND GOLD INC.
Climax Molybdenum Co. (A subsidiary of Freeport McMoRan Copper and Gold)
ICC INDUSTRIES INC.
INTERPLASTIC CORP.
J.M. HUBER CORP.
Huber Engineered Materials (Part of J.M. Huber Corp.)
KYOWA CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO. LTD.
LANXESS AG
LHOIST SA
Franklin Industrial Minerals (Part of Lhoist SA)
MARTIN MARIETTA MATERIALS INC.
Martin Marietta Magnesia Specialties LLC (Part of Martin Marietta Materials Inc.)
MINERALS TECHNOLOGIES (FORMERLY AMCOL INTERNATIONAL CORP.)
NYACOL NANO TECHNOLOGIES INC.
OCCIDENTAL CHEMICAL CORP.
RIO TINTO ALCAN CANADA LTD.
RIO TINTO BORATES
R.J. MARSHALL CO.
ROCKWOOD CLAY ADDITIVES LTD./SOUTHERN CLAY PRODUCTS (PART OF BYK ADDITIVES & INSTRUMENTS, A SUBSIDIARY OF ALTANA)
SHERWIN-WILLIAMS CO.
SOLVAY RHODIA
TOR MINERALS INTERNATIONAL INC.
TOSOH CORP.
Tosoh USA Inc. (Part of Tosoh Corp.)
U.S. ANTIMONY SALES CORP.
VELSICOL CHEMICAL LLC
MISCELLANEOUS FLAME RETARDANT COMPANIES
APEXICAL INC. (PART OF KANHU PANDA INFOTECH PVT. LTD.)
DAIHACHI CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
DOW CHEMICAL CO.
DUPONT
ITALMATCH CHEMICALS SPA
NABALTEC
NIHON SEIKO LTD.
SAKAMOTO YAKUHIN KOGYO CO. LTD.
SPARTAN FLAME RETARDANTS
TATEHO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES CO. LTD (A SUBSIDIARY OF AIR WATER WORKS)
OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
AZONETWORK UK LTD.
BUREAU OF ELECTRONIC AND APPLIANCE REPAIR, HOME FURNISHINGS AND THERMAL INSULATION
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION
FLAME RETARDANTS-ONLINE
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF FIRE AND RESCUE SERVICES
JAPAN FIRE RETARDANT ASSOCIATION (JFRA)

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