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Biorefinery Products: Global Markets

Biorefinery Products: Global Markets

The global market for bioproducts should reach $714.6 billion by 2021 from $466.6 billion in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.9%, from 2016 to 2021.

Report Includes
A complete techno-economic and environmental analysis of industrial biorefinery products
Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2015, estimates for 2016, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2021
Breakdowns of product demand by division, including energetic (ethanol, biodiesel, electricity/heat), nonenergetic (chemicals, materials, herbal/botanicals); and by segment, including fuel (transport, mechanical, etc.), energy (heat, electricity), material (plastics, resins), chemical (alcohols, solvents, acids, surfactants, etc.), and herbal/botanical (drugs, body care, aroma, etc.)
Forecasts for biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and chemicals from biomass
Evaluations of the prospects for biorefineries built on different "platforms," such as the "sugar platform," based on fermentation of sugars extracted from biomass feedstocks, versus the "syngas platform," based on thermochemical conversion processes
Detailed patent analysis and a research-and-development update
Profiles of major players in the industry


Report Scope
This research report quantifies the two categories of energetic and non-energetic bioproducts into seven major product segments: bio-derived chemicals, biofuels, pharmaceuticals (biodrugs and herbal/botanicals), biocomposite materials, biopolymers/bioplastics, biogas and biopower.

The report is divided in 14 chapters. Chapter Two contains the demand by category with forecast to 2021.

Chapter Three presents an overview that defines and quantifies biorefinery products and assesses market trends and categories/segments with a forecast to 2021.

Chapter Four presents the history, opportunity and penetration of bio-products with a forecast to 2021.

Chapter Five presents the demand for energetic bioproducts and analyzes the market for biofuels, biogas and wood pellets, with regional breakdowns and forecasts to 2021.

Chapter Six presents the demand for non-energetic bioproducts and analyzes the market for chemicals, pharmaceuticals and biomaterials. These are quantified by type, with regional breakdowns and forecasts to 2021.

Chapter Seven considers the applications of bioproducts and quantifies the demand in up to 11 key markets, and offers forecasts to 2021.

Chapter Eight considers the technology and quantifies demand by type of technology used for the conversion of biomass to bioproducts, and offers forecasts to 2021.

Chapter Nine presents the product development in the chemical, pharmaceutical, materials, power and fuel sectors, which will enable utilization of the 170 billion tons of biomass that Earth’s biology produces every year.

Chapter Ten presents an analysis of the industry structure, showing how each market segment will interact over the next five years to 2021, including the macroeconomic factors that affect the global economy.

Chapter Eleven presents the international aspects, including market leadership. It also quantifies international trade in bioproducts with a forecast to 2021.

Chapter Twelve presents the market shares of the major companies involved in the manufacture of biobased products, and discussed these companies and products.

Chapter Fourteen presents company product profiles and identifies the various companies involved in the manufacture of these products.
Chapter Fifteen analyzes the regulatory environment of the biorefinery industry.

CHAPTER 1 Introduction
STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
METHODOLOGY AND DATA SOURCES
SCOPE OF THE REPORT
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER
CHAPTER 2 SUMMARY
SUMMARY TABLE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY CATEGORY, THROUGH 2021` ($ BILLIONS)
SUMMARY FIGURE GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY CATEGORY, 2013-2021 ($ BILLIONS)
CHAPTER 3 OVERVIEW
TABLE 1 BIOBASED PRODUCTS CASCADING PYRAMID BY SECTOR
TABLE 2 INCREASING VALUE OF HERBAL PRODUCTS WITH PROCESSING AND STANDARDIZATION ALONG THE CASCADING PYRAMID
TABLE 3 CATEGORIZATION AND SEGMENTATION OF BIOPRODUCTS
TABLE 4 COMPARATIVE PRODUCTION OF PLATFORM AND HIGH VALUE COMPOUNDS BASED ON PETROCHEMICAL (BLACK CARBON) AND BIOMASS (GREEN CARBON) FEEDSTOCKS
TABLE 5 ECONOMIC, ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH BENEFITS OF BIOPRODUCTS
GLOBAL SIZE OF IDENTIFIED MARKETS WHERE BIOPRODUCTS ARE APPLIED
TABLE 6 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
GLOBAL SIZE OF IDENTIFIED ENERGETIC MARKETS WHERE BIOPRODUCTS ARE APPLIED BY SEGMENT
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PETROLEUM
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR NATURAL
GLOBAL POWER/HEAT DEMAND
TABLE 7 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY ENERGETIC PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GLOBAL SIZE OF IDENTIFIED NON-ENERGETIC MARKETS WHERE BIOPRODUCTS ARE APPLIED BY SEGMENT
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR CHEMICALS
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PLASTICS/POLYMERS
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR COMPOSITES
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PHARMACEUTICALS
TABLE 8 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY NON-ENERGETIC PRODUCTS, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GLOBAL BIOMASS MARKET OVERVIEW
TABLE 9 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR BIOMASS BY USE, THROUGH 2021 (BILLION TONS)
OVERVIEW OF DEMAND FOR NON-FOOD BIOMASS
BIOMASS USE FOR ENERGY
BIOMASS USE FOR MATERIALS (NON-ENERGY)
TABLE 10 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR NON-FOOD BIOMASS DEMAND BY USE, THROUGH 2021 (BILLION TONS)
OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL BIOMASS DEMAND BY USE
TABLE 11 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOMASS DEMAND BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GLOBAL SIZE OF IDENTIFIED MARKETS WHERE BIOPRODUCTS ARE APPLIED VS. GLOBAL GDP
TABLE 12 GLOBAL BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GROWTH OF THE GLOBAL BIOBASED INDUSTRY VS. THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
TABLE 13 GLOBAL BIOPRODUCTS MARKET VS. GLOBAL GDP, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS/%)
TABLE 14 BIOBASED INDUSTRY GROWTH COMPARED TO GLOBAL ECONOMY GROWTH (%)
OVERVIEW OF BIOBASED REPLACEMENT OF PETRO-BASED PRODUCTS
TABLE 15 OVERVIEW OF PETROLEUM RAW MATERIALS REPLACED WITH BIOBASED RAW MATERIALS
BIOPRODUCTS-ORIENTED VALUE CHAIN OVERVIEW
FIGURE 1 BIOPRODUCTS-ORIENTED VALUE CHAIN
BIOPRODUCTS MARKET SEGMENTATION OVERVIEW
TABLE 16 DESCRIPTION OF BIOPRODUCTS MARKET SEGMENTS
WHERE BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS FIT IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
TABLE 17 DIRECT AND INDIRECT JOBS IN BIOREFINING WORLDWIDE, BY INDUSTRY SECTOR, 2015 (THOUSAND JOBS)
FIGURE 2 APPLICATIONS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN ANTHROPOGENIC ACTIVITIES (INDUSTRY, AGRICULTURE, MEDICINE, HEALTH, ENVIRONMENT)
FIGURE 3 OPPORTUNITIES FOR BIOBASED PRODUCTS BASED ON H/C RATIO
TABLE 18 MAJOR TOPICS CURRENTLY BEING EXPLORED FOR SYNTHETIC
BIOLOGY APPLICATIONS
IMPORTANT INDICATIONS FOR THE BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS INDUSTRY
TABLE 19 IMPORTANT INDICATIONS FOR THE BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS
INDUSTRY
GLOBAL INVESTMENT BIOREFINING INDUSTRY
TABLE 20 GLOBAL MARKET TRENDS FOR INVESTMENT IN BIOREFINING, 2008-2016 ($ BILLIONS)
CHAPTER 4 HISTORY AND MARKET PENETRATION OF BIO-PRODUCTS
HISTORY
BIOETHANOL
BIODIESEL
HERBAL/BOTANICAL
BIO-DRUGS
WOOD PELLETS
BIOMATERIALS AND BIOCOMPOSITES
BIOPRODUCTS MARKET OPPORTUNITY
TABLE 21 GLOBAL BIOBASED PETROLEUM REPLACEMENT MARKET OPPORTUNITY, THROUGH 2021
BIOPRODUCTS MARKET PENETRATION
TABLE 22 GLOBAL BIOPRODUCTS MARKET PENETRATION BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS/%)
ENERGETIC BIO-PRODUCTS MARKET PENETRATION
TABLE 23 GLOBAL ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS/%)
NON-ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS MARKET PENETRATION
TABLE 24 GLOBAL NON-ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS MARKET PENETRATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS/%)
CHAPTER 5 DEMAND FOR ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS
TABLE 25 BIOENERGETIC PROCESSES, BIOFUEL TYPES AND FEEDSTOCK
SOURCES
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCT BY PHYSICAL STATE/TYPE
TABLE 26 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCT BY PHYSICAL SEGMENT, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ENERGETIC LIQUID BIOPRODUCT BY GENERATION
TABLE 27 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR ENERGETIC LIQUID BIOPRODUCT BY GENERATION, THROUGH 2021 (BILLION LITERS)
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ENERGETIC FIRST-GENERATION LIQUID BIOPRODUCTS
NORTH AMERICA
LATIN AMERICA
EUROPE
ASIA
REST OF THE WORLD (ROW)
TABLE 28 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR ENERGETIC FIRST-GENERATION LIQUID BIOPRODUCTS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (BILLION LITERS)
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR ENERGETIC ADVANCED LIQUID BIOPRODUCTS
TABLE 29 YEARLY RFS2 PROGRAM BIOFUEL REQUIREMENTS BY TYPE, 2006-2022 (BILLION GALLONS)
TABLE 30 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR ADVANCED ENERGETIC LIQUID PRODUCTION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION LITERS/YEAR)
GLOBAL ADVANCED ENERGETIC LIQUID PRODUCTION BY GEOGRAPHY
NORTH AMERICA
EUROPE
BRAZIL
ASIA-PACIFIC
MIDDLE EAST AND AFRICA
TABLE 31 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR ADVANCED ENERGETIC LIQUID PRODUCTION BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION LITERS/YEAR)
FIRST-GENERATION AND ADVANCED ENERGETIC LIQUID BIOPRODUCTS
PRODUCTION PER UNIT OF LAND AREA
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE
KITCHEN AND YARD WASTE
AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY RESIDUES
WASTE COOKING OILS AND ANIMAL FATS
ENERGY CROPS
TABLE 32 PRODUCTION OF BIOFUEL AND BIOENERGY PER UNIT OF LAND
AREA
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY’S (EPA’S) FINAL RULE
TABLE 33 EPA'S FINAL VOLUME REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE RENEWABLE FUEL STANDARD PROGRAM, THROUGH 2017 (MILLION GALLONS/YEAR)
NATIONAL BIOFUEL BLEND WALL
TABLE 34 COMMON GASOLINE ETHANOL AND BIODIESEL DIESEL BLENDS
AVAILABLE IN VARIOUS COUNTRIES
STATE/PROVINCIAL BIOFUEL BLEND MANDATE
United States
EU-28
Brazil
TABLE 35 NATIONAL AND STATE/PROVINCIAL BIOFUEL BLEND
MANDATE*
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR PLANT OIL BIOFUEL
STRAIGHT VEGETABLE OIL
PLANT OIL-DIESEL BLENDS AS FUEL
HYDROTREATED OILS
BIO-OIL + OTHER
Methanol
Biobutanol
Biomethanol
Green Diesel
Dimethyl Ether
Algal Fuel
TABLE 36 GLOBAL MARKET VOLUME FOR PLANT OIL BIOFUELS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (BILLION GALLONS)
SOLID ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS
TABLE 37 GLOBAL MARKET FOR SOLID ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
PELLETS, WOODY CHIPS AND BRIQUETTES
TABLE 38 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PELLETS, WOODY CHIPS AND
BRIQUETTES (PWB) BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
Europe
North America
United States
Canada
ROW
Latin America
China
Russia
Rest of the World (ROW)
TABLE 39 GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF PELLETS, WOODY CHIPS AND BRIQUETTES (PWB) BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION TONS)
CHARCOAL, INDUSTRIAL AND MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (CIMSW)
TABLE 40 PROPERTIES OF TORREFIED WOOD AND CHARCOAL
Sub-Saharan Africa
North America
Europe
Brazil
ROW
TABLE 41 GLOBAL MARKET FOR CHARCOAL, INDUSTRIAL AND MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (CIMSW) BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GASEOUS ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS
TABLE 42 BIOGAS COMPOSITION FROM DIFFERENT FEEDSTOCKS
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR GASEOUS ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS
Landfill Gas
Digester Gas
TABLE 43 GLOBAL MARKET FOR GASEOUS ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR GASEOUS ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS BY REGION
Europe
North America
Asia-Pacific
ROW
TABLE 44 GLOBAL DEMAND FOR GASEOUS ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
CHAPTER 6 DEMAND FOR NON-ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS
TABLE 45 NON-BIOENERGETIC PROCESSES, MATERIAL TYPES AND FEEDSTOCK
SOURCES
TABLE 46 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NON-ENERGETIC BIOPRODUCTS BY PRODUCT GROUP, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
BIO-DERIVED CHEMICALS
TABLE 47 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIODERIVED CHEMICALS BY SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
BIOTRANSFORM PLATFORM CHEMICALS
Other Platform Chemicals
TABLE 48 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOTRANSFORM PLATFORM CHEMICALS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
FERMENTATION-DERIVED FINE CHEMICALS PRODUCTS
CRUDE ANTIBIOTICS
AMINO ACIDS
BIOCATALYSTS
ORGANIC ACIDS
XANTHAN
VITAMINS AND RELATED CHEMICALS
OTHERS
TABLE 49 GLOBAL MARKET FOR FERMENTATION-DERIVED FINE CHEMICALS (EXCLUDING BIOFUELS AND BIOPOLYMERS), THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
BIO-DERIVED FINE (SPECIALTY) CHEMICALS
TABLE 50 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIODERIVED FINE (SPECIALTY)
CHEMICALS BY CATEGORY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
Biosolvents
Detergent Alcohol and Fatty Acids
Biosurfactants
Bioremediation and Phytoremediation
Lignin/ Specialty Cellulose
Antioxidants
Biopesticides
Biofertilizers
Biolubricants
TABLE 51 GLOBAL BIO-DERIVED FINE (SPECIALTY) CHEMICALS DEMAND BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENTS PRODUCED BY BIOTRANSFORMATION
Erythropoietin
Blood Clotting Factors
Interleukin
Insulin
Interferon
Monoclonal Antibody (Cancer)
Monoclonal Antibody (Various)
Growth Hormone
Growth Factor
TABLE 52 GLOBAL MARKET FOR PHARMACEUTICAL INGREDIENTS PRODUCTION USING BIOTRANSFORMATION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
PHYTOCHEMICALS
TABLE 53 PHYTOCHEMICALS USED AS PHARMACEUTICAL
ADDITIVES/INGREDIENTS
TABLE 54 LIST OF PHYTOCHEMICALS USED FOR COSMETIC PURPOSES
Tannins
Terpenoids
Alkaloids
Glycosides
Other Plant Constituents
Flavonoids
Phenolics
Saponins
Anthraquinonoids
Steroids
TABLE 55 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCTS USED AS PHYTOCHEMICALS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIO-DERIVED CHEMICALS BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
EUROPEAN UNION
ASIA (EXCLUDING JAPAN)
JAPAN
SOUTH AMERICA
AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST
TABLE 56 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIO-DERIVED CHEMICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
BIODRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS
TABLE 57 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIODRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
HERBALS/BOTANICALS
TABLE 58 PHARMACOGNOSY OF THE TOP 10 MEDICINAL PLANTS
Stevia
Ginkgo
St. John's Wort
Ginseng
Echinacea
Kava
Crofelemer
Green Tea Extract
Others
TABLE 59 GLOBAL MARKET FOR HERBAL DRUGS/DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
TABLE 60 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BOTANICAL DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS BY PRODUCT, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
BIODRUGS
Remicade
Humira
TABLE 61 GLOBAL MARKET FOR ANTI-BODY BIODRUGS BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
GLOBAL DEMAND FOR BIODRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
EUROPE
ASIA
ROW
TABLE 62 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIODRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
BIOPLASTICS/BIOPOLYMERS
TABLE 63 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPLASTICS BY COMPOSTABILITY, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
TABLE 64 CURRENT AND EMERGING PARTIALLY BIOBASED PLASTICS AND THEIR BIODEGRADABILITY
PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ROUTE
BIOTRANSFORMATION ROUTE
TABLE 65 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPOLYMER/BIOPLASTICS BY CONVERSION ROUTE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
BIOBASED POLYETHYLENE (PE)
BIOBASED POLYPROPYLENE (PP)
POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE (PET)
POLYLACTIC ACID (PLA)
STARCH-BASED PLASTICS
POLY-3-HYDROXYBUTYRATE (PHB)
SUGAR-BASED POLYCARBONATE (PC)
POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES (PHAS)
POLYBUTYLENE SUCCINATE (PBS)
TABLE 66 GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY FOR BIOBASED, POTENTIALLY BIOBASED AND BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 TONS/YEAR)
GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY FOR BIOBASED, POTENTIALLY BIOBASED
AND BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA
EUROPE
ASIA
SOUTH AMERICA
TABLE 67 GLOBAL PRODUCTION CAPACITY FOR BIOBASED,
POTENTIALLY BIOBASED AND BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (1,000 TONS/YEAR)
BIOCOMPOSITES
WOOD FIBER COMPOSITES
NON-WOOD FIBER COMPOSITES
TABLE 68 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOBASED COMPOSITES BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
DEMAND FOR BIOBASED COMPOSITES BY REGION
TABLE 69 MAJOR NATURAL FIBERS PRODUCER COMPANIES
NORTH AMERICA
EUROPEAN UNION
ASIA
SOUTH AMERICA
ROW
TABLE 70 GLOBAL MARKET FOR NATURAL FIBERS COMPOSITES BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 7 APPLICATIONS
TABLE 71 PROCESS FLOW OF BIOMASS FEEDSTOCKS TO BIOBASED
PRODUCTS TO MARKET APPLICATIONS
APPLICATIONS FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY END USE
ENERGY
INDUSTRIAL
MANUFACTURING
TRANSPORTATION
FLAME RETARDANTS
SAFE FOOD SUPPLY
ENVIRONMENT
COMMUNICATIONS
CONSTRUCTION/HOUSING
RECREATION
AGRICULTURE
HEALTH AND HYGIENE
TABLE 72 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCT APPLICATIONS BY END USE, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
CHAPTER 8 TECHNOLOGY
TABLE 73 BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS TECHNOLOGY GENERATIONS MATRIX BY FEEDSTOCK
DEMAND FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY GENERATION
FIRST-GENERATION BIOPRODUCTS
SECOND-GENERATION BIOPRODUCTS
THIRD-GENERATION BIOPRODUCTS
FOURTH-GENERATION BIOPRODUCTS
FIFTH-GENERATION BIOPRODUCTS
TABLE 74 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS BY TECHNOLOGY GENERATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
DEMAND FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY TYPE OF CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY
TABLE 75 CONVERSION TECHNOLOGIES
TABLE 76 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOREFINERY BY TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
THERMOCHEMICAL CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY
PHYSICOCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
BIOLOGICAL CONVERSION TECHNOLOGY
HYBRID TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM
TABLE 77 GLOBAL MARKET FOR BIOPRODUCTS BY TECHNOLOGY PLATFORM, THROUGH 2021 ($ BILLIONS)
PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 78 PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
PATENT EVALUATION
TABLE 79 NUMBER OF REGISTERED BIOREFINERY PATENTS PER YEAR, THROUGH 2016
CHAPTER 9 PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
BIOFUEL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 80 BIOFUEL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
BIOBASED CHEMICAL PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 81 BIOBASED CHEMICALS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
BIOBASED PLASTICS/POLYMERS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 82 BIOBASED PLASTICS/POLYMERS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
BIOCOMPOSITES PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 83 BIOCOMPOSITE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
BIOBASED MEDICINE/HEALTHCARE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 84 BIOBASED MEDICINE/HEALTH PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
BIOGAS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 85 BIOGAS SEGMENT PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
WOOD PELLETS/CHIPS/LOGS PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
TABLE 86 WOOD PELLETS/CHIPS/LOGS/WASTE-TO-ENERGY PRODUCT
DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER 10 INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE RATES
INTRODUCTION
TABLE 87 BIOREFINERY INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND VALUE-ADDED
ACTIVITIES
BIOREFINERY INDUSTRY ACTIVITY SECTORS
TABLE 88 BIOREFINERY INDUSTRY ACTIVITY SECTORS
ECONOMICS OF BIOREFINERIES
TABLE 89 ECONOMICS OF BUILDING BIOREFINERIES ($)
PATHWAYS FOR THE PROVISION OF BIOBASED PRODUCTS
TABLE 90 BASIC PATHWAYS FOR THE PROVISION OF DERIVED-PRODUCTS
FROM BIOMASS
VALUE ADDITION/CREATION/UNLOCKING THROUGH FEEDSTOCK CONTROL
UPSTREAM: CONTROLLING FEEDSTOCK COSTS
TABLE 91 UPSTREAM ADVANCED BIOREFINERY VALUE CHAIN
MIDSTREAM: VALUE CREATION, VALUE UNLOCKING AND VALUE ADDITION
TABLE 92 MIDSTREAM ADVANCED BIOREFINERY VALUE CHAIN
Value Unlocking
TABLE 93 COMPANIES INVOLVED IN VALUE UNLOCKING (RESIDUES)
Value Creation
TABLE 94 COMPANIES CHASING VALUE CREATION (NEW FEEDSTOCK/PRODUCTS)
Value Adding
TABLE 95 COMPANIES INVOLVED IN VALUE ADDING (EXISTING FEEDSTOCKS)
DOWNSTREAM
TABLE 96 DOWNSTREAM ADVANCED BIOREFINERY VALUE CHAIN
SALES, DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPORTING INDUSTRIES
TABLE 97 COSTING AND PRICING IN A BIOPRODUCTS VALUE CHAIN
EMPLOYMENT, WORKING CONDITIONS AND ECONOMIC IMPACT
TABLE 98 NUMBER OF JOBS IN BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS INDUSTRY BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLIONS)
TABLE 99 EMPLOYMENT POSITIONS IN BIO-DERIVED PRODUCTS INDUSTRY
ECONOMIC IMPACT OF BIOREFINERY
TABLE 100 ECONOMIC IMPACT OF A 10 MILLION GALLON BIODIESEL PLANT IN THE U.S.* ($ MILLIONS)
MAJOR TRENDS
STRATEGIC INVESTMENTS, PARTNERSHIPS, ALLIANCES AND NETWORKS
TABLE 101 THE MULTIDISCIPLINARY, MULTI-COMPANY BIOREFINERY
LANDSCAPE
STRATEGIC COMPANIES INVESTING IN BIOGREEN TECHNOLOGY
TABLE 102 NUMBER OF BIOGREEN TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIC INVESTORS BETWEEN 2013-2016
MAJOR BLUE CHIP COMPANY STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS
TABLE 103 MAJOR BLUE-CHIP COMPANY STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIPS
CHEMICAL INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS
TABLE 104 COMPANIES WITH SIGNIFICANT CHEMICAL INDUSTRY
PARTNERSHIPS
STRATEGIC JOINT VENTURES
TABLE 105 STRATEGIC JOINT VENTURES AND THEIR PRODUCTS
STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN BIOBASED CHEMICALS
TABLE 106 STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN BIOBASED CHEMICALS
NETWORK OF PARTNERS
TABLE 107 NETWORK OF STRATEGIC ALLIANCES
CHAPTER 11 INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS
GLOBAL COMMODITY PRICES
CRUDE OIL
BIOFUELS FEEDSTOCK
NATURAL GAS
LNG
METALS AND MINERALS
TABLE 108 COMMODITY PRICES, THROUGH 2021 (NOMINAL US $)
GLOBAL POPULATION
UNITED STATES AND CANADA
SOUTH ASIA
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
OTHER
TABLE 109 GLOBAL POPULATION BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION PEOPLE)
GLOBAL R&D SPENDING IN COUNTRIES WITH STRONG BIOREFINING
INDUSTRIES
TABLE 110 GLOBAL R &D SPENDING IN COUNTRIES WITH STRONG BIOREFINING INDUSTRIES, 2014-2016 ($ BILLIONS)
LEADING COUNTRIES IN KEY TECHNOLOGY AREAS WHERE BIOREFINING
PRODUCTS ARE APPLIED
United States
EU
China
Japan
South Korea
ROW
TABLE 111 LEADING COUNTRIES IN KEY TECHNOLOGY AREAS WHERE BIOREFINING PRODUCTS ARE APPLIED, 2016
INTERNATIONAL CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES
TABLE 112 YEARLY AVERAGE EXCHANGE RATES FOR CONVERTING FOREIGN CURRENCIES INTO U.S. DOLLARS*
INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN KEY BIOPRODUCTS
LIQUID BIOFUELS
BIOETHANOL
Brazil
United States
TABLE 113 INTERNATIONAL BIOETHANOL TRADE BY EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021 (BILLION GALLONS)
BIODIESEL
Argentina
Indonesia
Malaysia
TABLE 114 INTERNATIONAL BIODIESEL TRADE BY MAJOR EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
OILSEEDS
TABLE 115 INTERNATIONAL OILSEED EXPORT TRADE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
United States
Argentina
Brazil
Ukraine
Paraguay
Uruguay
Other
TABLE 116 INTERNATIONAL OILSEED TRADE BY MAJOR EXPORTING COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
VEGETABLE OIL
TABLE 117 INTERNATIONAL VEGETABLE OIL EXPORT TRADE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
Indonesia
United States
Malaysia
Argentina
Ukraine
Canada
Russia
EU
TABLE 118 INTERNATIONAL VEGETABLE OIL TRADE BY MAJOR EXPORT COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
GRAINS
TABLE 119 INTERNATIONAL GRAIN EXPORT TRADE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
Wheat
EU
U.S.
China
Russian Federation
Canada
Ukraine
Australia
Maize
United States
China
Ukraine
Mexico
Canada
Russian Federation
Nigeria
Brazil
Argentina
Rice
India
China
Thailand
Vietnam
U.S.
Indonesia
Brazil
Philippines
Soybeans
U.S.
Canada
Brazil
Argentina
TABLE 120 INTERNATIONAL GRAIN TRADE BY MAJOR EXPORT COUNTRY, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION METRIC TONS)
WOOD PELLETS
United States
Europe
United Kingdom
Other EU
Asia
South Korea
Japan
TABLE 121 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF WOOD PELLETS BY MAJOR PRODUCER, THROUGH 2021 (MILLION KILOGRAMS)
HERBAL RAW MATERIALS, BOTANICAL EXTRACTS AND ESSENTIAL OILS
China
India
Germany
United States
Kenya
Latin America
ROW
TABLE 122 GLOBAL EXPORTS OF BOTANICAL RAW MATERIALS, EXTRACTS AND ESSENTIAL OILS BY MAJOR PRODUCER, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)
CHAPTER 12 COMPANY MARKET SHARES
BIOETHANOL
ARCHER DANIELS MIDLAND
GREEN PLAINS RENEWABLE ENERGY
POET
VALERO ENERGY CORP.
COSAN
TABLE 123 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR CONVENTIONAL BIOETHANOL BY CAPACITY, 2015 (BILLION GALLONS /YEAR)
BIODIESEL
NESTE OIL
DYNOIL LLC
BRAZIL ECO ENERGIA
DOMINION ENERGY SERVICES LLC
SE ENERGY
MENLO ENERGY LLC
IMPERIUM RENEWABLES
LOUIS DREYFUS
CANADIAN GREEN FUELS
OTHER
TABLE 124 GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR CONVENTIONAL BIODIESEL, 2015 (MILLION GALLONS/YEAR)
GLYCEROL
TABLE 125 GLYCEROL COMPANY MARKET SHARES, 2015 (MILLION TONS/YEAR)
BIOTECHNOLOGY COMPANY SHARES
TABLE 126 INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY COMPANY MARKET SHARES, 2015 (%)
CHEMICALS AND MATERIALS
BASF
DOW CHEMICAL
SINOPEC
SABIC
EXXONMOBIL
TABLE 127 CHEMICALS AND MATERIALS COMPANY MARKET SHARES BASED ON SALES, 2015 ($ MILLIONS/%)
HYDROPROCESSED ESTERS AND FATTY ACIDS (HEFA)
NESTE OIL
OTHERS
TABLE 128 GLOBAL SHARES FOR HYDROPROCESSED ESTERS AND FATTY ACIDS (HEFA) "DROP-IN" BIOFUELS, 2015
BIO-OIL PRODUCTION
KIOR
OTHERS
TABLE 129 GLOBAL SHARES FOR BIO-OIL PRODUCTION COMPANIES, 2016
MARKET SHARES OF ESSENTIAL OILS COMPANIES
FRUTAROM
SYMRISE
ROBERTET
MANE
GIVAUDAN
SENSIENT F&F
IFF
T. HASEGAWA
FIRMENICH
HUABOA INTERNATIONAL
TAKASAGO
TABLE 130 TOP 11 FLAVOR AND FRAGRANCE COMPANY MARKET SHARES, 2016 ($ MILLIONS)
PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY MARKET SHARES
JOHNSON & JOHNSON (U.S.)
HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE AG (SWITZERLAND)
PFIZER INC. (U.S.)
NOVARTIS AG (SWITZERLAND)
BAYER AG (GERMANY)
MERCK & CO., INC. (U.S.)
GLAXOSMITHKLINE PLC (U.K.)
SANOFI (FRANCE)
GILEAD SCIENCES, INC. (U.S.)
ASTRAZENECA PLC (U.K.)
TABLE 131 TOP 10 PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES BY PRESCRIPTION AND OVER-THE-COUNTER SHARES, 2016 ($ BILLIONS)
ADVANCED BIOFUEL MARKET SHARES
TABLE 132 EXAMPLES OF GLOBAL MARKET SHARES FOR ADVANCED BIOPRODUCTS, THROUGH 2018 (MILLIONS GALLONS/YEAR)
TABLE 133 ADVANCED BIOPRODUCTS CAPACITY IN ASIA, THROUGH 2018
(MILLION GALLONS/YEAR)
BIOPOLYMER/BIOPLASTICS
NATUREWORKS
PURAC
DOW CHEMICAL
BRASKEM
TABLE 134 PRODUCERS OF BIOBASED, POTENTIALLY BIOBASED AND BIODEGRADABLE PLASTICS,THROUGH 2018 (1,000 TONS/YEAR)
PELLETS
ENOVA WOOD PELLET GROUP
GENERAL BIOFUELS GEORGIA
FRAM RENEWABLE FUELS
DRAX GROUP
GERMAN PELLETS
ZILKHA BIOMASS
NEW BIOMASS ENERGY LLC
THERMOGEN INDUSTRIES
TABLE 135 MARKET SHARES OF GLOBAL PELLET COMPANIES, 2015 (TONS PER YEAR)
COMMERCIAL CELLULOSIC BIOFUEL COMPANY SHARES
POET-DSM ADVANCED BIOFUELS LLC
ABENGOA BIOENERGY
DUPONT
QUAD COUNTY CORN PROCESSORS
TABLE 136 MARKET SHARES OF COMMERCIAL CELLULOSIC BIOFUEL COMPANIES, 2016 (MILLION LITERS PER YEAR/%)
CHAPTER 13 REGULATIONS, LEGISLATION, MANDATES, POLICIES AND INCENTIVES
INTRODUCTION
TABLE 137 POLICIES AND LEGISLATION AFFECTING THE BIO-DERIVED
PRODUCTS INDUSTRY
REGULATIONS AND LEGISLATION
TABLE 138 REGULATIONS AND LEGISLATION AFFECTING THE BIO-DERIVED
INDUSTRY
MANDATES AND SUPPORT POLICIES
TABLE 139 COUNTRIES WITH RENEWABLE POLICIES, THROUGH 2012
U.S. BIOFUELS TARGETS MANDATED BY EISA
TABLE 140 U.S. BIOFUELS TARGETS MANDATED BY EISA (BILLION GALLONS/YEAR)
MANDATES CURRENTLY IN PLACE IN OTHER COUNTRIES
TABLE 141 MANDATES CURRENTLY IN PLACE BY COUNTRY
TABLE 142 ETHANOL BLEND MANDATES FOR MAJOR COUNTRIES
KEY POLICY INSTRUMENTS IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
TABLE 143 KEY POLICY INSTRUMENTS IN SELECTED COUNTRIES GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES, INCLUDING MANDATES, FOR LIQUID BIOFUELS USED IN TRANSPORTATION FOR TOP BIOFUEL- PRODUCING COUNTRIES
EUROPEAN UNION
TABLE 144 ESTIMATES OF EU-28 GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES, INCLUDING MANDATES, FOR LIQUID BIOFUELS USED IN TRANSPORTATION
UNITED STATES
TABLE 145 NORTH AMERICA GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES, INCLUDING MANDATES, FOR LIQUID BIOFUELS USED IN TRANSPORTATION
ASIA
TABLE 146 ASIAN GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES, INCLUDING MANDATES, FOR LIQUID BIOFUELS USED IN TRANSPORTATION
SOUTH AMERICA
Brazil
TABLE 147 SOUTH AMERICA GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES, INCLUDING MANDATES, FOR LIQUID BIOFUELS USED IN TRANSPORTATION
AFRICA
Angola
Cameroon
Congo-Brazzaville
DR Congo
Ethiopia
Ghana
Liberia
Mali
Mozambique
Nigeria
Sierra Leone
TABLE 148 COUNTRY OF ORIGIN OF BIOFUEL COMPANIES IN AFRICA INSTRUMENTS AND APPROACHES FOR THE SOUND MANAGEMENT OF CHEMICALS AND MATERIALS
TABLE 149 CHEMICAL INITIATIVES AND REGULATIONS SUPPORTING
BIOBASED CHEMICALS
TABLE 150 NATIONAL INSTRUMENTS AND PROGRAMS FOR THE SOUND MANAGEMENT OF CHEMICALS AND MATERIALS
TABLE 151 ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS FOR SOUND MANAGEMENT OF CHEMICALS
TABLE 152 METHODS AND TOOLS DEVELOPED BY CORPORATIONS FOR CHEMICAL HAZARD ASSESSMENT AND IDENTIFICATION OF PREFERRED
CHEMICALS AND PRODUCTS
TABLE 153 METHODS AND TOOLS DEVELOPED BY CSOS AND NGOS FOR CHEMICAL HAZARD ASSESSMENT AND CHEMICAL AND PRODUCT
PRIORITIZATION
STAKEHOLDER INITIATIVES
TABLE 154 STAKEHOLDER INITIATIVES FOR BIOBASED PRODUCTS
CHAPTER 14 COMPANY PROFILES
BIOREFINERIES
INTEGRATED BIOREFINERY
BP Biofuels
Orgaworld Surrey Ltd.
Solena Group Corp.
BIODIESEL
Cargill, CSM's Purac
Purac America
Diester Industrie S.A.S.
CELLULOSIC BIOREFINERIES
DuPont
ZeaChem
BIOFUELS
GENETIC ENGINEERING
Amyris
RENEWABLE BIODIESEL
Neste Oil
CELLULOSIC GASOLINE AND DIESEL
Mossi & Ghisolfi Group
CYANOBACTERIA
Joule
INDUSTRIAL ENZYMES
Dyadic International Inc.
BIOFUEL ENZYMES
Agrivida
DuPont
Verdezyne
GENOME ENGINEERING
OPX Biotechnologies Inc. (OPXBIO)
ENGINEERED ENZYMES
Codexis Inc.
ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS AND PYROLYSIS/GASIFICATION
Abengoa Bioenergy
ALGAE BIOFUEL
Sapphire Energy
RENEWABLE OIL AND BIOPRODUCTS
Solazyme
GRAIN ETHANOL
Poet LLC
CHEMICALS
BIOBASED PROPYLENE GLYCOL
Archer Daniels Midland
ETHYLENE GLYCOL (EG)
Global Bio-chemical Technology Group
D(-) LACTIC ACID
GF Biochemicals
Myriant Corp.
Plaxica Ltd.
GLUCARIC ACID
Rennovia Inc.
C4-C6 CHEMICALS
Visolis Inc.
BIOBASED NYLON
Cathay Industrial Biotech Ltd.
FATTY ACIDS
Earth Energy Renewables
ISOBUTANOL
Gevo Inc.
SQUALANE
Amyris
SUCCINIC ACID
BioAmber
MBI International
BIOBASED GAMMA-BUTYROLACTONE (GBL)/1,4-BUTANEDIOL (BDO) AND BIOBASED ACRYLIC ACID
Yield 10 Bioscience
1,4-BUTANEDIOL
Genomatica
PELLETS/CHIPS/LOGS
Integro Earth Fuels
BIOGAS
OO BIORAFFINERIE FORSCHUNG UND ENTWICKLUNG GMBH
MATERIALS
PET BOTTLE CONTAINING BIOPLASTICS
Coca-Cola Co. (The)
BENZENE, TOLUENE AND XYLENE (BTX)
Virent Inc.
FURAN DICARBOXYLIC ACID (FDCA)
Avantium
BIOACRYLIC
OPX Biotechnologies
BIOPOLYMERS
BRASKEM
ITACONIX CORP.
BIOCOMPOSITES
GORDON SHANKS CONSULTING LLC
RAYONIER ADVANCED MATERIALS
BIOPOWER
ELECTRICITY
Foster Wheeler AG
SELLING EXCESS BIOMASS POWER
Florida Public Utilities Co. (FPUC)
BIOMASS WASTE UTILIZATION
Waste Management Inc.
WOOD PELLETS
German Pellets
SEEDS
AMYLASE CORN
Syngenta
BIO DRUGS AND HERBALS/BOTANICALS
PHARMA WERNIGERODE
BIO-PHARMING
Merck
Protalix Biotherapeutics
NATURAL SKINCARE PRODUCTS
Croda International PLC
Planet Botanicals
Seventh Generation
VANILLIN
Evolva
GENETICALLY MODIFIED YEAST
Mascoma Corp.
VALENCENE (CITRUS FLAVORING)
Isobionics Natural Ingredients
MEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE
ENGINEERED INSECT STRAINS
Oxitec
ATTENUATED VIRUS CULTURES
Synthetic Genomics Vaccines Inc.
CEPHALEXIN
DSM
PALIFOSFAMIDE
Ziopharm Oncology Inc.
GENETICALLY ENGINEERED PLANT CELLS
BOTANICAL PREPARATION
McCormick & Co.
Napo Pharmaceuticals

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