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Last Mile:e-commerce And The Future Of The Trucking Industry-U.S. Markets, Technological Disruptions And Innovations, New Competitors And Opportunities:2015-2020 Analysis And Forecasts

Last Mile:e-commerce And The Future Of The Trucking Industry-U.S. Markets, Technological Disruptions And Innovations, New Competitors And Opportunities:2015-2020 Analysis And Forecasts

The objective of this report is to examine the Last-Mile in terms of e-Commerce and the Future of the U.S. Trucking industry.

Last-Mile is a term used in supply chain management to describe the movement of goods from a transportation hub or distribution center, to a final destination such as a home, office or retail store, restaurant, etc.

e-commerce includes sales of goods and services where an order is placed by the buyer, or price and terms of sale, are negotiated over the Internet, an extranet, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) network, or other online system.

Trucking includes Private carriers, For-Hire TruckLoad (TL) and For-Hire Less-Than-TruckLoad (LTL) carriers and Parcel carriers.

The thesis of this report is that e-commerce, including Big Box Home Delivery, is one of the few remaining growth areas for the Trucking industry.

And that Technological Disruptions and Innovations, including Drones, Robots and Autonomous Vehicles, in terms of how e-commerce shipments are delivered, will provide new opportunities for existing Trucking industry players, as well as new market entrants.

Key information presented in this report includes analysis of the:

U.S. Trucking Industry.

U.S. Commercial Truck Fleet.

U.S. Truck Freight market.

U.S. e-commerce market.

e-commerce and the Rise of Mega Distribution Centers.

Technological Disruptions and Innovations in Last-Mile Delivery.

Last-Mile market.

Big Box Home Delivery market.

Profiles of leading and emerging e-commerce Trucking companies.


CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
Report Objectives
Methodology and Sources
Statistical Notes
U.S. TRUCKING INDUSTRY
Last-Mile Definition
Endpoint of Network
U.S. Trucking Industry History
Motor Carrier Management Information System
Ways to Characterize the Trucking Industry
For-Hire vs. Private Carrier
Owner–Drivers
Owner–Operators
General vs. Specialized Freight
Single Metropolitan Area vs. Intercity
Shipment Size: Big, Medium or Small
Operating Characteristics by Segment
Private Fleets
Truckload Carriers
Less-Than-Truckload Carriers
Parcel and Express Delivery Carriers
Truck Vehicle Configurations and Sizes
Truck Weight Regulations
Vans: Parcel Delivery Vans, Dry Freight Vans, Refrigerated/Insulated Vans, Walk-in Van, Walk-in Style Van, Curtainside Vans
Hours-of-Service Safety Regulations
Impact of Autonomous Trucks on the Trucking Industry
U.S. COMMERCIAL TRUCK FLEET
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
U.S. Large Commercial Truck Fleet
U.S. Large Commercial Truck Fleet by Type
Large Commercial Truck Vehicle Miles Traveled
Motor Carriers by Type
Commercial Driver’s Licenses by Type
U.S. Active Motor Carriers
U.S. TRUCK FREIGHT MARKET
United States Economy and Demographics
U.S. Freight Moved by Volume and Mode
U.S. Freight Moved by Value and Mode
U.S. Freight Moved by Value and Mode
U.S. Total Freight Moved by Distance
U.S. Truck Freight Moved by Product Class
U.S. e-COMMERCE MARKET
Definition
e-Shopping and e-Shoppers
Tech-Savvy Shoppers Transforming Retail
State of Online Shopping
Cross-channel Shopping
Mobile Is Growing
Social Media
Marketplaces
Retail Technologies
Shipping & Delivery
Alerts & Notifications
Returns
Major Trends
Paths to Purchase Are Complex
Technology is Changing Everything
Logistics Matter in the e-commerce Customer Experience
Store’s Role is Shifting But Still Important
e-commerce Doesn’t End with Delivery
Trends in Omni-channel
Trends in Mobile
Trends in Shipping & Delivery
Trends in Store Usage
Trends in Returns
U.S. Retail and e-commerce Sales
m-commerce Sales
Digital Buyers
Top 25 e-commerce Companies
e-commerce Implications for Trucking Companies
e-COMMERCE AND THE RISE OF MEGA DISTRIBUTION CENTERS
e-commerce Fundamentally Changing Warehouse Provision
Technological Sophistication
Consolidation
Bigger and More Automated
Sustainability
Alternative Formats
Urban Logistics
Vans as Opposed to Trucks
Urban Warehouses
Amazon Prime Now
Amazon Global Fulfillment Center Network
Amazon U.S. Fulfillment Center and Distribution Center Network
Amazon U.S. Sortation Center Network
Amazon U.S. Delivery Station Network
Amazon U.S. Prime Now Hub Network
Tax Issues
Amazon’s New Shift in Logistics Strategy
Amazon Fresh
Amazon Will Control the Last-Mile
Reverse Logistics
TECHNOLOGICAL DISRUPTIONS AND INNOVATIONS IN LAST-MILE DELIVERY
Tremendous Innovations Coming
Stakeholder Challenges and Expectations
Emerging Technological Innovations
Key Players
Emerging Business Models
Seller-Arranged Delivery
Intermediary-Arranged Delivery
Buyer-Arranged Pickup
Technological Disruptions in Delivery
Advanced Algorithms and Analytics
How They Work
Integrated Inventory Management
Product Search and Match
Task-Courier Matching
Determining Delivery Price
Courier Selection
Dynamic Routing
Communication with Customers
Data-Driven Demand Forecast
Rating System
Application of Advanced Algorithms and Analytics
Buyer Pickup
Crowdsourced Delivery
Seller-Arranged Delivery
More Challenges for Traditional Delivery Companies
Traditional Delivery Providers More Trusted
Not Clear New Business Models Sustainable
Drones
How Drones Work
Amazon Drones
Done Competitors
Amazon Drone Market Size
Advantages and Limitations of Drones
Drone Delivery Costs
Application of Drones for Last-Mile Delivery
Delivery Robots
Delivery Robot Companies
How Delivery Robots Work
Advantages and Limitations of Delivery Robots
Application of Robots for Last-Mile Delivery
Driverless/Autonomous Cars
How Driverless Cars Work
Advantages and Limitations of Driverless Vehicles
Google’s Driverless Car Delivery
Application of Driverless Vehicles for Last-Mile Delivery
Technological Disruptions Summary
Future Directions
LAST-MILE MARKET
Definition
Trucking Market Segments
U.S. Trucking Market
Trucking by End-Market
Last-Mile Trucking Market
e-commerce and the Last-Mile
Parcel Competition Is Increasing
Parcel Carrier Threats
Logistics In-sourcing by e-commerce Giants
Amazon In-sourcing
Amazon Transportation and Logistics
Amazon Shipping Costs Growing
Potential Amazon Scenarios
Amazon Web Services for Delivery
Full Network Build
Amazon Package Shipping Costs
Amazon’s Break-Even Point
Prime Membership in Urban Areas
Crowdsourcing Logistics
Omni-channel Retailing
Fighting the Amazon Threat
How Crowdsourced Delivery Works
Autonomous Delivery
Last-Mile B2C Addressable Market
USPS and e-commerce
Competitive Response to New Entrants
BIG BOX HOME DELIVERY MARKET
Fundamentals Are Positive
Large-Format Home Delivery Addressable Market Size
Delivery Category Growth Drivers
End-Customer Expectations
Retailer Home Delivery Performance, Criticality and Quality Issues
Home Delivery Industry Falling Short of Expectations
Competitive Environment
Industry Value Chain Level Is Fragmented
Structural Barriers Reinforce Sub-Optimal State
Creation of a Nationwide Home Delivery Service Integrator
Strategic Benefits to Retailers and Integrator
Outlook
COMPANY PROFILES
ArcBest Corporation
(Company Overview, Services, ABF Freight, LTL Shipments, Regional Market, Customers, Fleet, Competition, Technology, Available Market, Financial)
Cory 1st Choice Home Delivery
(Company Overview, Clients)
Deliv
(Company Overview, Investors)
Diakon Logistics, Inc.
(Company Overview)
DoorDash
(Company Overview, Competitors)
FedEx Corporation
(Company Overview, FedEx Express, FedEx Express Services, U.S. Postal Service Agreement, FedEx Express Operations, FedEx Supply Chain Systems, FedEx Ground, FedEx Ground Operations, Independent Contractor Model, FedEx SmartPost, GENCO, FedEx Freight, Sorting and Handling Facilities, Other Facilities, Competitive Advantages, Watching Amazon’s Playbook, ADAS/ Autonomous Trucks, Outlook)
FSA Network, Inc.
(Company Overview, Clients)
Instacart
(Company Overview)
J.B. Hunt Transport Services Inc.
(Company Overview, Fleet, Operations, TruckLoad, Intermodal, Contract Services, Integrated Capacity Solutions, Financial)
Kanga
(Company Overview)
LaserShip Inc
(Company Overview)
Postmates
(Company Overview)
Roadie, Inc.,
(Company Overview, Investors)
Spirit Delivery & Distribution Services
(Company Overview, Clients)
Swift Transportation Co
(Company Overview, Operations, Services, End-Use Industries, Fleet, Customers, Competition, Technology, Strategy, Outlook, Financial)
Transfix
(Company Overview, Investors, Competitors)
United Parcel Service, Inc.
(Company Overview, Package Operations, UPS Mail, Supply Chain and Freight, UPS Supply Chain Solutions, UPS Freight, Retail, Healthcare, Strategic Enterprise Fund, Fuels & Fleets, UPS Rolling Laboratory, Alternative Fuels & Advanced Technologies, Natural Gas, Ground Fleet, Technology Drives Efficiency, Competitive Strengths, Competition, Competitive Advantage, Financial, UPS vs. Fed Ex, e-commerce Opportunities, Outlook)
United States Postal Service
(Company Overview, Operations, Declining Mail Volume, Revenue by Type, Mail Volume by Type, Network Issues, Financial)
XPO Logistics Inc
(Company Overview, Services, Fleet, Transportation, Less-Than-Truckload, Truckload, Customers, Competitive Position, Last-Mile Logistics, Financial)
TABLES
1.) Number of U.S. Motor Carriers by Type: 2015
2.) Top 100 North America For-Hire Carriers (Rank, Company, Revenue, Net Income, Employees, Tractors, Trailers): 2015
3.) Top 100 North America Private Carriers (Rank, Company, Tractors, Straight Trucks, Pickups/Cargo Vans, Trailers, Annual Sales): 2015
4.) Top 25 North America Less-Than-TruckLoad Carriers (Rank, Company, Revenue, Comments): 2015
5.) U.S. Registered Vehicles and Large Commercial Trucks (Number): 2011-2015
6.) U.S. Registered Large Commercial Trucks by Type (Number): 2014
7.) U.S. Vehicles and Large Commercial Trucks Miles Traveled (Million Miles): 2011-2014
8.) U.S. Motor Carriers by Type (Number): 2015
9.) U.S. Commercial Driver’s Licenses by Type (Million): 2015
10.) U.S. Active Motor Carriers by Type (Million): 2011-2015
11.) United States Population, Households, Household Income, Labor Force, Employment, Business Establishments, Governments, GDP, Foreign Trade: 1990-2015
12.) United States Population by Region, GDP by Region, GDP Per Capita by Region: 2000-2014
13.) United States Freight Shipments by Transportation Mode (Million Tons): 2015-2045
14.) United States Shipments by Transportation Mode (Truck, Multiple Modes/Mail, Pipeline, Air, Water, Rail) and Value (Billion 2012 Dollars): 2015-2040
15.) United States Total Freight Moved by Distance Band (Miles), Value (%), Volume (%): 2015
16.) United States Truck Freight Shipments by Product Class (Million Dollars): 2015
17.) U.S. Retail and e-commerce Sales ($ Trillion) and e-commerce Market Share (%): 2014-2020
18.) U.S. m-commerce Retail Sales ($Billion): 2014-2020
19.) U.S. Digital Buyers (Million) and Digital Buyer Penetration (%): 2014-2020
20.) Top 25 U.S. e-commerce Companies Rank, Revenue ($ Million) and e-commerce Share of Total Company Sales (%): 2015
21.) Top 25 U.S. e-commerce Companies Revenue ($ Million) and Market Shares (%): 2015
22.) Amazon’s Global Distribution Facilities by Country, Type, Number, Active Square Feet, Future Plans
23.) Amazon’s U.S. Distribution Facilities by State, Location, Square Feet, Year Opened, Description of Operation
24.) Amazon’s U.S. Sortation Centers by State, Location, Square Feet, Year Opened, Description of Operation
25.) Amazon’s U.S. Delivery Stations by State, Location, Square Feet, Year Opened, Description of Operation
26.) Amazon’s U.S. Prime Now Hub Network by Location, Square Feet, Year Opened, Description of Operation
27.) Business Models for Last-Mile Delivery
28.) Evolution of Delivery Drones: 2005-2018
29.) Evolution of Delivery Robots: 2013-2017
30.) Evolution of Driverless Cars: 2015-2025
31.) Summary Table of Technological Disruptions in Last-Mile Delivery
32.) United States Trucking Market by Segment ($ Billion): 2015-2020
33.) United States Trucking Market by End-Market ($ Billion): 2015
34.) United States Last-Mile Trucking Market by Segment ($ Billion): 2015-2020
35.) Amazon Shipping Cost Per Package: 2015
36.) U.S. Last-Mile B2C Delivery Total Addressable Market: 2015
37.) Big Box Home Delivery Company Revenues ($ Billion) and Market Shares (%): 2015
38.) ArcBest Income Statement by Segment ($ Million): 2013-2015
39.) FedEx Income Statement ($ Million): 2014-2018
40.) J.B. Hunt Transport Services Income Statement: 2011-2015
41.) UPS Income Statement Operating Margins, Revenue Growth by Segment ($ Million 2014-2018
42.) UPS Domestic, International, Letter Volume (Thousand) and Growth (%): 2014-2018
43.) UPS Supply Chain and Freight Revenue ($ Million), Freight Volume (Thousand, Million Pounds), Total Expenses ($ Million), and Business Segment Recap ($ Million): 2014-2018
44.) USPS Mail Deliveries by Category, Pieces (Thousand), Pounds (Thousand), Pounds/Piece: 2014-2015
45.) USPS Income Statement ($ Billion): 2012-2016
46.) USPO Net Deficiency ($ Million): 2013-2015
47.) USPS Operating Expenses by Type ($ Billion): 2014-2015
48.) XPO Competitive Position by Industry Sector
49.) XPO Logistics Income Statement ($ Million): 2013-2015
50.) XPO Logistics Transportation Revenue by Segment ($ Million): 1Q2016
FIGURES
1.) Share of U.S. Freight Volume by Type of Carrier: 2015
2.) U. S. Commercial Truck Configurations
3.) Parcel Delivery Van
4.) Dry Freight Van
5.) Refrigerated Van
6.) Walk-in Van
7.) Walk-in Style Van
8.) Curtainside Van
9.) Percentages of Purchases Made in Last 3 months (Excluding Groceries) by Channel (Physical Store, Online): 2014-2016
10.) Projected Shopping Frequency Relative to Past Year by Method (Desktop/Laptop Computer, Smartphone, Tablet, In Store)
11.) Omni-channel vs. Single Channel Purchase Method by Type
12.) Smartphone Use to Research and Complete Online Purchases (%): 2016 vs. 2015
13.) Overall Satisfaction with Shopping Experiences (%): 2016 vs. 2015
14.) Importance of Retailer App Features by Type
15.) Social Media Influence, Purchasing Products via Social Media, Reason for Making Online Purchases on Social Media Sites
16.) Reasons for Purchasing at Marketplace Instead of Retailer and Starting Point of Initial Shopping Search
17.) Awareness of In-Store Beacons (%) and Receptiveness to In-Store Mobile Messaging
18.) Reasons to Pay for Faster Shipping
19.) Preference of Alternate Delivery (%), Use of Alternate Delivery (%), Interest in Shipping to Alternate Locations (%)
20.) Value of Email Alerts (%), Promotions Consumers Want with
Delivery Alerts (%)
21.) Preferred Method of Return (%), Issues Encountered When
Returning a Product Online (%), Experiences With In-store Returns (%)
22.) Path to Purchase with Multi-Channel Retailers (%), Reasons for Purchasing Online After Researching in Store (%): 2014-2016
23.) Smartphone Usage (%), Purchases Made on Smartphone (%), Reasons for Not Using Mobile Apps (%): 2014-2016
24.) Cart Abandonment (%), Reasons for Cart Abandonment (%), Important Options at Checkout (%): 2012-2016
25.) Trends in Store Usage
26.) Trends in Returns
27.) Evolution of Urban Logistics Needs
28.) Amazon's Fulfillment and Sortation Center Networks: Second Quarter 2016
29.) Algorithms and Analytics That Support Last-Mile Delivery
30.) Summary Table of Technological Disruptions in Last-Mile Delivery
31.) B2C Share of U.S. Domestic Packages
32.) Potential Scenarios for Amazon Investing in Last-Mile Delivery
33.) Amazon Cost Per Package vs. UPS and FedEx for Last-Mile Delivery
34.) Omni-channel Retailing
35.) Parcel Startup Companies
36.) Large-Format Home Delivery Market by Product Category ($ Billion): 2007-2017
37.) Large-Format Home Delivery Market by Delivery Type (Direct to Consumer Line Haul, Last-Mile) ($ Billion): 2007-2017
38.) Delivery Category (Furniture, Major Appliances, Large TVs, Other) Growth Drivers
39.) Customer Expectations in Terms of Product/Service Attributes and Deliveries
40.) Retailer Home Delivery Performance, Criticality and Quality Issues
41.) Home Delivery Industry Falling Short of Expectations
42.) Home Delivery Value Chain Level Is Fragmented and Subscale
43.) Challenges for Retailers and Home Delivery Service Providers
44.) Fragmented Home Delivery vs. Home Delivery Service Integrator
45.) ArcBest Supply Chain Services
46.) FedEx Major Sorting and Handling Facilities: Location, Square Feet, Sorting Capacity
47.) Spirit Delivery Clients
48.) Swift Revenue by Segment (%): 2015
49.) Swift Services: 2015
50.) Swift Network by U.S. City: 2015
51.) Swift Revenue by End-Use Industry (%): 2015
52.) Swift Customers: 2015
53.) Swift Transportation Co Revenue and Operating Income ($ Million): 1990-2015
54.) UPS Service Levels and Network
55.) UPS Industry Specific Solutions and Opportunities
56.) UPS Rolling Laboratory at a Glance
57.) UPS Alternative Fuel Advanced Technology Fleet: 2016
58.) UPS ORION
59.) UPS vs. FedEx, DHL and TNT Small Package Margins (%): 2016
60.) XPO Customers by Vertical (%): 2015
61.) XPO Blue Chip Customers: 2015
62.) XPO Last-Mile U.S. Footprint: 2015
63.) XPO Revenue by Country (%): 2015

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