The publishing industry has its roots in the millennia old efforts of people to widely disseminate information and retain and record the same for future generations. Publishing is currently experiencing more dynamic upheaval than any time since the invention of the printing press. Digital technologies and the Internet have changed fundamentally that way that information is shared and produced.
This category covers all the traditional industry verticals of publishing: trade publishing (fiction, nonfiction, juvenile, etc.), scholarly publishing (including science-technical-medical [STM]), professional publishing (legal and business), educational publishing, and directory publishing.
However, it also covers the wide variety of media forms found in the industry, including books, periodicals (magazines, newspapers, and journals), directories, and the activities around abstracting, indexing, and aggregating content. It also covers the enabling technologies broadly involved in the production, distribution, and cataloging of content, including printing, search, e-book technologies and platforms, applications of mark-up languages.