Central America is technically a subcontinent that connects North America to South America. The northern part of Central America borders Mexico and the southern portion border Columbia. Central America only accounts for .1% of the Earth’s surface as the square area is 202 thousand square miles. With over 41 million people in such a small area, Central America is very densely populated at about 200 people per square mile.
Only seven countries are classified as being part of Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. According to the CIA World Factbook, Guatemala has the highest GDP of any country found in Central America.
Due to their historical occupation by the Spanish and the British, and the existence of many indigenous peoples (e.g. Mesoamericans like the Mayans) there are many languages spoken in Central America. Spanish, English, Kriol, and Garifuna are all spoken here along with multiple dialects of Mayan.
Included in this collection of Central American country reports are analysis and forecasts on political risk, macroeconomic trends, financial markets and the business environment, and global market views. Regional coverage includes Latin American peninsula countries.