Turbine Inlet Cooling Market - Analysis by Deployment Location - Growth Trends and Forecasts (2015-2020)
The market for global turbine inlet cooling systems is expected to be USD XX billion at the end of the year 2015 and by the end of 2020 it is estimated to reach USDXX billion. The market is expected to grow at a rate of XX%.
Gas turbines generate power by using a mixture of fuel and air. The air reaches to the boiler after passing through a compressor. The high pressure and oxygen rich air creates desirable conditions for igniting the fuel. The air used in the turbine is taken from the surroundings. However when the temperature in the atmosphere rises so also the temperature of the air entering the turbines. The problem that arises is that, the hot air has lessor oxygen content and also lower density than air at ambient temperature. The outcome is that considerable reduction in efficiency (up to 30%) of the turbine during critical summer time. This problem is addressed through the turbine inlet cooling system (TICS). When using a TIC system, the air first enters the chilling coils. This is where the excess heat is drawn from the air and then let out at normal temperature to the compressor. TICs may use several techniques there by it is able to reduce the temperature of the air entering the turbine and thereby restores the efficiency of the turbine in peak load situations. Due to this the turbine will have higher mass flow rate and higher pressure which leads to improved output.
Due to the growing population and ever increasing energy demand, all the countries are looking to increase power generation capacity. In this regard, several industries have adopted this technology for efficiently managing the power load. In power generations sector the use of TIC is said to improve the efficiency by as much as 20% and in the process reduce the generation of harmful gases like NOx and CO2 by up to 30%. In oil, gas and petrochemical industries which extensively employ turbines are also one of the other major users of TIC systems. The benefit is in better throughput, improved production and reduction in costs. For offshore operations where turbines are utilized for on board power generation and gas suppression the TIC supplements the existing power generation system. In cogeneration plants, large bio gas plants TIC systems is used to improve the efficiency.
The turbine inlet cooling system consists of several components. Chillers, inlet Coils, pump, cooling tower, thermal energy storage (TES) tank, air cooled heat exchanger/cooling tower. The chillers are used to cool the air. The inlet coils are used to transfer heat form air. The cooling tower is used to cool the water so that it can be sprayed on the air to reduce its temperature. Another type of TICS uses thermal energy storage tank where by during off peak hours cheap power is used to cool the water to form ice. During peak hours air is passed through such cool ice zone in pipes to reduce its heat. Several type of coolers are available including wet, dry, evaporative, adiabatic, vertical and horizontal coolers. These make use of evaporation, fogging and chilling technique. Evaporation is the simplest one and uses least water. Fogging involves spray of cold water on the passing air. While chilling involves passing the air inside ice cold water channels.
One of the major opportunities lies in the up gradation of legacy power plants. Around the world there exists a number of power plants whose equipment are decades old. Due to the application of inferior technology in these system the power efficiency is lower. When combined with the peak load pressure in summer and low turbine efficiency the power output is further lowered. This represents an opportune market where the use of TIC systems can increase the output at minimum investment. However thermal power plants are increasingly facing pressure from environment groups. A common accusation is the low thermal efficiency and high pollution from thermal power plants. Power companies agree to the points but they are forced to continue because of the fact that the comely used fuel for the thermal plants is the cheapest and the gestation period of the thermal power plants is among the lowest and it can operate in any weather unlike non-conventional energy sources which are restricted by sun light or speed of the wind etc. due to global campaign against pollution thermal plants also have been facing the consequential pressure for pollution. Another point of challenge is the caution from original equipment manufacturers (OEM) about the operating conditions for turbines. OEMS are apprehensive that due to chilling the air may become too cold. And once the air is cold the moisture in the air can turn into ice. The volume of ice is more than its water form. Turbine blades will get damaged when they are exposed to ice during operations. So sufficient precautions need to be taken to avoid this situation.
Key Deliverables in the Study
Market definition along with the identification of key drivers, restraints and opportunities
Market analysis for the turbine inlet cooling systems market with region specific assessments and competition analysis on a global and regional scale.
Identification of factors instrumental in changing the market scenarios, rising prospective opportunities, and identification of key companies that can influence this market on a global and regional scale
Insights on the major countries/regions in which this industry is growing and to also identify the regions that are still untapped.
Extensively researched competitive landscape section along with list of key companies and their market shares.
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