Desalination Industries In Bahrain: Analysis Of Production And Consumption Trends Of Water Over The Last Decade
In 2003, the total quantity of desalinated water used was 102.4 million m3against 44.1 million m3 in 1991. In 2005 treated wastewater amounted to about 62 million m3/year of wastewater (secondary treatment) against about 45 million m3 in 1991. Despite an increase of 100 percent compared with 1991, only 16.3 million m3/year received tertiary treatment and part was used for irrigation purposes in government farms and some private farms, while the rest was discharged to the sea. The chemical and hygienic properties of the tertiary treated water are within international limits and are considered good for agricultural purposes. Although the government has plans for the full utilization of Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) water through major agricultural projects, delays and lack of funds for these projects have limited the use of these waters.
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