Women's Health: market research reports
Viewing women’s health exclusively as a function of sex differences is too narrow, according to the IOM report. It frames women’s health and well-being as a function only of biological factors and how they differ in men and women, and ignores the role of gender, which is affected by broader social and community factors. The IOM finds that there has been inadequate attention paid to the social and environmental factors that, along with biologic risk factors, influence women’s health. Although progress has been made in identifying behavioral determinants of women’s health, such as smoking, diet, and physical activity, few studies have tested ways to modify these determinants in women or examined the effects of social and community factors in specific groups of women. To advance this area of research, the IOM recommends that the National Institutes of Health (NIH) support research on common determinants and risk factors that underlie multiple diseases.
Significant progress has been made in reducing mortality for women from breast cancer, cardiovascular disease and cervical cancer. This can be attributed in part to increased consumer demand and awareness, which has resulted in additional funding and research; improved diagnosis; screening and treatment; and, in the case of cervical cancer, a vaccine.