Implications of Various New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) Initiatives on the Global Automotive Industry
With yearly changes in NCAP initiatives, a lack of common requirements exists from one region to another. While the same OEMs operate in multiple regions, usually with the same model of vehicles, different NCAP ratings are given. OEMs must comply with various rating requirements for the same vehicle. Considering that all regions of the world share the goal of creating zero fatalities from vehicle crashes, a global NCAP with a common set of safety requirements will help vehicles get homologated and deemed road-worthy across the world. This study looks at the NCAPs of Europe, the US, Japan, Korea, China, Australasia, and Latin America and the Caribbean region and draws conclusions and recommendations for global NCAP initiatives.
The new car assessment program (NCAP) is considered a valuable source of information on the safety of all new vehicles, and also provides a means to compare the safety levels of different vehicles.
While Euro NCAP places more emphasis on the development of collision avoidance technologies, the US NCAP and the Japan NCAP (JNCAP) focus on improving the safety evaluation criteria and crash-testing procedure.
Development of crash testing measurements and test dummies will be the primary area of focus for Korean NCAP (KNCAP), while the Australasian* NCAP (ANCAP) and China NCAP (C-NCAP) aim to educate consumers on the importance of vehicle and pedestrian safety.
Latin NCAP is a safety program that was recently instituted to ensure safety in the Latin American and Caribbean region. The market in this region is highly dominated by 1-star vehicles, and the safety program focuses on improvement of crash-testing procedures.
In developing and emerging markets where vehicle growth is strong, support and development of the NCAP program is needed.
Legislature is pushing regulations that enable consumers easy access to information such as vehicle crashworthiness.
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